LATE CITY, 18 PAGES, AHMEDABAD, `4.00 ● MONDAY, APRIL 2, 2018 ● WWW.INDIANEXPRESS.COM TheIndian EXPRESS DAILY FROM: AHMEDABAD, CHANDIGARH, DELHI, JAIPUR, KOLKATA, LUCKNOW, MUMBAI, NAGPUR, PUNE, VADODARA JOURNALISM OF COURAGE PROTESTS ROCK SOUTH KASHMIR, 4 CIVILIANS DEAD 12 militants, 3 Armymen killed in three encounters in Shopian, Anantnag BASHAARAT MASOOD SHOPIAN, APRIL 1 BUSINESS AS USUAL BY UNNY IN ONE of the biggest counterterror operations in recent times, 12 militants were killed in three separate operations in Draggad and Kachdora villages in Shopian district and Dialgam in Anantnag district. While three Army personnel and a civilian were also killed in the encounters, three civilians were killed in the protests that followed. The encounters triggered massive protests in South Kashmir, where thousands of people hit the streets, resulting in fierce clashes with security personnel. More than 70 protesters were reported to have been injured, some of them hit by pel- lets in their eyes. According to sources, a joint team of the Army, Jammu and Kashmir Police Special Operations Group and paramilitary forces cordoned off Draggad village on Saturday night, following intelligence inputs about the presence of militants. Sources said the militants entered a cluster of houses, including the ancestral house of an IPS officer serving in Hyderabad. There was a gunfight, in which seven militants — all from Shopian district — and a civilian, Mushtaq Ahmad, were killed. Security forces said Ahmad was the owner of one of the houses in which the militants were holed up. However, his family claimed that he was at his home in Sugan village at night, when Girls run for cover as protesters clash with security forces in Srinagar on Sunday. AP FULL COVERAGE, PAGE 10 some Army personnel came and told him to accompany them. “He left home with a solar lantern. After some time, there was firing. The family waited till morning, and then started looking for him. We were then told that he had been killed,” said his uncle, Ghulam Ahmad. Calling it a “special day” for counter-terror operations in the Valley, Lt General A K Bhatt, General Officer Commanding, 15 Corps, said two of the seven militants — Ishfaq Ahmad Malik and Rayees Ahmad Thokar — were involved in the killing of Lt Ummer Fayaz last May. “We have avenged his death,” he said. “We will carry out kinetic operations” against anybody who uses his weapon, as “we have carried out today,” said Bhatt. A political activist, Zubair Ahmad Turray, who escaped from custody last year and CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 SC/ST Act: Under pressure, Centre to seek review today ANANTHAKRISHNAN G INSIDE NEW DELHI, APRIL 1 ● BJP MP HOLDS A DAY before Monday’s Bharat bandh called by Dalit organisations to protest the alleged dilution of the SC/ST Act, the Centre on Sunday announced that it would move the Supreme Court on Monday to seek a review of its judgement that laid down stringent ‘safeguards’ before registering a case under the Act. Announcing this on Twitter, Union Law Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad wrote, “Review petition by the Government against the SC judgement on SC/ST Protection Act shall be filed positively tomorrow, Monday, April 2.” Sources said the decision had been taken at the “highest level of the government” and Prasad RALLY, TARGETS GOVT ON QUOTA ● DALIT BODIES CALL BANDH and Minister for Social Justice and Empowerment Thawar Chand Gehlot were in touch to expedite the process. The petition will be filed by the Social Justice ministry, they added. In its March 20 judgement, a bench of Justices A K Goel and U U Lalit had expressed concern that “working of the SC/ST Atrocities Act should not result CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 ISRO: Lost contact with communication satellite GSAT-6A JOHNSON TA BENGALURU, APRIL 1 THE INDIAN Space Research Organisation (ISRO) Sunday lost communication with its GSAT6A satellite which was launched on board the GSLV F08 rocket on March 29. The loss of communication was reported a day after executing a second orbit raising manoeuvre on the spacecraft. “When the satellite was on course to normal operating configuration for the third and final firing, scheduled for April 1, 2018, communication from the satellite was lost. Efforts are underway to establish the link with the satellite,’’ the space agency said in a statement Sunday. ISRO had earlier not reported on the status of the second orbit raising manoeuvre on the GSAT6A, which was to be carried out Saturday after the launch and first orbit raising manoeuvre on Thursday and Friday. “The second orbit raising operation of GSAT-6A satellite has been successfully carried out by Remains of Indians killed in Mosul to be brought today, kin told not to open coffins EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE AMRITSAR, NEW DELHI, APRIL 1 A SPECIAL plane carrying the bodies of 38 of 39 Indians, who went missing in Mosul in June 2014 and whom the government recently declared dead, is expected to land in Amritsar on Monday. On Sunday, Minister of State for External Affairs V K Singh left for Iraq to bring back the mortal remains of those killed. The 39th 3 GUJARAT body is not being brought back now since DNA testing had only provided a 70 per cent match; the others have had more than 95 per cent match. “The minister left around 1 pm from Hindon airbase and is expected to return with the bodies tomorrow,” an official said. From Amritsar, Singh is expected to go to Patna, followed by Kolkata, to hand over the bodies to relatives of the dead, official sources said. Earlier this month, External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj NEW DELHI, APRIL 1 FARMERS PROTEST AGAINST LAND POSSESSION, POLICE DETAIN 50 LAM Engine firing for about 53 minutes on March 31, 2018, in the morning,’’ ISRO said on Sunday without explaining the delay in providing the update. Sources in ISRO said the delay was due to key personnel involved with the updates falling ill. On Sunday, the space agency reported the successful execution of the second orbit raising ● Surat remains tense, FIR against 28 for rioting, Page 5 CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 airport. Haryana Food and Civil Supplies minister Krishan Kapoor and Deputy Commissioner, Kangra (Himachal Pradesh), Sandeep Kumar will be present at the airport to receive the mortal remains of those from their state. Some of the family members ofthe victims said doctors and the district administration had advised them not to open the coffins and conduct the last rites immediately, “within 15-20 minutes of bodies reaching homes”. The last A HIGH-LEVEL meeting chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi is learnt to have suggested to the Indian Railways to not rush through unilaterally with its grand drive of 100 per cent electrification of the country’s railway network. The Prime Minister is learnt to have nudged the policy correction while reviewing the work of the Railway Ministry at the PMO last Monday in the presence of the full Railway Board led by Railway Minister Piyush Goyal. Modi is learnt to have raised questions on the 100 per cent electrification policy — pursued aggressively by Goyal since his arrival in Rail Bhawan in September last year — wondering what the need/ justification for it was, especially because massive working infrastructure is already in place for diesel, the other mode of traction. The PM was of the view that premature idling of in-service rolling-stock assets from the diesel stable was not a good idea, sources told The Indian Express. The Indian Railways have around 5,800 working diesel lo- SANTOSH SINGH PATNA, APRIL 1 IF THE BJP’s allies in Bihar have raised concerns about rising incidents of communal tension in the state, they have reason to. Since July 2017, when the JD(U) led by Nitish Kumar broke its alliance with the RJDCongress and went back to the NDA, there have been 200 incidents of communal tension, as many as 64 this year alone, a scrutiny of official records by The Indian Express reveals. Compare this with data of the last five years: 50 such incidents in 2012, 112 in 2013; 110 in 2014, 155 in 2015, 230 in 2016 (see box on page 2). At 270, 2017 recorded the highest number of communal incidents in recent times. Of the 64 cases so far this year, there were 21 in January, 13 in February and 30 in March. Many of the incidents in March have been over religious processions passing through Muslim areas. This year, besides the Araria incident, when an allegedly fake video of three Muslim youths shouting “anti-India slogans” went viral after the RJD’s win in the bypoll there, communal incidents were reported from Bhagalpur, Munger, Aurangabad, Samastipur, Shekhpura, Nawada and Nalanda. Central and state intelligence agencies said the surge in presence of people during Ram Navami processions, especially in Aurangabad, Nalanda, and Shekhpura, points to an “un- 8 THE EDITORIAL PAGE EXPRESS NETWORK ● BJP MPs DEFY PROHIBITORY ORDERS IN ASANSOL PAGE 10 ● MINISTER’S SON HELD IN BIHAR PAGE 7 precedented mass mobilisation”. Sources in the police headquarters said that though traditional weapons such as lances, swords and gadasa (a blunt object to cut husk) have been displayed during Ramnavami processions in the past, this year’s processions have witnessed youths brandishing “a bigger number of brand new swords”. Police are now investigating if these swords were supplied by a particular group. Bihar police headquarters, however, said the months around Ramnavami (March) and Dussehra (September-October) have always been sensitive. “It is too early to say that there has been a communal surge this year. But yes, we do see hints of bigger mass mobilisation,” said a senior police officer at the headquarters, adding that the force will have to be alert to deal with rumour-mongers. Bihar Director General of Police K S Dwivedi said, “Though CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 The unlikely bulwark BY VIKRAM S MEHTA Two teachers among three arrested, CBSE official suspended CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 PM puts Railways’ plan of full electrification on hold AVISHEK G DASTIDAR & RAVISH TIWARI ISRO's GSLV-F08 carrying GSAT-6A. PTI file had told Parliament that as many as 40 Indians were abducted by terror group IS from Mosul in Iraq in June 2014, but one of them, Harjit Masih, escaped by posing as a Bangladeshi Muslim. The remaining 39 Indians were taken to Badoosh and killed, she had said. Of the 39 who died, 27 are from Punjab, four from Himachal Pradesh, two from West Bengal and six from Bihar. The Punjab government has deputed Local Bodies minister Navjot Sidhu to receive the mortal remains at the 200 incidents, 64 this year alone comotives. “Electrification is a long-term process. Its timeframe has to depend on the Budget,” said a source who is aware of the deliberations. “These things do not happen immediately. The diesel stock that we have has a certain life, and it (the changeover) will take time,” the source said. One major takeaway for the Railway Board from the meeting was that the “100 per cent electrification” policy was to be put on hold, without missing the yearly physical targets for electrification as and when decided every year on a need basis, CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Three arrested for the CBSE paper leak in Delhi on Sunday. PTI ALOK SINGH NEW DELHI, APRIL 1 AFTER 12 were held in Jharkhand for allegedly leaking the Class X mathematics question paper, Delhi police Sunday arrested three men, including two private school teachers, for allegedly leaking the Class XII CBSE Economics question paper. Police believe the three men were part of a separate “module”, which leaked the paper 45 minutes before the examination. Following Sunday’s arrests, the CBSE suspended one of its officers, K S Rana, for lax supervision of an examination centre in Delhi, from where the Class XII Economics paper was allegedly leaked. The Delhi police Crime Branch, probing the leak of both question papers, also said the arrests were part of just one “module” which leaked question papers for money. While two cases with the Delhi Police are connected to the alleged leak of the Mathematics and Economics papers a day CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 ● PAGE ONE ANCHOR 12 WORLD A casket containing the remains of one of the Indians being taken to Baghdad airport. AP How communal pot simmers since Nitish went back to NDA US BLOCKS UN STATEMENT ON GAZA VIOLENCE US, SOUTH KOREA BEGIN ARMY DRILLS AMID THAWING TENSIONS ON KOREAN PENINSULA STATES WITH HIGH GDP FACE GREATER RISK OF DIABETES: STUDY TRACKING SUGAR STATES CHANGE» ABANTIKA GHOSH NEW DELHI, APRIL 1 FOUR MONTHS ago, when the first ever attempt to chronicle India’s disease burden by states over a 16-year period till 2016 was made public, the most startling finding was this: The more developed states had managed to rein in communicable diseases, but their illness burden was by no means less, it had merely changed. Diarrhoea deaths had been replaced by those living with diabetes. In other words, since the 1990s, India has been hurtling EVERY MONDAY For all Change stories, log on to www.indianexpress.com/change Witness Change? Write to us at firstname.lastname@example.org towards the dubious distinction of becoming the diabetes capital of the world. Today, according to the National Health Portal, India, with 69.2 million cases, stands second on the world diabetes chart, after China with over 100 million cases. But what the disease burden study released last November and an ICMR-INDIAB study, published in The Lancet Diabetes Endocrinology in June 2017, also show is that even when it comes to diabetes, the Indian landscape is extremely diverse. “The overall prevalence of diabetes in all 15 states of India was 7.3% (of the population). The prevalence of diabetes varied from 4.3% in Bihar to 10.0% in Punjab and was higher in urban areas (11.2%) than in rural areas (5.2%) and higher in mainland states (8.3%) than in the northeast (5.9%),” the study noted. The other telling finding: States with higher per-capita Top states with highest shift in high plasma glucose (percentage shows fraction of death and disability risk): State 1990 2016 State 1990 2016 Tamil Nadu 4.9% 12.9% Delhi 4% 8.5% Punjab 4.0% 10.0% Gujarat 2.2% 5.8% Goa 3.2% 9% Note: High plasma glucose refers to Kerala 5.9% 11.1% glucose levels in blood higher than Maharashtra 2.4% 7.1% the normal mark of 126 mg/100 ml GDP seemed to have a higher prevalence of diabetes. “In rural areas of all states, diabetes was more prevalent in in- dividuals of higher SES. However, in urban areas of some of the more affluent states (Chandigarh, Maharashtra, and Tamil Nadu), diabetes prevalence was higher in people with lower SES. The overall prevalence of prediabetes in all 15 states was 10.3%. The prevalence of prediabetes varied from 6.0% in Mizoram to 14.7% in Tripura, and the prevalence of impaired fasting glucose was generally higher than the prevalence of impaired glucose tolerance,” the study found. It concluded that age, male sex, obesity, hypertension, and family history of diabetes were independent risk factors for diabetes in both urban and rural areas. The diagnosis is grim. “There is no doubt that when it comes to diabetes we are looking at a potentially explosive situation,” says Dr Lalit Dandona, Public Health Foundation of India, who led the group that conducted the state-level study. “Small lifestyle changes have made a lot of difference. For instance, only odd exceptions cycle to work now. It is a global phenomenon but the effects have somehow been magnified in India,” says Dr Nikhil Tandon, professor of endocrinology and metabolism at AIIMS, New Delhi. The path ahead to reverse the change is clear, say experts: A system of early detection. 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