LATE CITY, 20 PAGES, AHMEDABAD, `4.00 ● WEDNESDAY, MAY 30, 2018 ● WWW.INDIANEXPRESS.COM TheIndian EXPRESS DAILY FROM: AHMEDABAD, CHANDIGARH, DELHI, JAIPUR, KOLKATA, LUCKNOW, MUMBAI, NAGPUR, PUNE, VADODARA JOURNALISM OF COURAGE ‘EXERCISE RESTRAINT... IMPLEMENT 2003 UNDERSTANDING’ India-Pak thaw: Both agree to follow ceasefire on LoC in letter and spirit Encounters fuel militant hiring, says official report DGMOs speak on hotline, offer came from Pak 11 THE IDEAS PAGE Dividends of peaceful dissent In Pakistan, Pathan youth spearhead a movement questioning the state. There is a lesson in this for Kashmir’s young MUZAMIL JALEEL SUSHANT SINGH NEW DELHI, MAY 29 NEW DELHI, MAY 29 SIGNALLING A significant step forward in the thawing of relations between India and Pakistan, the Director Generals of Military Operations (DGMOs) of the two armies spoke on the hotline and “agreed to fully implement the Ceasefire Understanding of 2003 in letter and spirit forthwith” on the Line of Control (LoC) in Jammu and Kashmir. Both countries have been trading fire across the LoC This reiteration of ceasefire on the LoC follows Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh’s “ceasefire” announcement on May 16 that security forces will terminate all offensive operations in GOVT & POLITICS ● WILL TALK IF PAK IS IN: HURRIYAT, P 8 CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 ALMOST HALF the recruitments into militant ranks in the Valley after the killing of Hizbul Mujahideen commander Burhan Wani came from within 10 km of the residences of killed militants or encounter sites and these recruitments took place within 40 days of the encounters. These are among the findings ofsecurity agencies in J&K, part of a report on militancy and recruit- ment in the region that set the stage for the Ramzan ceasefire. The report analysed 43 encounters since November 5, 2016, until April 26 this year, in which 77 militants were killed. After the death of Burhan Wani on July 8, 2016, 121 militants have been killed and 216 local youths joined militancy. Of these, 104 were directly linked to the killing of militants in their area or a killed militant belonged to their area. Consider the key findings of the report, which analysed the CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 President rejects first mercy plea: Murder of six of family in Bihar RAHUL TRIPATHI NEW DELHI, MAY 29 PRESIDENT RAM Nath Kovind has rejected the mercy petition of murder convict Jagat Rai whose death sentence was upheld by the Supreme Court almost five years ago. This is the first mercy petition to be decided by President Kovind — it is learnt that detailed consultations were held over 10 months. Incidentally, the case is from Bihar where Kovind served as Governor before taking over as President last July. Along with his accomplices, Jagat Rai was convicted of killing five children and the wife of one Vijendra Mahato by setting their house on fire while they were fast asleep on the night of January 1, 2006 at Rampur Shyamchand village in Vaishali district of Bihar. In September 2013, the Supreme Court upheld the death sentence for Rai, ruling that the gravity of offence was such that this case fell into the category of “rarest of rare” cases. Officials in the Ministry of Home Affairs told The Indian Express that Rai’s mercy petition was sent last year to then President Pranab Mukherjee who could not, however, take any decision since the process to elect the 14th President had been initiated. By the time he demitted office last July, President Mukherjee had decided on 34 mercy pleas — he rejected 30 and, in four cases, granted pardon. His record of rejecting mercy pleas is second only to President R Venkataraman (1987-92) who declined 45 mercy pleas. President K R Narayanan (1997-2002) did not act on any mercy petition while his successor President Abdul Kalam (2002-2007) disposed two mercy pleas. President Pratibha Patil (2007-2012) commuted sentences in 34 mercy pleas and rejected only five. Officials said President Kovind studied Rai’s petition and rejected it only after seeking RITIKA CHOPRA NEW DELHI, MAY 29 THE REVISED NCERT textbooks place new emphasis on a fresh set of nationalist icons, many of whom, the BJP and right organisations claim, were deliberately sidelined in the country’s collective memory. Spiritual leaders Sri Aurobindo and Swami Vivekananda, freedom fighters Lala Lajpat Rai and Vallabhbhai Patel, Peshwa and Maratha general Bajirao Ballal, Jat king Suraj Mal, Rajput icon Maharana Pratap and Chhatrapati Shivaji, founder of the Maratha empire, have either been introduced or have more space dedicated to them in the new History textbooks that hit the shelves two months ago. The Indian Express, in a month-long exercise, compared old and revised versions of 25 textbooks meant for Classes 6 to 10, across five subjects — History, Geography, Political Science, The skies over Kochi darkened Tuesday to herald the arrival of the monsoon. Nirmal Harindran 13 WORLD FOUR KILLED IN BELGIUM SHOOTOUT CBSE results in, three Delhi students kill self EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE NEW DELHI, MAY 29 AN INDEPENDENT valuation of the jewellery and pearls seized by the Enforcement Directorate (ED) from the firms and residence of fugitive diamond jeweller Nirav Modi has pegged its value at over Rs 485 crore, which is just 27 per cent of the book value of about Rs 1,780 crore declared by Modi’s firms, sources have told The Indian Express. The investigative agencies probing Modi for the alleged Rs 6,498 crore fraudulent transactions at the state-owned Punjab National Bank (PNB) are now of the view that the firms owned by 10 THE MONSOON IS HERE KHUSHBOO NARAYAN Valued at Rs 485 cr, was shown as Rs 1,780 cr MUMBAI, MAY 29 the jeweller may have inflated the value of jewellery in their account books. According to sources, much of the over-valuation of jewellery and pearls has been detected in five units of Modi’s firms located in the Special Economic Zone (SEZ) of Surat. For instance, the book value of pearls and gold held by the Surat SEZ units ofFirestar International Pvt Ltd, Firestar Diamond Pvt Ltd, SUMMIT: NORTH KOREA OFFICIAL HEADS TO UNITED STATES GUJARAT PAGE 4 ● INFANT DEATHS: HOSPITAL CLAIMS IT GOT CLEAN CHIT CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 HOURS AFTER the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) declared its Class X exam results, with an overall pass percentage of 86.70, three students committed suicide in separate incidents in Delhi, with police attributing the deaths to disappointment over performance. Police identified the three as a 15-year-old girl from Ryan International School in Vasant Kunj; a 15-year-old boy from M R Vivekananda Model School in Dwarka; and, a 16-year-old girl from the School ofOpen Learning. According to police, the girl from Vasant Kunj died after hanging herself from the ceiling fan at her house, while the boy from Dwarka committed suicide by hanging himself from the door frame of the drawing room, using a dupatta belonging to his mother. The third student slashed her wrists and hanged herself from a ceiling fan in her house in Dabri, said police. The three were among the 16,24,682 students who appeared for the Class X board exams, which were reintroduced this year after the CBSE scrapped the previous Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation (CCE) system under which students were awarded grades. In Vasant Kunj, DCP Milind Dumbre said the girl’s father is an officer with the Enforcement Directorate. “We received a PCR call around 4.45 pm from Fortis hospital that a girl had CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 ● PAGE ONE ANCHOR A VILLAGE WHERE PROHIBITION HAS A SILVER LINING : SAFER HOMES AND MORE MONEY SANTOSH SINGH MANJHIYAMA (ARWAL), MAY 29 OVER THE last two months, a survey conducted by jail officials across Bihar showed that the share of its weakest sections, especially SC and ST, among those arrested under prohibition far outstripped their share in the state’s population. Yet, there is a reason why the government continues to flaunt prohibition as a landmark achievement. It can be seen on the faces of women in hundreds of villages across the state, like Manjhiyama in Arwal district, where the alco- PROHIBITION IN BIHAR THE FALLOUT AN EXPRESS SERIES-PART-III Asha Devi, 40, is happy that her husband has stopped beating her. Ashok Sinha hol ban has meant more money in households, new houses and a better life. “I don’t get beaten up by my husband now. Whatever he 25 NEW NCERT TEXT BOOKS AN EXPRESS SERIES-PART-II BUSINESS AS USUAL BY UNNY CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Nirav Modi’s jewellery estimated at less than 30% of book value New set of icons in history books: Bajirao to Maharana Pratap earns, he gives it to me. Whatever people may say, Nitish Kumar has done a very good thing by ban- ning liquor,” says Asha Devi, 40, in Manjhiyama, around 100 km southwest of Patna. When The Indian Express met Asha, she was preparing to serve lunch — rice and besan curry — to her husband Sanjeev Sah, and their two young daughters and a son. Such family moments, she says, were rare when Sanjeev, a tractor driver, used to spend most of his spare time and money on alcohol. “I earn Rs 7,000 per month and earlier, on most days, I would head to the liquor shop at the first opportunity. Now, I head directly back home,” says Sah with a sheepish smile. In Manjhiyama, with a population of around 5,500, the most visible signs of progress CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 RELATED REPORT, PAGE 4 THE EDITORIAL PAGE Bengaluru’s message to BJP BY RAM MADHAV
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