TheIndian EXPRESS LATE CITY, 14 PAGES, KOLKATA `5.00/EX-KOLKATA `6.00 (`12 IN NORTH EAST STATES & ANDAMAN) ● MONDAY, APRIL 9, 2018 ● WWW.INDIANEXPRESS.COM DAILY FROM: AHMEDABAD, CHANDIGARH, DELHI, JAIPUR, KOLKATA, LUCKNOW, MUMBAI, NAGPUR, PUNE, VADODARA JOURNALISM OF COURAGE CHECKING NPAs 11 PSBs now on RBI watchlist, small firms face credit crunch PM says no to Railways signalling plan worth Rs 78,000 cr AVISHEK G DASTIDAR NEW DELHI, APRIL 8 PRIME MINISTER Narendra Modi has turned down an ambitious plan of the Indian Railways to introduce a new signalling system, based on the European Train Control System-Level 2, in its entire network. Sources told The Indian ExpressthatthePMsaidnotothis proposal,whichwouldhavecost around Rs 78,000 crore, when it came up at a meeting with the Railway Board on March 26. Modi is learnt to have raised the cost factor as well as the wisdom of rolling out en masse a technology that is untested for Indian conditions and is mainly commissionedinhigh-speedsystems in some global railways. He asked the Railways to carry out extensive trials in a section with heavytrafficdensityfirst,andtake a call depending on its success. Railway Minister Piyush Goyal, who has been vocal in his supportof theidea,favouredgiving the entire contract to one player so as to gain price advantage on economies of scale. However, the Railway Ministry’s own Finance Department had red-flagged the huge cost involved and its justification. It estimated that the actual cost would be at least 1.5 times more than estimated. Asourcepresentatthemeeting said the PM also told the Railways“toexploreindigenously developed technologies for such signal upgrade in the future”. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 3-4 more banks could face RBI action because of their falling performance SUNNY VERMA & SANDEEP SINGH NEW DELHI, APRIL 8 Manu Bhaker, 16, after her gold medal in the 10-m air pistol event at Commonwealth Games. She broke two records. Reuters 16 and top gun: Manu Bhaker smashes records, becomes one of India’s youngest gold winners EXPRESSATCWG2018 MIHIR VASAVDA GOLD COAST, APRIL 8 NEW DELHI, APRIL 8 INDIA’S HIGH hypertension and diabetes burden, leading to cardiovascular diseases, has been a cause of global concern. Official data now shows the country couldalsobeheadedforacritical shortage of cardiovascular surgeons and cardiologists. Of the 552 seats that remained vacant in around 30 disciplines after admissions were completed to the 1,907 superspecialitymedicalseatslastyear, 104 were in cardiovascular and thoracic surgery and 55 were in cardiology. Last year was the first time that a common entrance exam- MEDALTALLY G 4 INDIA 07 S 02 B TOTAL 03 12 FULL COVERAGE PAGE 12 pistolisstillatoytoher.Shooting just a hobby she is good at. Extremely good at. Moments after her final, she saw a new table tennis table and unused paddles inside the Games Village. The Class XI student from Jhajjar sprinted upstairs to her room, kept her gold medal by the bedside and returned to the recreation zone for a game of TT — like any other teenager would do aftersubmitting her final exam paper. This, however, wasn’t Manu’s final test. Rather, it is the CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Oppn trying to paint govt anti-Dalit, it will not succeed... We won’t dilute Act: Nirmala EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE MUMBAI, APRIL 8 WHILE AN “irresponsible” Opposition was trying to paint thegovernmentasanti-Dalit,the Modi ministry was committed to ensuring that the SC/ST Atrocities Act is not diluted, Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman said at the Express Adda here on Saturday. “Those promoting these agitations want the government to be seen as anti-Dalit. But sorry, As heart risks rise, data shows critical shortage of specialists ABANTIKA GHOSH IT’D JUST been a couple of hours since Manu Bhaker, all of 16 years old, won the 10m air pistol gold. It was a dominating performance,smashingrecordsand beating compatriot and the more established Heena Sidhu by 6.9 points, making her one of the youngest gold medallists in the country. But Manu doesn’t care. She wants to be left alone, doing what she enjoys the most. The ination, NEET SS, was conducted for masters in surgery and doctorate courses, followed by centralised counselling. According to Dr Shiv Choudhary, professor and HoD, Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, AIIMS, the patternofcardiothoracicandvascularsurgery(CTVS)andcardiology gradually falling off the map has been visible for some time. The centralised counselling may have merely shone the light on a simmering problem, he says. “CTVS is not the speciality of choice, it has a long incubation period.Whileaurologistmaybe readytopractiseonhisownat30 years, for CTVS where the training is long and hard, it could be CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 The Minister at the Adda on Saturday. Prashant Nadkar 10 WORLD PAKPLANSLAW TOBAN JuD, OTHERGROUPS DOZENS SUFFOCATE IN GHOUTA, SYRIA ACCUSED OF CHEMICAL ATTACK GOVT & POLITICS ● BJP RELEASES FIRST LIST FOR KARNATAKA, PAGE 5 we are not giving them the opportunity. We are with SC/STs. For those who want to make po- liticalcapitaloutof asocialguarantee given by our Constitution, Iamreallydisappointed...thatinstead of fighting for (SC/ST) rights,theyarebuildingdistrust... For the last 60 years, you (the Opposition) haven’t done anythingforthem,”Sitharamansaid. She added that it was a court that had ordered change in provisions of the SC/ST Act. “These decisions are not of the government. The dilution in the Act would mean that a few benefits given to the Dalits, just to take CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 LENDING TO the corporate sector, particularly small and medium enterprises, is becoming increasingly difficult with more than half the country’s public sector banks (PSB) now under the RBI’s Prompt Corrective Action (PCA) framework,whichrestrictslendingactivitiesof thebanks,government sources said. Government sources also confirmed that at least 3-4 more banks are expected to be brought under the PCA framework because of deteriorating performance. “Since the PCA framework restricts the amount of loans banks can extend, this will definitely put pressure on credit beingmadeavailabletocompanies especially the MSMEs. Large companies have access to the corporate bond market so they may not be impacted immediately,” a senior banker said. At present, 11 weak PSBs out of the 21 state-owned banks are under PCA, which kicks in when banks breach regulatory norms on issues such as minimum capital, amount of non-performing assets and return on assets. The RBI enforces these guidelines to ensure banks do not go bust and follow prompt measures to put their house in order. 6 THEEDITORIAL PAGE GROSS NPA RATIO % AS ON DEC 31, 2017 IDBIBank 24 UCOBank 23.29 IndianOverseasBank 22.74 UnitedBankofIndia DenaBank 20.1 19.56 BankofMaharashtra 19.05 CentralBankofIndia 18.08 OrientalBank ofCommerce 16.95 CorporationBank 15.92 BankofIndia 15.49 AllahabadBank 15.46 Source: RBI In a report last month, rating agency ICRA pointed that five more banks could possibly be brought under PCA. These include Canara Bank, Union Bank, Andhra Bank, Punjab National Bank, and Punjab & Sind Bank. Theelevenbanksalreadyunder the NPA framework are IDBI Bank, Bank of India, UCO Bank, Central Bank of India, Indian Overseas Bank, Oriental Bank of Commerce, Dena Bank, Bank of Maharashtra, United Bank of India, Corporation Bank and Allahabad Bank. Sources said it may take NCP MLA held for murder of two Shiv Sena leaders in Ahmednagar EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE PUNE, APRIL 8 AnNCPMLA,SangramJagtapwas arrested Sunday, a day after two Shiv Sena leaders were shot at and hacked to death in Kedgaon in Maharashtra’s Ahmednagar district.Astensionflaredafterthe murders,AhmednagarPolicealso booked Sangram’s father and NCP MLC Arun Jagtap and his father-in-law and BJP MLA Shivaji Kardiley among 30 others on charges of murder. The brutal attack on two Shiv Sena leaders Sanjay Kotkar, the deputychief of theAhmednagar city unit and Vasant Thube was reported hours after results of a civic bypoll were announced on Saturday in Kedgaon.Duringthe campaign for the ward 32 (Kedgaon) bypoll, police had intervened twice as the workers from both rival political parties had clashed in the region. On Saturday at around 6.15 pm, when Kotkar and Thube were on a motorcycle, two bikeborne assailants chased them andfirstshotatKotkar.Hefelloff the bike after being injured and was then attacked with a sharp weapon,policesaid.Thube,who tried to flee from the spot, was thenchasedbytheassailantsand shot dead, according to police. As the news of the brutal attackonShivSenaleadersspread, tension prevailed and hundreds of Shiv Sainiks resorted to vandalism.LateronSaturday,amurder suspect Sandeep Gunjal surrendered and also handed over CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 BUSINESS AS USUAL BY UNNY CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 When the bank supervisor slept BY ILA PATNAIK Shamli: Family of UP gangster Karnataka HC again killed in encounter lives in ‘fear’ clears officer, govt raises fresh objection HAMZA KHAN TITARWADA (SHAMLI), APRIL 8 MIR HASAN brings out a schoolbag from his three-room mudand-brick house and empties it on the ground. A Class 6 maths book falls out, as do others titled ‘Great Men’, ‘Agricultural Science’, ‘Earth and Our Life’, in Hindi. In one of the notebooks, a line is written 24 times neatly: “HumaradeshBharatmahanhai (Our country India is great).” Hasan has little use for the books,belongingtohisyoungest son, Shoukeen. He doesn’t remembertheday,ormonth,early last year when the 12-year-old, the first in the family to study eventillClass6,stoppedgoingto school. “It was winter when police came looking for Shaukeen at SUSHANT SINGH NEW DELHI, APRIL 8 Furqan’s brothers no longer stay at family home. Hamza Khan school. They were in plainclothes. Some children alerted him and he came running home,” Hasan says. “Thesamenight,policeagain came looking for Shoukeen. They mistakenly picked up another Shoukeen, who lives nearby,”addsaneighbour,refusing to be named. A few weeks later, Shoukeen, 12, left home to work in a brick kiln — like his brothers afraid of staying in Titarwada anymore, Hasan’s wife Akbari, 55, says. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 IN ANOTHER development in the stalled elevation of a judicial officer to the Karnataka High Court, Law Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad wrote last week to Chief Justice of India Dipak Misra stating that the earlier inquiry clearing the judicial officer didnotfollowtheVishakaguidelines on sexual harassment. The Law Minister’s note followed a letter from Chief Justice of Karnataka High Court Justice Dinesh Maheshwari to the CJI late last month, saying that another inquiry, by the high court’s administrative committee, had cleared the judicial officer of all charges after accepting his reply. The elevation of judicial officer P Krishna Bhat to the Karnataka High Court has been stalled by the government despite the Supreme Court Collegium clearing it. A series of letters have been exchanged between the Law Ministry, CJI Misra,JusticeJChelameswarand Justice Maheshwari on the matter,inamatterthatraisesdoubts over the independence of the higher judiciary in appointing judges to high courts. The two new letters, from the Karnataka Chief Justice and the Law Minister to the CJI, are likely to add to the brewing tension between the government and judiciary. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 ● PAGE ONE ANCHOR IN HOSTEL FOR TRIBAL CHILDREN, LESSONS ON HOW TO STAY CLOSE TO ROOTS TRACKING CHANGE» PRASHANT PANDEY SILLI BLOCK (RANCHI), APRIL 8 TWO EVENTS, two years apart, were to set Sumit Gunjan on a journey that would not only change his life but that of scores of tribal children in ‘Bal Nivas’, a hostel he set up for them in Banta-Hajam, a village in Silli Block, 70 km from Ranchi town. The first was eight years ago, in 2010, when Gunjan, then a 20-year-old pursuing a postgraduate management programme in a Greater Noida institute, came across a group of children of construction workers at a plot near his college. He began engaging with them, holding informal classes for EVERY MONDAY For all Change stories, log on to www.indianexpress.com/change Witness Change? Write to us at firstname.lastname@example.org them with the help of his batchmates and a few professors. The second “turning point” was in early 2012, when Gunjan, stillwiththeGreaterNoidainstitute, undertook a “research yatra”toJharkhandfortheNational Innovation Foundation (NIF) in Ahmedabad to study medicinal herbs used by the tribals of Jharkhand. The first time Gunjan, the youngest of three children of a district court lawyer in Jharkhand’s Giridih, visited Banta-Hajam, he stayed for five days. But he kept coming back to thevillage,fascinatedbythetribal wayoflife,untilhefinallydecided to stay on for good that April. “Yahaan ka boli, yahaan ka chaal... hum sab kuchh sikhaya usko (I taught him our language, ourpractices...everything),”says Bhavani Patar Munda at whose mudhouseGunjanbeganbyimparting basic literacy lessons to children. Gunjan also worked in the fields, did errands and lived like anyothermemberof theMunda household. “From then until today, we have never discussed rent. I live with them, work with them, eat with them,” says Gunjan,whohasaBachelor’sdegree in management from Durgapur, West Bengal. A couple of years ago, Gunjan,withhelpfromvillagers, friends and well-wishers, set up Bal Nivas, where 35 tribal children are imparted knowledge of traditional tribal languages, and trained in singing, dancing, classical music, computers and spoken English, besides vocational skills such as bee-keeping and knitting. Thechildren,allof themfrom the village, live in Bal Niwas, cooking their own food and cleaning their living quarters. While some children go to the primaryschoolinthevillageand others to schools in Ranchi, they come back to the hostel, where they are encouraged to stay connectedwiththetribalwayof life. “At any given point, we teach around 35 children, of whom 25 are girls. They learn music, folk and classical, instruments such as the tabla, harmonium and even the tuila, a traditional tribal instrument on the verge of extinction, the do-tara and the mandolin,” says Gunjan. When he arrived at BantaHajam village, Gunjan realised the children had limited language skills, and were not interested in studying. That’s when he came up with the Bal Nivas concept. “Initially, this was a placetogiveyoungchildrentime after formal school where they learned basic things like mathe- maticsandlanguagethroughactivities that were part of their own milieu like local games, which children don’t play these days,” he said. At present, there are around 15children,includingsevengirls, who live at the Bal Nivas. “Most of these children either do not have a father or a mother or are orphans. Also, we take children, who are generally dubbed failures by their own community or those who veer towards alcoholism and other vices at a young age,” he said. The villagers donate rice every week, while the children have created a fund, donating Rs 2-3aweek.Gunjanalsoearnsby teaching at two teachers’ CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Sumit Gunjan with a student outside Bal Nivas. Express
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