LATE CITY, 22 PAGES, AHMEDABAD, `3.00 ● TUESDAY, JANUARY 30, 2018 ● WWW.INDIANEXPRESS.COM TheIndian EXPRESS DAILY FROM: AHMEDABAD, CHANDIGARH, DELHI, JAIPUR, KOLKATA, LUCKNOW, MUMBAI, NAGPUR, PUNE, VADODARA JOURNALISM OF COURAGE ECONOMIC SURVEY CALLS FOR POLICY VIGILANCE Uptick in growth but pause likely in fiscal consolidation, says Govt 11 THE IDEAS PAGE Prescription for the doctor NMC Bill proposes revamp of regulatory body, needs finetuning NIA likely to name Pak official in terror funding chargesheet RAHUL TRIPATHI NEW DELHI, JANUARY 29 THE NATIONAL Investigation Agency (NIA) chargesheet into stone pelting and terror financing in Jammu and Kashmir, will include the role of a Pakistan High Commission official in funding separatists and has estimated the flow of at least Rs 200 crore into the valley to fuel protests and stone pelting, it is learnt. The NIA on January 19 had filed a 12,794-page chargesheet against 12 people including Jamaat-ud-Dawa (JuD) chief Hafiz Saeed, Hizbul Mujahideen (HM) chief Syed Salahuddin and top rung separatist leaders. The court is likely to take cognisance of the chargesheet on Tuesday. Sources said the chargesheet has included evidence against the Pakistan High Commission. Ministry of Home Ministry (MHA) sources said that an officer of the rank of First Secretary has been identified. “The Pakistan high commission official allegedly acted with Kashmiri businessman Zahoor CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 President Kovind, Prime Minister Modi, Speaker Mahajan and Minister Ananth Kumar on Monday. Neeraj Priyadarshi Bond markets take a hit over concerns Budget may widen fiscal deficit target BUSINESS AS USUAL BY UNNY ENS ECONOMIC BUREAU NEW DELHI, JANUARY 29 EVEN ASit projected an uptick in growth rate in financial year 2018-19, the Economic Survey presented by Finance Minister Arun Jaitley in Parliament Monday, two days before the presentation of the Union Budget, hinted at the government taking a “pause” at fiscal consolidation and possible slippage in the target this fiscal, relative to the previously announced fiscal deficit targets. The statement forced bond yields to extend the hardening trend seen over the recent weeks. Raising concerns over “elevated levels” scaled by stock markets in recent months, the Survey also advocated some “policy vigilance” as being necessary in the coming year, which comes in the backdrop of rising speculation in the market that the government may either introduce long-term capital gains tax on equities or increase the holding period for claim of such benefits. Taking note of the fiscal developments, the Survey noted, CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE NEW DELHI, JANUARY 29 Finance Minister Arun Jaitley, Shashi Tharoor (Cong), Farooq Abdullah (NC), Derek O’Brien (TMC) at a lunch hosted by Minister Harsimrat Kaur Badal in New Delhi Monday. Renuka Puri Five states show the way with 70% of exports, enjoy higher standard of living ENS ECONOMIC BUREAU NEW DELHI, JANUARY 29 THE ECONOMIC Survey 2017-18 has brought out the sharp disparity among states on inter-state and international trade, with just five — Maharashtra, Gujarat, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Telangana — accounting for 70 NEW DEHI, JANUARY 29 THE ECONOMICSurvey presents the first ever estimate of the number of ‘unwanted’ girls in India — girls whose parents wanted a boy but had a girl instead — at 21 million. The number has been arrived In last-minute surprise, Kurien backer Parmar elected GCMMF chairman at by looking at the sex ratio of the last child (SRLC) which is heavily male-skewed, indicating that parents keep having children until they get the desired number of sons. The Survey points out that the huge number of ‘unwanted girls’ (in the 0-25 age group in the population currently) is a direct outcome of the ‘son meta 13 WORLD I TWEET FROM BED: TRUMP EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE VADODARA, AHMEDABAD, JANUARY 29 RAMSINH PARMAR, chairperson of Anand-based dairy who quit the Congress to join the BJP just ahead of the Assembly elections last year, was on Monday “unanimously” elected as the chairman of Gujarat Cooperative Milk Marketing Federation Limited (GCMMF), an apex organisation of dairy cooperatives in Gujarat that markets its products under ‘Amul’ brand. BJP MLA from Shehra, Jetha Bharwad, was elected vice-chairman. He has retained the post for the second consecutive term. Parmar and Bharwad were elected by the chairpersons ofthe state’s 18 dairy co-operatives who are members of the GCMMF WAITING FOR BUDGET 2018-19 21 million is the number of girls parents did not want: first such national data SHALINI NAIR Ramsinh Parmar and Jetha Bharwad board, in Anand. All the chairpersons ofthe 18 dairy unions belong to the BJP. The elections to the top two posts are held once in twoand-a-half-years. Parmar’s election came as a surprise as till Sunday name of former BJP minister Shankar Chaudhary was doing the rounds for the post of GCMMF chairman. “The BJP has decided to engage Chaudhary for other CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 President in House, PM outside: Time for simultaneous polls 11 AFGHAN SOLDIERS KILLED IN ISLAMIC STATE ATTACK IN KABUL preference’ where parents do not stop having children after having a daughter. The idea is based on a bunch of papers published in 2017 by development economist Seema Jayachandran of Northwestern University. While the ‘son meta preference’ does not lead to sexselective abortion, the Survey per cent of India’s total exports. The survey has for the first time included data on international exports ofstates and asserts that they indicate a strong correlation between export performance and the standard of living. States that export internationally and trade with other states have been found to be richer. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 ECONOMIC SURVEY ● NOTE BAN, GST LED TO SURGE IN TAXPAYERS, P 14 ● TAX DEPT IS INDIA’S LARGEST LITIGANT, P 15 ● FARM: CLIMATE CHANGE TO HIT INCOME, P 17 From hope to realism, a tale of 4 surveys SHAJI VIKRAMAN & RAVISH TIWARI NEW DELHI, JANUARY 29 FROM EXUBERANT optimism and ambitious ideals to a more grounded reality — it has been an eventful four years for the Economic Survey and its primary author. What used to be a drab tome that didn’t excite or seek to engage with the discerning observer of the Indian economy got a makeover when, first, Kaushik Basu and, then, Raghuram Rajan became Chief Economic Advisers. But under Arvind Subramanian, the survey was elevated to an altogether different level as it introduced new concepts such as “Twin Balance Sheet (TBS) problem” and the “JAM agenda” to describe both threats and opportunities in the Indian policymaking arena. TBS was a reference to stressed assets as reflected in balance sheets of banks and corporates, JAM an acronym for Jan Dhan, Aadhaar and Mobile as digital platforms for more efficient service-delivery. Yet, the hope manifest in Subramanian’s first survey ● CONSTABLE HELD FOR HELPING MAIN ACCUSED IN PADMAAVAT VIOLENCE, P 4 10 THE EDITORIAL PAGE CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Why Mahatma felt homeless in India BY VINAY LAL Violence in name of cow: A-G to Govt: Bofors SLP bad idea SC notice to three states over contempt petition ANANTHAKRISHNAN G CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 NEW DELHI, JANUARY 29 ATTORNEY GENERAL K K Venugopal has advised the government that the CBI should not file a special leave petition (SLP) before the Supreme Court in a case related to the Bofors scandal as it is likely to be dismissed on grounds of delay and “could well prejudice its stand even as a respondent in the appeals already pending”. It will be better, the Attorney General has said, if the CBI remains a respondent and presents its stand. In a letter to the Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT), Venugopal said that 12 years have passed since the May 31, 2005 order of the Delhi High Court, quashing corruption charges against the three Hinduja brothers in the scandal related to the purchase of 155 mm howitzers from Swedish arms manufacturer AB Bofors. Former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi, one of the accused in the case, was given a clean chit by the Delhi High Court in February 2004. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Kasganj a blot, UP’s shame: Governor MAULSHREE SETH, ANIRUDDHA GHOSAL & ABHISHEK ANGAD LUCKNOW, KASGANJ, JAN 29 GUJARAT IN HIS first address to Parliament, President Ram Nath Kovind on Monday marked the beginning of the Budget session by making a strong pitch for simultaneous elections to the Lok Sabha and state assemblies, while expressing hope that the triple talaq Bill would be passed this time. Kovind’s remarks echoed Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s comments outside Parliament, where he issued an appeal to political parties to “join hands” in passing the Bill so that “Muslim women will get their rights”. Later, Modi advocated simultaneous polls during a meeting of NDA allies. In his address, Kovind said: “Citizens alive to the state of governance in the country are concerned about the frequent elections in one part of the country or another, which adversely impact the economy and development. Therefore, a sustained debate is required on the subject of simultaneous elections and all political parties need to arrive at a consensus on this issue.” Regarding triple talaq, the President said: “For decades, the dignity of Muslim women has remained captive to political cost-benefit. Now the nation has an opportunity to emancipate them from this situation. My government has tabled a Bill on triple talaq in Parliament. I hope that the Parliament will soon pass it into a law. The law on triple talaq, once enacted, will also enable Muslim sisters and daughters to live a life of self-respect with courage.” Earlier, speaking to reporters outside Parliament, Modi said: “In the last session, it was our effort and the nation had high hopes that there won’t be any politics on crucial issues like triple talaq so that the Muslim women will get their rights. However, despite the orders of the Supreme Court, the Bill on triple talaq could not be passed by Parliament. I hope and appeal to political parties to join hands in passing the triple talaq Bill to protect the rights of Muslim women. It will indeed be the best gift of 2018, in the new year, for Muslim women.” The Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Bill, 2017 was passed by the Lok Sabha last month. It makes instant triple talaq a criminal offence carrying a three-year LEAVING THE BJP government in UP red-faced, Governor Ram Naik described the communal violence triggered by an unauthorised Republic Day rally in Kasganj as a “matter of shame” and a “blot” on the state. Kasganj was peaceful on Monday. Praveen Khanna CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE NEW DELHI, JANUARY 29 THE SUPREME Court Monday issued notice to the governments of Rajasthan, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh on a plea seeking contempt proceedings against them for not following its order to prevent violence perpetrated in the guise of protecting the cow. Considering a plea by Tushar Gandhi, great-grandson of Mahatma Gandhi, a bench of Chief Justice of India Dipak Misra and Justices A M Khanwilkar and D Y Chandrachud asked the three states to file their replies by April 3. The bench said it would hear the contempt plea along with the main writ petition filed by Gandhi earlier. Senior Advocate Indira Jaising, who appeared for Gandhi, contended that violent incidents were still being witnessed in various parts of these states despite the court’s order last September to take adequate security measures. On September 6, 2017, the apex court had asked the states to appoint senior police officers as nodal officers in every district within a week to tackle the issue. The Bench had also directed chief secretaries and DGPs to file status reports on action taken to prevent such cases. Besides, the court directed these states to ensure patrolling of highways after it was pointed out that such incidents mostly targetted vehicles transporting cattle or meat. The top court had also asked the Centre to respond to the submission that it could issue directions under Article 256 (obligation of states and Union) of the Constitution to all state governments on issues related to law and order. The Centre told the apex court that it does not approve of any incident of people taking the law in their hands. ● PAGE ONE ANCHOR 25 YEARS AFTER BABRI, KALYAN SINGH PREACHES TOLERANCE HAMZA KHAN JAIPUR, JANUARY 29 RAJASTHAN GOVERNOR Kalyan Singh says he has been studying scriptures of all religions, and has come to the conclusion that “there shouldn’t be intolerance”. Singh, who took over as Governor in September 2014, told The Indian Express he has been reading the “Rig Veda, Bhagavad Gita, Mahabharata, Quran, Bible, Satyarth Prakash, and Guru Granth Sahib” in his spare time, and feels that “every philosophy in the world has something good to say. No reli- gion has space for hatred.” Tolerance, along with economic democracy and social justice, were the “pran tatva (life blood) of democracy”, he added. “My thoughts may not match yours, but I will respect your thoughts,” he said. Rajasthan has been swept by protests for the past few months over the film Padmaavat. With the state government also expressing its reservations, the film could not find a release in Rajasthan despite Censor board clearance. Singh said, “Bhale hi hum kisi ke vichar se sehmat na hon, lekin usko tolerate karne ki kshamta chahiye. Bhale hi uski vichardhara ko apni vichardhara ke tarkon se kaat de, lekin intolerance nahin chahiye (Even though we may not agree with someone’s thoughts, but we should have the capacity to tolerate them. We may counter their ideas with our own ideas, but there shouldn’t be intolerance).” Singh’s office said that after the Governor has finished studying the scriptures, the conclusions derived by him will be collated to “provide benefit to the society, state and nation”. Singh is most known for being the chief minister in whose term the Babri Masjid was demolished in Uttar Pradesh. The I will respect your thoughts, says Kalyan Singh Liberhan Commission that probed the demolition had severely indicted his role. Elaborating on what he had learnt from the scriptures, Singh, who just celebrated his 86th birthday, said peace could be established in the world by broadening perspective through such study, and through democracy, which “essentially” promotes tolerance. “I want to study all of them (scriptures) so that our perspective is not ekaangi (one-sided), so that we know about all (religions) and what is the philosophy of a particular school ofthought,” said Singh, showing the religious texts on his table. “My words are a result of these texts.” “Koi dhaarna banane se pehle, mera apna manana ye hai ki logon ko bahut vyapak study karna chhaiye. Aur usme se jo bhi shrestha hai, woh grahan karna chahiye. Sahi arthon mein, ye duniya me shanti sthaphit ho sakti hai, nafrat dur ho sakti hai, ek doosre ko samajhne ki shakti aa sakti hai, aur kul milakar life ko dekhne ka drishtikon, ye narrow nahin kar ke, wide ho jayega (Before forming an opinion, it is my belief that people should undertake a broad study, and acquire the belief they consider best. In true words, peace can be established in the world, hatred can be removed and we can acquire the power to understand each other. All in all, our perspective will widen),” he said. Praising democracy, Singh said, “It is the best form of governance, in spite of the fact that there are certain discrepancies... Democracy, essentially, pro- motes tolerance.” Adding that he has always liked literature — “I studied English, Sanskrit and Hindi literature for graduation” — and had been a teacher before joining politics, Singh said, “I like keeping busy... I studied earlier too, but I started systematic and regular study once I arrived here.” According to his office, he studies religious texts between 6 am and 12 noon every day, along with reading the newspapers and watching television news. Then, after some meetings and a meal, he takes a nap, before going back to the books again, roughly from 3.30 pm to 7 pm.
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