LATE CITY, 16 PAGES, KOLKATA ` 4.00 (` 12 IN NORTH EAST STATES & ANDAMAN) JOURNALISM OF COURAGE MONDAY, JULY 17, 2017 P5 WEST BENGAL HUNDREDS OF ARTISTES SING FOR GORKHALAND ‘TRINAMOOL IS TAKING POLITICAL MILEAGE OUT OF JULY 21 RALLY’ P8 THE EDITORIAL PAGE WORLD SPORT Jobs, facts and fiction PANAMAPAPERS PANELWANTSTO REOPEN15CASES AGAINSTSHARIFP10 FEDERERWINS WIMBLEDON NO8AT35 P14 By Manish Sabharwal THE IDEAS PAGE: Lessons for the field By Ashok Gulati and Siraj Hussain, P9 ÁLL-PARTY MEETING BEFORE MONSOON SESSION PM puts onus on states, says check ‘communal violence in name of cow’ ‘Cow a mother but incidents sullying country’s image; parties should delink from corrupt leaders’ ANIRUDDHA GHOSAL NEW DELHI, JULY 16 NOT JUST Jammu and Kashmir Chief Minister Mehbooba Mufti, West Bengal CM Mamata Banerjee has also raised concernsoverChinawiththeCentre, accusing the neighbouring country of “interference” in the state. Sources said that in at least five telephonic conversations with Union Home Minister RajnathSingh, Mamata has “discussed China in detail”. InherlettertoSingh,sentlast week, Mamata also “clarified” that the state government had never refused additional forces from the Centre to handle the Gorkhaland protests. In the letter, Mamata noted “thestrategicimportance”of the area known as ‘Chicken Neck’ in West Bengal, which is a narrow stretch of land that connects India’snortheasternstatestothe rest of India. An official in the state Home Department pointed out, “The areaisveryimportantgeo-politically. It connects Bhutan, Nepal, Bangladesh, Sikkim, Darjeeling hills,NortheastIndiaandtherest of India. It will be a great cause of concern if China is found to be influencing the unrest in Darjeeling. In terms of the country’s foreign policy with these countries which border Bengal, the state government must be made a party by the Centre.” The Trinamool Congress has in the past too raised concerns over China’s “growing interference” in Bengal. Last week, in an indirectreferencetoChina,party general secretary and Parliamentary Affairs Minister ParthaChatterjeehadsaid,“There has been support from foreign landstotheunrestinthehills,and we have definite proof of that.” CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 BUSINESS AS USUAL BY UNNY YOUR RIGHT TO KNOW GEORGE MATHEW INDIAN BANKS have seen a 142 per cent rise in default by studentswhohavetakeneducation loans during the past few years, at a time when hiring for new jobs has slowed down and tech companies have started laying off employees. State-owned banks, which are already weighed down by huge defaults by corporates, are the worst hit as they account for over 90 per cent of educational loans. Private banks have largely stayed away from this segment. In the education segment, the total non-performing assets (NPAs), or loans on which bor- NEW DELHI, JULY 16 WITHTHEOppositionpreparing to take on the Government in Parliament over the recent spate of lynchings by cow vigilantes, and the alleged targeting of its leaders by central agencies, Prime Minister Narendra Modi addressedbothissues,callingfor “tough action” against violence in the name of protecting “gau mata” and appealing for support in action against the corrupt. The Prime Minister was addressing an all-party meeting Sunday called by Parliamentary Affairs Minister Ananth Kumar, a day before the start of the Monsoon Session. Speakingtoreporters,Kumar quotedModiassaying:“Gauraksha ko kuchch asaamajik tatvon ne arajakata failane ka madhyam bana liya hai. Desh ke chhavi par bhi iska asar ho raha hai. Hum sabhi rajnitik dalon ko gau raksha ke naam par ho rahi is gundagardi ki kadi bhartsana karni chaahiye (Someanti-socialelementshave made cow protection an excuse 142 per cent rise in bad education loans in 3 years MUMBAI, JULY 16 EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE Hills unrest: Mamata too raises China ‘meddling’ WWW.INDIANEXPRESS.COM DAILY FROM: AHMEDABAD, CHANDIGARH, DELHI, JAIPUR, KOLKATA, LUCKNOW, MUMBAI, NAGPUR, PUNE, VADODARA After the all-party meeting, at Parliament House on Sunday. Prem Nath Pandey to spread anarchy. This is also affecting the nation’s image. All political parties should strongly condemnthishooliganisminthe name of cow protection).” “He said that state governments should take the strongest action against the anti-social elementscarryingoutviolenceinthe name of cow protection because lawandorderistheprimeresponsibility of state governments,” Kumar quoted Modi as saying. ThePrimeMinisterlaterreiterated these remarks in a series of tweets on his official handle. “Rajyasarkaronkoyehbhidekhna chahiye ki kahin kuchh log gau E AN XPRESS RTI APPLICATION rowers have defaulted on payments for more than the stipulated 90 days, stood at Rs 6,336 crore at the end of December 2016, against Rs 2,615 crore in March 2013, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has revealed. This is 8.76 per cent of the total education loan outstandings of Rs 72,336 crore as of December 2016, against Rs 48,382 crore in March 2013, the RBI said in a reply to an RTI filed CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 EDUCATION LOANS (in Rs crore) raksha ke naam par apni vyaktigatdushmanikabadlatohnahinle rahehain(Thestategovernments shouldalsoseethatnobodyisusing cow-protection to settle personal scores),” he posted. On corruption, Modi appearedtohavemadeaveiledreference to RJD chief Lalu Prasad, with Kumar quoting him as saying: “Kanoon agar apna kaam kar raha hai to siyasi saazish ki baat karke bachne ka raasta dekh rahe logon ke prati hamein ekjut hokar kaamkarnahoga(If thelawisdoing its work, we need to join hands against those who are Period Outstandings NPAs NPA-total loans ratio (%) March 2013 48,382 2,615 5.40 March 2014 59,834 3,439 5.75 March 2015 62,244 3,385 5.44 March 2016 68,133 5,006 7.35 Dec 2016 72,336 6,336 8.76 CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 70% votes with Bengal Assembly expected to him, it’s Kovind see largest number of votes vs Meira today for Meira in Presidential poll EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE ANAND MISHRA KOLKATA JULY 16 NEW DELHI, JULY 16 AMARNATH ACCIDENT 17 Amarnath pilgrims were killed and around 27 injured when a bus on way from Jammu to Yatra base camps rolled into a nullah in Ramban district Sunday afternoon. PTI PAGE 4 Home to dilute new property destruction Bill, exclude political leaders RAHUL TRIPATHI NEW DELHI, JULY 16 AHEAD OF the Monsoon Session of Parliament starting Monday, the Union Home Ministry is reworkingtheproposedPrevention of Destruction of Public Property (PDPP) Amendment Bill to exclude provisions that hold leadersofpoliticalpartiesresponsible for such damage, official sources told The Indian Express. Themoverunscontrarytothe ministry’s stand in 2015, when it had argued for severe measures toholdleadersof politicalparties accountable for damage to public property caused during bandhs,protestsanddemonstrations called by them. It had also pushed for the parties to pay the market value of property destroyed by their supporters. Governmentsourcessaidthe rethinkwaspromptedbysuggestions made during consultations with states, when law enforcementagenciesexpressedthefear that the amended law may be misused to frame Opposition leaders who call for bandhs, CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 ON THE eve of elections to select the 14th president of the country, which NDA candidate Ram Nath Kovind looks set to sweep, Congress president Sonia Gandhi rallied the Opposition ranks, seeking “a vote of conscience” and calling the contest “a clash of ideas and a conflict of disparate values”. Prime Minister Narendra Modi,whowasaddressinganallparty meeting ahead of the Parliament session, said it would have been better if the President had been chosen by consensus. “However, it is a matter of satisfactionandpridethattheelection campaign has been a dignified one. All the political parties need to be congratulated. All parties musttraintheirMPsandMLAsto casttheirvotessothatnotasingle vote is wasted,” he added. Later, he tweeted, “The presidential polls this time are historic. Perhaps for the first time, no one has made dishonorable remarks or unnecessary allegationsagainstthecandidateof the other side.” A total of 95 candidates filed nominations for the top Constitutional post, of which 93 wererejected,leavingonlyKovind CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Modi, Shah with Kovind at NDA meeting Sunday. Prem Nath Pandey NUMBERS IN PLAY Ram Nath Kovind Meira Kumar 2,180 1,628 530 232 MLAs MLAs MPs MPs TOTALELECTORSFOR PRESIDENTELECTION: 4,896 A RARE political unity in West Bengal between the Trinamool Congress, the Left and the Congress for the Presidential election is expected to see the largest number of legislators from one state voting for Meira Kumar, the UPA’s candidate. Although the odds are in favour of the NDA’s Presidential faceRamNathKovindnationally, in the 295-member Bengal Assembly and among its 42 Lok Sabhamembers,thepresenceof the BJP is weak. Kovind is assured of the support of six legislators in the Assembly — three from the BJP and three from its political ally Gorkha Janmukti Morcha. EXPRESS NETWORK MLAs: 4,120, MPs: 776 VALUE OF AN MP’S VOTE: 708 each; together 5,49,408 VALUE OF AN MLA’S VOTE: Depends on population of his or her state; total value of votes of 4,120 MLAs is 5,49,495 TOTALVOTESIN PRESIDENTIALELECTION: 10,98,903 Kovind will get the votes of two BJP Lok Sabha members also. That would mean 288 state legislators — there is one nominated member who is ineligible to vote — and 40 MPs could be expected to vote for Kumar from Bengal. From members of the Rajya Sabha from Bengal, Kovind’s score could be a zero, sincetheBJPdoesnothavesingle member from the state in the Upper House of the Parliament. Of the16seatsinRajyaSabha from Bengal, 12 are with TMC, one with Congress and three with CPM. The value of vote per Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha memberis708.Thevotevalueof each legislator in West Bengal is 151. ThePresidentialelectionisby a secret ballot, and there is no whip. Two ballot boxes have al- PAGES 4, 6 WITHPTIINPUTS HRD against merger of councils with ICSSR RITIKA CHOPRA TEJASHWISHOULD HAVEEXPLAINED:JD(U) ANALYSINGJADHAV’S PLEA:PAKARMY readyreachedKolkata,andmost legislators are expected to vote in the West Bengal capital. TheElectionCommission,for the first time, has also prepared posters containing dos and don’ts for the electors. “Green-coloured ballot papers will be there for the MPs and pink ones for the MLAs to cast votes,” an Election Commission officer said. Besides two representatives, one each for the two presidentialcandidates,whowillbepresent during the polling, armed policemen belonging to the Kolkata Police will be posted inside the state Assembly on Monday. Theballotboxeswillleavefor NewDelhiamidtightsecurityon Tuesday. NEW DELHI, JULY 16 THE HRD Ministry is opposed to the idea of merging its councils of historicalandphilosophicalresearchwiththeIndianCouncilof Social Science Research (ICSSR), as suggested by a review under- taken by the Prime Minister’s Office(PMO)andtheNITIAayog. Not convinced about the dividends such an exercise would yield, the Prakash Javadekar-led ministry, at a meeting held recently, decided to communicate its reservations on the proposal to the PMO and NITI Aayog. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 For white elephant AI, Rs 10 crore in savings from non-veg is just bananas PRANAV MUKUL NEW DELHI, JULY 16 IF AIR India is a white elephant lurching its way through hundredsof croresinlosses,thenthe Rs 8-10 crore it hopes to save every year by not serving nonvegfoodineconomyclassondomestic sectors can be compared to, well, a hand of bananas. At least, that’s what official figures show. To put that “Rs 8-10 crore” in perspective, simply glance throughthenationalcarrier’sin- PAGE ONE ANCHOR ternal reports, and figures provided to the Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) and monitored by the Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG): ■ In 2015-16, the airline reported a net loss of over Rs 3,800 crore, and an accumulated debt of over Rs 50,000 crore. ■In 2016, it shelled out Rs 10 crore as compensation to those Illustration Subrata Dhar denied boarding, for cancellations and for flights delayed by over two hours — for domestic flights. ■From 2012 to 2016, it spent Rs 119 crore for accommodating crew in five-star hotels for the Delhi station alone. ■ It lost Rs 22.49 crore in 2015 for deferring delivery of three wide-bodied Boeing 777300 ER aircraft. ■ It paid Rs 70 crore as compensation to a lessor for two Airbus A319 aircraft because it could not comply with re-delivery conditions. ■ It’s in the red for Rs 472 crore, which is payment pending for VVIP flights, as on March 31, 2016. The company did not respond to an e-mail from The Indian Express seeking the exact amount it hopes to save by cutting non-vegetarian food from the economy menu on domestic flights.Butcompanyofficialshad clearly indicated last week that this would be in the region of Rs 8-10 crore. However, records show that what the airline really needs to tweak is its management processes rather than the meal menu. Consider these: ‘Under-utilising’ crew: Rs 48.89 crore From April 2012 to March 2016,20,399AirIndiaflights(domestic and international) were delayed, rescheduled, or cancelled due to non-availability of cockpitand/orcabincrew.Asper the latest CAG report, the airline had to make an additional payment of Rs 48.89 crore for “under-utilising”itscrew.Thisnumber is qualified by the fact that while most pilots of narrowbody aircraft flew less than the stipulated 72 hours in a month during the given period, some flew more than the mandated hours. “Considering the very large quantum of un-utilised hours, vis-à-vis the hours for which payments have been made at a higher rate to pilots, there is a case for more appropriate allocation of work among the pilots to ensure their optimal utilisation which would have enabled the company to avoid excess payment of Rs 48.89 crore (paid over 2012-16) on flying allowance,” the CAG noted. Delhi hotels for crew: Rs 119 cr CONTINUED ON PAGE 2
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