TheIndian EXPRESS LATE CITY, 16 PAGES, JAIPUR, `4.00 ● THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 1, 2018 ● WWW.INDIANEXPRESS.COM DAILY FROM: AHMEDABAD, CHANDIGARH, DELHI, JAIPUR, KOLKATA, LUCKNOW, MUMBAI, NAGPUR, PUNE, VADODARA JOURNALISM OF COURAGE GOVT SCHOOLS IN 700 DISTS All districts are tested: math, language skills dip as kids grow BUSINESS AS USUAL BY UNNY 8 Girls do better than boys, OBC fare better than SC/ST, Gen; 2.2 m tested THE EDITORIAL PAGE RITIKA CHOPRA Budget for uncertain times NEW DELHI, JANUARY 31 BY SUNIL JAIN 9 THEIDEASPAGE What the Budget must bring Increase rural investment, rationalise GST, income and corporate taxes Finance Minister Arun Jaitley at his North Block office on the eve of the Union Budget, in New Delhi on Wednesday. Renuka Puri WHAT TO LOOK OUT FOR IN THE BUDGET TODAY ● CHANGES IN INCOME-TAX AND CORPORATE TAX RATES ● CAPITAL GAINS TAX ON STOCK MARKET INVESTMENTS BSF man who posted video on poor quality food faced NIA probe SOFI AHSAN CHANDIGARH, JANUARY 31 INSIDE ● COUNTING OF BYPOLL VOTES TODAY, P2 ● PROBE INTO GOUNDER KILLING ON, P3 BSF CONSTABLE Tej Bahadur Yadav, who was sacked last April afterhepostedvideoclipsonsocial networking sites purportedly showing poor quality food being served to security forces personnel posted in frontier areas adjoining Pakistan, was probed by the National Investigation Agency (NIA) for possible “connection with foreign contacts”. TheNIAlookedatYadav’ssocial media profiles as well as his call detail records, but did not find anything. Was sacked in April last year TheNIAprobereportisamong the documents submitted by Yadav to the Punjab and Haryana High Court, along with his plea seeking reinstatement which came up for hearing on Tuesday. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 ● CHANGES IN THE DIVIDEND DISTRIBUTION TAX ● ADHERENCE TO GOVERNMENT’S FISCAL DEFICIT TARGETS 6 EXPLAINED No meeting held today, judges propose roster reform panel EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE NEW DELHI, JANUARY 31 ASCHEDULEDmeetingbetween four senior judges of the SupremeCourtwhowentpublic withtheircriticismagainstChief Justice of India Dipak Misra and the CJI did not materialise Wednesday with one of the Judges Justice J Chelameswar on leave for the day. Sources meanwhile said the crisis after the January 12 press conference by Justices Chelameswar, Ranjan Gogoi, Madan B Lokur and Kurian Joseph remained unresolved. With Justice Chelameswar set to be away on Thursday, too, this makes the prospect of the meet- ing unlikely till next week. Sourcessaidthatattheprevious meeting, held last week, the moot point under discussion was a proposal from the Chief Justice that all five judges must come out together publicly and statethatallissueswerenowbeingresolved.Sourcessaythefour judges declined to do so until they saw visible and tangible progress on “issues” raised by them, and “as promised by the Chief Justice.” The four judges who raised concerns over the allocation of casesarelearnttohaveproposed the setting up of a committee comprising judges who would be Chief Justices in the future to suggest an institutional mechanism for marking of cases as per theRosterthatwouldbenotified by the SC Registry. As of now, the SC Roster is not known to the public.Makingitpublichasbeen one of the demands of the Supreme Court Bar Association (SCBA) too. They also want the CJI to communicate the setting up of the committee to the public. Once the suggestions are finalised, the same should be uploaded to the court’s official webpage, so that procedure would be known to all and, in turn, boost transparency. The CJI has not responded to the suggestions. Though he is opentothecommittee,thequestion of inclusion of future Chief Justices remains a thorny issue. LEARNING LEVELS in mathematicsandlanguageshowaprogressive decline from lower to highergradesinthegovernment schoolsystem,evenasthecountryinchesclosertoachievingthe targetof universalenrolmentfor six-14yearolds,accordingtothe Centre’s first nationwide assessment of educational outcomes. According to results of the National Achievement Survey (NAS), released by the HRD Ministry last month, an average of67.7percentofClass3students haveperformedwellinlanguage. Thissuccessrate,however,drops to58.4percentinClass5and56.7 per cent in Class 8. The drop in overall learning level in mathematics is even sharper. In Class 3, it stands at 64.3 per cent and falls significantly, almost by 10 percentage points, to 54.14 per cent in Class 5. It is the lowest in Class 8 at 42 per cent. Thefindingsof thesurveyare significant as it covers the student population that has benefitted from the provisions of the Right to Education (RTE) Act, which came into effect from March 2010. On January 16, the latest Annual Status of Education Report (ASER) covering rural CONTINUEDONPAGE2 Ghani talks to Modi Alwar lynching: Victims were on terror sanctuaries smuggling cows, says chargesheet after snubbing Pak PM DEEP MUKHERJEE JAIPUR, JANUARY 31 SHUBHAJIT ROY NEW DELHI, JANUARY 31 IN THE wake of a series of terror attacks in Afghanistan, Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Afghan President Ashraf Ghani spoke over telephone Wednesday and “discussed the need for an end to terrorist sanctuaries” in the “neighbourhood” — a clear reference to Pakistan. The conversation took place the day after Ghani reportedly refused to take a phone call from Pakistan Prime Minister Shahid Khaqan Abbasi. South Block sources said the 20-minute conversation be- Aghan President Ashraf Ghani tween Modi and Ghani reflected the “shared concern” of New Delhi and Kabul, and a “meeting of minds” in assessing Islamabad’s role in Afghanistan. “There was complete consensus after the Uri attacks in 2016, when the Afghan Presidenttooktheleadinpulling out of the SAARC summit in Islamabadthatyear.Theresthad CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 A SECOND chargesheet following the death of Haryana dairy farmer Pehlu Khan, names two of his companions as accused and concludes that all three had indulged in ‘cow smuggling’ under state laws. The chargesheet was filed by Alwar police in the court of the Behror additional chief judicial magistrate on January 24. Following Khan’s lynching on April 1, police had registered two cases - one against Khan’s assailants for murder and another againstKhanandhiscompanions for ‘indulging in cow smuggling’. The police had charged nine menwiththemurderof Khanaf- A video grab of the attack ter identifying them from video footage of the lynching. The case isbeingtriedinthecourt,butanotherinvestigationinSeptember last year had cleared six others who Khan named in the FIR as his assailants. The police had cited mobile location details of the six men along with statements of police- men and testimonies of the staff of a local cow shelter in Behror todeterminethatnoneof thesix were present at the time of the attack. The January 24 chargesheet names four as accused - Azmat and Rafique who are from Khan’s village, Jaisinghpur in Haryana, Arjun Lal Yadav who was driving one of the two pickuptrucksthatwereattacked on April 1 and his father Jagdish Prasad. Pehluandfourothers,among them his two sons, were returning from a cattle fair on Jaipur’s outskirts on April 1 and were headed to their homes in Haryana when they were attacked by cow vigilantes in Alwar’s Behror. The mob, calling CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 ● PAGE ONE ANCHOR CANADIAN SCIENTIST’S ACCOUNT PROMPTS RELOOK AT CHILD SEX ABUSE LAWS IN INDIA SHALINI NAIR NEW DELHI, JANUARY 31 AN ACCOUNT of alleged abuse narrated by an Indian-origin Canadian conservation scientist to Woman and Child Development (WCD) Minister Maneka Gandhi on Monday has prompted an official move to plug a glaring gap in child sexual abuse laws in India. The WCD ministry is now looking at initiating changes to the legal framework to allow adult survivors to register complaints against the perpetrators at any stage in their lives. Instructions have already been issuedtoexaminetheProtection of ChildrenfromSexualOffences Act (POCSO), Indian Penal Code (IPC) and the Indian Evidence Act, a senior official told The Indian Express. The ministry set the ball rolling after 53-year-old Purnima Govindarajulu met Gandhitosaythatshewantedto pursueacaseagainstherrelative who sexually abused her and others as a child. Speaking to The Indian Express, Purnima says she approached the ministry after her attemptstopursuethecasewith the police came to nought. “I was six years old, growing up in Chennai, when I was first sexually abused by a cousin’s husband. My family was finan- Was 6 when I was first sexually abused: Purnima. Renuka Puri cially weak and my mother was very sick. They were wealthy, their daughter was only a few years younger and so I was often sent to stay at their house. It got worse when I was 10-13 years old, especially at night, when he would use his mouth or finger. I blocked out much of the details. It wasn’t until the age of 23, after I had moved to Canada in the wake of my father’s death, that I realised what happened to me waschildsexualabuse,”shesaid. During this visit to India, Purnima says, she had a “gut feeling” that her perpetrator continued to be a child abuser. That was when she decided to act, she says. “Once I spoke out, a younger cousin, too, spoke of being sexually abused as a child by the same person,” she said. In March 2016, police from Victoria, in the Canadian province of British Columbia, prepared a ‘General Occurrence Report’ based on Purnima’s CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Jaipur 7 WORLD RTE has worked to bring them here, now teaching households, carried out by NGO Pratham,foundthatwhile86per cent of youth in the 14-18 age groupwerestillintheformaleducation system and 73 per cent had used a mobile phone within the previous week, more than halfofthem(57%)struggledtodo simple Class 2-level division. TheNAS,conductedbyNCERT on November 13 last year for classes 3, 5 and 8, is the government’sfirstandthelargestsample survey of learning outcomes coveringbothurbanandruralhouseholds.Thesurvey,whichcovers2.2 million students from 1.1 lakh schools across 700 districts, assessed children in mathematics, language,environmentalsciences, sciencesandsocialsciences. Learning outcomes are assessment standards, which help teachers understand the learning levels of students in their CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 IN FIRST STATE OF UNION ADDRESS, TRUMP PUSHES IMMIGRATION REFORMS YEMENREBELS CAPTUREADEN
Indian Express Limited is an Indian news media publishing company. It publishes several widely circulated dailies, including The Indian Express and The Financial Express in English, the Loksatta in Marathi and the Jansatta in Hindi.