TheIndian EXPRESS LATE CITY, 16 PAGES, JAIPUR, `5.00 ● TUESDAY, JUNE 5, 2018 ● WWW.INDIANEXPRESS.COM DAILY FROM: AHMEDABAD, CHANDIGARH, DELHI, JAIPUR, KOLKATA, LUCKNOW, MUMBAI, NAGPUR, PUNE, VADODARA JOURNALISM OF COURAGE Days after Kairana, Govt ready with package for sugar belt MONETARY POLICY REVIEW Coreinflation transitory,no needforRBIto panic:Nitichief EXPRESS NETWORK LALMANI VERMA NEW DELHI, JUNE 4 MOVING TO address the crisis in thesugarbelt,especiallyinwestern Uttar Pradesh where it became a poll issue and led to the defeat of the ruling BJP in Kairana last week, the Centre is all set to announce a set of relief measuresforsugarcanefarmers. Sources in the government said a package of around Rs 8,000 crore may be announced to reduce the stress in the sugar industry with an eye on clearing the dues of sugarcane farmers. Thefirstmeasureinthepackage, sources said, will include creation of a buffer stock of 30 LMT (lakh metric tonnes) for whichmoneywillbetransferred directly to the accounts of sugarcane farmers. The creation of such a buffer stock — with a carrying cost (towards interests, storageandinsurance)of around Rs 1,200 crore — is intended to ease the pressure on the sugar ● PUNJAB FARMER UNIONS TO CALL OFF BANDH, PAGE 3 industry, sources said. Another part of the package, sources said, is likely to be a scheme, worth around Rs 4,400 crore, to increase ethanol production capacity in the country. Thiswillhelpindiversionof sugarcane for ethanol production in a surplus season to facilitate timely payment of sugarcane dues to farmers. In addition, the government is looking to set a minimum price for sale of sugar at around CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Central bank’s overreaction is always a concern, says Rajiv Kumar SUNNY VERMA & ANIL SASI NEW DELHI, JUNE 4 HEADS OF STATES President Ram Nath Kovind, Prime Minister Narendra Modi with Governors Kaptan Singh Solanki and Ram Naik at the conference of Governors at Rashtrapati Bhavan, Monday. PTI 62% of tribal land claims Army stages flag march, Shillong rejected in Maharashtra, on edge, CM says normalcy soon official figures show ABHISHEK SAHA Interlocutor underlines: for J&K talks, need to cool tempers KAVITHA IYER MUZAMIL JALEEL MUMBAI, JUNE 4 MORE THAN 62 per cent of claimsfiledbytribalsforindividual land titles in Maharashtra under the Forest Rights Act have been rejected, according to data compiled till March 31, 2018, by the state’s Tribal Development departmentandaccessedbyThe Indian Express. Records show that of the 3,59,745 claims for Individual ForestRights(IFR)submittedunder the law that came into force in 2006, 2,24,874 claims, or 62.5 per cent, were rejected in a three-tier process involving local bodies (see box, page 2). These include 51,348 claims rejected by Gram Sabhas, 1,70,126 by Sub-Divisional Level Committees (SDLCs) and 3,390 by District Level Committees (DLCs). Of the appeals filed by IFRclaimants,only41.37percent were accepted by DLCs, includ- DEAR EDITOR , I DISAGREE Introducing a fortnightly column in which we invite readers to tell us why when they disagree with the editorial positions or news coverage of The Indian Express BUSINESS AS USUAL BY UNNY ing claimants rejected previously and those who sought amendmentsinacreagegranted. Records show the government processed 3,35,660, or 93 per cent, of the IFR claims it received.Of the1,10,786claimsaccepted,landtitleshavebeendistributed to 1,10,589 claimants covering 2,60,271.52 acres. Implementation of the Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (RecognitionofForestRights)Act was the central demand of the nearly 40,000 adivasi protestors whoundertooka“longmarch”of 180 km from Nashik to Mumbai in March. Their agitation ended with Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavisassuringthathisgovernment would resolve their grievances regarding pending claims and appeals within six months. Thisiswhatrecordsaccessed by The Indian Express show: ■ In Nandurbar district, where tribals comprise nearly CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 SHILLONG, JUNE 4 CURFEW WAS imposed across Shillong Monday afternoon and the Army staged a flag march as authorities battled to quell protests and street clashes that have rocked the Meghalaya capital ever since an altercation between a Khasi boy and a Punjabi woman last Thursday escalated into a violent showdown between the two communities. Chief Minister Conrad Sangma said steps were being taken to restore normalcy. “Hopefully, very soon. But it will be difficult for me to say by which particular date. But we will see improvement in the situation in the days to come. We have got a positive response (from the various delegations),” Sangma told reporters at the state secretariat in the evening. There was commotion when a delegation of protesters showed up at the secretariat to submit a memorandum to the Facebook gave device makers access to user data to enable features GABRIEL J X DANCE, NICHOLAS CONFESSORE & MICHAEL LAFORGIA Curfew being enforced in Shillong, Saturday. PTI Chief Minister. Eyewitnesses said members of the delegation tried to forcibly enter the secretariat campus and police tried to stop them. Sangma, however, played down the incident. “There was no breakdown of law and order. They had come to submit a memorandum. they needed to meet the CM and the government.theyalsospokeof theeconomic hardships the poor peo- 7 WORLD TIANANMEN:US ASKSCHINATO REVEALFINAL DEATHTOLL Data sharing deals with 60 device makers NEW YORK, JUNE 4 FACEBOOK HAS struck a number of agreements allowing phone and other device makers access to vast amounts of its users’ personal information. Facebook reached datasharing partnerships with at least 60 device makers, including Apple, Amazon, BlackBerry, Microsoft and Samsung, over the last decade, starting before Facebook apps were widely available on smartphones, company officials said. The deals let device makers offer customers popular features of the social network, such as messaging, “like” buttons and address NEW DELHI, JUNE 4 books. Facebook allowed the device companies access to the data of users’ friends without their explicit consent, even after declaring that it would no longer share such information with outsiders. Some device makers could retrieve personal information even from users’ friends who believed they had barred any sharing. NEW YORK TIMES DETAILS, PAGE 7 KIM SHAKES UP TOP MILITARY BRASS EXPRESS NETWORK ● BJP REACHES OUT TO ALLIES IN BIHAR, CALLS NDA MEET, PAGE 5 ple were facing due to various problems. they wanted to meet the Chief Secretary and then the Chief Minister. We were happy to meet them,” he said. The Army, meanwhile, conducted a flag march in the city to reassure residents. PTIadds:About1,000central paramilitary personnel have beensenttoMeghalayatotackle the situation in Shillong. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 DINESHWAR SHARMA, the Centre’s interlocutor for Jammu andKashmir,hassaidsentiments havetobeaddressedandthelevel ofviolenceinthe Valley has to be brought down before any politicaldialoguecan be initiated. A former IB director, Sharma, who is Dineshwar credited with Sharma advocating the amnesty programme for Kashmiri youth booked for stone-pelting and for persuading the Centre to announce the Ramzan ceasefire, in a recent conversation with The Indian Express, said: “The biggest challenge in Kashmir today is to calmdownthesentimentsof the CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 AN “OVERREACTION” by the ReserveBankof Indiainitsmonetary policy review, which got gotunderwayMonday,isanarea of concern for the Government, Niti Aayog Vice Chairman Rajiv Kumar told The Indian Express. The visible increase in core inflation could just be a “transitory phase” and the central bank “shouldn’t panic into believing that this is a sign of inflationary expectations getting entrenched”, Kumar said. Core inflation, which excludes food and fuel components, was at 5.92 per cent in April while general CPI (ConsumerPriceIndex)inflation stood at 4.58 per cent in the same month. As core inflation rises,thereisanexpectationthat the RBI may hike its key policy lending rate, or the repo rate. The Monetary Policy Committee (MPC), the rate-setting body of the RBI, began its second bi-monthly review from June 4-6 in Mumbai. Asked whether the RBI may overreact to rise in CPI inflation, Kumar said: “RBI’s overreaction is always a concern. The word is overreaction and the key is how you define overreaction. Here, 8 THEEDITORIAL PAGE 15-year-old girl becomes first to pass Class X in Haryana village in 2 years HINA ROHTAKI REHNA (PANCHKULA), JUNE 4 DRESSED IN a blue salwarkameez, a white dupatta over her head, Musra Khatun works the sewing machine at her home, stitching her school uniform.Untillastweek,Musrawas just another 15-year-old in Rehna. Now she is a local celebrity. She is the only student of her class from her school as well as her village to have passed the Class 10 Haryana board exams this year. No student from the school or village had passed the exams last year either. The Government Senior Secondary School in Rehna, a Muslim-majority village in Raipur Rani block of Panchkula district,wasupgradedtoClass12 only in 2014-15. Until then, it was up to Class 8. Monetary policy review in Mumbai from June 4-6 thekeyisthatcoreinflationisalreadyhigherthanretailinflation. That’s something of a worry. I looked at the composition of core inflation. The three biggest contributors are health, education and real estate, a sector which has been down and not findingbuyers.Butforsomereason, prices have picked up in the real estate sector. The reason may be that housing allowance has been raised.” He said all the three components adding to core inflation could be temporary and do not signal any permanent rise in inflationary expectations. “But the pointisallthesethreecouldwell betransitory.Atthebeginningof the fiscal year, everybody is raising fees and charges. So in my view,RBIshouldn’tpanicintobelieving that this is sign of inflationary expectations getting entrenched,becominggeneralised. So I would, therefore, define overreactionastodoinganything more than maintaining a pause at this stage,” he said. The six-member MPC has kept benchmark interest rates CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Fuel for thought BY KIRIT S PARIKH Jharkhand: No ration, no food at home, woman ‘starves’ to death PRASHANT PANDEY RANCHI, JUNE 4 Musra Khatun stitches her school dress in Rehna village , Panchkula. Jaipal Singh Out of 35 students in the first batch from the school to write the Class 10 exam in March 2016 (at the time of upgradation, children were taken in in classes 9 and 11, and hence wrote their first boards the next year) only five passed. In 2016-17, all the 41 students of the second batch of Class 10 to write the exam at the school failed. This year, of the 63 students whowrotetheClass10exam,23 of them girls, 41 included those who had failed last year. They all CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 A DAY after the alleged starvation death of a 58-year-old woman in Jharkhand’s Giridih district, an official team that visited her home found no food in the house. A probe has been ordered into why Savitri Devi, a resident of Mangargaddi village inDumriblock,didnothavearation card and whether she had formally applied for one. Savitri Devi died sometime on Saturday,after reportedlybeing without food for three days. She lived with her two daughters-in-law and four grandchildren, all surviving on the little money sent by her elder son, working in a private company in Maharashtra. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 ● PAGE ONE ANCHOR IIT ENGINEERS TAP NUCLEAR BAN MONITOR TO BUILD A WHALE ATLAS Team draws on signals from CTBTO system in conservation project SOWMIYA ASHOK NEW DELHI, JUNE 4 ITISanindecipherablecall.Ithas popped up every year for the past 15 years, around the same month, but for the two IITMadras engineers listening in, they “don’t know where it is coming from” — or how much the thing, speaking this tongue, weighs. “We are picking up a very strongcall,intheentiredataset,” Nikita Pinto, MS student at IITM’s department of ocean engi- neering,toldTheIndianExpress. “Every year, it turns up at the same month. We don’t really know which whale is making this sound. We can’t find it in previouspublishedliteraturebut it is a distinct sound.” Pinto and her colleague, assistant professor Tarun K Chandrayadula, are tracing migratory patterns of baleen whales, among the largest animals on earth, across the Indian Ocean to build a “whale atlas.” Borrowing acoustic signals recordedbyCTBTO,thecomprehensive nuclear-test-ban treaty organisation, which monitors nuclear testing across the world, the two have just begun a research project to map whales in the region. “We use the vast recordings from the CTBTO network to get the acoustic data. These hydrophones are deployed in groups of three, and are referred to as triads. These triads are currently in place at Diego Garcia (central Indian Ocean), Cape Leuwin (Western Australia), and Crozet Islands (close to Antarctica),” says Chandrayadula. They are developing a method to detect and localise whales Though the hydrophones that record low frequency soundsfromlessthan10Hztoup to 100 Hz are only a few in number, low frequency sounds travel far in the deep ocean. “They propagate up to thousands of kilometres, because of a special waveguide property of the ocean,” he says. The two engineers are working with recordings since the early 2000s. “A big contributor to the background spectrum are sounds made by fin whales, and blue whales. These animals make these sounds while scouring long distances across the ocean basins, looking for mates and food,” says Chandrayadula. The blue whale, and fin whale populations are currently endangered. “Acoustics is thus a vital part of their life cycle. We are currently using these acoustic recordings to track the whales,theirmigratorypatterns, and their potential relationship tochangingoceanicconditions,” he says. Pintosummarisestheirwork by saying they are developing a method to detect and localise whales. “This field of marine mammalbio-acoustics,ismostly dominatedbypeoplewhoarebiologists and in this case marine biologists who are, looking at Jaipur data and trying to make inferences and predictions about whatisgoingtohappenandhow they(whales)aregoingtochange their behaviour,” she says. “We are looking at this more from an engineering-math angle, rather than how whales are behaving. It would be interesting to see how our work and the outcome of that could help marinebiologists,conservationpolicy experts and even help better map shipping routes that avoid places where whales congregate,” says Pinto. Mapping the whales is important for conservation. “If we CONTINUED ON PAGE 2
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