TheIndian EXPRESS LATE CITY, 16 PAGES, JAIPUR, `5.00 ● MONDAY, APRIL 2, 2018 ● WWW.INDIANEXPRESS.COM DAILY FROM: AHMEDABAD, CHANDIGARH, DELHI, JAIPUR, KOLKATA, LUCKNOW, MUMBAI, NAGPUR, PUNE, VADODARA JOURNALISM OF COURAGE PROTESTS ROCK SOUTH KASHMIR, 4 CIVILIANS DEAD 12 militants, 3 Armymen killed in three encounters in Shopian, Anantnag BASHAARAT MASOOD SHOPIAN, APRIL 1 BUSINESS AS USUAL BY UNNY IN ONE of the biggest counterterroroperationsinrecenttimes, 12 militants were killed in three separate operations in Draggad andKachdoravillagesinShopian districtandDialgaminAnantnag district. While three Army personnel and a civilian were also killed in the encounters, three civilians were killed in the protests that followed. The encounters triggered massive protests in South Kashmir, where thousands of people hit the streets, resulting in fierce clashes with security personnel.Morethan70protesters were reported to have been injured,someof themhitbypel- lets in their eyes. According to sources, a joint team of the Army, Jammu and Kashmir Police Special Operations Group and paramilitary forces cordoned off Draggad village early on Sunday morning, following intelligence inputsaboutthepresenceof militants. Sources said the militants entered a cluster of houses, includingtheancestralhouseof an IPS officer serving in Hyderabad. There was a gunfight, in whichsevenmilitants—allfrom Shopian district — and a civilian, Mushtaq Ahmad Thoker, were killed. Security forces said Thoker was the owner of one of the houses in which the militants were holed up. However, hisfamilyclaimedthathewasat his home in Sugan village at Girls run for cover as protesters clash with security forces in Srinagar on Sunday. AP night,whensomeArmypersonnelcameandtoldhimtoaccompany them. “He left home with a solar lantern. After some time, there was firing. The family waited till morning, and then startedlookingforhim.Wewere then told that he had been killed,” said his uncle, Ghulam Ahmad. Calling it a “special day” for counter-terror operations in the Valley, Lt General A K Bhatt, GeneralOfficerCommanding,15 Corps, said two of the seven militants—IshfaqAhmadMalikand Rayees Ahmad Thokar — were involved in the killing of Lt Ummer Fayaz last May. “We haveavengedhisdeath,”hesaid. “We will carry out kinetic operations” against anybody who CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 SC/ST Act order: Govt to file review plea in apex court today ANANTHAKRISHNAN G NEW DELHI, APRIL 1 A DAY ahead of Monday’s Bharat bandh called by Dalit organisations to protest the alleged dilutionofoftheSC/STAct,theCentre on Sunday announced that it would move the Supreme Court onMondaytoseekareviewof its judgement that laid down stringent ‘safeguards’ before registering a case under the Act. Announcing this on Twitter, UnionLawMinisterRaviShankar Prasadwrote,“Reviewpetitionby the Government against the SC judgement on SC/ST Protection Actshallbefiledpositivelytomorrow, Monday, April 2.” Sourcessaidthedecisionhad been taken at the “highest level of the government” and Prasad and Minister for Social Justice EXPRESS NETWORK ● BJP’S MP HOLDS RALLY, TARGETS GOVT ON QUOTA ● DALIT BODIES CALL BANDH, PAGE 4 and Empowerment Thawar Chand Gehlot were in touch to expedite the process. The petition will be filed by the Social Justice ministry, they added. In its March 20 judgement, a bench of Justices A K Goel and U U Lalit had expressed concern that “working of the SC/ST Atrocities Act should not result in perpetuating casteism” and went on to lay down certain How communal pot simmers since Nitish went back to NDA 200 incidents, 64 this year alone SANTOSH SINGH PATNA, APRIL 1 IF THE BJP’s allies are concerned aboutrisingincidentsofcommunal violence in Bihar, they have a reason. A scrunity of official records by The Indian Express shows from July 2017, when the JD(U) led by Nitish Kumar broke its alliance with the RJDCongress and went back to the NDA, to now, there have been 200 incidents of communal violence,asmany64thisyearalone. Compare this with the data of the previous four years: 112 in 2013; 110 in 2014, 155 in 2015 and 230 in 2016 (see box). The year recorded the highest: 270 incidents of communal clashes. Ofthe64casesthisyear,there were21inJanuary,13inFebruary and 30 in March. Many of the incidents in March have been over Ramnavamiprocessionspassing through Muslim areas. AseniorpoliceofficertoldThe Indian Express: “October 2016, during which Durga Puja and Muharram were celebrated, reported58communalinstances.” Police do not officially maintain data on communal violence. This year, besides the Araria incident, when an allegedly fake video of three Muslim youth shouting “anti-India slogans” went viral, communal clashes 8 THEEDITORIAL PAGE EXPRESS NETWORK ● 30 HELD FOR RAJASTHAN VIOLENCE, CURFEW STAYS PAGE 3 havebeenreportedinBhagalpur, Munger, Aurangabad, Samastipur,Shekhpura,Nawada and Nalanda, most of them centered around Ramnavami celebrations. Centralandstateintelligence agencies said the surge in presence of people during Ramnavami processions, especially in Aurangabad, Nalanda, andShekhpura,pointstoan“unprecedentedmassmobilisation”. Sources in the police headquarters said that though traditional weapons such as lances, swords and gadasa (a blunt object to cut husk) have been displayed during Ramnavami processions in the past, this year’s processions have witnessed youths brandishing a “bigger number of brand new swords”. Police are now investigating if theseswordsweresuppliedby a particular group to provoke communal tension. Bihar police headquarters, CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Why we need officers BY VIKRAM S MEHTA CBSE Economics Remains of Indians killed in Mosul to be leak: School teachers ISRO: Lost contact with communication brought today, kin told not to open coffins among three held CONTINUEDONPAGE2 satellite GSAT-6A JOHNSON TA BENGALURU, APRIL 1 THE INDIAN Space Research Organisation (ISRO) Sunday lost communication with its GSAT6A satellite which was launched on board the GSLV F08 rocket on March 29. The loss of communication was reported a day after executing a second orbit raising manoeuvre on the spacecraft. “When the satellite was on course to normal operating configuration for the third and final firing,scheduledforApril1,2018, communication from the satellite was lost. Efforts are underwaytoestablishthelinkwiththe satellite,’’ the space agency said in a statement Sunday. ISROhadearliernotreported on the status of the second orbit raising manoeuvre on the GSAT6A, which was to be carried out Saturday after the launch and first orbit raising manoeuvre on Thursday and Friday. “The second orbit raising operation of GSAT-6A satellite has been successfully carried out by 7 WORLD A casket containing the remains of one of the Indians being taken to Baghdad airport on Sunday. AP EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE AMRITSAR, NEW DELHI, APRIL 1 A SPECIAL plane carrying the bodies of 38 of 39 Indians, who went missing in Mosul in June 2014 and whom the government recently declared dead, is expected to land in Amritsar on Monday. On Sunday, Minister of State for External Affairs V K Singh left for Iraq to bring back the mortal 9 ISRO's GSLV-F08 carrying GSAT-6A. PTI file THEIDEASPAGE The right agri support LAM Engine firing for about 53 minutesonMarch31,2018,inthe morning,’’ ISRO said on Sunday without explaining the delay in providing the update. Sources in ISRO said the delay was due to key personnel involved with the updates falling ill. On Sunday, the space agency reported the successful execution of the second orbit raising Trade and tariffs must be synced with minimum support price to ensure farmers get fair returns CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 remainsof thosekilled.The39th body is not being brought back now since DNA testing had only provided a 70 per cent match; the others have had more than 95 per cent match. “The minister left around 1 pm from the Hindon airbase and is expected to return with the bodiestomorrow,”anofficialsaid. FromAmritsar,Singhisexpected to Patna, followed by Kolkata to hand over bodies to their relatives, official sources said. Earlier this month, External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj hadtoldParliamentthatasmany as 40 Indians were abducted by terror group ISIS from Mosul in Iraq in June 2014, but one of them, Harjit Masih, had escaped by posing as a Bangladeshi Muslim. The remaining 39 Indians were taken to Badoosh and killed, she had said. Of the 39 who died, 27 are from Punjab, four from Himachal Pradesh, two from West Bengal and six from Bihar. The Punjab government has de- puted Local Bodies minister Navjot Sidhu to receive the mortal remains at the airport. Haryana Food and Civil Supplies minister Krishan Kapoor and Deputy Commissioner, Kangra (Himachal Pradesh), Sandeep Kumar will be present at the airport to receive the mortal remains of those from their state. Someof thefamilymembers of the victims said doctors and the district administration had advised them not to open the CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Prime Minister applies brakes on Railways’ plan for full electrification AVISHEK G DASTIDAR & RAVISH TIWARI NEW DELHI, APRIL 1 A HIGH-LEVEL meeting chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi is learnt to have suggested to the Indian Railways to not rush through unilaterally with its grand drive of 100 per cent electrification of the country’s railway network. The Prime Minister is learnt to have nudged the policy correction while reviewing the work of the Railway Ministry at the PMO last Monday in the presence of the full Railway Board led by Railway Minister Piyush Goyal. Modi is learnt to have raised questions on the 100 per cent electrification policy — pursued aggressively by Goyal since his arrival in Rail Bhawan in September last year — wondering what the need/ justification for it was, especially because massive working infrastructure is already in place for diesel, the other mode of traction. The PM was of the view that premature idling of in-service rolling-stock assets from the dieselstablewasnotagoodidea, sources told The Indian Express. The Indian Railways have CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Three arrested for the CBSE paper leak in Delhi on Sunday. PTI ALOK SINGH NEW DELHI, APRIL 1 A DAY after 12 people were held in Jharkhand in connection with the alleged leak of the Class X mathematicsquestion,Delhipolice Sunday arrested three men, including two private school teachers, for allegedly leaking the Class XII CBSE Economics question paper. Police believe thethreemenwerepartof aseparate module which leaked the paper 45 minutes before the examination. The Delhi police Crime Branch, probing the leak of both question papers, also said Sunday’sarrestswerepartof just one module which leaked question papers for money. Delhi Police have registered two separatecasesinconnectionwiththe alleged leak of the Class X MathematicsPaperandClassXII Economics Paper a day before they were scheduled on March 28 and March 26. Joint Commissioner of Police (Crime) Alok Kumar said Tauqeer (26), a private tuition CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 ● PAGE ONE ANCHOR USBLOCKSUN STATEMENTON GAZAVIOLENCE KIM ATTENDS SOUTH KOREA CONCERT STATES WITH HIGH GDP FACE GREATER RISK OF DIABETES: STUDY TRACKING SUGAR STATES CHANGE» ABANTIKA GHOSH NEW DELHI, APRIL 1 FOUR MONTHS ago, when the first ever attempt to chronicle India’s disease burden by states over a 16-year period till 2016 was made public, the most startling finding was this: The more developed states had managed to rein in communicable diseases, but their illness burden was by no means less, it had merely changed. Diarrhoea deaths had been replaced by those living with diabetes. In other words, since the 1990s, India has been hurtling EVERY MONDAY For all Change stories, log on to www.indianexpress.com/change Witness Change? Write to us at email@example.com towards the dubious distinction of becomingthediabetescapital of the world. Today, according to theNationalHealthPortal,India, with 69.2 million cases, stands second on the world diabetes chart, after China with over 100 million cases. But what the disease burden study released last November andanICMR-INDIABstudy,published in The Lancet Diabetes Endocrinology in June 2017, also show is that even when it comes todiabetes,theIndianlandscape is extremely diverse. “Theoverallprevalenceof diabetesinall15statesof Indiawas 7.3% (of the population). The prevalence of diabetes varied from 4.3% in Bihar to 10.0% in Punjab and was higher in urban areas (11.2%) than in rural areas (5.2%) and higher in mainland states (8.3%) than in the northeast (5.9%),” the study noted. The other telling finding: States with higher per-capita Top states with highest shift in high plasma glucose (percentage shows fraction of death and disability risk): State 1990 2016 State 1990 2016 Tamil Nadu 4.9% 12.9% Delhi 4% 8.5% Punjab 4.0% 10.0% Gujarat 2.2% 5.8% Goa 3.2% 9% Note: High plasma glucose refers to Kerala 5.9% 11.1% glucose levels in blood higher than Maharashtra 2.4% 7.1% the normal mark of 126 mg/100 ml GDP seemed to have a higher prevalence of diabetes. “Inruralareasof allstates,diabeteswasmoreprevalentinin- dividualsof higherSES.However, in urban areas of some of the moreaffluentstates(Chandigarh, Maharashtra, and Tamil Nadu), diabetes prevalence was higher in people with lower SES. The overallprevalenceof prediabetes in all 15 states was 10.3%. The prevalenceof prediabetesvaried from6.0%inMizoramto14.7%in Tripura, and the prevalence of impaired fasting glucose was generally higher than the prevalence of impaired glucose tolerance,” the study found. It concluded that age, male sex, obesity, hypertension, and family history of diabetes were independent risk factors for diabetes in both urban and rural areas. The diagnosis is grim. “There is no doubt that when it comes Jaipur to diabetes we are looking at a potentially explosive situation,” says Dr Lalit Dandona, Public Health Foundation of India, who ledthegroupthatconductedthe state-level study. “Small lifestyle changes have made a lot of difference. For instance, only odd exceptions cycle to work now. It is a global phenomenon but the effects have somehow been magnified in India,” says Dr Nikhil Tandon, professor of endocrinology and metabolismatAIIMS,NewDelhi. Thepathaheadtoreversethe change is clear, say experts: A system of early detection. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2
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