TheIndian EXPRESS LATE CITY, 16 PAGES, KOLKATA `5.00/EX-KOLKATA `6.00 (`12 IN NORTH EAST STATES & ANDAMAN) ● MONDAY, APRIL 2, 2018 ● WWW.INDIANEXPRESS.COM DAILY FROM: AHMEDABAD, CHANDIGARH, DELHI, JAIPUR, KOLKATA, LUCKNOW, MUMBAI, NAGPUR, PUNE, VADODARA JOURNALISM OF COURAGE PROTESTS ROCK SOUTH KASHMIR, 4 CIVILIANS DEAD 12 militants, 3 Armymen killed in three encounters in Shopian, Anantnag BASHAARAT MASOOD SHOPIAN, APRIL 1 BUSINESS AS USUAL BY UNNY IN ONE of the biggest counterterroroperationsinrecenttimes, 12 militants were killed in three separate operations in Draggad andKachdoravillagesinShopian districtandDialgaminAnantnag district. While three Army personnel and a civilian were also killed in the encounters, three civilians were killed in the protests that followed. The encounters triggered massive protests in South Kashmir, where thousands of people hit the streets, resulting in fierce clashes with security personnel.Morethan70protesters were reported to have been injured,someof themhitbypel- lets in their eyes. According to sources, a joint team of the Army, Jammu and Kashmir Police Special Operations Group and paramilitary forces cordoned off Draggad village on Saturday night, following intelligence inputs about the presence of militants. Sources said the militants entered a cluster of houses, includingtheancestralhouseof an IPS officer serving in Hyderabad. There was a gunfight, in whichsevenmilitants—allfrom Shopian district — and a civilian, Mushtaq Ahmad, were killed. Security forces said Ahmad was the owner of one of the houses in which the militants were holed up. However, his family claimed that he was at his home in Sugan village at night, when Girls run for cover as protesters clash with security forces in Srinagar on Sunday. AP FULL COVERAGE, PAGE 5 some Army personnel came and told him to accompany them. “He left home with a solar lantern. After some time, there was firing. The family waited till morning, and then started looking for him. We were then told that he had been killed,” said his uncle, Ghulam Ahmad. Calling it a “special day” for counter-terror operations in the Valley, Lt General A K Bhatt, GeneralOfficerCommanding,15 Corps, said two of the seven militants—IshfaqAhmadMalikand Rayees Ahmad Thokar — were involved in the killing of Lt Ummer Fayaz last May. “We haveavengedhisdeath,”hesaid. “We will carry out kinetic operations” against anybody who uses his weapon, as “we have carried out today,” said Bhatt. A political activist, Zubair Ahmad Turray, who escaped from custody last year and CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 SC/ST Act: Under pressure, Centre to seek review today ANANTHAKRISHNAN G NEW DELHI, APRIL 1 A DAY before Monday’s Bharat bandh called by Dalit organisations to protest the alleged dilution of the SC/ST Act, the Centre on Sunday announced that it would move the Supreme Court onMondaytoseekareviewof its judgement that laid down stringent ‘safeguards’ before registering a case under the Act. Announcing this on Twitter, UnionLawMinisterRaviShankar Prasadwrote,“Reviewpetitionby the Government against the SC judgement on SC/ST Protection Actshallbefiledpositivelytomorrow, Monday, April 2.” Sourcessaidthedecisionhad been taken at the “highest level of the government” and Prasad and Minister for Social Justice and Empowerment Thawar Chand Gehlot were in touch to expedite the process. The petition will be filed by the Social Justice ministry, they added. In its March 20 judgement, a bench of Justices A K Goel and U U Lalit had expressed concern that “working of the SC/ST Atrocities Act should not result in perpetuating casteism” and went on to lay down certain CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 ISRO loses contact with communication satellite GSAT-6A JOHNSON TA BENGALURU, APRIL 1 THE INDIAN Space Research Organisation (ISRO) announced Sunday that it has lost communication with its GSAT-6A satellite launched on board the GSLV F08 rocket on March 29. The loss of contact was reported a day after executing the satellite’s second orbit raising manoeuvre. “When the satellite was on course to normal operating configuration for the third and final firing,scheduledforApril1,2018, communication from the satellitewaslost.Effortsareunderway to establish the link with the satellite,’’ the space agency said in a statement Sunday. ISROhadearliernotreported on the status of the second orbit raising manoeuvre on the GSAT6A, which was to be carried out Saturday after the launch and first orbit raising manoeuvre on Thursday and Friday. “The second orbit raising operation of GSAT-6A satellite has been successfully carried out by LAM Engine firing for about 53 minutes on March 31, 2018, in the morning,’’ ISRO said on Sunday without explaining the delay in providing the update. 11 WORLD Sanju Devi with her 10-day-old baby in the camp outside Asansol. Subham Dutta FULL COVERAGE, PAGE 3 In Asansol, 10-day-old infant, high school student among 250 in camp with no toilets RAVIK BHATTACHARYA ASANSOL, APRIL 1 HOLDING HER 10-day-old baby, Sanju Devi, 22, sat beside her husband Santu Thakur in a 10 ft × 9 ft room that they have been sharing with nine others since Wednesday. AmongtheninewasMukesh Tati, 22, who had been at his homewithhiswifeandtwochildren when a bomb was lobbed inside. As they ran away, their WEST BENGAL ● ADVOCATES’ STRIKE: 2,50,000 CASES PENDING AND COUNTING PAGE 4 GSAT-6A satellite launched on board the GSLV F08 rocket on March 29 Sources in ISRO said the delay was due to key personnel involved with the updates falling ill. On Sunday, the space agency reported the successful execution of the second orbit raising manoeuvrebutalsoreportedthe loss of communication with the satellite indicating that this has affected the third orbit raising manoeuvre which is needed to make the satellite operational. The GSAT-6A was originally intended to be launched by ISRO 9 house went up in flames, destroying everything they had. Theynowsharearoomwithtwo otherfamiliesdisplacedbycommunal clashes in Asansol. Khusbu Shaw, 18, who left her home at ADD BPL Colony, is worried about her higher secondary exams. Locals have helped her with new books aftershelefthersathome,andshe is struggling to study. With her are her father parents Sanjit Shaw, 35, and Kalyani Devi, 30, andbrothersRaja,16,andAniket, The right agri support Trade and tariffs must be synced with minimum support price to ensure farmers get fair returns CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 spaceforakitchen,andspacefor a common bathroom to be shared by the residents of both rooms. These are meant to be BPL quarters in New Colony; as of now,neitherthekitchensnorthe bathroomshavebeenbuilt.Men, women and children bathe and defecate in the open, beside a local canal since there are no toilets. The camp is being guarded by local youth who are wary of AVISHEK G DASTIDAR & RAVISH TIWARI A HIGH-LEVEL meeting chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi is learnt to have suggested to the Indian Railways to not rush through unilaterally with its grand drive of 100 per cent electrification of the country’s railway network. The Prime Minister is learnt tohavenudgedthepolicycorrectionwhilereviewingtheworkof theRailwayMinistryatthePMO last Monday in the presence of the full Railway Board led by Railway Minister Piyush Goyal. Modi is learnt to have raised questions on the 100 per cent electrification policy — pursued aggressively by Goyal since his arrival in Rail Bhawan in September last year — wondering what the need/ justification for it was, especially because massive working infrastructure is already in place for diesel, the other mode of traction. The PM was of the view that premature idling of in-service rolling-stock assets from the dieselstablewasnotagoodidea, sources told The Indian Express. The Indian Railways have around 5,800 working diesel lo- 200 incidents, 64 this year alone SANTOSH SINGH PATNA, APRIL 1 IF THE BJP’s allies in Bihar have raised concerns about rising incidents of communal tension in the state, they have reason to. Since July 2017, when the JD(U) led by Nitish Kumar broke its alliance with the RJDCongress and went back to the NDA, there have been 200 incidents of communal tension, as many as 64 this year alone, a scrutiny of official records by The Indian Express reveals. Comparethiswithdataof the last five years: 50 such incidents in 2012, 112 in 2013; 110 in 2014, 155 in 2015, 230 in 2016 (see box onpage2).At270,2017recorded the highest number of communal incidents in recent times. Of the64casessofarthisyear, there were 21 in January, 13 in Februaryand30inMarch.Many of the incidents in March have been over religious processions passing through Muslim areas. This year, besides the Araria incident, when an allegedly fake video of three Muslim youths shouting “anti-India slogans” went viral after the RJD’s win in the bypoll there, communal incidents were reported from Bhagalpur,Munger,Aurangabad, Samastipur,Shekhpura,Nawada and Nalanda. Centralandstateintelligence agencies said the surge in presence of people during Ram Navami processions, especially in Aurangabad, Nalanda, andShekhpura,pointstoan“un- 8 THEEDITORIAL PAGE EXPRESS NETWORK ● MINISTER’S SON HELD IN BIHAR PAGE 6 precedented mass mobilisation”. Sources in the police headquarters said that though traditional weapons such as lances, swords and gadasa (a blunt object to cut husk) have been displayed during Ramnavami processions in the past, this year’s processions have witnessed youths brandishing “a bigger number of brand new swords”. Police are now investigating if these swords were supplied by a particular group. Bihar police headquarters, however, said the months aroundRamnavami(March)and Dussehra (September-October) have always been sensitive. “It is too early to say that there has been a communal surge this year. But yes, we do see hints of bigger mass mobilisation,” said a senior police officer at the headquarters, adding that the force will have to be alert to deal with rumour-mongers. Bihar Director General of Police K S Dwivedi said, “Though there have been communal incidents, police have controlled it immediately.Wehavenotyetsat down to analyse trends and surges but we are dealing with individual cases on merit and CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 The unlikely bulwark BY VIKRAM S MEHTA Two teachers among three arrested, CBSE official suspended CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 PM puts Railways’ plan of full electrification on hold NEW DELHI, APRIL 1 THEIDEASPAGE 13.“HowwillIstudyhere?There is barely room to sleep. But I am trying,” Khushbu said. Membersof thesethreefamilies are among 250 people living in the lone refugee camp, which has no toilets or running water, leave alone a fan. Their meals come from a community kitchen set up by locals. The camp has come up in fourbuildingsthatarestillunder construction, each with four floors. Every floor has two rooms, each room with a small How communal pot simmers since Nitish went back to NDA comotives. “Electrificationisalong-term process. Its timeframe has to depend on the Budget,” said a source who is aware of the deliberations. “These things do not happen immediately. The diesel stock that we have has a certain life, and it (the changeover) will take time,” the source said. One major takeaway for the RailwayBoardfromthemeeting was that the “100 per cent electrification” policy was to be put on hold, without missing the yearly physical targets for electrification as and when decided every year on a need basis, CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Three arrested for the CBSE paper leak in Delhi on Sunday. PTI ALOK SINGH NEW DELHI, APRIL 1 AFTER 12 were held in Jharkhand for allegedly leaking the Class X mathematics question paper, Delhi police Sunday arrested three men, including two private school teachers, for allegedly leaking the Class XII CBSEEconomicsquestionpaper. Police believe the three men were part of a separate “module”, which leaked the paper 45 minutesbeforetheexamination. Following Sunday’s arrests, the CBSE suspended one of its officers,KSRana,forlaxsupervision of an examination centre in Delhi, from where the Class XII Economics paper was allegedly leaked. The Delhi police Crime Branch, probing the leak of both questionpapers,alsosaidthearrestswerepartof justone“module” which leaked question papers for money. While two cases with the DelhiPoliceareconnectedtothe alleged leak of the Mathematics and Economics papers a day CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 ● PAGE ONE ANCHOR USBLOCKSUN STATEMENTON GAZAVIOLENCE US, SOUTH KOREA BEGIN ARMY DRILLS AMID THAWING TENSIONS ON KOREAN PENINSULA STATES WITH HIGH GDP FACE GREATER RISK OF DIABETES: STUDY TRACKING SUGAR STATES CHANGE» ABANTIKA GHOSH NEW DELHI, APRIL 1 FOUR MONTHS ago, when the first ever attempt to chronicle India’s disease burden by states over a 16-year period till 2016 was made public, the most startling finding was this: The more developed states had managed to rein in communicable diseases, but their illness burden was by no means less, it had merely changed. Diarrhoea deaths had been replaced by those living with diabetes. In other words, since the 1990s, India has been hurtling EVERY MONDAY For all Change stories, log on to www.indianexpress.com/change Witness Change? Write to us at firstname.lastname@example.org towards the dubious distinction of becoming the diabetes capital of the world. Today, according to theNationalHealthPortal,India, with 69.2 million cases, stands second on the world diabetes chart, after China with over 100 million cases. But what the disease burden study released last November andanICMR-INDIABstudy,published in The Lancet Diabetes Endocrinology in June 2017, also show is that even when it comes todiabetes,theIndianlandscape is extremely diverse. “Theoverallprevalenceof diabetesinall15statesof Indiawas 7.3% (of the population). The prevalence of diabetes varied from 4.3% in Bihar to 10.0% in Punjab and was higher in urban areas (11.2%) than in rural areas (5.2%) and higher in mainland states (8.3%) than in the northeast (5.9%),” the study noted. The other telling finding: States with higher per-capita Top states with highest shift in high plasma glucose (percentage shows fraction of death and disability risk): State 1990 2016 State 1990 2016 Tamil Nadu 4.9% 12.9% Delhi 4% 8.5% Punjab 4.0% 10.0% Gujarat 2.2% 5.8% Goa 3.2% 9% Note: High plasma glucose refers to Kerala 5.9% 11.1% glucose levels in blood higher than Maharashtra 2.4% 7.1% the normal mark of 126 mg/100 ml GDP seemed to have a higher prevalence of diabetes. “Inruralareasof allstates,diabeteswasmoreprevalentinin- dividualsof higherSES.However, in urban areas of some of the moreaffluentstates(Chandigarh, Maharashtra, and Tamil Nadu), diabetes prevalence was higher in people with lower SES. The overallprevalenceof prediabetes in all 15 states was 10.3%. The prevalenceof prediabetesvaried from6.0%inMizoramto14.7%in Tripura, and the prevalence of impaired fasting glucose was generally higher than the prevalence of impaired glucose tolerance,” the study found. It concluded that age, male sex, obesity, hypertension, and family history of diabetes were independent risk factors for diabetes in both urban and rural areas. The diagnosis is grim. “There is no doubt that when it comes to diabetes we are looking at a potentially explosive situation,” says Dr Lalit Dandona, Public Health Foundation of India, who ledthegroupthatconductedthe state-level study. “Small lifestyle changes have made a lot of difference. For instance, only odd exceptions cycle to work now. It is a global phenomenon but the effects have somehow been magnified in India,” says Dr Nikhil Tandon, professor of endocrinology and metabolismatAIIMS,NewDelhi. Thepathaheadtoreversethe change is clear, say experts: A system of early detection. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2
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