LATE CITY, 18 PAGES, AHMEDABAD, `4.00 ● MONDAY, APRIL 9, 2018 ● WWW.INDIANEXPRESS.COM TheIndian EXPRESS DAILY FROM: AHMEDABAD, CHANDIGARH, DELHI, JAIPUR, KOLKATA, LUCKNOW, MUMBAI, NAGPUR, PUNE, VADODARA CHECKING NPAs PM says no to Railways signalling plan worth Rs 78,000 cr 11 PSBs now on RBI watchlist, small firms face credit crunch AVISHEK G DASTIDAR NEW DELHI, APRIL 8 PRIME MINISTER Narendra Modi has turned down an ambitious plan of the Indian Railways to introduce a new signalling system, based on the European Train Control System-Level 2, in its entire network. Sources told The Indian Express that the PM said no to this proposal, which would have cost around Rs 78,000 crore, when it came up at a meeting with the Railway Board on March 26. Modi is learnt to have raised the cost factor as well as the wisdom of rolling out en masse a technology that is untested for Indian conditions and is mainly commissioned in high-speed systems in some global railways. He asked the Railways to carry out extensive trials in a section with heavy traffic density first, and take a call depending on its success. Railway Minister Piyush Goyal, who has been vocal in his support of the idea, favoured giving the entire contract to one player so as to gain price advantage on economies of scale. However, the Railway Ministry’s own Finance Department had red-flagged the huge cost involved and its justification. It estimated that the actual cost would be at least 1.5 times more than estimated. A source present at the meeting said the PM also told the Railways “to explore indigenously developed technologies for such signal upgrade in the future”. The Railway Board has been evaluating a project report prepared by Ernst and Young detailing the benefits of ETCS-Level 2. As per the report, which also CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 EXPRESS NETWORK ● PANIC AS TRAIN RUNS WITHOUT ENGINE IN ODISHA, PAGE 10 3-4 more banks could face RBI action because of their falling performance SUNNY VERMA & SANDEEP SINGH NEW DELHI, APRIL 8 Manu Bhaker, 16, after her gold medal in the 10-m air pistol event at Commonwealth Games. She broke two records. Reuters 16 and top gun: Manu Bhaker smashes records, becomes one of India’s youngest gold winners MIHIR VASAVDA NEW DELHI, APRIL 8 INDIA’S HIGH hypertension and diabetes burden, leading to cardiovascular diseases, has been a cause of global concern. Official data now shows the country could also be headed for a critical shortage of cardiovascular surgeons and cardiologists. Of the 552 seats that remained vacant in around 30 disciplines after admissions were completed to the 1,907 superspeciality medical seats last year, 104 were in cardiovascular and thoracic surgery and 55 were in cardiology. Last year was the first time that a common entrance exam- MEDALTALLY GOLD COAST, APRIL 8 EXPRESSAT CWG 2018 MIHIR VASAVDA GOLD COAST, APRIL 8 IT’D JUST been a couple of hours since Manu Bhaker, all of 16 years old, won the 10m air pistol gold. It was a dominating performance, smashing records and beating compatriot and the more established Heena Sidhu by 6.9 points, making her one of the youngest gold medallists in G 4 INDIA S B TOTAL 07 02 03 12 FULL COVERAGE PAGE XX the country. But Manu doesn’t care. She wants to be left alone, doing what she enjoys the most. The pistol is still a toy to her. Shooting just a hobby she is good at. Extremely good at. Moments after her final, she saw a new table tennis table and unused paddles inside the Games Village. The Class 11 student from Jhajjar sprinted upstairs to her room, kept her gold medal by the bedside and returned to the recreation zone for a game of TT — like any other CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Oppn trying to paint govt anti-Dalit, it will not succeed... We won’t dilute Act: Nirmala EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE MUMBAI, APRIL 8 WHILE AN “irresponsible” Opposition was trying to paint the government as anti-Dalit, the Modi ministry was committed to ensuring that the SC/ST Atrocities Act is not diluted, Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman said at the Express Adda here on Saturday. “Those promoting these agitations want the government to be seen as anti-Dalit. But sorry, As heart risks rise, data shows critical shortage of specialists ABANTIKA GHOSH JOURNALISM OF COURAGE ination, NEET SS, was conducted for masters in surgery and doctorate courses, followed by centralised counselling. According to Dr Shiv Choudhary, professor and HoD, Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, AIIMS, the pattern ofcardiothoracic and vascular surgery (CTVS) and cardiology gradually falling off the map has been visible for some time. The centralised counselling may have merely shone the light on a simmering problem, he says. “CTVS is not the speciality of choice, it has a long incubation period. While a urologist may be ready to practise on his own at 30 years, for CTVS where the training is long and hard, it could be CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 The Minister at the Adda on Saturday. Prashant Nadkar 12 WORLD PAK PLANS LAW TO BAN JuD, OTHER GROUPS we are not giving them the opportunity. We are with SC/STs. For those who want to make po- NEW DELHI, APRIL 8 GOVT & POLITICS ● BJP RELEASES FIRST LIST FOR KARNATAKA, PAGE 5 CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Karnataka HC again clears officer, govt raises fresh objection SUSHANT SINGH DOZENS SUFFOCATE IN GHOUTA, SYRIA ACCUSED OF CHEMICAL ATTACK litical capital out of a social guarantee given by our Constitution, I am really disappointed... that instead of fighting for (SC/ST) rights, they are building distrust... For the last 60 years, you (the Opposition) haven’t done anything for them,” Sitharaman said. She added that it was a court that had ordered change in provisions of the SC/ST Act. “These decisions are not of the government. The dilution in the Act would mean that a few benefits given to the Dalits, just to take IN ANOTHER development in the stalled elevation of a judicial officer to the Karnataka High Court, Law Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad wrote last week to Chief Justice of India Dipak Misra stating that the earlier inquiry clearing the judicial officer did not follow the Vishaka guidelines on sexual harassment. The Law Minister’s note followed a letter from Chief Justice of Karnataka High Court Justice Dinesh Maheshwari to the CJI late last month, saying that another inquiry, by the high court’s administrative committee, had cleared the judicial officer of all charges after accepting his reply. The elevation of judicial officer P Krishna Bhat to the Karnataka High Court has been stalled by the government despite the Supreme Court Collegium clearing it. A series of letters have been exchanged between the Law Ministry, CJI Misra, Justice J Chelameswar and Justice Maheshwari on the matter, in a matter that raises doubts over the independence of the higher judiciary in appointing judges to high courts. The two new letters, from the Karnataka Chief Justice and the Law Minister to the CJI, are likely to add to the brewing tension between the government and judiciary. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 LENDING TO the corporate sector, particularly small and medium enterprises, is becoming increasingly difficult with more than half the country’s public sector banks (PSB) now under the RBI’s Prompt Corrective Action (PCA) framework, which restricts lending activities of the banks, government sources said. Government sources also confirmed that at least 3-4 more banks are expected to be brought under the PCA framework because of deteriorating performance. “Since the PCA framework restricts the amount of loans banks can extend, this will definitely put pressure on credit being made available to companies especially the MSMEs. Large companies have access to the corporate bond market so they may not be impacted immediately,” a senior banker said. At present, 11 weak PSBs out of the 21 state-owned banks are under PCA, which kicks in when banks breach regulatory norms on issues such as minimum capital, amount of non-performing assets and return on assets. The RBI enforces these guidelines to ensure banks do not go bust and follow prompt measures to put their house in order. 8 GROSS NPA RATIO % AS ON DEC 31, 2017 IDBI Bank 24 UCO Bank 23.29 Indian Overseas Bank 22.74 United Bank of India Dena Bank 20.1 19.56 Bank of Maharashtra 19.05 Central Bank of India 18.08 Oriental Bank of Commerce 16.95 Corporation Bank 15.92 Bank of India 15.49 Allahabad Bank 15.46 Source: RBI In a report last month, rating agency ICRA pointed that five more banks could possibly be brought under PCA. These include Canara Bank, Union Bank, Andhra Bank, Punjab National Bank, and Punjab & Sind Bank. The eleven banks already under the NPA framework are IDBI Bank, Bank of India, UCO Bank, Central Bank of India, Indian Overseas Bank, Oriental Bank of Commerce, Dena Bank, Bank of Maharashtra, United Bank of India, Corporation Bank and Allahabad Bank. Sources said it may take NCP MLA held for murder of two Shiv Sena leaders in Ahmednagar EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE PUNE, APRIL 8 An NCP MLA, Sangram Jagtap was arrested Sunday, a day after two Shiv Sena leaders were shot at and hacked to death in Kedgaon in Maharashtra’s Ahmednagar district. As tension flared after the murders, Ahmednagar Police also booked Sangram’s father and NCP MLC Arun Jagtap and his father-in-law and BJP MLA Shivaji Kardiley among 30 others on charges of murder. The brutal attack on two Shiv Sena leaders Sanjay Kotkar, the deputy chief of the Ahmednagar city unit and Vasant Thube was reported hours after results of a civic bypoll were announced on Saturday in Kedgaon. During the campaign for the ward 32 (Kedgaon) bypoll, police had intervened twice as the workers from both rival political parties had clashed in the region. On Saturday at around 6.15 pm, when Kotkar and Thube were on a motorcycle, two bikeborne assailants chased them and first shot at Kotkar. He fell off the bike after being injured and was then attacked with a sharp weapon, police said. Thube, who tried to flee from the spot, was then chased by the assailants and shot dead, according to police. As the news of the brutal attack on Shiv Sena leaders spread, tension prevailed and hundreds of Shiv Sainiks resorted to vandalism. Later on Saturday, a murder suspect Sandeep Gunjal surrendered and also handed over CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 BUSINESS AS USUAL BY UNNY CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 When the bank supervisor slept THE EDITORIAL PAGE BY ILA PATNAIK In govt civic drive for Maoist areas, Ramdev to lend a hand 12 injured, Samastipur puts blame on outsiders DIPANKAR GHOSE ROSERA(SAMASTIPUR), APRIL 8 RAHUL TRIPATHI NEW DELHI, APRIL 8 THE UNION Home Ministry is likely to entrust Baba Ramdev’s Patanjali Ayurved with purchasing local products in the 35 worst-affected Left Wing Extremist (LWE) districts in the country. The move is part of a recently cleared proposal by the Centre to initiate special civic action programmes by CRPF in LWE districts. An annual outlay of Rs 30 crore per district every year has been earmarked with which CRPF camps across 450 villages in 35 LWE districts will help locals in activities like water harvesting, sericulture and fishery. While the CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 JUST 300 metres separate the Mahavir temple, the biggest in Rosera town, and the Jama Masjid, the biggest mosque. Between them is a narrow lane, one shop after the other, most selling jewellery, some clothes, others daily supplies. For the residents of the town, they have never known those 300 metres to fall silent. Day after day, the distance was a symbol of a thriving market and a bustling harmonious town with over 32,000 people. Until March 27, 2018. That one day, the street saw more people than ever before, over two thousand. But they were far from peaceful, stoning the mosque, injuring twelve people including BIHAR Samastipur Patna BETWEEN THE FAULTLINES BIHAR PART-3 an ASP and even climbing atop the masjid to plant a saffron flag. And then Gudri bazaar fell quiet. For one week until April 3, not one product was sold, and those loitering on the streets were security personnel. What started it all was a slipper. On March 26, at around 8 pm, a Chaiti Durga Puja procession CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 ● PAGE ONE ANCHOR IN HOSTEL FOR TRIBAL CHILDREN, LESSONS ON HOW TO STAY CLOSE TO ROOTS PRASHANT PANDEY SILLI BLOCK (RANCHI), APRIL 8 TWO EVENTS, two years apart, were to set Sumit Gunjan on a journey that would not only change his life but that of scores of tribal children in ‘Bal Nivas’, a hostel he set up for them in Banta-Hajam, a village in Silli Block, 70 km from Ranchi town. The first was eight years ago, in 2010, when Gunjan, then a 20-year-old pursuing a postgraduate management programme in a Greater Noida institute, came across a group of children of construction workers at a plot near his college. He began engaging with them, holding informal classes for them with the help of his batchmates and a few professors. The second “turning point” was in early 2012, when Gunjan, still with the Greater Noida institute, undertook a “research yatra” to Jharkhand for the National Innovation Foundation (NIF) in Ahmedabad to study medicinal herbs used by the tribals of Jharkhand. The first time Gunjan, the youngest of three children of a district court lawyer in Jharkhand’s Giridih, visited Banta-Hajam, he stayed for five days. But he kept coming back to the village, fascinated by the tribal TRACKING CHANGE» EVERY MONDAY For all Change stories, log on to www.indianexpress.com/change Witness Change? Write to us at email@example.com way oflife, until he finally decided to stay on for good that April. “Yahaan ka boli, yahaan ka chaal... hum sab kuchh sikhaya usko (I taught him our language, our practices... everything),” says Bhavani Patar Munda at whose mud house Gunjan began by imparting basic literacy lessons to children. Sumit Gunjan with a student outside Bal Nivas. Express Gunjan also worked in the fields, did errands and lived like any other member of the Munda household. “From then until today, we have never discussed rent. I live with them, work with them, eat with them,” says Gunjan, who has a Bachelor’s degree in management from Durgapur, West Bengal. A couple ofyears ago, Gunjan, with help from villagers, friends and well-wishers, set up Bal Nivas, where 35 tribal children are imparted knowledge of traditional tribal languages, and trained in singing, dancing, classical music, computers and spoken English, besides vocational skills such as bee-keeping and knitting. The children, all of them from the village, live in Bal Niwas, cooking their own food and cleaning their living quarters. While some children go to the primary school in the village and others to schools in Ranchi, they come back to the hostel, where they are encouraged to stay connected with the tribal way of life. “At any given point, we teach around 35 children, of whom 25 are girls. They learn music, folk and classical, instruments such as the tabla, harmonium and even the tuila, a traditional tribal instrument on the verge of extinction, the do-tara and the mandolin,” says Gunjan. When he arrived at Banta- Hajam village, Gunjan realised the children had limited language skills, and were not interested in studying. That’s when he came up with the Bal Nivas concept. “Initially, this was a place to give young children time after formal school where they learned basic things like mathematics and language through activities that were part oftheir own milieu like local games, which children don’t play these days,” he said. At present, there are around 15 children, including seven girls, who live at the Bal Nivas. “Most of these children either do not have a father or a mother or are orphans. Also, we take children, CONTINUED ON PAGE 2
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