LATE CITY, 20 PAGES, AHMEDABAD, `4.00 ● SATURDAY, MARCH 10, 2018 ● WWW.INDIANEXPRESS.COM TheIndian EXPRESS DAILY FROM: AHMEDABAD, CHANDIGARH, DELHI, JAIPUR, KOLKATA, LUCKNOW, MUMBAI, NAGPUR, PUNE, VADODARA 11 JOURNALISM OF COURAGE PASSIVE EUTHANASIA, LIVING WILL PERMITTED Terminally ill allowed to pull the plug: SC THE IDEAS PAGE India’s missing half The country’s woeful gender gap in the workplace makes us poorer as a nation ANANTHAKRISHNAN G NEW DELHI, MARCH 9 DEATH OF LECTURER J&K Police seek sanction to prosecute 23 Army men MUZAMIL JALEEL NEW DELHI, MARCH 9 A J&K Police probe into the death of a 30-year-old college lecturer, allegedly beaten in Army custody in August 2016, has held 23 Army personnel responsible, and sanction has been sought for their prosecution since that’s a requirement under the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act. According to police, the Army cooperated in the probe and allowed investigators to record statements ofthe Army personnel. Awantipora SSP Mohammad Zahid told The Indian Express that a Special Investigation Team, led by a DySP, completed the probe two weeks ago. “We haven’t filed a chargesheet yet. We will require sanction for prosecution under AFSPA for that,’’ he said. “I won’t be able to talk about the outcome of our investigation.” On the night of August 17, 2016, Shabir Ahmad Mango, a 30-year-old college lecturer, was beaten to death, allegedly by Army personnel in Sharshali village of Khrew in south Kashmir’s Pulwama district. It was alleged that Army personnel had beaten village residents with wooden planks, iron rods and rifle butts, that they had barged into Shabir’s house, dragged him out and beaten him before taking him away. Residents said more than 20 youth from the village were taken away. “Four of us, including Shabir, were taken to the Army camp in Pampore,” Abdul Ahad, who had been admitted to Shri Maharaja Hari Singh Hospital in Srinagar CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Prime Minister Narendra Modi with Manik Sarkar, former Left Front chief minister, at the swearing-in ceremony of the BJP-led government in Agartala, Friday. Abhisek Saha BJP’S BIPLAB DEB BECOMES CM, ENDS 25 YEARS OF LEFT RULE Tripura govt for those who voted, those who didn’t: PM in Agartala ESHA ROY AGARTALA, MARCH 9 MINUTES AFTER Biplab Deb was sworn in as the first BJP Chief Minister of Tripura on Friday, Prime Minister Narendra Modi walked across the stage to greet Manik Sarkar, the CPM leader who headed the state government for the last 20 years. Later, Modi returned and walked Sarkar off the stage at the Assam Rifles grounds, all the while holding his hands. Right before Sarkar made his exit, Deb touched 10 THE EDITORIAL PAGE Biplab Kumar Deb takes oath in Agartala. Abhisek Saha. Changing story of new India By MANISH SABHARWAL Minutes after his release, former IAS officer held for graft EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE AHMEDABAD, MARCH 9 ‘AURANGZEB’ IN LAST LEG OF BYPOLL CAMPAIGN, PAGE 5 3 GUJARAT SCHOOL ‘DETAINS’ KID OVER ‘PENDING FEES’ ● Congress notice to 45 party workers Madhav. On Friday, he looked on as seven MLAs were sworn in, including two from the IPFT — its president N C Debbarma and general secretary Mevar Jamatia. After the ceremony, the Prime Minister addressed a rally at the venue and called the Tripura elections “nothing short of historic”. “There are some elections in India’s political history that are forever remembered. These handful of elections are discussed and analysed for years after they take place. This was one CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 MOMENTS AFTER former IAS officer Pradeep Sharma was released on bail from Sabarmati Central Jail on Friday after spending nearly 20 months in custody in connection with an alleged money laundering case, he was arrested by Gujarat AntiCorruption Bureau (ACB) in a fresh corruption case that was registered against him on Friday morning in Bhavnagar. The allegations levelled against Sharma is of receiving kickbacks to the tune of Rs 25 lakh from a private firm when he was the managing director of Alcock Ashdown (Gujarat) Limited, a state owned company, was mentioned by the Enforcement Directorate (ED) in its chargesheet against Sharma in 2016 in the case of alleged money laundering. Sharma was earlier accused Pradeep Sharma was earlier held by the ED and CID of sending more than Rs 1 crore to his US-based wife, Shyamal, using hawala channel. On Friday morning, just before his release on bail granted by the Gujarat High Court, the ACB filed an FIR in Bhavnagar based on a statement of the managing director of a private shipping firm, which was recorded by the ED during their probe in the money laundering case. The statement of Sahay Raj, MD of Shoft Shipyard, was recorded by the ED on October 16, 2014, and included in the chargesheet filed against Sharma on September 27, 2016. The chargesheet quoting Raj’s statement states, “During BY UNNY There are safeguards, lest it be misused ANANTHAKRISHNAN G NEW DELHI, MARCH 9 The judges said that the “right of a dying man to die with dignity when life is ebbing out, and in the case of a terminally ill patient or a person in permanent vegetative state, where there is no hope of recovery, accelerating the process of death for reducing the period of suffering constitutes a right to live with dignity”. “Our directions with regard to the advance directive and the safeguards... shall remain in force till Parliament makes legislation on this subject,” CJI Misra and Justice A M Khanwilkar, who authored the main judgement, said. Justices A K Sikri, D Y Chandrachud and Ashok Bhushan wrote three separate judgements, concurring with the main verdict. Passive euthanasia refers to speeding up the process of dying by withholding life-prolonging measures and resources. This could be either at the express or implied request of the person (voluntary euthanasia) or in the absence of such approval/consent (non-voluntary euthanasia). CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 RECOGNISING THE right of a person to execute an advance directive that would specify his/her choice of medical treatment in case of a terminal illness, the Supreme Court also laid down the procedure to be followed and elaborate safeguards, lest the facility be misused. This is what the Constitution Bench said: WHO The advance directive can be executed only by an adult who is of a sound and healthy state of mind and in a position to communicate, relate and comprehend the purpose and consequences of executing the document. It must be voluntarily executed and without any coercion or inducement or compulsion and after having full knowledge or information. It should have characteristics of an informed consent given without any undue influence or constraint. It shall be in writing clearly stating as to when medical treatment may be withdrawn or no specific medical treatment shall be given which will only have the effect of delaying the process of death that may otherwise cause him/her pain, CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 BJP managed to convince people we are a Muslim party: Sonia on temple visits EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE GOVT & POLITICS ● YOGI INVOKES Sarkar’s feet, seeking his blessings. On the dais, the former chiefminister was seated between the two veteran BJP leaders L K Advani and Murli Manohar Joshi. As these images, capturing the political transition in the northeastern state, played out on stage, thousands of BJP supporters gathered below burst into cheers. Sarkar, still a popular leader despite his party’s defeat after 25 years in power, had decided to attend the ceremony after being personally invited by Deb and BJP general secretary Ram IN Alandmark ruling that makes it legal for a terminally ill individual to decline use of life support measures and allows families of those in incurable coma to withdraw such measures to reduce the period of suffering, the Supreme Court Friday permitted passive euthanasia. It also recognised the right to an advance directive (also called living will), spelling out views and wishes regarding medical treatment in terminally ill cases. A five-judge Constitution Bench of the Supreme Court, headed by Chief Justice of India Dipak Misra, ruled that “smoothening” the process of death for terminally ill patients with no chance of recovery was integral to life with dignity. The ruling, which runs into 538 pages, came on a petition filed by NGO Common Cause. “This is an important, historic decision which clears the air. Everybody will breathe a sigh of relief because people were earlier apprehensive that if they withdrew life support, they could be prosecuted for culpable homicide,” Prashant Bhushan, lawyer for Common Cause, said. The Constitution Bench, interpreting Article 21 which deals with the right to life or personal liberty, said “it has to be stated without any trace of doubt that the right to life with dignity has to include the smoothening ofthe process ofdying when the person is in a vegetative state or is living exclusively by the administration of artificial aid that prolongs life by arresting the dignified and inevitable process of dying”. BUSINESS AS USUAL “We never made a show of it (temple visits)” MUMBAI, MARCH 9 UPA CHAIRPERSONSonia Gandhi Friday said the BJP had managed to “convince” people that the Congress was a “Muslim party” and indicated that Congress president Rahul Gandhi’s visits to temples was an attempt to shed that perception. “The BJP has managed to, I don’t say brainwash because that is a rude word, but it has managed to convince people, to 12 WORLD ANTI-MUSLIM VIOLENCE CONTINUES IN SRI LANKA persuade people that the Congress party is a Muslim party. In my party, the great majority is Hindu. Yes, there are Muslims too. So I fail to understand this branding us as a Muslim party,” she said at the India Today Conclave in Mumbai. She also said the Congress had been “pushed into a corner” and so felt the need to draw attention, rather than keeping quiet, to Rahul’s frequent temple visits before the Gujarat assembly elections in December 2017. Then, his visits had sparked a debate on whether the Congress party was resorting to ‘soft Hindutva’. Gandhi said that as a family, they have always visited temples but never made it a spectacle. “We have always been to temples. When I used to travel with EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 WITH AN eye on Opposition unity ahead of the 2019 Lok Sabha elections, West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee on Friday said her party Trinamool Congress will support Congress candidate Abhishek Singhvi in the March 23 Rajya Sabha polls from the state. While the Congress, is yet to officially announce the name of Singvi as its candidate from West Mamata Banerjee at a TMC meeting in Kolkata, Friday. A TV screen showing the news in Tokyo, Friday. AP Trump says ready to meet Kim STEVE HOLLAND WASHINGTON, MARCH 9 CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Mamata announces support for Cong’s Singhvi in RS polls KOLKATA, MARCH 9 PAKISTAN COURT ORDERS ELECTION COMMISSION TO HEAR CASE OF SAEED’S PARTY Rajiv, wherever we went, we would visit at least one major, important temple. We never made a show of it. It was quite a natural thing. Rahul has gone to temples before,” she said. Asked if Rahul’s temple visits were aimed at not letting the BJP monopolise the Hindutva movement, she said, “There is a bit of that because we have been pushed into a corner. Perhaps rather than going to a temple quietly, may be, a little more public focus on that.” Bengal, state Congress president Adhir Chowdhury confirmed the same. “Singhviji has been nominated by Sonia Gandhi herself,” he told The Indian Express. Mamata also named Dr Shantanu Sen, Subhasish Chakraborty, Abir Biswas and Nadimul Haque as the Trinamool candidates for the elections from the state. Speaking at an extended core committee meeting of the party at Nazrul Mancha in Kolkata, Mamata said: “Today, we have taken the decision for a better CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 US PRESIDENT Donald Trump said he was prepared to meet North Korea’s Kim Jong Un in what would be the first face-toface encounter between leaders from the two countries and could mark a breakthrough over the North’s nuclear weapons. Kim had “committed to denuclearisation” and to suspending nuclear and missile tests, said South Korea’s National Security Office head Chung Eui-yong after briefing Trump on a meeting South Korean officials held with Kim earlier this week. “A meeting is being planned,” Trump said on Twitter after speaking to Chung, setting up what would be his biggest foreign policy gamble since taking office in January 2017. REUTERS FULL COVERAGE PAGE 12 ● PAGE ONE ANCHOR MP RELEASED SURGE OF WATER FOR INAUGURATION, THEN SHUT TAP NEW DELHI, MARCH 9 ON SEPTEMBER 17, 2017, when Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the Sardar Sarovar Dam in Narmada district’s Kevadia, the water level in the reservoir was 129.58 m, just one metre short of the all-time high it has ever reached. It was five weeks before the Gujarat polls. Official records show the high level that day was achieved mainly because BJP-ruled Madhya Pradesh released an unusual amount of water from up- NARMADA RATIONING THE LIFELINE IN 5 DAYS, WATER LEVEL ROSE BY 3.39 METRES WATER LEVEL (METRES) SOWMIYA ASHOK AN EXPRESS SERIES stream dams over five days until the inauguration. In fact, on three of those five days, records show, the rate of flow into the reservoir was five times the limit — “0.3 metres in 48 hours” for initial filling — set by the Central Water Commission (CWC), the apex water regulatory body. The surge stopped the day of the ceremony (see charts). 132 128 129.58 126.19 124 120 September 12-17 116 August 1 , 2017 AugustDecember 2017 December 31, 2017 Source: Narmada Control Authority PM Modi during the inauguration of the dam last year. File While a former chairman of the CWC described the unprecedented release of water over those five days as optics for the inauguration ceremony, officials associated with the dam said it was part of a dam safety exercise and that the timing was just a coincidence. Today, with Gujarat staring at a harsh summer, the state government has announced that it will stop supplying water from the dam for irrigation of crops from March 15. Now consider what official records of the Narmada Control Authority (NCA) show about the unusual surge in flow of water from September 12-17, 2017: ■Levels swelled by 3.39 m in those five days. In contrast, it took 28 days, from August 1-28, 2017, for the level to rise by about 2 m. It then took 15 days, from August 28-September 12, for the reservoir to swell by 3.24 m. ■ The live storage of the reservoir gained 777 million cubic metres (MCM) of water, with 720.8 MCM released from MP. Live storage is the portion of water that can be released for irrigation, and supply through power stations. ■ On average, 19,31,400 litres per second flowed into the reservoir, as compared to an average of 3,63,300 litres per second the previous week - a nearly six-fold jump. ■ The level began declining a week after, touching a peak of CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 MORE REPORTS PAGE 3
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