TheIndian EXPRESS LATE CITY, 20 PAGES, NEW DELHI, `6.00 (`8 PATNA & RAIPUR, `12 SRINAGAR) ● MONDAY, APRIL 9, 2018 ● WWW.INDIANEXPRESS.COM DAILY FROM: AHMEDABAD, CHANDIGARH, DELHI, JAIPUR, KOLKATA, LUCKNOW, MUMBAI, NAGPUR, PUNE, VADODARA PM says no to Railways signalling plan worth Rs 78,000 cr CHECKING NPAs 11 PSBs now on RBI watchlist, small firms face credit crunch AVISHEK G DASTIDAR NEW DELHI, APRIL 8 PRIME MINISTER Narendra Modi has turned down an ambitious plan of the Indian Railways to introduce a new signalling system, based on the European Train Control System-Level 2, in its entire network. Sources told The Indian ExpressthatthePMsaidnotothe proposal,whichwouldhavecost around Rs 78,000 crore, when it came up at a meeting with the Railway Board on March 26. Modi is learnt to have raised the cost factor as well as the wisdom of rolling out en masse a technology that is untested for Indian conditions and is mainly commissionedinhigh-speedsystems in some global railways. He asked the Railways to carryoutextensivetrialsinasection with heavy traffic density first,andtakeacalldependingon its success. Railway Minister Piyush Goyal, who has been vocal in his supportof theidea,favouredgiving the entire contract to one playersoastogainapriceadvantage on economies of scale. However, the Railway Ministry’s own Finance Department had red-flagged the huge cost involved and its justification. It estimated that the actual cost would be at least 1.5 times more than estimated. Asourcepresentatthemeeting said the PM also told the Railways“toexploreindigenously developed technologies for such signal upgrade in the future”. The Railway Board has been evaluating a project report preparedbyErnstandYoungdetailing the benefits of ETCS-Level 2. As per the report, which also CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 EXPRESS NETWORK ● PANIC AS TRAIN RUNS WITHOUT ENGINE IN ODISHA, PAGE 7 3-4 more banks could face RBI action because of their falling performance SUNNY VERMA & SANDEEP SINGH NEW DELHI, APRIL 8 Bhaker after her gold medal in the 10m air pistol event at Commonwealth Games. She broke two records. Reuters 16 and top gun: Manu Bhaker smashes records, becomes one of India’s youngest gold winners EXPRESSATCWG2018 MIHIR VASAVDA GOLD COAST, APRIL 8 NEW DELHI, APRIL 8 INDIA’S HIGH hypertension and diabetes burden, leading to cardiovascular diseases, has been a cause of global concern. Official data now shows the country couldalsobeheadedforacritical shortage of cardiovascular surgeons and cardiologists. Of the 552 seats that remained vacant in around 30 disciplines after admissions were completed to the 1,907 superspecialitymedicalseatslastyear, 104 were in cardiovascular and thoracic surgery and 55 were in cardiology. Last year was the first time that a common entrance exam- IT’D JUST been a couple of hours since Manu Bhaker, all of 16 years old, won the 10m air pistol gold. It was a dominating performance,smashingrecordsand beating compatriot and the more established Heena Sidhu by 6.9 points, making her one of the youngest gold medallists in the country. But Manu doesn’t care. She wants to be left alone, doing what she enjoys the most. The INDIA’S TALLY G INDIA 07 S 02 B RANK 03 4 FULL COVERAGE PAGE 18 pistolisstillatoytoher.Shooting just a hobby she is good at. Extremely good at. Moments after her final, she saw a new table tennis table and unused paddles inside the Games Village. The Class XI student from Jhajjar sprinted upstairs to her room, kept her gold medal by the bedside and returned to the recreation zone for a game of TT — like any other teenager would do aftersubmitting her final exam paper. This, however, wasn’t Manu’s final test. Rather, it is the CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Oppn trying to paint govt anti-Dalit, it will not succeed... We won’t dilute Act: Nirmala EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE MUMBAI, APRIL 8 WHILE AN “irresponsible” Opposition was trying to paint the BJP as anti-Dalit, the Modi government was committed to ensuring that the SC/ST Atrocities Act is not diluted, Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman said at the Express Adda here on Saturday. “Those promoting these agitations want the government to be seen as anti-Dalit. But sorry, As heart risks rise, data shows critical shortage of specialists ABANTIKA GHOSH ination, NEET SS, was conducted for masters in surgery and doctorate courses, followed by centralised counselling. According to Dr Shiv Choudhary, professor and HoD, Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, AIIMS, the patternofcardiothoracicandvascularsurgery(CTVS)andcardiology gradually falling off the map has been visible for some time. The centralised counselling may have merely shone the light on a simmering problem, he says. “CTVS is not the speciality of choice, it has a long incubation period.Whileaurologistmaybe readytopractiseonhisownat30 years, for CTVS where the training is long and hard, it could be CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 The Minister at the Adda on Saturday. Prashant Nadkar 12 WORLD PAKPLANSLAW TOBAN JuD, OTHERGROUPS we are not giving them the opportunity. We are with SC/STs. For those who want to make po- NEW DELHI, APRIL 8 GOVT & POLITICS ● BJP RELEASES FIRST LIST FOR KARNATAKA, PAGE 6 CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Karnataka HC again clears officer, govt raises fresh objection SUSHANT SINGH DOZENS SUFFOCATE TO DEATH, SYRIA ACCUSED OF CHEMICAL ATTACK liticalcapitaloutof asocialguarantee given by our Constitution, Iamreallydisappointed...thatinstead of fighting for (SC/ST) rights,theyarebuildingdistrust... For the last 60 years, you (the Opposition) haven’t done anythingforthem,”Sitharamansaid. She added that it was a court that had ordered change in provisions of the SC/ST Act. “These decisions are not of the government. The dilution in the Act would mean that a few benefits given to the Dalits, just to take IN ANOTHER development in the stalled elevation of a judicial officer to the Karnataka High Court, Law Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad wrote last week to Chief Justice of India Dipak Misra stating that the earlier inquiry clearing the judicial officer didnotfollowtheVishakaguidelines on sexual harassment. The Law Minister’s note followed a letter from Chief Justice of Karnataka High Court Justice Dinesh Maheshwari to the CJI late last month, saying that another inquiry, by the high court’s administrative committee, had cleared the judicial officer of all charges after accepting his reply. The elevation of judicial officer P Krishna Bhat to the Karnataka High Court has been stalled by the government despite the Supreme Court Collegium clearing it. A series of letters have been exchanged between the Law Ministry, CJI Misra,JusticeJChelameswarand Justice Maheshwari on the matter, in what raises questions over the independence of the higher judiciary in appointing judges to high courts. The two new letters, from the Karnataka Chief Justice and the Law Minister to the CJI, are likely to add to the brewing tension between the government and judiciary. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 ● PAGE ONE ANCHOR IN HOSTEL FOR TRIBAL CHILDREN NEAR RANCHI, LESSONS ON HOW TO STAY CLOSE TO ROOTS TRACKING CHANGE» PRASHANT PANDEY SILLI BLOCK (RANCHI), APRIL 8 TWO EVENTS, two years apart, were to set Sumit Gunjan on a journey that would not only change his life but that of scores of tribal children in ‘Bal Nivas’, a hostel he set up for them in Banta-Hajam, a village in Silli Block, 70 km from Ranchi. The first was eight years ago, in 2010, when Gunjan, then a 20-year-old pursuing a postgraduate management programme in a Greater Noida institute, came across a group of children of construction work- JOURNALISM OF COURAGE EVERY MONDAY For all Change stories, log on to www.indianexpress.com/change Witness Change? Write to us at firstname.lastname@example.org ers at a plot near his college. He began engaging with them, holding informal classes for them with the help of his batchmates and a few professors. The second “turning point” was in early 2012, when Gunjan, stillwiththeGreaterNoidainstitute, undertook a “research ya- Sumit Gunjan with a student outside Bal Nivas. Express tra”toJharkhandfortheNational Innovation Foundation (NIF) in Ahmedabad to study medicinal herbs used by the tribals of Jharkhand. The first time Gunjan, the youngest of three children of a district court lawyer in Jharkhand’s Giridih, visited Banta-Hajam, he stayed for five days. But he kept coming back to thevillage,fascinatedbythetribal wayoflife,untilhefinallydecided to stay on for good that April. “Yahaan ka boli, yahaan ka chaal... hum sab kuchh sikhaya usko (I taught him our language, ourpractices...everything),”says CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 LENDING TO the corporate sector, particularly small and medium enterprises, is becoming increasingly difficult with more than half the country’s public sector banks (PSBs) now under the RBI’s Prompt Corrective Action (PCA) framework,whichrestrictslendingactivitiesof thebanks,government sources said. Government sources also confirmed that at least threefour more banks are expected to be brought under the PCA framework because of deteriorating performance. “Since the PCA framework restricts the amount of loans banks can extend, this will definitely put pressure on credit beingmadeavailabletocompanies especially the MSMEs. Large companies have access to the corporate bond market so they may not be impacted immediately,” a senior banker said. At present, 11 weak PSBs out of the 21 State-owned banks are under the PCA, which kicks in when banks breach regulatory norms on issues such as minimum capital, amount of nonperforming assets and return on assets. The RBI enforces these guidelinestoensurebanksdonot gobustandfollowpromptmeasures to put their house in order. 10 THEEDITORIAL PAGE GROSS NPA% AS ON DEC 31, 2017 IDBIBank 24 UCOBank 23.29 IndianOverseasBank 22.74 UnitedBankofIndia DenaBank 20.1 19.56 BankofMaharashtra 19.05 CentralBankofIndia 18.08 OrientalBank ofCommerce 16.95 CorporationBank 15.92 BankofIndia 15.49 AllahabadBank 15.46 Source: RBI In a report last month, rating agency ICRA said that five more banks could be brought under the PCA. These include Canara Bank, Union Bank, Andhra Bank, Punjab National Bank, and Punjab & Sind Bank. The 11 banks already under the NPA framework are IDBI Bank, Bank of India, UCO Bank, Central Bank of India, Indian Overseas Bank, Oriental Bank of Commerce, Dena Bank, Bank of Maharashtra, United Bank of India, Corporation Bank and Allahabad Bank. Sources said it may take CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 When the bank supervisor slept BY ILA PATNAIK Ahmednagar tense as 2 Sena leaders killed; NCP MLA held, kin booked EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE PUNE, APRIL 8 An NCP MLA, Sangram Jagtap, wasarrestedonSunday,adayafter two Shiv Sena leaders were shot at and hacked to death in Kedgaon in Maharashtra’s Ahmednagar district. As tension flared after the murders, the Ahmednagar Police also booked Sangram’s father and NCP MLC ArunJagtapandhisfather-in-law and BJP MLA Shivaji Kardiley among 30 others for murder. The brutal attack on the two Shiv Sena leaders — Sanjay Kotkar, the deputy chief of the Ahmednagar city unit, and Vasant Thube — was reported hours after the results of a civic bypoll were announced on Saturday in Kedgaon.Duringthe campaign for Ward 32 (Kedgaon)bypoll,policehadhad to intervene twice after workers from the two rival political parties clashed in the region. On Saturday, at around 6.15 pm,asKotkarandThubewereon amotorcycle,twobike-borneassailants chased them and first shotatKotkar.Hefelloff thebike and was attacked with a sharp weapon,policesaid.Thube,who tried to flee from the spot, was chasedbytheassailantsandshot dead, according to police. As the news of the brutal attackonShivSenaleadersspread, tension prevailed and hundreds of Shiv Sainiks resorted to vandalism.LateronSaturday,amurdersuspect,SandeepGunjal,surrendered and also handed over CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 BUSINESS AS USUAL BY UNNY
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