LATE CITY, 18 PAGES, AHMEDABAD, `4.00 ● WEDNESDAY, APRIL 11, 2018 ● WWW.INDIANEXPRESS.COM TheIndian EXPRESS DAILY FROM: AHMEDABAD, CHANDIGARH, DELHI, JAIPUR, KOLKATA, LUCKNOW, MUMBAI, NAGPUR, PUNE, VADODARA JOURNALISM OF COURAGE NUCLEAR SUPPLIERS GROUP Delhi works on Beijing to drop objections on n-club entry Talks more positive than in the past SHUBHAJIT ROY NEW DELHI, APRIL 10 EMBOLDENED BY its entry into three of the four multilateral export control regimes over the last two years, India on Tuesday once again reached out to China and tried to convince the interlocutors in Beijing to lift their objections at the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG). Joint Secretary (Disarmament and International Security) Pankaj Sharma met Beijing’s top interlocutor Wang Xun, who heads the disarmament division in the Chinese government. Almost two years ago, in June 2016, Wang had blocked the proposal to include India as a member of the elite export control group at a plenary meeting in Seoul. The Indian Express has learnt that the talks were “constructive” and “forward-looking”. “There was a lot of candour in the conversation, and it was in the right direction,” said a source, but did not disclose whether there was a breakthrough. In a step forward, the Indian side indicated that both sides emphasised the importance of “bilateral dialogue”. In an official statement issued on Tuesday night, the Indian embassy in Beijing said, “Both sides underlined the importance of the bilateral dialogue as an important mechanism between the two countries for consultations on important issues... The delegations exchanged views on various topics of mutual interest, including, developments related to disarmament and non-prolif- India’s Muhammed Anas Yahiya finished fourth in the finals of 400 metres at the Commonwealth Games on the Gold Coast. He clocked 45.31seconds, missing out on a podium finish by 0.20 seconds, but setting a new national record. PTI PAGE 16 Indian, Chinese officials in talks in Beijing Tuesday. PTI NCERT to Fund share: 3 non-BJP southern replace Left states meet, accuse Centre of bias textbooks: Needless controversy, says Jaitley, charges far from truth Tripura CM 15TH FINANCE COMMISSION’S TERMS OF REFERENCE ROAD SINCE DOKLAM 2017 August: Doklam crisis ends September: Modi, Xi meet at BRICS November: Modi-Li Keqiang meet in Manila December: Wang Yi, Sushma Swaraj meet; Doval, Yang Jiechi meet 2018 February: Skip Tibetan events: Foreign Secy to Cab Secy March: Meeting on trans-border rivers eration at multilateral forums, nuclear issues, role of science and technology in the context of international security and disarmament as well as outer space.” Pointing to the talks between then Foreign Secretary S Jaishankar and Chinese officials in Seoul and Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s meeting with Chinese President Xi Jinping in Tashkent, both in June 2016, a South Block source said, “Those were very difficult and tough conversations, when the Chinese CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE THIRUVANANTHAPURAM, NEW DELHI, APRIL 10 THREE NON-BJP ruled southern states and Union Territory Puducherry Tuesday expressed serious reservations on the Terms of Reference stipulated by the Centre in the 15th Finance Commission for devolution of funds to states. At a conclave of finance ministers of southern states in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Puducherry said that the ToR contradicted the principles of federalism and more non-BJP ruled states would be involved to debate the issue. The ToR, the states argued, would lead to states with higher population bagging a larger share of tax resources and a loss for states that have pursued population control. Responding to these concerns, Union Finance Minister 9 THE IDEAS PAGE Ensuring Equity Debate on 15th Finance Commission ignores evolution of Constitutional mechanism Arun Jaitley, in a statement, denied bias and said that Finance Commissions use both qualitative and quantitative criteria such as population and income level to decide financial needs and allocations to states. After the meeting, Kerala Finance Minister Thomas Issac said the issue is not a dispute between the South and North. Isaac said the terms of reference of the 15th FC are a threat to the federal system. “There is a deliberate attempt to cut down tax devolution to the states and forcibly impose conditions on the states. The states have to get consent from the Centre for borrowing funds from the market. The Finance Commission is a Constitutional structure to share finances of the country between the Centre and the states. What is being given from the FC should not be depicted as largesse of the Centre,’’ he said. The next meeting will be held in Visakhapatnam early next month, in which Delhi, West Bengal, Odisha and Punjab are also expected to take part. There will also be attempts to bring in Telangana and Tamil Nadu for the next conclave, said Isaac. Today’s meeting was attended by Karnataka, Andhra and Puducherry, apart from host Kerala. While the terms of reference for the 14th Finance Commission CHARGING THE Tripura Board of Secondary Education (TBSE) under the previous Left government of spreading Marxist propaganda over the last two decades, BJP Chief Minister Biplab Kumar Deb Tuesday said his government will soon “introduce” NCERT syllabus in the state-run CM Biplab Kumar schools. He said Deb the government is in the process of “setting up a committee” to discuss adopting NCERT over the state board. Speaking to The Indian Express at the first NITI Aayog meet for the Northeast, Deb said CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 BJP MLA holds grip on village, so West Bengal poll panel girl who alleged rape has to hide reverses its own order, angry BJP moves courts MANISH SAHU UNNAO, APRIL 10 SANTANU CHOWDHURY THE UPROAR over the death in custody of the father of a 17-year-old girl who alleged she had been raped by BJP MLA Kuldeep Singh Sengar saw UP police arrest Atul Singh, the MLA’s brother. On Tuesday, he became the fifth person to be held — and sent to judicial custody — in connection with the brutal assault on the girl’s father that led to his death early Monday. Police also promised to question the MLA as part of their probe. But such is the clout of Sengar and his family, so complete their grip on the village of Makhi, barely 15 km from Unnao, that the girl and her family have refused to return home, saying they fear for their lives. Stopped by the police when they tried to immolate themselves last Sunday near the Chief Minister’s residence in Lucknow to protest police inaction, they KATHUA CHARGESHEET HE GOES FOURTH TO CONQUER KOLKATA, APRIL 10 BUSINESS AS USUAL BY UNNY The deserted village of Makhi, home of the girl who alleged rape by BJP MLA Kuldeep Singh Sengar; (above) Atul Singh, the MLA’s brother, in custody Tuesday. Vishal Srivastav CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 A DAY after extending the last date to file nominations for the panchayat elections in May, the West Bengal State Election Commission (WBSEC) Tuesday recalled the order citing “legal” complexities and after receiving letters from the government and TMC leader Kalyan Banerjee. The move drew sharp criticism from the Opposition BJP and Left which alleged the WBSEC had acted under government pressure. The BJP Tuesday moved the Supreme Court and the Calcutta High Court, challenging the decision of the state election commission to withdraw the extended deadline. The Supreme Court has agreed to take up the matter Wednesday after the BJP sought an urgent hearing. While the Calcutta HC granted an interim stay on the WBSEC notification, the court’s order was 10 EXPLAINED State Election Commission: Its role, its powers issued after 3 pm deadline, which meant candidates were unable to file nominations. Late on Monday, State Election Commissioner A K Singh had issued a notification which extended by a day the deadline for filing nominations. In the order, Singh had noted that the SEC had received complaints from Opposition parties that candidates were “prevented” from filing nominations. “Hon’ble Supreme Court of CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 RAHUL TRIPATHI AGARTALA, APRIL 10 3 In J&K child gangrape, rituals, a chilling invite and a police cover-up MUZAMIL JALEEL NEW DELHI, APRIL 10 THE EIGHT-YEAR-OLD was gangraped thrice inside the Devasthan or prayer hall, after the mastermind had “performed rituals”. One of the rapists was called from Meerut to “satisfy his lust”. The girl was confined using sedatives, then strangled and hit on the head twice with a stone — “in order to make sure” she was dead. But not before another accused, a police personnel, asked the others to “wait because he wanted to rape” her one last time. And all this, to “dislodge” a group of Bakherwal Muslim nomads from Rasana village in Kathua near Jammu. These are just some of the chilling details in the 18-page chargesheet filed Monday by J&K Police’s Crime Branch against the eight accused in the rape and murder of the girl who went missing from near her house in Rasana on January 10 — her body 8 THE EDITORIAL PAGE On Monday, lawyers tried to stop the chargesheet filing was found seven days later in the forests nearby. In the days that followed, the chargesheet states, the accused paid Rs 1.5 lakh as a bribe to local policemen who knew where the girl was kept and helped cover up the crime initially. The killing had sparked outrage across J&K with the government handing over the case to the Crime Branch following protests from the Bakherwal community. The case took a communal turn in Kathua, where an outfit called Hindu Ekta Manch was set up by politicians CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 The problem of identities BY PRATAP BHANU MEHTA GUJARAT GOVT GIVES NOD TO 5,000 MW SOLAR PARK IN DHOLERA ● Ration card portability next, move to benefit migrant workers ● Farmer couple kill self, family points to no water for fields, Page 5 11 WORLD FBI RAIDS OFFICE OF TRUMP LAWYER, SEIZES DOCUMENTS Rs 2,654-CR BANK FRAUD Court rejects pre-arrest bail plea, says ‘scamsters fleeing country, justice’ EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE AHMEDABAD, APRIL 10 STATING THAT “scamsters of big economic offences have fled the country and justice”, a special CBI court on Tuesday rejected the anticipatory bail application of Vadodara-based businessman S N Bhatnagar and his sons — Amit and Sumit — who are facing arrests for allegedly cheating a consortium of banks to the tune of Rs 2,654 crore. “It is taken into consideration that day in, day out generally scamsters of big economic offence are leaving the country.. and fleeing from justice. The present exposure of credit facilities from various member banks availed by the company reveals overall Rs 2,654.40 crore rupees exposure,” Judge N G Dave said in his order. Recently, billionaire diamond traders Nirav Modi and his uncle Mehul Choksi had fled the country after defrauding Punjab National Bank of Rs 13,000 crore. Before them, liquor baron Vijay Mallya had fled to the United Kingdom after defrauding banks of Rs 9,000 crore. “It also transpires that the offence against the accused (Bhatnagars) comes within the category ofeconomic offence and a big pecuniary scam was done by the accused with the banking CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 RELATED REPORT PAGE 3 ● PAGE ONE ANCHOR BEYOND URBAN SQUALOR, HOPE LIES WITH SWACHH BHARAT’S RURAL FOOTSOLDIERS TAVLEEN SINGH CHAMPARAN (BIHAR), APRIL 10 PRIME MINISTERS are not born with a thousand hands,” Narendra Modi said exultantly, “but now I know that you young people have given me a thousand hands.” Below him, under a vast white tent sat more than 20,000 young men and women who came to Champaran from villages across India to participate in the inaugural of a movement that is being called ‘Satyagraha se Swachhagraha’. The Prime Minister said they had gathered in Champaran because a hundred years ago it was from here that Gandhiji created the idea of Satyagraha to drive the British out and he hoped that Swachhagraha would succeed one day in driving unsanitary behaviour out of India. During his speech, he acknowledged more than once the role played by the thousands of swachhagrahis in taking his idea of Swachh Bharat and making it a people’s movement. These swachhagrahis are mostly young, mostly volunteers and mostly women who have taken up the cause of bringing sanitation to rural India as if it were a personal crusade. SPECIAL TO THE EXPRESS The Prime Minister also acknowledged the work done by the Secretary in the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation, Param Iyer, who he said had worked tirelessly to bring about the change in rural sanitation and the rural Indian’s idea of sanitation without which Swachh Bharat would have gone the way of similar schemes that lie dead in the dusty files of government offices. Nitish Kumar welcomes Modi to Patna Tuesday. Also present is Governor Satyapal Malik. PTI My own reason for being in Champaran was Mr Iyer. I wrote a piece in my column some time ago in which I was critical of the long list of programs that Modi has launched and said something to the effect that none of them had got off the ground. The next day I got a call from the Secretary suggesting that I might be wrong about Swachh Bharat and could we meet and have a chat. We met for breakfast and have since met for breakfast many times. He invariably eats an omelette and I invariably eat a poached egg and he tells me about the progress they have made. At our last breakfast, he told me about the meeting in Champaran and suggested that I come and see for myself what was happening. I said, without meaning to be ironic, that I would come if he could guarantee me a clean toilet in Motihari. Decades of reporting in rural India have killed my ability to use dirty toilets. He said he would make sure that I would have nothing to complain about. So I arrived the evening before the Prime Minister and after ensuring that there really was a clean toilet in my room in the S S Exotica Hotel I was given a tour of the “tent city” in which the thousands of sanitation cru- saders were being housed. I met young men and women who wore white caps and jackets and told me how proud they were of having been able to persuade people in their villages to change their attitude to sanitation. They use many ways and wiles to do this. One that has proved effective is taking a hair off the floor, putting it in a glass of water, and asking people to drink it. When they invariably refuse they are told that flies have six legs to pick up filth to deposit in their food. Another effective way has been to point out that the number of children CONTINUED ON PAGE 2
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