TheIndian EXPRESS LATE CITY, 20+4 (NEWSLINE) PAGES, PUNE, `4.00 ● TUESDAY, JANUARY 30, 2018 ● WWW.INDIANEXPRESS.COM DAILY FROM: AHMEDABAD, CHANDIGARH, DELHI, JAIPUR, KOLKATA, LUCKNOW, MUMBAI, NAGPUR, PUNE, VADODARA JOURNALISM OF COURAGE ECONOMIC SURVEY CALLS FOR POLICY VIGILANCE Govt projects an uptick in growth, admits it may slip on fiscal target INSIDE P8 Bond markets take a hit over concerns Budget may widen fiscal deficit target BUSINESS AS USUAL BY UNNY ENS ECONOMIC BUREAU ● BENGAL: 36 DIE AS BUS RAMS INTO BRIDGE RAILING, FALLS INTO CANAL Violence in the name of cow: SC sends notice to 3 states over contempt plea EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE NEW DELHI, JANUARY 29 THE SUPREME Court Monday issuednoticetothegovernmentsof Rajasthan, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh on a plea seeking contempt proceedings against them for not following its order to prevent violence perpetrated in the name of protecting the cow. Considering a plea by Tushar Gandhi, great-grandson of Mahatma Gandhi, a bench of Chief Justiceof IndiaDipakMisra andJusticesAMKhanwilkarand DYChandrachudaskedthethree statestofiletheirrepliesbyApril 3. The bench said it would hear thecontemptpleaalongwiththe main writ petition filed by Gandhi earlier. SenioradvocateIndiraJaising, who appeared for Gandhi, contendedthatviolentincidentswere still being witnessed in various parts of these states despite the court’s order last September to takeadequatesecuritymeasures. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 NEW DELHI, JANUARY 29 EVENASitprojectedanuptickin growth rate in financial year 2018-19, the Economic Survey presented by Finance Minister Arun Jaitley in Parliament Monday, two days before the presentation of the Union Budget, hinted at the government taking a “pause” at fiscal consolidation and possible slippage in the target this fiscal, relative to the previously announced fiscal deficit targets. The statement forced bond yields to extend the hardening trend seen over recent weeks. Raising concerns over “elevated levels”scaledbystockmarketsin recent months, the Survey also advocated some “policy vigilance” as being necessary in the comingyear,whichcomesinthe backdropof risingspeculationin the market that the government may either introduce long-term capitalgainstaxonequitiesorincrease the holding period for claim of such benefits. Taking note of the fiscal developments, the Survey noted, CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 NEW DEHI, JANUARY 29 THEECONOMICSurveypresents the first ever estimate of the number of ‘unwanted’ girls in India — girls whose parents wanted a boy but had a girl instead — at 21 million. Thenumberhasbeenarrived NEW DELHI, JANUARY 29 Finance Minister Arun Jaitley, Shashi Tharoor (Cong), Farooq Abdullah (NC), Derek O’Brien (TMC) at a lunch hosted by Minister Harsimrat Kaur Badal in New Delhi Monday. Renuka Puri Five states show the way with 70% of exports, enjoy higher standard of living ENS ECONOMIC BUREAU NEW DELHI, JANUARY 29 THE ECONOMIC Survey 2017-18 hasbroughtoutthesharpdisparity among states on inter-state andinternationaltrade,withjust five — Maharashtra, Gujarat, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Telangana — accounting for 70 at by looking at the sex ratio of the last child (SRLC) which is heavilymale-skewed,indicating that parents keep having children until they get the desired number of sons. The Survey points out that the huge number of ‘unwanted girls’ (in the 0-25 age group in the population currently) is a direct outcome of the ‘son meta 10 WORLD WAITING FOR BUDGET 2018-19 ITWEETFROM BED:TRUMP preference’ where parents do not stop having children after having a daughter. The idea is based on a bunch of papers published in 2017 by development economist Seema Jayachandran of Northwestern University. While the ‘son meta preference’ does not lead to sexselective abortion, the Survey MAULSHREE SETH, ANIRUDDHA GHOSAL & ABHISHEK ANGAD LUCKNOW, KASGANJ, JANUARY 29 LEAVINGTHEBJPgovernmentin UP red-faced, Governor Ram Naik described the communal violence triggered by an unauthorised Republic Day rally in Kasganj as a “matter of shame” and a “blot” on the state. Within hours of the Governor’s remarks in Lucknow, the state government transferred Kasganj SP Sunil Kumar Singh to the police training school in Meerut. In Kasganj, no further incident of violence was reported. Police have so far arrested 31 people and detained 82 others during the course of investigations. 11 AFGHAN SOLDIERS KILLED IN ISLAMIC STATE ATTACK IN KABUL 13 THEIDEASPAGE Prescription for the doctor NMC Bill proposes revamp of regulatory body, needs finetuning CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 ECONOMIC SURVEY ● NOTE BAN, GST LED TO SURGE IN TAXPAYERS, P 14 ● TAX DEPT IS INDIA’S LARGEST LITIGANT, P 15 ● LESS SCOPE FOR RBI TO CUT RATE, P 15 2014 hope to 2018 realism: Survey story SHAJI VIKRAMAN & RAVISH TIWARI NEW DELHI, JANUARY 29 FROM EXUBERANT optimism and ambitious goals to a more nuanced, grounded reality — it has been an eventful four years for the Economic Survey and its primaryauthor.Whatusedtobe a drab tome that didn’t excite or seek to engage with the discerning observer of the Indian economy got a makeover when, first, Kaushik Basu and, then, Raghuram Rajan became Chief Economic Advisers. But under Arvind Subramanian, the survey waselevatedtoanaltogetherdifferent level as it introduced new concepts such as “Twin Balance Sheet (TBS) problem” and the “JAM agenda” to describe both threats and opportunities in the Indian policymaking arena. TBS was a reference to stressed assets as reflected in balance sheets of banks and corporates, JAM an acronym for Jan Dhan, Aadhaar and Mobile as digital platforms for more efficient service delivery. Yet, the hope manifest in Subramanian’s first survey CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 IN HIS first address to Parliament, President Ram Nath Kovind on Monday marked the beginning of the Budget session by making a strong pitch for simultaneous elections to the Lok Sabha and state assemblies, while expressing hope that the triple talaq Bill would be passed this time. Kovind’s remarks echoed 12 THEEDITORIAL PAGE Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s comments outside Parliament, where he issued an appeal to political parties to “join hands” in passing the Bill so that “Muslim women will get their rights”. Later, Modi advocated simultaneous polls during a meeting of NDA allies. In his address, Kovind said: “Citizensalivetothestateof governance in the country are concerned about frequent elections in one part of the country CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Why Mahatma felt homeless in India BY VINAY LAL A-G to Govt: Bofors SLP bad idea, may be rejected ANANTHAKRISHNAN G NEW DELHI, JANUARY 29 ATTORNEY GENERAL K K Venugopal has advised the government that the CBI should not file a special leave petition (SLP) before the Supreme Court in a case related to the Bofors scandal as it is likely to be dismissed on grounds of delay and “could well prejudice its stand even as a respondent in the appeals already pending”. It will be better, the Attorney General has said, if the CBI remains a respondent and pres- ents its stand. In a letter to the Department of PersonnelandTraining(DoPT), Venugopal said that 12 years have passed since the May 31, 2005 order of the Delhi High Court, quashing corruption chargesagainstthethreeHinduja brothersinthescandalrelatedto the purchase of 155 mm howitzers from Swedish arms manufacturer AB Bofors. Former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi,oneof theaccusedinthe case, was given a clean chit by the Delhi High Court in February 2004. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Terror fund chargesheet: DEATH IN MRI ROOM NIA names Pak mission ‘He vanished in a second...his body had bloated up and turned black’ official, highlights role NEW DELHI, JANUARY 29 Kasganj was peaceful on Monday. Praveen Khanna per cent of India’s total exports. The Survey has for the first time included data on internationalexportsofstatesandasserts that they indicate a strong correlation between export performance and the standard of living. Statesthatexportinternationally and trade with other states have been found to be richer. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 RAHUL TRIPATHI Kasganj a blot, UP’s shame, says Governor Ram Naik President in House, PM outside: Time for simultaneous polls EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE 21 million is the number of girls parents did not want: first such national data SHALINI NAIR President Kovind, Prime Minister Modi, Speaker Mahajan and Minister Ananth Kumar on Monday. Neeraj Priyadarshi THE NATIONAL Investigation Agency (NIA) chargesheet into stonepeltingandterrorfinancing in Jammu and Kashmir will include the role of a Pakistan High Commission official in funding separatists,andhasestimatedthe flow of at least Rs 200 crore into the Valley to fuel protests and stone pelting, it is learnt. The NIA on January 19 had filed a 12,794-page chargesheet against 12 people including Jamaat-ud-Dawa (JuD) chief Hafiz Saeed, Hizbul Mujahideen (HM) chief Syed Salahuddin and top rung separatist leaders. The court is likely to take cognisance of the chargesheet on Tuesday. Sources said the chargesheet has included evidence against the Pakistan High Commission. Ministry of Home Ministry (MHA) sources said that an officer of the rank of First Secretary has been identified. “The Pakistan High Commission official allegedly acted with Kashmiri businessman Zahoor Ahmed Watali to facilitate funds to top Hurriyat leadership,” sourcessaid.Wataliwasarrested by the NIA and is among the 12 chargesheeted.Heispresentlyin judicial custody. The NIA was tasked with investigatingstonepeltingandterror financing in Jammu and Kashmir, following the killing of HMcommanderBurhanWaniin 2016. AccordingtoanMHAofficial, “Investigations have delved into secessionist activities in Jammu and Kashmir, the close nexus CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 TABASSUM BARNAGARWALA & SAGAR RAJPUT MUMBAI, JANUARY 29 WITH THE Mumbai Police and the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation beginning investigations into the death of a 32year-old man after he was sucked into a Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) unit at the BYL Nair Municipal Hospital Saturday, it has emerged that Rajesh Maru was pulled to the machine from a distance of three to four feet. Family members who were witness to the incident and hospital staffers said Maru was standing a little inside the doorway in the MRI room, holding an oxygen cylinder for his sister’s mother-in-law Probe reveals Rajesh Maru was pulled to the MRI unit from a distance of 3-4 feet who was to undergo an MRI. According to family members, the ward boy, one of the accused in a case of causing death by negligence registered by the Agripada police station, opened the door to the MRI room without warning and allegedly asked Maru to accompany. “He(Maru)vanishedinasecondassoonashesteppedin.We rushed inside after him. We could see him inhaling fumes from the mouth and nose after nozzle of cylinder broke open,” said Harish Solanki, his brotherin-law and an eyewitness. “Within 15 seconds, his body had bloated up and turned black,” he added. Apost-mortemrevealedthat Maru died of pneumothorax, a conditionwhereexcessairinthe chest cavity causes the lung to collapse. Hospital sources also confirmedthattheoxygencylinder Maru was holding, almost half his height, had been damaged when Maru was pulled in. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 ● PAGE ONE ANCHOR 25 YEARS AFTER BABRI, GOVERNOR KALYAN SINGH PREACHES TOLERANCE HAMZA KHAN JAIPUR, JANUARY 29 RAJASTHAN GOVERNOR Kalyan Singh says he has been studying scripturesof allreligions,andhas come to the conclusion that “thereshouldn’tbeintolerance”. Singh, who took over as Governor in September 2014, told The Indian Express he has been reading the “Rig Veda, Bhagavad Gita, Mahabharata, Quran, Bible, Satyarth Prakash, and Guru Granth Sahib” in his spare time, and feels that “every philosophy in the world has something good to say. No religion has space for hatred.” Tolerance, along with economicdemocracyandsocialjustice, were the “pran tatva (life blood) of democracy”, he added. “My thoughts may not match yours, but I will respect your thoughts,” he said. Rajasthan has been swept by protests for the past few months over the film Padmaavat. With the state government also expressingitsreservations,thefilm could not find a release in Rajasthan despite Censor board clearance. Singh said, “Bhale hi hum kisi ke vichar se sehmat na hon, lekin usko tolerate karne ki kshamta chahiye. Bhale hi uski vichardhara ko apni vichardhara ke tarkon se Iwillrespectyourthoughts,saysKalyanSingh kaat de, lekin intolerance nahin chahiye (Even though we may not agree with someone’s thoughts, but we should have thecapacitytotoleratethem.We maycountertheirideaswithour own ideas, but there shouldn’t be intolerance).” Singh’s office said that after the Governor has finished studying the scriptures, the conclusions derived by him will be collated to “provide benefit to the society, state and nation”. Singh is most known for being the chief minister in whose term the Babri Masjid was demolished in Uttar Pradesh. The Liberhan Commission that probed the demolition had severely indicted his role. Elaborating on what he had learntfromthescriptures,Singh, who just celebrated his 86th birthday, said peace could be established in the world by broad- ening perspective through such study, and through democracy, which “essentially” promotes tolerance. “I want to study all of them (scriptures) so that our perspective is not ekaangi (onesided), so that we know about all (religions) and what is the philosophy of a particular school of thought,” said Singh, showing the religious texts on his table. “My words are a result of these texts.” “Koi dhaarna banane se pehle, mera apna manana ye hai ki logon ko bahut vyapak study karna chhaiye. Aur usme se jo bhi shrestha hai, woh grahan karna chahiye. Sahi arthon mein, ye duniyameshantisthaphithosakti hai, nafrat dur ho sakti hai, ek doosre ko samajhne ki shakti aa sakti hai, aur kul milakar life ko dekhne ka drishtikon, ye narrow nahin kar ke, wide ho jayega (Before forming an opinion, it is mybelief thatpeopleshouldundertake a broad study, and acquire the belief they consider best. In true words, peace can be established in the world, hatred can be removed and we can acquire the power to understand eachother.Allinall,ourperspective will widen),” he said. Praising democracy, Singh said, “It is the best form of governance, in spite of the fact that there are certain discrepancies... Democracy, essentially, promotes tolerance.” Adding that he has always liked literature — “I studied English, Sanskrit and Hindi literature for graduation” — and had been a teacher before joining politics, Singh said, “I like keeping busy... I studied earlier too, but I started systematic and regular study once I arrived here.” According to his office, he studiesreligioustextsbetween6 amand12nooneveryday,along with reading the newspapers and watching television news. Then, after some meetings and a meal, he takes a nap, before going back to the books again, roughly from 3.30 pm to 7 pm.
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