TheIndian EXPRESS LATE CITY, 18 PAGES, KOLKATA `5.00/EX-KOLKATA `6.00 (`12 IN NORTH EAST STATES & ANDAMAN ● TUESDAY, JUNE 5, 2018 ● WWW.INDIANEXPRESS.COM DAILY FROM: AHMEDABAD, CHANDIGARH, DELHI, JAIPUR, KOLKATA, LUCKNOW, MUMBAI, NAGPUR, PUNE, VADODARA WORLD ENVIRONMENT DAY Sugar belt in deep crisis, Govt ready with package for farmers, industry LALMANI VERMA BENGAL PAGE 3 ● VISVA-BHARATI EXEC COUNCIL MEMBER CHALLENGES ACTING V-C’S TERM EXTENSION DEAR EDITOR , I DISAGREE Introducing a fortnightly column in which we invite readers to tell us why, when they disagree with the editorial positions or news coverage of The Indian Express The Ideas Page, P 9 BUSINESS AS USUAL BY UNNY JOURNALISM OF COURAGE NEW DELHI, JUNE 4 MOVING TO address the crisis in thesugarbelt,especiallyinwestern Uttar Pradesh where it became a poll issue and saw the ruling BJP being defeated in Kairana last week, the Centre is all set to announce a set of relief measuresforsugarcanefarmers. Government sources said a packageof aroundRs8,000crore maybeannouncedtoreducethe stress in the sugar industry with an eye on clearing the dues of sugarcane farmers. Thefirstmeasureinthepackage, sources said, will include creation of a buffer stock of 30 LMT (lakh metric tonnes). This quantity of sugar will remain in thegodownsof mills,buttheentire carrying cost (towards interest, storage and insurance charges)of aroundRs1,200crore would be met by the government. This should improve the liquidity of mills, enabling them to pay farmers. Another part of the package, sources said, is likely to be a scheme, worth around Rs 4,400 crore, to increase ethanol production capacity in the country. Thiswillhelpindiversionof sugarcane for ethanol production in 8 Coreinflation transitory,no needforRBIto panic:Nitichief PUNJAB FARMERS TO CALL OFF STIR New Delhi: As the agitation by farmers in several states entered the fourth day Monday, farmers in Punjab decided to call off their stir on June 6. REPORT, PAGE 11 a surplus season to facilitate timely payment of sugarcane dues to farmers. In addition, the government islookingtosetaminimumprice for sale of sugar at around Rs29/kgtohelpthesugarindustry. This is likely to be clubbed withamechanismtoensurethat mills don’t sell sugar beyond a certainquantity.Eachmillwillbe assigned a maximum quota of sugar they can sell every month. This, along with the 30 LMT buffer stock, will regulate suppliesinthemarketandhelpprop up sugar prices, sources said. During the Kairana bypoll, Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath, in his election rallies, admitted that sugarcane was an issue of concern. He gave an assurance to the farmers that CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Fuel for thought THEEDITORIAL PAGE MONETARY POLICY REVIEW BY KIRIT S PARIKH HEADS OF STATES President Ram Nath Kovind, Prime Minister Narendra Modi with Governors Kaptan Singh Solanki and Ram Naik at the conference of Governors at Rashtrapati Bhavan. PTI REPORT, P10 J&K interlocutor underlines: For talks, need to cool tempers first MUZAMIL JALEEL NEW DELHI, JUNE 4 DINESHWAR SHARMA, the Centre’s interlocutor for Jammu andKashmir,hassaidsentiments have to be addressed and the levelof violenceintheValleyhas to be brought down before any politicaldialoguecanbeinitiated. A former IB director, Sharma, who is credited with advocating the amnesty programme for Kashmiri youth booked for stone-pelting and for persuading the Centre to announce the Ramzan ceasefire, in a recent conversation with The Indian Express, said: “The biggest challengeinKashmirtodayistocalm downthesentimentsof thepeo- Rajnath with Sharma. The minister’s visit starts June 7 ple, particularly youth.” “Theotherissueswhichneed priorityattentionarehowtoprevent local youth from joining militancy; how to ensure the return of youth who have already joined; convince the youth that violence and gun will not bring solution to any problem but will only add to the miseries...; and, CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 INTERVIEW, PAGE 7 Central bank’s overreaction is always a concern, says Rajiv Kumar SUNNY VERMA & ANIL SASI NEW DELHI, JUNE 4 AN “OVERREACTION” by the ReserveBankof Indiainitsmonetary policy review, which got underway Monday, is an area of concern for the Government, Niti Aayog Vice Chairman Rajiv Kumar told The Indian Express. The visible increase in core inflation could just be a “transitory phase” and the central bank “shouldn’t panic into believing that this is a sign of inflationary expectations getting entrenched”, Kumar said. Core inflation, which excludes food and fuel components, was at 5.92 per cent in April while general CPI (ConsumerPriceIndex)inflation stood at 4.58 per cent in the same month. As core inflation rises,thereisanexpectationthat the RBI may hike its key policy lending rate, or the repo rate. The Monetary Policy Committee (MPC), the rate-setting body of the RBI, began its 62% of tribal land claims rejected DEATH OF TWO BJP WORKERS IN PURULIA’S BALARAMPUR After dark, vigilante groups take charge: in Maharashtra: Official figures KAVITHA IYER MUMBAI, JUNE 4 MORE THAN 62 per cent of claimsfiledbytribalsforindividual land titles in Maharashtra under the Forest Rights Act have been rejected, according to data compiled till March 31, 2018, by the state’s Tribal Development departmentandaccessedbyThe Indian Express. Records show that of the 3,59,745 claims for Individual ForestRights(IFR)submittedunder the law that came into force in 2006, 2,24,874 claims, or 62.5 per cent, were rejected in a three-tier process involving local bodies (see box, page 2). These include 51,348 claims rejected by Gram Sabhas, 1,70,126 by Sub-Divisional Level Committees (SDLCs) and 3,390 by District Level Committees (DLCs). Of the appeals filed by IFRclaimants,only41.37percent were accepted by DLCs, including claimants rejected previously and those who sought amendmentsinacreagegranted. Records show the government processed 3,35,660, or 93 per cent, of the IFR claims it received.Of the1,10,786claimsaccepted, land titles have been distributed to 1,10,589 claimants covering 2,60,271.52 acres. Implementation of the Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act was the central demand of thenearly40,000adivasiprotestors who undertook a “long march” of 180 km from Nashik to Mumbai in March. Their agitationendedwithChief Minister DevendraFadnavisassuringthat CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Facebook gave device makers access to user data to enable popular features GABRIEL J X DANCE, NICHOLAS CONFESSORE & MICHAEL LAFORGIA Data sharing deals with 60 device makers NEW YORK, JUNE 4 FACEBOOKHASstruckanumber of agreements allowing phone and other device makers access to vast amounts of its users’ personal information. Facebookreacheddata-sharing partnerships with at least 60 device makers, including Apple, Amazon, BlackBerry, Microsoft and Samsung, over the last decade,startingbeforeFacebook apps were widely available on smartphones, company officials said. The deals let device makers offercustomerspopularfeatures of the social network, such as messaging, “like” buttons and address books. Facebook allowed the device companies access to the data of users’ friends without their explicit consent, even after declaring that it would no longer share suchinformationwithoutsiders. Some device makers could retrievepersonalinformationeven fromusers’friendswhobelieved they had barred any sharing. NEW YORK TIMES DETAILS, PAGE 15 ‘No choice, can’t let killings continues’ second bi-monthly review from June 4-June 6 in Mumbai. Asked whether the RBI may overreact to rise in CPI inflation, Kumar said: “RBI’s overreaction is always a concern. The word is overreaction and the key is how you define overreaction. Here, thekeyisthatcoreinflationisalreadyhigherthanretailinflation. That’s something of a worry. I looked at the composition of core inflation. The three biggest contributors are health, education and real estate, a sector which has been down and is not findingbuyers.Butforsomereason, prices have picked up in the real estate sector. The reason may be that housing allowance has been raised.” He said all the three components adding to core inflation could be temporary and do not CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Jharkhand: No ration card, no food, woman ‘starves’ to death PRASHANT PANDEY RAVIK BHATTACHARYA RANCHI, JUNE 4 BALARAMPUR, JUNE 4 AS DARKNESS descended on Supurdi village on Sunday in Balarampur block of Purulia district, a group of men armed with bows and arrows, tangi, swords andspearsbegintheirpatrol,arecent practice after two people died here. BJP workers Trilochon Mahato in Supurdi village and DulalKumarinDavavillage,were found hanging last week. Those in the “protection group” say they are from rightwing outfits, some from the BJP and others from the Bajrang Dal. Despite the police claiming that at least one of the deaths was a suicide, these residents believe theircolleaguesweremurdered. AccordingtothoseTheIndian Expressspoketo,thereareatleast three to four such groups in each of the 90 villages with a strength rangingfrom20to40ineachvillage.Theyareactivefrom6pmto 6 am. While some are posted at theentryroutestovillagesothers roam through the less-frequented paths. “Our back is to the wall,” said ChotelalMahato,25,areaBJPYova Morchapresidentwhowaslead- Monetary policy review in Mumbai from June 4-6 From dusk to dawn, groups keep vigil at Supurdi village. Subham Dutta ing one group in Supurdi village. “We don’t trust the police. There is no choice than to take matters into our own hands and defend ourselves. We cannot let the killings continue. In both cases, our workers are abducted, killed and their bodies hanged, after dark.” About four km from Supurdi villageisBaghadivillagewherea similar armed group kept vigil. While some were seen manning the road, some others were on roofs of houses. “The men on the roof have a better view and alert us of danger. Here, we take turns to keep vigil,” said a 21-year-old student of Balarampur college who did not wish to be identified. He said he knew Trilochon Mahato, one of thosefounddeadlastweek,as his junior in college. “Outsiders without permissionarenotallowed.Wecheckall vehicles which enter our village after dark. My parents at home are worried,” said 24-year-old Aditya Mahato, an unemployed youth in Supurdi village. Thedailypatroltakesatollon their health, considering it is the season of sowing paddy, a major incomesourceformostresidents. CONTINUEDONPAGE2 A DAY after the alleged starvation death of a 58-year-old woman in Jharkhand’s Giridih district, an official team that visited her home found no food in the house. A probe has been ordered into why Savitri Devi, a resident of Mangargaddi village inDumriblock,didnothavearation card and whether she had formally applied for one. Savitri Devi died sometime on Saturday, after reportedly being without food for three days. She lived with her two daughters-in-law and four grandchildren, all surviving on the little money sent by her elder son, working in a private company in Maharashtra. The information of the death reached the administration on Sunday after Savitri Devi’s younger son, Hulas Mahato, reached home. Her husband died in 2010. No postmortem was conducted, and Jharkhand Food and Supply Minister Saryu Roy said on Monday that they would fix responsibilityforthis“lapse”.He also said he had directed the Deputy Commissioner to hold a CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 ● PAGE ONE ANCHOR IIT ENGINEERS TAP NUCLEAR TEST BAN MONITOR TO BUILD A WHALE ATLAS Team draws on signals from CTBTO system in conservation project SOWMIYA ASHOK NEW DELHI, JUNE 4 ITISanindecipherablecall.Ithas popped up every year for the past 15 years, around the same month, but for the two IIT-Madras engineers listening in, they “don’t know where it is coming from” — or how much the thing, speaking this tongue, weighs. “We are picking up a very strong call, in the entire dataset,” Nikita Pinto, MS student at the IIT’s department of ocean engineering, told The Indian Express. “Every year, it turns up at the same month. We don’t really know which whale is making this sound. We can’t find it in previouspublishedliteraturebut it is a distinct sound.” Pinto and her colleague, assistant professor Tarun K Chandrayadula, are tracing migratory patterns of baleen whales, among the largest animals on earth, across the Indian Ocean to build a “whale atlas.” Borrowing acoustic signals recordedbyCTBTO,thecomprehensive nuclear-test-ban treaty organisation, which monitors nuclear testing across the world, the two have just begun a research project to map whales in the region. “We use the vast recordings from the CTBTO network to get the acoustic data. These hydrophones are deployed in groups of three, and are referred to as triads. These triads are currently in place at Diego Garcia (central Indian Ocean), Cape Leuwin (Western Australia), and Crozet Islands (close to Antarctica),” says Chandrayadula. Though the hydrophones that record low frequency soundsfromlessthan10Hztoup to 100 Hz are only a few in number, low frequency sounds travel far in the deep ocean. “They propagate up to thousands of kilometres, because of a special waveguide property of the They are developing a method to detect and localise whales ocean,” he says. The two engineers are working with recordings since the early 2000s. “A big contributor to the background spectrum are sounds made by fin whales, and blue whales. These animals make these sounds while scouring long distances across the ocean basins, looking for mates and food,” says Chandrayadula. The blue whale, and fin whale populations are currently endangered. “Acoustics is thus a vital part of their life cycle. We are currently using these acoustic recordings to track the whales,theirmigratorypatterns, and their potential relationship tochangingoceanic conditions,” he says. Pintosummarisestheirwork by saying they are developing a method to detect and localise whales. “This field of marine mammalbio-acoustics,ismostly dominated by people who are biologistsandinthiscasemarine biologists who are, looking at data and trying to make inferences and predictions about what is going to happen and how they (whales) are going to change their behaviour,” she says. “We are looking at this more from an engineering-math angle, rather than how whales are behaving. It would be interesting to see how our work and the outcome of that could help marinebiologists,conservationpolicy experts and even help better map shipping routes that avoid places where whales congregate,” says Pinto. Mapping the whales is important for conservation. “If we know the position of the whales at different times of the year, we know where their habitats are, which conservationists can use. Population estimation is a key partof conservationefforts,”says Chandrayadula. “By tracking these animals we should be able to separate the sounds in location, so that we know if it is the same animal making sounds at a higher level, or actually different animals.” However, there are challenges. Locating a moving animal across the ocean basin is a difficult problem, he says. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2
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