JAIPUR,LATECITY APRIL8,2018 16+6(EYE)PAGES,`5.00 DAILY FROM: AHMEDABAD, CHANDIGARH, DELHI, JAIPUR, KOLKATA, LUCKNOW, MUMBAI, NAGPUR, PUNE, VADODARA SUNDAY STORY BIG PICTURE PAGE 7 Why Shopian How Shopian has come to symbolise the fight against Kashmir’s new wave of militancy WWW.INDIANEXPRESS.COM PAGES 8-9 It’s time for the jackfruit to take its rightful place at the top of the fruit chain 2 SC/ST COURTS, 1450 PENDING CASES DEMANDS LISTED IN NOTICE SENT ON MARCH 3 I-TnoticetoDeepakKochhar:Explain Mauritiusinvestments,Videoconlinks Can’t leave country Salman Khan walks out on bail as court suspends sentence DEEP MUKHERJEE JODHPUR, APRIL 7 THEDISTRICTandsessionscourt in Jodhpur on Saturday granted bail to actor Salman Khan after suspending the order of a trial courtthat sentencedthe actor to five years of imprisonment and slapped him with a fine of Rs 10,000. Khan has been granted bail on the condition that he will have to produce two sureties worth Rs 25,000 each and a personalbailbondof Rs50,000.The sentencehasbeensuspendedtill the hearing of the actor’s appeal against the conviction. “The appellant/accused is also directed thatduringthetimetheappealis decided, he cannot go outside India without permission of this court,” said the order. A few hours after the court order, Khan, who has been lodgedattheJodhpurCentralJail ever since his conviction on Thursday, left the city. The next date for hearing on his appeal has been fixed on May 7 and the actor has been asked to be present at the court that day. “It’s a baseless argument by the prosecution that the previous acquittals of Khan by the Rajasthan High Court cannot be termed as final because the government’s appeal is pending in SupremeCourt.If theHighCourt decisions of acquittal are not final, then the five-year sentence of the trial court is also not final as it’s the lowest court and we are appealing against the decision,” Khan’s counsel Mahesh Bora argued in the court on Saturday. (Khan had been CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 5 WORLD US SAYS CONCERNED BY CHINA ‘LANDGRABBING’ IN MALDIVES, LANKA, PAK JAPANACTIVATES 1STMARINES SINCEWW2TO DEFENDISLANDS Immediate focus of investigation on tranche of Rs 166.5 cr two weeks before ICICI loan to Videocon RITU SARIN NEW DELHI, APRIL 7 IN A detailed notice sent to Deepak Kochhar, husband of ICICI Bank CEO and MD Chanda Kochhar, the Income Tax Department’s investigation wing has focused on “investments” made by two Mauritius entitiesinhiscompanyNuPower Renewable Private Ltd. Investigations have shown that this includes a last tranche of Rs 166.53 crore just two weeks prior to the Rs 3,250-crore loan granted by the bank to the Videocon Group in 2012. In a notice sent on March 3, details have also been sought on investments of Rs 64 crore in the form of convertible debentures by Supreme Energy Ltd, which — as reported by The Indian Express on March 29 — was a company transferred to Deepak Kochhar by Videocon’s Venugopal Dhoot for just Rs 9 lakh, six months after the ICICI loan came in. Supporting documents have been demanded by April 10 to CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Deepak Kochhar CBI examines former Dhoot aide in probe EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE MUMBAI, APRIL 7 TANGLE OF TRANSACTIONS ICICIBank-Videocon-DeepakKochhar THE CBI Saturday examined Mahesh Chandra Punglia, director of Nupower Renewables Pvt Ltd, in connection with the preliminary enquiry (PE) registered by the agency on an alleged quid pro quo in the Rs 3,250-crore bank loan granted by ICICI Bank to Videocon Group in 2012. Punglia, according to CBI sources, is closely associated with the Videocon Group and has been a former employee of the firm. The CBI also continued to examine Rajiv Kochhar, the brother-in-law of ICCI Bank CEO and MD Chanda Kochhar, for the CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 As heart risks rise, alarm over shortage of specialists KEY VACANCIES After super speciality NEET in 30 disciplines: CTVS 104 DMcardiology 55 Mchpaediatricsurgery 87 Mchplasticsurgery 58 DMneurology 47 Mchneurosurgery 45 ABANTIKA GHOSH NEW DELHI, APRIL 7 ADDA WITH NIRMALA SITHARAMAN Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman in conversation with Indian Express National Opinion Editor Vandita Mishra during the Express AddA in Mumbai on Saturday. Prashant Nadkar In Sheikhpura, widening communal cracks lead to new Bajrang Dal unit DIPANKAR GHOSE SHEIKHPURA, APRIL 7 THEY ARE young, between 19 and 24 years. They travel across Bihar’s Sheikhpura district on their motorcycles, carrying the message of “Hindu unification”. They aren’t just members of the district’s new Bajrang Dal unit, they virtually set it up on their own last year. And on March 28, it was they who took the lead in organising the first ever Ram Navami procession here with over 4,000 people. Today, this group of youngsters, many from well-off families, stands accused of rioting, breach of peace, and causing grievous injuries in a clash between participants of the procession on one side, and local residentsandthedistrictadmin- BIHAR Patna Sheikhpura BETWEEN THE FAULTLINES BIHAR PART-2 istration on the other — one of the many communal incidents that rattled Bihar last month. The Indian Express spoke to a cross-section of those who were part of the procession, from traders to students and even a coaching centre owner, to track the rift that led to the clashes. One of them, Vivek Kumar Singh, 22 years old and ward 8 (From left) Raja Kumar, Nitish Rana, Lalit Vijay and Vivek Singh at the Hanuman Mandir where the Ram Navami procession started on March 28. Dipankar Ghosh in-charge, finds mention in the police FIR as one of those who approached the administration for permission to stage the procession.“Ialwayswantedtoprotect the Hindu faith. At that time there was no Bajrang Dal in Sheikhpura.ButIhaveafriendin Giridih who is part of the Dal. He sent me videos of gau hatya that was carried out in the country, CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 INDIA’S HIGH hypertension and diabetes burden, leading to cardiovascular diseases, has been a causeof globalconcernforyears. Official data now shows the countrycouldalsobeheadedfor a critical shortage of cardiovascularsurgeonsandcardiologists. Of the 552 seats that remained vacant after admissions were completed to the 1,907 superspeciality medical seats last year, 104 were in cardiovascular and thoracic surgery and 55 were in cardiology. Last year was the first time that a common entrance examination, NEET SS, was conducted for masters in surgery and doctorate courses, followed by centralised counselling. According to Dr Shiv Choudhary, professor and HoD department of cardiothoracic and vascular surgery AIIMS, the pattern of cardiothoracic and vascularsurgery(CTVS) andcardiology gradually falling off the map has been visible for some time.Thecentralisedcounselling mayhavemerelyshonethelight onasimmeringproblem,hesays. “CTVS is not the speciality of choice. It has a long incubation period — while a urologist may be ready to practice on his own at 30 years, for CTVS where the trainingislongandhard,itcould be 45 years. The average work CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Prime Minister Narendra Modi with Nepal PM K P Oli and his wife Radhika Shakya at Rashtrapati Bhavan. Praveen Jain Eye on China, India pushes rail links with Nepal SHUBHAJIT ROY NEW DELHI, APRIL 7 WITH PRIME Minister Narendra Modi listening, Nepal Prime Minister K P Oli on Saturday said he wanted to build a strong edificeof “trust-based”relationship between the two countries. “I have come to India with an aim to enhance our relations to newer heights commensurate withtherealitiesof the21stcentury,” he said amidst concerns in IndiaoverChinamakinginroads into the Himalayan republic. After a bilateral meeting the two leaders, Modi announced that the two countries had agreed on a railway link as well as inland water connectivity - Nepal will not only be “landlinked”, Modi said, but also “water-linked”. A joint statement on the rail link said, “With the objective of expanding connectivity to enhancepeople-to-peoplelinkages and promote economic growth and development, the Prime Ministers of India and Nepal agreed to construct a new electrifiedrailline,withIndia’sfinancialsupport,connectingtheborder city of Raxaul in India to Kathmandu in Nepal”. This is perceived to be in response to reports that China and Nepal had agreed to start technical works to build a cross-borderrailwaylinkviaTibettoboost connectivity.Thiswasdecidedin CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 This year, 779 seats exclusively for women at all IITs RITIKA CHOPRA NEW DELHI, APRIL 7 INDIAN INSTITUTES of Technology(IITs)willcollectivelyoffer 779seatsoverandabovethenormalintakeexclusivelyforfemale candidates this year, in a bid to improvethepoorgenderratioin their B.Tech programmes. The “supernumerary seats” are expected to almost double thenumberwomenadmittedas opposedtolastyear—thisyear’s JEE (Advanced) will be held on May 20. Of the 779 seats, the largest chunk of 113 seats, is with IIT Kharagpur, followed by IITDhanbad (95 seats), IIT-Kanpur (79), IIT-BHU (76), IIT-Roorkee (68), IIT-Delhi (59), IIT-Bombay (58) and IIT Guwahati (57) (see full list, page 2). Over the last five years, the composition of female students inIITshasremainedmoreorless constant, hovering between eight per cent and 10 per cent (see box). On the other hand, the gender ratio in PG programmes in IITs is roughly 22 per cent. Last year, out of the 10,987 students admitted to B.Tech CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 SKEWED NUMBERS Year Total Admission No. of Girls Admitted Girls Representation 2013 9,718 908 9.3% 2014 9,732 861 8.8% 2015 9,974 900 9.02% 2016 10,500 848 8.07% 2017 10,987 1,006 9.1% Andhra village hopes this gold will finally shift spotlight from a dark past EXPRESSATCWG2018 MIHIR VASAVDA GOLD COAST, APRIL 7 THEYERUKULASof Stuartpuram are fighting a battle. And Venkat RahulRagalahopestoleadthem intheirstruggle.Fordecades,the tribe has been ostracised for its alleged involvement in dacoity and burglary as Stuartpuram, roughly an hour away from Guntur in Andhra Pradesh, was labeled the ‘village of criminals’. Stuatpuram may finally shake off that tag. On Saturday, the 20-year-old weightlifter won India’s fourth gold medal at the Commonwealth Games by lifting a total of 338 kg - 151 kg in snatch and 187 in clean and jerk. “We grew up hearing stories about dacoits from the village, stealing gold or whatever came their way,” Ragala says. “Now someone from the same village has won a gold. I hope Stuartpuram is known for this, instead of being called a land of criminals.” In 1913, the British declared the Yerukulas as a criminal tribe and sent them to a reformatory colony, which they called Stuartpuram - named after a member of the Madras government who came up with the idea. The British left, but the name stayed. For decades after independence, Stuartpuram remained deep in poverty and with low literacy levels. Its inhabitants were in turn lured to criminal activities to support their families. Ragala belongs to a generation of Yerukulas who were not directly impacted by this but the social stigma, he says, still exists. “There are so many issues that need to be addressed there, mainly related to caste and education. Maybe that is because proper attention wasn’t paid to the region until now,” says Ragala, who has a Bachelor’s degree in economics. The ‘village of criminals’ is Rahul Venkat Ragala after winning the lifting gold. AP now producing policemen, a trend Ragala says emerged after the release of a Chiranjeevi movie, in which the superstar plays a cop who reforms Stuartpuram’s hardened criminals. “The movie made the village very famous and several youngsters followed that path. It hasalotof policemennow,”says Ragala, who is a ticket collector with the South Central Railway. Like most of the villagers, Ragala’s father Madhu has leasedoutatinyfarmlandwhere they grow paddy. Madhu himself was a national champion in weightlifting and a kabaddi player. He introduced his son to the sport when he was 12 but Ragala’s journey to the medal, which took India’s tally to six, hasn’t been an easy one. Four years ago, he suffered jaundice after drinking tap water at one of the railway stations. It resulted in him losing 20 kilos and kept him out of the sport for more thana year. “He had no energyandhismuscleswereweak. But he was a special talent, as he had shown by winning the Youth Olympics so we channeled all our resources to sup- Jaipur port him,” says Weightlifting Federation of India vice president Sahdev Yadav. Ragala’s medal at the 2014 Youth Olympics, a silver, is the only time an Indian weightlifter has managed a podium finish in the event. He began competing again in 2016 and just when things started to fall in place, six months ago, Ragala was dealt another blow when his mother passed away. On Saturday, Ragala had tied a holy thread with a ring around his forehead as a tribute to his mother. “I felt like giving up but my father mo-
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