TheIndian EXPRESS LATE CITY, 18+4(NEWSLINE) PAGES, PUNE, `5.00 ● TUESDAY, JUNE 5, 2018 ● WWW.INDIANEXPRESS.COM DAILY FROM: AHMEDABAD, CHANDIGARH, DELHI, JAIPUR, KOLKATA, LUCKNOW, MUMBAI, NAGPUR, PUNE, VADODARA Our dynamic lifestyle has given a push to the use-and-throw culture. As a result, the plastic waste is piling up alarmingly in last few years. It takes unacceptably long to degrade plastic biologically. This augments its worrisome shade in overall waste. That’s why it was the need of the hour to put in place proper regulations in its regard. Ban on plastic is our responsibility if we wish to safeguard our enriched environment in future. Participation offered by us for this cause is going to be the cornerstone towards environment conservation. HON. SHRI. DEVENDRA FADNAVIS, Chief Minister, Maharashtra Hon.Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis in talks with representatives of plastic products; also seen Hon. Environment Minister Ramdas Kadam, Hon. Aaditya Thackeray and other products’ representatives. ■■■ Several states in India have already imposed a ban on plastic. The plastic carry-bags, use-and-throw glasses made of thermocol, the decorative material produced from thermocol, which is incidentally used only once during our festivals, has turned into a massive crisis. This prompted us to hold a year-long session of deliberations on various levels which culminated into a decision to ban plastic. I hereby make an insistent appeal to all to make an iron-clad resolution to banish plastic carry-bags and decorative thermocol for good. HON. SHRI. RAMDAS KADAM, Minister for Environment ■■■ The onus of providing excellent health and a vibrant environment to our future generation is on the present generation. The off-balance usage of plastic and the plastic waste generated out of it has posed a colossal problem on a global level. This has prompted countries like Kenya to clamp down stringent ban on plastic. Now our society is welcoming our unequivocal decision to banish plastic and thermocol. This decision is going to lay the foundation of environment conservation. This is also going to be the baton of environment protection which we would be handing over to our future generations for a better tomorrow. HON. SHRI. PRAVEEN POTE-PATIL, Minister of State for Environment ■■■ Plastic carry-bags which turn into plastic waste after use have created a severe catastrophe in the form of pollution. It has already been proved that the Hon Environment Minister Ramdas Kadam, Hon Additional Chief Secretary, Environment Satish Gavai and M.P.C Board’s Hon Member Dr P Anbalgam discussing policy issues related to plastic ban in a divisional meeting. JOURNALISM OF COURAGE Hon Minister of State, Environment, Pravin Pote Patil and M.P.C Board’s Hon Member Dr P Anbalgam and others are seen discussing issues related to plastic ban Plastic Ban Notification… A need of Present Era ■ Nandkumar N Gurav L OOK AROUND us and spot some items, they are entirely made from plastic or has some plastic ingredient. Our cell phones, our vehicles, and even the shoes which we’re wearing all may contain plastic or some part of plastic.As in chronological development of material like stone to wood, wood to metal, metal to ceramic and ceramic to plastic.Plastic era stand in a very critical line of question. International union of pure and applied chemistry define plastic as – Plastics are the material consisting of any of a wide range of synthetic or semi-synthetic organic compounds that are malleable. Plastics are typically organic polymers of high molecular mass and often contain other substances. They are usually synthetic, most commonly derived from petrochemicals, however, an array of variants are made from renewable materials such as polylactic acid from corn or cellulosics from cotton linters. Relatively low cost, ease of manufacture, versatility,and imperviousness to water,plastics are used in a multitude of products of different scale. In developed economies,about a third of plastic is used in packaging and roughly the same in buildings in applications such as piping, plumbing or vinyl siding. Other uses include automobiles (up to 20% plastic), furniture, and toys. In the developing world,the applications of plastic may differ — 42% of India's consumption is used in packaging. The main category of plastics include: A. Recyclable Plastics (Thermoplastics): PET, HDPE, LDPE, PP, PVC, PS, etc. B. Non-Recyclable Plastics (Thermoset & others): Multilayer & Laminated Plastics, PUF, Bakelite, Polycarbonate, Melamine, Nylon etc. As per Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, 62 million tons of solid waste is generated annually in India out of which 5.6 Million tons is plastic waste. In the state of Maharashtra approximately 23449.66 MT/D solid waste is being generated from urban local bodies.Generally 5 - 6% of waste is consists of Plastic waste in solid waste therefore approximately 1200 MT/D plastic waste is generated in the state of Maharashtra. Plastic is a substance the earth cannot digest.It requires several years for decomposition. Plastic pollution is the accumulation of plastic products in the environment that adversely affects wildlife, wildlife habitat, or humans. Often this includes killing plant life and posing dangers to local animals.Plastic pollution has become an epidemic. As plastic is composed of major toxic pollutants,it has the potential to cause great harm to the environment in the form of air, water and land pollution. Every year, we throw away enough plastic to circle the Earth four times. Much of that waste doesn’t make it into a landfill,but instead ends up in our oceans. It has been brought to the notice about usage and disposal of plastic are diverse and include accumulation of waste in landfills,water bodies and in natural habitats,physical problems for wild animals resulting from ingestion or entanglement in plastic, the leaching of chemicals from plastic products and the potential for plastic to transfer chemicals to wildlife and humans are increasing.Because of nonbiodegradable plastic waste handling of municipal solid waste becomes difficult and incurs more financial burden and also due to burning such waste in open environment causes various diseases in human and animals, the Government of Maharashtra on 3rd March 2006 published the Maharashtra Plastic Carry Bags (Manufacture and Usage) Rules, 2006 issued on the background of floods in the state in 2005. The said notification restricted manufacturing,usages,sale of Plastic carry bags made of virgin or recycled plastic to size not less than 8 x 12 inches and thickness not less than 50 microns. Despite of ban on plastic bags lesser than 50 microns there is increase in non-biodegradable plastic waste causing damage to the environment and health. The Government of Maharashtra, in exercise of clause 1 and 2 of section 4 of Maharashtra Non-biodegradable Garbage (Control) Act, 2006, notified the Maharashtra Plastic and Thermocol Products (Manufacture,Usage,Sale,Transport,Han- same plastic carry-bag is the chief cause of floods and deluges during the rains. A cloth bag is an excellent alternative to this plastic carry-bag. The citizens are embracing the ban on plastic and thermocol imposed by the State Government in order to curb the pollution. Let’s make a joint promise to implement this decision in letter and spirit. HON. SHRI. DINESH KUMAR JAIN (I.A.S.), Chief Secretary, Govt of Maharashtra ■■■ Unlimited use of plastic bags has given birth to critical problem of Environmental pollution. There is voluminous upsurge of plastic garbage due to the changing life style which can be aptly described as “Use it once and throw it”. Therefore, the government’s latest decision to ban use of plastic and thermocol products will help conservation and protection of our environment. People’s participation on massive scale is also essential in strict implementations of the governmental measures. SATISH GAVAI (I.A.S.), Additional Chief Secretary, Department of Environment. dling and Storage) Notification, 2018 on 23rd March,2018 and amended on 11th April, 2018. As per the said Notification, the manufacture, usage, transport, distribution, wholesale & retail sale and storage, import of the plastic bags with handle without handle, and the disposable products manufactured from plastic & thermocol (polystyrene) such as single use disposable dish, cups, plates, glasses, fork, bowl, container, disposable dish/bowl used for packaging food in hotels , spoon, straw, non-woven polypropylene bags, cups/pouches to store liquid, packaging with plastic to wrap or store the products, packaging of food items and food grain material etc.is banned.Use of plastic and thermocol for decoration purpose is banned. Use, purchase, sale, storage and manufacture of PET or PETE bottles made up of high quality food grade virgin Bisphenol-A free material and printed on it with predefined buy back price is allowed subject to certain conditions. “PET or PETE bottle manufacturers, producer, sellers and traders under ‘Extended Producers & Sellers / Traders Responsibility’ will develop ‘BuyBack Depository Mechanism’ with predefined buy-back price printed specifically on the bottles. They shall also set-up collection and recycling units of adequate capacity and number to collect and recycle the used bottles. PET or PETE bottles having liquid holding capacity 1 ltr. or more, buyback price of Rs.1/-, while for 0.5 ltrs. and less, the buy-back price of Rs.2/- shall be printed on the body of the bottles.” While Plastic bags or plastic used for packaging of medicines are exempted from ban. Compostable plastic bags or material used only for plant nurseries, horticulture, agriculture, handling of solid waste are also exempted. However, bags/sheets utilised for this purpose shall be prominently printed on it with “use exclusively for this specific purpose only”. The manufacturer or seller of the compostable carry bags shall obtain certificate from the Central Pollution Control Board before marketing or selling for this purpose. Manufacture of plastic and plastic bags for export purpose only, in SEZ and export oriented units etc. is also exempted. Plastic cover/ plastic to wrap the material at the manufacturing stage or is an in- ■■■ Banning plastic was the dire need of the hour. Plastic and thermocol are things which are used only once and then discarded to the waste bins. Disposing of plastic articles such as straws and thermocol eating plates is a humongous task. The policy to ban plastic is certainly going to go a long way in arresting the pollution caused by it. Let’s give a thumping welcome to this decision and enforce the same as effectively as possible. HON. SHRI. MILIND MHAISKAR (I.A.S.), Chairman, M.P.C.B Continued on Page 2 ➤➤➤ ■■■ The problem of plastic has ensnared the entire world. The plastic has laid to waste even public places such as religious shrines, railway stations, S.T. stands, tourist places etc. Years after years pass away but the plastic remains undecomposed. This ever rising scale of plastic waste has turned into a terribly monstrous problem. The ban on plastic shall reign in this situation and that’s why every citizen is required to contribute to this initiative. HON. SHRI. DR.P. ANBALAGAN (I.A.S.), Member Secretary We must acknowledge the changing environment ■ Sanjay Bhuskute 5 TH OF June is celebrated as theWorld Environment Day across the globe.This was the very day on which the world saw the first deliberations on the topic of changing environment at the Stockholm conference. That is why this day was designated as the World Environment Day. This is the day on which the world joins its hands together to express the need of adopting a concrete stand on changing climate and mitigating the issues which may raise their ugly heads due to pollution. Clearly, it was understood early on that the changing climate could potentially imperil the human life and deteriorate the nature.Though the scientific and technological advancements achieved in the past half decade ap- pears thrilling in hindsight, the discussion on the changing environment has unfortunately failed to progress beyond the level of discussion.In fact,actual action beyond discussions and policy decisions taken on the varying matters such as changing climate,increasing pollution and deterioration of environment along with wildlife could have gone a long way in preparing ourselves for battling the mega monster of global warming today. Man lives for about a 100 years, give or take a few. However, in the wake of his progress on the road of development, he has left behind a ruined nature.Problems such as solid waste,plastic carrybags,e-waste,felling of trees,scarcity of water and brazen release of sewage directly in rivers and water bodies have besieged the entire nation. Hon. Prime Minister Shri. Narendraji Modi, in his very first address to the nation from the Red Fort on the Indian Independence Day,appealed to the people of this country for exercise more awareness for cleanliness.He had said that nobody would dare soil our country if 120 Crores of its population resolutely decide to keep it clean.He fervently urged his fellow countrymen to clean every nook and corner of the nation.But this begs for the question as to whether we can boast of our progressiveness if,after no less than 60 years of independence, the Hon. Prime Minister is compelled to appeal the citizens for cleanliness.Have we really achieved development? Our development is not conducive to human life.It is neither complementary to health not it is helpful in preserving the nature. It is posing fresh questions with each passing day.Then how can we pat our backs for being progressive? On one hand we dream to become a super power and on the other hand we, as Indian citizens,blatantly neglect finding solutions to issues of environment and pollution which are closer to civil life than anything. Today several grievous problems such as solid waste management etc are acquiring formidable forms right from a metropolitan city like Mumbai to the villages in rural regions. In fact, if every household takes pains to separate dry and wet waste, then the dumping grounds will receive only 20% of garbage. Today, about nine thousand tons of garbage is collected from Mumbai. Separation of this garbage into dry and wet waste shall only leave 1500 to 1800 tons of garbage to be dumped on the garbage depots. If a machinery is set up to make proper disposal of this garbage then it would be pretty easy to resolve this issue.However this would not be a reality if it lacks people’s participation with national inspiration. Now who is accountable?The answer is – everyone of us. Because it is the damage caused by us that has ruined the nature.When we suffer an extreme rainfall or cloud bursts, we begin blaming those on the Kaliyaga (Age of the Evil) and fear for our survival.But the moment everything returns to a bit normal, we resume discarding plastic carrybags of less than 50 microns thickness on roads. Even doing away with such bad habits would be like blowing a new trumpet for a rich environment in the future. At the very least, we can comply wholeheartedly with the ban imposed by the State Government on plastic and thermocol. Let’s abandon the insistence on plastic carry-bag and begin carrying a cloth-bag. Concept: Sanjay Bhuskute * ( READ. ENGAGE. DELIVER.) IS THE MARKETING SOLUTIONS TEAM OF THE INDIAN EXPRESS GROUP
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