TheIndian EXPRESS LATE CITY, 14 PAGES, KOLKATA `5.00/EX-KOLKATA `6.00 (`12 IN NORTH EAST STATES & ANDAMAN) ● MONDAY, MAY 28, 2018 ● WWW.INDIANEXPRESS.COM DAILY FROM: AHMEDABAD, CHANDIGARH, DELHI, JAIPUR, KOLKATA, LUCKNOW, MUMBAI, NAGPUR, PUNE, VADODARA JOURNALISM OF COURAGE PRIME MINISTER INAUGURATES EASTERN EXPRESSWAY AN EXPRESS SERIES On bypoll eve, Modi targets Congress: Bihar’s prohibition crackdown: 2 years they worship family, not the country later, OBC, EBC, SC, ST face brunt AVISHEK G DASTIDAR BAGHPAT, MAY 27 6 THE EDITORIAL PAGE No longer sea-blind BY C RAJA MOHAN ASSEMBLY BYPOLL Mahestala goes to vote under tight security DECISION 2018 EXPRESSNEWSSERVICE KOLKATA,MAY27 THEBYPOLLtotheMahestalaassembly seat will be held on Mondayamidtightsecurity,days after over a dozen people were killed in the May 14 panchayat polls in West Bengal. Officials said three to four paramilitary jawans have been posted at each of the 43 highlysensitive polling booths along with two policemen. Two paramilitaryjawansandonestatepoliceman each will man the remaining 200 booths. "Altogether, 10 companies of Central forces have been deployed,besidesalargecontingent of state armed forces, to ensure theelectionisfree,fairandpeaceful,"saidChief ElectoralOfficerin West Bengal Aariz Aftab, according to a PTI report. He said 1,415 polling personnel have reached their polling booths and have begun route march, area domination. The ruling TMC is believed to haveanedgeovertheBJPandthe Left-Congress combine. “We are confident of winning. Like in the rest of Bengal, there has been so much development in Maheshtala. People are experiencingit:water,electricity,paved roads,”saidTMCcandidateDulal Das, the death of whose wife, KasturiDas,necessitatedthepolls. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 4 VIRTUALLY PICKING up from where he had left off in Cuttack a day earlier, Prime Minister Narendra Modi mounted a scathing attack on the Congress Sunday,sayingthepartythathas “worshipped only one family cannot worship democracy”. “Unke liye unka parivaar hi desh hai, aur mere liye desh hi meraparivaarhai(Forthemtheir family is their country, while for me the country is my family), Modi said in Baghpat in western UttarPradesh,whereheinaugurated the 135-km greenfield Eastern Peripheral Expressway. The Congress, Modi said, had no faith in democracy and constitutional institutions, referring to the move to bring an impeachment motion against the Chief Justice of India. “We have recently seen how they put the faith in the country’s highest court in danger. The country has seen that they have suspected the Election Commission, EVMs, the even the RBI and its policy,” he said. Speaking on what was the first day of the final year of his government, the Prime Minister seemed to be firmly in election campaign mode. “You can gauge the speed of our government’s work by this: in 10 years, the Congress could connect only 59 panchayats with optic fibre network. We have connected 1 lakh panchayatsinjustfouryears,”he said. The Congress, he said, had lost its bearings seeing the kind of development that his government was bringing. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 In 3 jail circles with 67% arrests, their share is far more inside than outside SANTOSH SINGH Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Transport Minister Nitin Gadkari at their roadshow i n New Delhi, Sunday. Renuka Puri In Baghpat, BJP songs set 2019 tone: lion vs jackals, marriage of thieves AVISHEK G DASTIDAR BAGHPAT, MAY 27 AUNITEDOppositionis“unityof destruction”,a“marriageamong thieves”. Numerous songs on themes such as these set the tone in UP’s Baghpat Sunday as Prime Minister Narendra Modi, Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath, Union Minister Nitin Gadkari, Haryana CM Manohar Lal Khattar and other BJP leaders converged to declare open the Eastern Peripheral Expressway. With a day to go for bypolls LIZ MATHEW & RAVISH TIWARI 4 YEARS DONE THE LAST LAP NEW DELHI, MAY 27 ‘Politics is not about hatred’ The Home Minister spoke to TheIndianExpressonthedaythe Modi government completed four years. He listed the achievements of the government, and gatbandhan banaya hai” (the alliance is a result of compulsion), it said. The songs, all set to popular Bollywood tunes, even borrowed from Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan’s iconic qawwali “Mere rashk-e qamar” to fit in the lines “Mere Modi dear, tu ne angrezon par aisa jadoo chalaya, maza aa gaya” (My dear Modi, you have castsuchaspellontheEnglish,it made us happy). The song was abouthowtheBJPisfullof tigers, while Modi is a lion. Poking fun at the Congress, CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Opposition parties need each other’s support... we are not scared: Rajnath PAGE 5 said that the opposition parties were getting together as they “need each other’s support”, but theBJP“isnotscared”.Goodgov- ernancewouldprevailovercaste equations in the elections of 2019, Singh, a former president of theBJPandoneof itsmostsenior leaders, said. The Home Minister denied thattheBJP-ledgovernmentwas indulging in the “politics of hatred”. “You may have seen there is anincreaseinsuchincidentsand criticism in the election year. My view is that politics should be on thebasisof issues.Youcannotdo politics breaking society into pieces or creating hatred,” Singh said. “We are not doing the politics of hatred. Those who are CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Two Australia cricketers, three from England involved in fixing in India: Al Jazeera sting EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE WESTBENGAL NEW DELHI, MAY 27 15INJUREDINHARDOI JUVENILEHOME VIOLENCE ● Panchayat posts: CM to decide posts based on biodatas of winning candidates across the country, including in Kairana about an hour away, these songs also gave a glimpse into how the emerging unity in Opposition ranks might be used in the BJP’s campaign for the 2019 general elections. “Yeh bandhan toh naash ka bandhan hai, choron ka sangam hai,” went one song. Describing the Opposition alliance as one made of disparate entities — “kahin ka eent kahin ka rora, Bhanumati ne jaise kunba ho joda” — another song tried to illustrate how inorganic the association is. “Majboori mein yeh BJP not afraid of Oppn unity: Rajnath AMID THE opposition’s allegations of “fear and insecurity” in the country under the Narendra Modi-led government, Home Minister Rajnath Singh has said politics should not be done by “breakingsocietyintopiecesand creatinghatred”.Singhhasurged “all those who are indulging in such politics” to introspect, and saidthattheBJP-ledNDAgovernment has followed a policy of “justice to all and appeasement of none” in the last four years. PROHIBITION IN PATNA, MAY 27 Former Pakistan player Hasan Raza (left) and ex-Mumbai Ranji player Robin Morris in the Al Jazeera documentary FIVE INTERNATIONAL cricketers — two from Australia and three from England — were allegedly involved in spot-fixing in Test matchesinvolvingIndia,according to a purported sting operation conducted by Al Jazeera. The Doha-based news channel did not identify the five players but said their names have been forwarded to the ICC, which has launched an inquiry. Overall, three Test matches involving India were tainted by spot-fixing, claimed the channel which broadcast the results of the purported sting in the form of a 54-minute documentary titled ‘Cricket’s Match-Fixers’. These Tests were identified bythechannel’sinvestigativereporter David Harrison, who conducted the purported sting, as the England Test in Chennai (December 16-20, 2016), the Australia Test in Ranchi (March 16-20, 2017) and the Sri Lanka Test in Galle (July 26-29, 2017). No Indian international has been mentioned in the documentary.Butthepurportedsting KAIRANA BYPOLL Test for Oppn unity and BJP strength in UP elections today LALMANI VERMA NEW DELHI, MAY 27 MONDAY’S VOTE for the vacant Lok Sabha seat in Uttar Pradesh will test the potential of a united opposition in the state that the BJP swept in 2014 and 2017. The Lok Sabha byelection in Kairana —andtheAssemblybyelectionin Noorpur in Bijnor district, which too,isscheduledforMonday—is a prestige battle for the BJP after thedefeatsatthehandsoftheSPBSP alliance in the Lok Sabha bypolls in Gorakhpur and Phulpur in March. In Kairana, Tabassum Begum of Ajit Singh’s Rashtriya Lok Dal (RLD) is contesting against the BJP’sMrigankaSingh,thedaughter of the late BJP leader Hukum Singh, whose death in February has necessitated the byelection. Tabassum Begum has the support of the Samajwadi Party (SP) and the Congress. In Noorpur, SP’s Naim-ulHasan is contesting against the BJP’s Avnish Singh, wife of LokendraSinghChauhan,theBJP MLA from the seat who was killed in a road accident some weeks ago. The SP nominee has CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 ON APRIL 6, marking two years since he introduced prohibition in Bihar, Chief Minister Nitish Kumar said that “it’s the poor people from the SC, ST and OBC class who have been benefitted the most”. But figures compiled by jail officials show that these samegroups—amongthestate’s weakest and the most marginalised — also faced the brunt of the government’s crackdown. Their share of inmate populationintheeightcentral,32districtand17subjailsacrossBihar, after they were arrested for violating prohibition laws since April 2016, far outstrips their share in the state’s population, accordingtothefiguresthatwere accessed by The Indian Express. Scheduled Castes, for example, account for 27.1 per cent of arrests while their share in population is just 16 per cent. Scheduled Tribes make up 6.8 per cent of those arrested but formonly1.3percentof thepopulation. And the OBC share is 34.4 per cent of the arrests, and 25percentof Bihar’spopulation. A senior jail official told The Indian Express that “80 per cent” of those who have been held in BY UNNY INSIDE ● KERALA NIPAH VIRUS: ONE MORE DIES, TOLL 14 P3 CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 GUWAHATI, MAY 27 THE DAY after he retired, Assam DGPMukeshSahaywentbackto school. Sahay, who has been in the police force for 34 years, is now a fulltime Mathematics teacher at the Sonaram Higher Secondary School in Guwahati’s Bharalumukh area. Sahay was DGP till April 30. But the seeds of his new career was sown in 2016 when Sahay visited the school as the guest of honour for a tree plantation programme. “I happened to tell him EVERY MONDAY For all Change stories, log on to www.indianexpress.com/change Witness Change? Write to us at firstname.lastname@example.org that we were in need of a Maths teacher,” says Dwinjendra Nath Barthakur, principal, Sonaram Higher Secondary School. The school, established in 1894, counts former Assam Chief Minister Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloiandeminentliteraryfig- Former Assam DGP Mukesh Sahay at Guwahati’s Sonaram Higher Secondary School. ure Hemchandra Goswami amongtheirformerheadmasters. However,despitebeingoneof the oldest and the most reputed schools in Assam, the students havemanagedwithoutafulltime Maths teacher since 2016. “Even thoughIteachChemistry,Iwould pitchinandteachthemMaths.So did the Statistics teacher,” says Borthakur, “And that is how we managed for two years.” Sahay expressed an interest in the job the moment he heard of this requirement. “He even asked me to send him textbooks,” says Borthakur. This was inAugust2017.Thisyear,theday after he retired, May 1, Sahay calledtheprincipal.OnMay7,he began his new career. “I have neverworkedasateacherbefore but I am a certified police trainer and that helps,” says Sahay, who was born into an economically disadvantaged family in Bihar. “I used to work as a part-time tutor to supplement my income in my younger days,” he says. Sahaynowteacheseveryday of the week, holding one-hour lessons on Calculus. “The new Class XI batch will join a couple of months later, and perhaps I will begin to teach two lessons when they do,” he says, adding TOMORROW: FACES BEHIND THE FALLOUT INSIDE ● DEMONETISATION: NITISH SLAMS ROLE OF BANKS, PAGE 2 hisjailoverthelasttwoyearsunder the new law were “regular users or alcoholics”. Former inmatesandsocialactivistsalleged thatthegovernmentcrackdown has not targetted the big fish “who run liquor mafias across the state”. TheIndianExpressaccesseddetailedrecords(seebox,page2)ofthe social profile of inmates arrested CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 ARRESTS: 2016-2018 10,38,04,637 1,22,392 34.4% 25% 27.1% 26% 14.4% 12.5% 19.2% 16% 1.3% 6.8% ST SC OBC EBC Gen Gen:Generalcategory(uppercaste),OBC:OtherBackwardClasses, EBC:ExtremelyBackwardClasses,SC:ScheduledCaste,ScheduledTribe Source: Census 2011, jail survey of arrests from April 2016 to March 2018 Fishermen, trafficiking to figure in India, Pakistan Coast Guards’ meet today SHUBHAJIT ROY INDIA AND Pakistan will hold a meeting of their coast guard officials on Monday in New Delhi, sourcessaidhereonSunday.Top on the agenda will be the issue of fishermen and illegal trafficking, they said. This comes even as former Indian Navy officer Kulbhushan Jadhavisfacingdeathsentencein Pakistanonchargesofespionage, and that has soured relationship between the two countries. This is the second time after thesurgicalstrikesinSeptember 2016thatsecurityestablishment officials from Pakistan will be visiting.InJanuary-Februarythis year, Islamabad sent a fourmemberteamof counter-terrorism and intelligence specialists to attend an SCO meeting. On Monday, the chief of ASSAM’S EX-TOP COP IS TEACHING KIDS A LESSON — IN SCHOOL TRACKING CHANGE» PART I POPULATION ● PAGE ONE ANCHOR TORA AGARWALA THE FALLOUT SHARE IN POPULATION VS SHARE IN ARRESTS NEW DELHI, MAY 27 BUSINESS AS USUAL BIHAR that a new Maths teacher has just been hired. “I am quite conversant in Calculus so it has not been too difficult, but I definitely need to do my homework every day,” he says, “We never stop learning,onemustalwaysbesocially relevant, physically active and mentally engaged.” Meanwhile, the 11 students whohavechosenMathematicsas their subject in the Sonaram HS schoolareecstaticthattheyfinally haveateacher—thattoosomeone of Sahay’s stature. “He carries on teachinglikearegularperson,and thatiswhatthestudentslikeabout himthemost,”saysBorthakur. Pakistan Maritime Security Agency (PMSA) Rear Admiral Zaka Ur Rehman will be representing Pakistan, while the Indian side will be represented by Indian Coast Guard director general Rajender Singh. In July 2016, Indian Coast Guard officials had visited Islamabad for the previous round of talks. The Indian Coast Guard and PMSAsignedaMemorandumof Understanding (MoU) on October 3, 2005, that came into effect on March 16, 2006, envisaging cooperation between ICG and PMSA through exchange of information on Exclusive Economic Zone violations, apprehended vessels, marine pollution, natural disasters/calamities,combatingsmuggling,illicit trafficking of narcotic drugs and piracy, and coordination in searchandrescueandreturnsea passage. 9 WORLD USWARSHIPS NEARISLANDS ONSOUTH CHINASEA NORTH KOREANS ARE COMMITTED TO SUMMIT, DENUCLEARISATION, SAYS SOUTH
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