TheIndian EXPRESS LATE CITY, 16 PAGES, JAIPUR, `5.00 ● WEDNESDAY, APRIL 11, 2018 ● WWW.INDIANEXPRESS.COM DAILY FROM: AHMEDABAD, CHANDIGARH, DELHI, JAIPUR, KOLKATA, LUCKNOW, MUMBAI, NAGPUR, PUNE, VADODARA JOURNALISM OF COURAGE NUCLEAR SUPPLIERS GROUP Delhi works on Beijing to drop objections on n-club entry Talks more positive than in the past SHUBHAJIT ROY NEW DELHI, APRIL 10 EMBOLDENED BY its entry into three of the four multilateral exportcontrolregimesoverthelast twoyears,IndiaonTuesdayonce again reached out to China and tried to convince the interlocutors in Beijing to lift their objections at the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG). JointSecretary(Disarmament and International Security) Pankaj Sharma met Beijing’s top interlocutor Wang Xun, who heads the disarmament division in Chinese government. Almost twoyearsago,inJune2016,Wang had blocked the proposal to include India as a member of the eliteexportcontrolgroupataplenary meeting in Seoul. TheIndianExpresshaslearnt that the talks were “constructive” and “forward-looking”. “Therewasalotof candourinthe conversation, and it was in the right direction,” said a source, but did not disclose whether there was a breakthrough. Pointingtothetalksbetween Foreign Secretary S Jaishankar andChineseofficialsinSeouland Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s meeting with Chinese President Xi Jinping in Tashkent, both in June 2016, a South Block source said, “Those were very difficult and tough conversations, when the Chinese leadership and officialsdidnotyieldaninch.Itisdifferent this time around.” The NSG is the top club of countries which controls access totechnologyandguardsagainst proliferation. Its membership is importantforIndiatoaccesscutting-edge high technology. India’s Muhammed Anas Yahiya came fourth in the finals of men’s 400 metres at the Commonwealth Games, in Gold Coast on Tuesday. He clocked his personal best of 45.31 seconds. PTI REPORT, PAGE 14 Indian and Chinese officials at the meeting in Beijing on Tuesday. PTI Tuesday’s meeting in Beijing wasthefirstbetweenIndianand Chinese interlocutors after New Delhi secured membership of thethreeexportcontrolregimes. India became a member of the Missile Technology Control Regime in June 2016. This was followed by its entry into the Wassenaar arrangement in December 2017 and the Australia Group in January 2018. Earlier, the strategy was to approach the entry into the four export control regimes as a “package”. But as India faced China’s objections at the NSG, it decided to approach the four regimes separately. “This strategyof approachingalltheexport control regimes in an individual and case-to-case basis has made India’s claim much stronger and more credible,” said a source privy to India’s strategy. China has sought to club India and Pakistan together, on the basis of both being non-signatories of the Nuclear NonProliferation Treaty (NPT), and has asked the NSG countries to adopt a “criteria-based approach” — which essentially means that either both can get into the group or none. But most CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 15TH FINANCE COMMISSION’S TERMS OF REFERENCE Fund share: 3 non-BJP southern states meet, accuse Centre of bias Needless controversy, says Jaitley, charges far from truth EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE THIRUVANANTHAPURAM, NEW DELHI, APRIL 10 THREE NON-BJP ruled southern states and Union Territory Puducherry today expressed serious reservations on the Terms of Reference stipulated by the Centre in the 15th Finance Commission for devolution of funds to states. At a conclave of finance ministers of southern states here, Kerala, Karnataka, AndhraPradeshandPuducherry said that the ToR contradicted the principles of federalism and morenon-BJPruledstateswould be roped in to debate the issue. The ToR, the states argued, would lead to states with higher population bagging a larger share of tax resources while a loss for states that have pursued population control. Responding to these concerns, Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley, in a statement, de- Brother of BJP MLA accused of rape held, NHRC notice to UP EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 9 THEIDEASPAGE Anatomy of equity Debate on 15th Finance Commission ignores evolution of constitutional mechanism nied bias and said that Finance Commissions use both qualitative and quantitative criteria such as population and income level to decide financial needs and allocations to states. The conclave of Southern States held in ThiruvananthapuramonTuesday decided to rope in more non-BJP ruled states to debate the issue, “which would emerge as an agitationfortherightsof thestates.” After the meeting, Kerala Finance Minister Thomas Issac said the issue is not a dispute betweentheSouthandNorth.Isaac saidthetermsof referenceof the 15thFCareathreattothefederal system. “Thereisadeliberateattempt tocutdowntaxdevolutiontothe statesandforciblyimposeconditionsonthestates.Thestateshave togetconsentfromtheCentrefor borrowing funds from the market.TheFinanceCommissionisa Constitutional structure to share finances of the country between theCentreandthestates.Whatis being given from the FC should notbedepictedaslargesseof the Centre,’’ he said. The next meeting will be held in Visakhapatnam early next month, in which Delhi, West Bengal, Odisha and Punjab are also expected to take part. There will also be attempts to bring in Telangana and Tamil Nadu for the next conclave, said CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 NCERT to replace Left textbooks: Tripura CM RAHUL TRIPATHI AGARTALA, APRIL 10 CHARGINGTHETripuraBoardof SecondaryEducation(TBSE)under the previous Left governmentof spreadingMarxistpropaganda over the last two decades, BJP Chief Minister Biplab Kumar Deb Tuesday said his government will soon “introduce” NCERT syllabus CM Biplab in the state-run Kumar schools. He said Deb the government is in the process of “setting up a committee” to discuss adopting NCERT over the state board. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 In J&K child gangrape, rituals, a chilling invite and a police cover-up MUZAMIL JALEEL NEW DELHI, APRIL 10 THE EIGHT-YEAR-OLD was gangraped thrice inside the Devasthan or prayer hall, after themastermindhad“performed rituals”. One of the rapists was calledfromMeerutto“satisfyhis lust”. The girl was confined usingsedatives,thenstrangledand hit on the head twice with a stone — “in order to make sure” she’s dead. But not before another accused, a police personnel,askedtheothersto“waitbecausehewantedtorape”herone last time. And all this, to “dislodge” a group of Bakherwal Muslim nomads from Rasana village in Kathua near Jammu. These are just some of the chilling details in the 18-page chargesheetfiledMondaybyJ&K Police’sCrimeBranchagainstthe eight accused in the rape and 8 THEEDITORIAL PAGE INTERVIEW PAGE 4 Lawyers protest against the Crime Branch on Monday murder of the girl who went missing from near her house in RasanaonJanuary10—herbody wasfoundsevendayslaterinthe forests nearby. In the days that followed, the chargesheet states, the accused paid Rs 1.5 lakh as bribe to local policemenwhoknewwherethe girl was kept and helped cover up the crime initially. The killing had sparked outrage across J&K with the government handing over the case to CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 The problem of identities BY PRATAP BHANU MEHTA Cauvery protests: Snake threat Kharge boycotts Lokpal panel meet caps bid to disrupt IPL match again, writes to PM ARUN JANARDHANAN LUCKNOW, APRIL 10 A DAY after the uproar over the death in custody of the father of a 17-year-old girl who alleged she had been raped by BJP MLA Kuldeep Singh Sengar, UP police arrested Atul Singh, the MLA’s brother, and formed a special investigation team to probe the case. Police said the MLA too would be questioned. The girl’s father died of injuries sustained after he was brutally assaulted, allegedly by the MLA’s supporters on April 3, days before she attempted immolation outside the residence of Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath. Police in Unnao district had booked the man in an Arms Act case and charged him under different sections of the Indian Penal Code. Although the family had named the assailants in an FIR, police did not act until he died in the early hours of Monday. Four KATHUA CHARGESHEET HE GOES FOURTH TO CONQUER CHENNAI, APRIL 10 EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE NEW DELHI, APRIL 10 BUSINESS AS USUAL BY UNNY The deserted village of Makhi, home to the girl who alleged rape by BJP MLA Kuldeep Singh Sengar; (above) Atul Singh, the MLA’s brother, in custody Tuesday. Vishal Srivastav THE CONGRESS Tuesday boycottedameetingoftheLokpalselection committee again with Mallikarjun Kharge, leader of the Congress in Lok Sabha, saying he had been invited to the meeting asa“specialinvitee”withthe“singular intention of excluding the opinion of the Opposition in the selection process”. Khargehadboycottedthelast meeting on March 1, giving the same argument. On Tuesday, he wroteasecondlettertothePrime Minister saying “it was deeply disappointing that not only did the earlier letter go unacknowledged, but also the serious concernsthatwereraisedinthatlettercontinuetogounaddressedas seen by the issuing of the latest officememorandumfromDoPT”. Hesaid“there is no provision intheLokpalandLokayuktasAct Mallikarjun Kharge foraspecialinviteetobeamember of the selection committee.” “An invitation as a special inviteewithoutrightsof participation, recording of opinion and votingintheprocedureisonlyto mislead the nation and the people, rather than sincerely seeking the participation and opinion of the opposition. Therefore to participate in this charade while your government runs roughshod over the intent and spirit of the Lokpal Act would amounttoderelictionof myconstitutional duty,” he said. ATHREATbyaTamiloutfittounleash snakes at the M A Chidambaram stadium capped a day of turbulence in Chennai as hundreds of Cauvery protesters briefly took over key roads leading to the venue in a bid to disrupt the first IPL match of this season in the city. Thesnakewarning,issuedby T Velmurugan of Tamizhaga Vazhvurimai Katchi (TVK), also sent police scrambling for cover. Speaking to The Indian Express, a senior police officer said, “We have deployed a team of snake catchers from the Guindy national park at the stadium.” Police had to resort to lathicharge at least thrice as people protesting against the Centre’s delayinconstitutingtheCauvery Management Board tried to evadebarricadestoapproachthe road leading to the stadium, whereChennaiSuperKingstook on Kolkata Knight Riders Protesters on Anna Salai in Chennai on Tuesday. Express Tuesday night. Over 4,000 police personnel weredeployedforthematch,said officials.By6pm,withtwohours to go for the start, police arrested over 300 protesters belonging to various groups, including the TVK, Dravidar Viduthalai Kazhagam, Viduthalai Thamizh PuligalKatchi,ThamizharVidiyal Katchi, and at least 10 from actor Rajinikanth’s fans association. The DMK later led a call by Oppositionpartiesforblackflags to be waved at Prime Minister Narendra Modi during his scheduled visit to the city Thursday. Earlier Tuesday, following an appealfromIPLchairmanRajeev Shukla, Union Home Secretary Rajiv Dauba asked the Tamil Nadu DGP to ensure enhanced security during the IPL matches in Chennai. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 ● PAGE ONE ANCHOR ON ROAD TO PATNA, URBAN SQUALOR BUT SWACHH BHARAT HOPE LIES IN THE RURAL TAVLEEN SINGH CHAMPARAN (BIHAR), APRIL 10 PRIME MINISTERS are not born with a thousand hands,” Narendra Modi said exultantly, “but now I know that you young people have given me a thousand hands.” Below him, under a vast white tent sat more than 20,000 young men and women who came to Champaran from villages across India to participate in the inaugural of a movement that is being called ‘Satyagraha se Swachhagraha’. The Prime Minister said they had gathered in Champaran because a hundred years ago it was from here that Gandhiji created the idea of Satyagraha to drive theBritishoutandhehopedthat Swachhagraha would succeed onedayindrivingunsanitarybehaviour out of India. During his speech, he acknowledged more than once the role played by the thousands of swachhagrahis in taking his idea of Swachh Bharat and making it a people’s movement. These swachhagrahis are mostlyyoung,mostlyvolunteers and mostly women who have taken up the cause of bringing sanitation to rural India as if it were a personal crusade. SPECIAL TO THE EXPRESS The Prime Minister also acknowledged the work done by the Secretary in the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation, Param Iyer, who he said had worked tirelessly to bring about the change in rural sanitation andtheruralIndian’sideaof sanitation without which Swachh Bharatwouldhavegonetheway of similar schemes that lie dead in the dusty files of government offices. Nitish Kumar welcomes Modi to Patna Tuesday. Also present is Governor Satyapal Malik. PTI My own reason for being in Champaran was Mr Iyer. I wrote a piece in my column some time ago in which I was critical of the long list of programs that Modi has launched and said something to the effect that none of themhadgotoff theground.The next day I got a call from the SecretarysuggestingthatImight be wrong about Swachh Bharat and could we meet and have a chat. We met for breakfast and have since met for breakfast many times. He invariably eats an omelette and I invariably eat a poached egg and he tells me about the progress they have made. At our last breakfast, he told me about the meeting in Champaran and suggested that I come and see for myself what was happening. I said, without meaning to be ironic, that I would come if he could guarantee me a clean toilet in Motihari. Decades of reporting in rural Indiahavekilledmyabilitytouse dirty toilets. He said he would make sure that I would have nothing to complain about. So I arrived the evening before the Prime Minister and afterensuringthattherereallywas a clean toilet in my room in the S S Exotica Hotel I was given a tour of the “tent city” in which the thousands of sanitation cru- Jaipur saders were being housed. I met young men and women who wore white caps and jackets and told me how proud they were of having been able to persuade peopleintheirvillagestochange their attitude to sanitation. They use many ways and wiles to do this. One that has proved effective is taking a hair off the floor, putting it in a glass of water, and asking people to drink it. When they invariably refuse they are told that flies have six legs to pick up filth to depositintheirfood.Anothereffectivewayhasbeentopointout that the number of children CONTINUED ON PAGE 2
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