TheIndian EXPRESS CITY, 16 + 4 (NEWSLINE) PAGES, PUNE, `5.00 ● WEDNESDAY, MAY 30, 2018 ● WWW.INDIANEXPRESS.COM ● DAILY FROM: AHMEDABAD, CHANDIGARH, DELHI, JAIPUR, KOLKATA, LUCKNOW, MUMBAI, NAGPUR, PUNE, VADODARA JOURNALISM OF COURAGE ‘EXERCISE RESTRAINT... IMPLEMENT 2003 UNDERSTANDING’ India-Pak thaw: Both agree to follow ceasefire on LoC in letter and spirit Encounters fuel militant hiring, says official report DGMOs speak on hotline, offer came from Pak MUZAMIL JALEEL SUSHANT SINGH NEW DELHI, MAY 29 NEW DELHI, MAY 29 SIGNALLING A significant step forward in the thawing of relations between India and Pakistan, the Director Generals of MilitaryOperations(DGMOs) of the two armies spoke on the hotline and “agreed to fully implement the Ceasefire Understanding of 2003 in letter andspiritforthwith”ontheLine of Control (LoC) in Jammu and Kashmir. Both countries have been trading fire across the LoC This reiteration of ceasefire on the LoC follows Union Home MinisterRajnathSingh’s“ceasefire” announcement on May 16 that security forces will terminate all offensive operations in GOVT & POLITICS ● WILL TALK IF PAK IS IN: HURRIYAT, P 5 CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 ALMOST HALF the recruitments into militant ranks in the Valley after the killing of Hizbul Mujahideen commander Burhan Wani came from within 10 km of the residences of killed militants or encounter sites and these recruitments took place within 40 days of the encounters. Theseareamongthefindings ofsecurityagenciesinJ&K,partof areportonmilitancyandrecruit- ment in the region that set the stage for the Ramzan ceasefire. The report analysed 43 encounters since November 5, 2016, until April 26 this year, in which 77 militants were killed. After the death of Burhan Wani on July 8, 2016, 121 militants have been killed and 216 local youths joined militancy. Of these, 104 were directly linked to the killing of militants in their areaorakilledmilitantbelonged to their area. Consider the key findings of the report, which analysed the CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 President rejects first mercy plea: Murder of 6 of family in Bihar RAHUL TRIPATHI NEW DELHI, MAY 29 PRESIDENT RAM Nath Kovind has rejected the mercy petition of murder convict Jagat Rai whose death sentence was upheld by the Supreme Court almost five years ago. This is the first mercy petition to be decided by President Kovind — it is learnt that detailed consultations were held over 10 months. Incidentally, the case is from Bihar where Kovind served as Governor before taking over as President last July. Along with his accomplices, Jagat Rai was convicted of killing five children and the wife of one Vijendra Mahato by setting their house on fire while they were fast asleep on the night of January 1, 2006 at Rampur Shyamchand village in Vaishali district of Bihar. In September 2013, the Supreme Court upheld the death sentence for Rai, ruling that the gravity of offence was 4 YEARS DONE THE LAST LAP HEALTHMINISTRY Progress steady, but in slow lane PAGE 6 INSIDE PAGE 5 ● VISVA BHARATI V-C: GOVT ASKED PRESIDENT TO WITHDRAW ASSENT AFTER HE IGNORED ITS NAME ● NO CEASEFIRE, ONLY SUSPENSION OF OPS IN J&K, SAYS RAJNATH such that this case fell into the category of “rarest of rare” cases. Officials in the Ministry of Home Affairs told The Indian Express that Rai’s mercy petition was sent last year to then President Pranab Mukherjee who could not, however, take any decision since the process to elect the 14th President had been initiated. By the time he demitted office last July, President Mukherjee had decided on 34 mercy pleas — he rejected 30 and, in four cases, granted pardon. His record of rejecting mercy pleas is second only to President R Venkataraman (1987-92) who declined 45 mercy pleas. President K R Narayanan (1997-2002) did not act on any mercy petition while his successor President Abdul Kalam (2002-2007) disposed two mercy pleas. President Pratibha Patil (2007-2012) commuted sentences in 34 mercy pleas and rejected only five. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 RITIKA CHOPRA NEW DELHI, MAY 29 THE REVISED NCERT textbooks place new emphasis on a fresh set of nationalist icons, many of whom, the BJP and right organisations claim, were deliberately sidelined in the country’s collective memory. Spiritual leaders Sri Aurobindo and Swami Vivekananda, freedom fighters Lala Lajpat Rai and Vallabhbhai Patel, Peshwa and Maratha general Bajirao Ballal, Jat king Suraj Mal,RajputiconMaharanaPratap and Chhatrapati Shivaji, founder of the Maratha empire, have either been introduced or have morespacededicatedtothemin the new History textbooks that hit the shelves two months ago. The Indian Express, in a monthlong exercise, compared old and revised versions of 25 textbooks meant for Classes 6 to 10, across five subjects — History, Geography, Political Science, Science and English. NEWDELHI,MAY29 HOURS AFTER the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) declared its Class X exam results, withanoverallpasspercentageof 86.70, three students committed suicide in separate incidents in Delhi, with police attributing the deaths to disappointment over performance. Policeidentifiedthethreeasa 15-year-old girl from Ryan International School in Vasant Kunj; a 15-year-old boy from M R Vivekananda Model School inDwarka;and,a16-year-oldgirl fromtheSchoolofOpenLearning. According to police, the girl fromVasantKunjdiedafterhanging herself from the ceiling fan at her house, while the boy from Dwarka committed suicide by 25 NEW NCERT TEXT BOOKS AN EXPRESS SERIES-PART-II BUSINESS AS USUAL BY UNNY CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 8 THE MONSOON IS HERE THEEDITORIAL PAGE The skies over Kochi darkened Tuesday to herald the arrival of the monsoon. Nirmal Harindran Nirav Modi jewellery estimated at CBSE results in, three student suicides in Delhi less than 30 per cent of book value EXPRESSNEWSSERVICE New icons in history books: Bajirao to Maharana Pratap hanging himself from the door frameofthedrawingroom,using adupattabelongingtohismother. The third student slashed her wrists and hanged herself from a ceiling fan in her house in Dabri, saidpolice.Thethreewereamong the 16,24,682 students who appeared for the Class X board exams, which were reintroduced this year after the CBSE scrapped the previous Continuous and ComprehensiveEvaluation(CCE) system under which students were awarded grades. In Vasant Kunj, DCP Milind Dumbresaidthegirl’sfatherisan officer with the Enforcement Directorate. “We received a PCR call around 4.45 pm from Fortis hospitalthatagirlhadcommitted suicide and had been declared dead on arrival by doctors there,” he said. CONTINUEDONPAGE2 KHUSHBOONARAYAN MUMBAI, MAY 29 AN INDEPENDENT valuation of thejewelleryandpearlsseizedby theEnforcementDirectorate(ED) from the firms and residence of fugitive diamond jeweller Nirav Modihaspeggeditsvalueatover Rs 485 crore, which is just 27 per centofthebookvalueofaboutRs 1,780 crore declared by Modi’s firms, sources have told The Indian Express. The investigative agencies probing Modi for the alleged Rs 6,498 crore fraudulent transactions at the state-owned Punjab National Bank (PNB) are now of theviewthatthefirmsownedby thejewellermayhaveinflatedthe valueofjewelleryintheiraccount books. According to sources, much of the over-valuation of Valued at Rs 485 cr, was shown as Rs 1780 cr jewelleryandpearlshasbeendetectedinfiveunitsofModi’sfirms located in the Special Economic Zone (SEZ) of Surat. Forinstance,thebookvalueof pearls and gold held by the Surat SEZunitsofFirestarInternational PvtLtd,FirestarDiamondPvtLtd, DiamondsRUs,SolarExportsand StellarDiamondwasshownasRs 1,390crore.However,thegovernment approved valuer has now pegged the value at Rs 157 crore. The value of cut and polished diamondsheldbytheMaharashtra unitsofFirestarDiamondhasalso beenslashedfromRs153croreto Rs 83 crore. In February, the ED said in a statementthatithadseizedgold, diamonds and jewellery with a bookvalueofRs5,649crorefrom Modi Group firms and Gitanjali Gems,promotedbyModi’suncle Mehul Choksi. Of this, jewellery of book value of about Rs 1,780 crore and Rs 3,860 crore were seizedfromthefirmsofModiand Choksirespectively.However,the independent valuation report of theagencyislikelytobringdown the total value of the seized jewellery, said sources. With the completion of the independent valuation of the jewellery, the total assets attached by ED in the case of Modi alone stands at about Rs 1,175 crore, said sources. This includes attached immovable properties and funds in bank accounts adding up to Rs 690 crore. CONTINUEDONPAGE2 Bengaluru’s message to BJP BY RAM MADHAV LOK SABHA BYPOLL Repoll in 49 centres of Bhandara-Gondia today EXPRESSNEWSSERVICE MUMBAI, LUCKNOW, NEW DELHI, MAY 29 THEELECTIONCommission(EC) hasorderedrepollat49boothsof Bhandara-Gondia constituency inMaharashtrainthewakeof reports of electronic voting machines(EVM)andVoterVerifiable Paper Audit Trails (VVPAT) malfunction during Monday’s Lok Sabha bypoll. The re-polling will take place between 7 am and 5 pm on Wednesday. The EC also ordered repoll at 73 polling booths in Kairana Lok Sabha constituency in Uttar Pradesh,takingcognizanceofthe numberofcomplaintsoffaultsin VVPAT machines. There will be repollinginonepollingstationin Nagaland as well. In addition to ordering repoll at Bhandara-Gondia constituency, the EC transferred Gondia collector Abhimanyu Kale,whoactedasreturningofficerforthebypoll.Sourcessaidthe decision was taken based on the report of the state CEO. KadambariBalkawde,chiefexecutive officer of Nagpur Zilla Parishad, has been appointed in place of Kale, said officials. Therepollwasorderedonthe groundthatthepollofficerstook long to replace the malfunctioning VVPATs, which may have affected the voter turnout. According to EC statistics, while 19.22 per cent of VVPATs had to be replaced Bhandara-Gondia, the figure was 13.16 per cent in Palghar Assembly bypoll. ● PAGE ONE ANCHOR WHERE PROHIBITION HAS A SILVER LINING: SAFER HOMES & MORE MONEY SANTOSH SINGH MANJHIYAMA (ARWAL), MAY 29 OVER THE last two months, a surveyconductedbyjailofficials across Bihar showed that the share of its weakest sections, especially SC and ST, among thosearrestedunderprohibition far outstripped their share in the state’s population. Yet, there is a reason why the government continues to flaunt prohibition as a landmark achievement. It can be seen on the faces of women in hundreds of villages acrossthestate,likeManjhiyama inArwaldistrict,wherethealcohol ban has meant more money in households, new houses and abetterlife.“Idon’tgetbeatenup by my husband now. Whatever he earns, he gives it to me. Whateverpeoplemaysay,Nitish Kumar has done a very good thing by banning liquor,” says Asha Devi, 40, in Manjhiyama, around 100 km southwest of Patna. WhenThe Indian Express met Asha, she was preparing to serve lunch — rice and besan curry — to her husband Sanjeev Sah, and their two young daughters and a son. Such family moments, she says, were rare when Sanjeev, a tractor driver, used to spend most of his spare time and money on alcohol. “I earn Rs 7,000 per month and earlier, on most days, I would head to the liquor shop at thefirstopportunity.Now,Ihead directly back home,” says Sah PROHIBITION IN BIHAR THE FALLOUT AN EXPRESS SERIES-PART-III with a sheepish smile. InManjhiyama,withapopulation of around 5,500, the most visible signs of progress postprohibition are the rows of 20 newpuccahouses,includingfive each in the EBC and SC settlements.“Withthemoneythatvil- Asha Devi, 40, is happy that her husband has stopped beating her. Ashok Sinha lagers have saved, we have seen aboostinhouseholdincome.For example, around 700 litres of milkusedtobesoldfromthisvil- lage every day before prohibition. Now, the sale is around 1,000 litres with at least 25 per cent more people having started maintaining cows,” said Umesh Sharma,whoownssixJerseyvarieties and counts himself among those who have benefitted from prohibition. “This was the same village thatsawalmost40percentof its men, aged between 20 and 50, line up at the liquor shop in the evenings. The shop would remain open from morning till midnight,” says a local official. Manjhiyama is one of the nine villages in Khatangi panchayatwithamixof upper-caste Bhumihar, EBC Sah, and the SC Manjhi, Paswan and Ravidas communities. “Most members of the EBC and SC communities are engaged as farm workers by theBhumihars,”saystheofficial. In the SC settlement, Lachhmi Devi, 40, points to her newhousebeingbuiltunderthe Pradhan Mantri Gramin Awaas Yojana. “We got government funds and put in an extra Rs 30,000 from our own savings to build a spare room. That was only possible because of the money we saved after my husband (Ramchandra Paswan) stopped drinking,” she says. Shekhar Manjhi, 45, and his wife Ramanti, 40, are happy to flaunt their new assets - six goats, two pigs and a dozen “desi” hens. “My husband was a drunkard but in the last two years, he has learnt to save money. We have to get our 19year-old daughter Puja married. For us, prohibition happened just at the right time,” says Ramanti. But the days that followed the imposition of prohibition on April 6, 2016, were difficult, with no medical support or counselling, says Prabha Shanker, 35, a rice-mill owner. “I was among the hardcore drinkers and the abrupt ban changed everything. There were withdrawal symptoms for weeks.Someof us,whocouldafford it, went to see doctors on our own. After six months of prohibition, life finally starting coming on track,” he says. In Patna, government officials refer to a survey conducted by the Gender Resource Centre (GRC) under Bihar’s Social CONTINUED ON PAGE 2
Indian Express Limited is an Indian news media publishing company. It publishes several widely circulated dailies, including The Indian Express and The Financial Express in English, the Loksatta in Marathi and the Jansatta in Hindi.