TheIndian EXPRESS LATE CITY, 18 + 4 (NEWSLINE) PAGES, PUNE, `5.00 ● THURSDAY, JUNE 7, 2018 ● WWW.INDIANEXPRESS.COM ● DAILY FROM: AHMEDABAD, CHANDIGARH, DELHI, JAIPUR, KOLKATA, LUCKNOW, MUMBAI, NAGPUR, PUNE, VADODARA JOURNALISM OF COURAGE FIRST HIKE SINCE THE NDA GOVT TOOK CHARGE RBI hikes key rate, loans to cost more Repo rate up 25 basis points to 6.25 per cent, monetary policy committee keeps the stance neutral GEORGE MATHEW & KHUSHBOO NARAYAN MUMBAI, JUNE 6 BUSINESS AS USUAL BY UNNY 10 THE EDITORIAL PAGE Karnataka leftovers BY S Y QURAISHI FCRA: Govt eases penalties for violating law, NGOs can now pay fines RAHUL TRIPATHI NEW DELHI, JUNE 6 AFTERAcrackdownonNGOsfor alleged violations of the Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act, when more than 18,000 NGOs had licenses cancelled or ceased to exist, the Home Ministry has relaxed penalties for contraventions under the Act. Following an order Tuesday, offences under the Act can be compounded and NGOs will now face fines depending on the violations, which earlier could have meant suspension or cancellation of licences. Sources in the Home Ministry said the new rules will not be applicable restrospectively. Several top NGOs including those of social activist Teesta Setalvad, senior lawyer and former ASG Indira Jaising, Greenpeace, Compassion International and Ford Foundation were under the scanner for alleged violations of the FCRA Act. NGOs being investigated were charged for receiving foreign donations in one account and utilising funds from another account, spending it on purposes other than for what it was received, or not disclosing themannerinwhichfundswere utilised, said officials. In an order on June 5, the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) said that “for offence punishable underSection37fortransferring any foreign contribution to any other person in contravention of Section 7 of the Act, a penalty of Rs 1 lakh or 10 per cent of such transferredforeigncontribution, whichever is higher,” will have to be paid. Similarly, for offences punishable under “Section 37 read CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 EFFECTING THE first hike since the NDA government came to powerattheCentreinMay2014, the RBI Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) Wednesday raised the key policy rate, the repo rate, by 25 basis points to 6.25 per cent. This is expected to result in higher lending rates on housing,autoandotherpersonal loans. While all six members of the MPC voted in favour of the decisiontoincreasethereporate,the committee kept the policy stance neutral. The MPC, which met for three days this time as against two days during earlier policy reviews, cited a “major upside risktothebaselineinflationpath withasharpincreaseincrudeoil prices and inflation expectation of households besides the impact of a revision on kharif crops which is expected soon”. The RBI may also have taken WHAT HAPPENS NEXT BANKS MAY hike deposit and lending rates HOME, AUTO, personal loans to go up BANKS’ BORROWINGS from RBI will become costlier Governor Urjit Patel in Mumbai Wednesday. Prashant Nadkar INFLATIONARY PRESSURES to be brought down MORE REPORTS P9, 13 into account the fact that many othercentralbanksinemerging markets have raised rates in the face of rising inflation and weakening of their currencies with rising interest rates in the US and elsewhere, a strong US dollarandoutflows.Whatcould have also prompted the rate action is an imminent increase in interest rates in the US with the world’s most powerful central bank, the Federal Reserve, set to meet next week to consider another rate hike. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 New militant recruits not driven by ideology, most attended govt schools: J&K police MUZAMIL JALEEL PUNE,JAIPUR,JUNE6 EXPRESS NETWORK ● J&K SEX SCANDAL: DIG, DSP AMONG 5 IMPRISONED FOR TEN YRS, PAGE 4 The report has also debunked the traditional understanding of Kashmir’s militancy and sought a rethink. “One noticeable outcome of this study is that this wave of fresh recruitments is not based or driven by ideology as the surge is only seen in South Kashmir and there too in identifiable areas. If it would have been ideology driven, then pan-Kashmir footprints would have been seen,’’ says the report. “This study was done in the background of certain perceptions and notions. On analysis, we may conclude that not all of those perceptions/notions are true. For example, the perception that well-educated youth and from economically affluent families are joining militancy does not seem true. Quite interestingly and contrary to the set beliefs, he is not the product of madrasas. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Koregaon Bhima: Dalit rights activists among five held for alleged Maoist links CHANDANHAYGUNDE& DEEPMUKHERJEE NEW DELHI, JUNE 6 “THE NEW age militant comes from a middle-class family with all the ingredients of a normal Kashmirifamily.HehasHanafiya inclination and not Salafi (or Wahabi), has been educated in government schools and not Madrasas. This militant is not a child from a broken family. His age is between 15 and 25 years, is unmarried, has no substantial criminalantecedentsandhasbehaviour as normal as a guy next door.Thereishardlyanyearlyindication of him being drifted towards armed militancy.” This is how a 74-page confidential report — based on a detailedstudyconductedbytheJ&K Police’s Criminal Investigation Department (CID) - has profiled local youths in the Valley who have become militants. Titled “Radicalisation and Terrorism in J&K - A Study”, the CIDsaysthattheaimof thestudy was “to gauge the existence and extent of radicalisation in the youth of Kashmir”. The report is based on an elaborate study of “156 local youths of the Valley who have joined militancy between 2010 and 2015”. The report says that its findings are based on the CID’s “extensive intelligence database alongwithdetailedinterviewsof family members, friends, neighbours,acquaintances”conducted by a group of field officers. Professor Shoma Sen at her home in Nagpur before her arrest on Wednesday. Monica Chaturvedi BJP national president Amit Shah and Maharashtra Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis arrive to meet Shiv Sena party president Uddhav Thackeray, at Matoshree in Bandra, Mumbai on Wednesday. Prashant Nadkar CBI books NDA principal, 4 faculty members for ‘submitting false papers’ SUSHANTKULKARNI PUNE, JUNE 6 THE CENTRAL Bureau of Investigation (CBI) has booked fiveseniorfacultymembersofthe National Defence Academy (NDA),includingtheprincipal,on charges of submitting false certificatesanddocumentsforselectionandappointmentstovarious positionsattheacademy.TheCBI on Wednesday conducted searches on the NDA premises and houses of the faculty members who have been booked. ThecaseregisteredbytheCBI alsomentionstheinvolvementof unidentified officials from the UnionPublicServiceCommission (UPSC), which facilitates the recruitment of the faculty members, and Headquarters, IntegratedDefenceStaff(HQIDS) More than five CBI teams reached the NDA campus. in recruitments based on false documents and exaggerated claims of experience between 2007 and 2013. The HQ IDS is taskedbytheMinistryofDefence to verify the documents of persons selected by the UPSC. The CBI FIR names NDA principalOmPrakashShukla,Political Science Professor Jagmohan Meher, Associate Professor of Chemistry Vanita Puri, Associate Professorof MathematicsRajeev Bansal, Maheshwar Roy, who is Head of the Department of Chemistry, and other unidentified NDA faculty members and officials of the UPSC and HQ IDS. In May last year, the CBI had launched a preliminary inquiry against13NDAfacultymembers after receiving information about irregularities in selections and appointments. Based on the inquiry, the CBI has initially booked the five faculty members. A CBI official said subsequent probe may identify more facultymembersaswellasUPSC and HQ IDS officials. On Wednesday morning, morethanfiveCBIteamsreached the NDA campus and spoke to military officers. The teams thensearchedtheofficesandresidential premises of the SIX MONTHS after caste violence overthebicentennialcelebration of the Battle of Bhima Koregaon nearPune,policearrestedfivepersons, including a Nagpur Universityprofessorandaformer Prime Minister’s Rural DevelopmentFellow,callingthem “top urban Maoist operatives” who participated in or were behind a meeting where the speeches made were alleged incitement to violence. Police said provisions of the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act were being invoked in the case. Those arrested by Pune police from different locations are Elgaar Parishad organiser Sudhir Dhawale, leader of Mumbaibased Republican Panthers Jati Antachi Chalwal (RP); Delhibased activist Rona Wilson of CommitteeforReleaseofPolitical Prisoners (CRPP); Nagpur lawyer Surendra Gadling of Indian Association of People’s Lawyers (IAPL);NagpurUniversityprofessorShomaSen;andMaheshRaut, a former Prime Minister’s Rural Development (PMRD) Fellow. PolicesaidtheElgaarParishad, heldatShaniwarwadainPuneon December 31, allegedly led to vi- 12 WORLD olence in Koregaon Bhima on January 1 over the celebration of the Battle of Bhima Koregaon — for the Dalits, this battle is a matter of pride because a largely Mahar contingent of the British East India Company defeated the Peshwa army of the Maratha Confederacy. Pune’s Joint Commissioner of PoliceRavindraKadamsaidfunds from the banned CPI (Maoist) were supplied to those involved inorganisingtheElgaarParishad. Policesaidasearchwasonfor“undergroundMaoistoperatives”involvedinthemoneytrail.“Thereis sufficient evidence with us to invoke UAPA against the accused persons. Those arrested include top urban Maoist operatives. More details cannot be shared at this stage,” Kadam said. In April, Pune police conducted searches at the homes of Dhawale,WilsonandGadling.The searchesalsotargetedacloseaide of Dhawale and Pune-based artists of the Kabir Kala Manch. The searches were the result ofanFIRfiledbyTusharDamgude, a37-year-oldresidentof Katrajin Pune, who had alleged that provocativespeechesweremade at the Elgaar Parishad, and that some of its organisers had faced policeactioninthepastforalleged Maoist links. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 IRAN'S URANIUM ENRICHMENT CLOSE TO THE RED LINE, WARNS FRANCE CONTINUEDONPAGE2 FBGAVEDATA ACCESSTO CHINESEFIRMS FLAGGEDBYUS Hopeful after SC/ST quota ruling, Pranab to address RSS today, his daughter sends no ordinance on atrocity law: Govt reminder: Speech will be forgotten, visual will stay SHALINI NAIR Interim order will set at rest all allegations, says Gehlot NEW DELHI, JUNE 6 A DAY after the Supreme Court ruled that the government “is not debarred from making promotionsinaccordancewithlaw” till it decides petitions before it, thegovernmentsaidthiswillnot onlyensurequotasinpromotion for its SC/ST employees but also allowallsuchemployees,whose promotions had been reversed in recent years, to be reinstated to the posts. ThaawarchandGehlot,Union Minister for Social Justice & Empowerment, said following consultations with the Ministry 9 EXPLAINED What the law says on SC/ST promotion of Law and Department of Personnel Training on the implications of the Supreme Court ruling, it is clear that “promotion mein reservation ka raasta khul gaya hai”. “Eventhoughthisisjustaninterim order, and the matter will be decided by a larger ConstitutionalBench,wewillimmediately implement it so that reservationcanbemadeapplicabletopromotionsalso.Also,ifany of the promotions granted to SC/STemployeespost1997were reversed, then they too will get the benefit of this order,” he said, adding that they will have to be reinstatedtotheirerstwhileposts. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 ABHINAV RAJPUT NEW DELHI, JUNE 6 ON THE day former President Pranab Mukherjee landed in Nagpur and was received by RSS Sahsarakaryavaha V Bhagaiah, his daughter Sharmistha Mukherjee Wednesday took to Twitter to remind him that “by going to Nagpur, you are giving BJP/RSS full handle to plant false stories...”. Mukherjee will be chief guest at an RSS event Thursday. Her remarks on Twitter were in response to reports that she might leave the Congress and contest elections from West Bengal on a BJP ticket. ABP News Bhagaiah of the RSS greets Mukherjee in Nagpur Wednesday had first run the report citing BJP sources. Sharmistha, who is president of the Delhi Congress women’s wing, took to Twitter to deny the report. In her first tweet, she said: “In the mountains enjoying a beautiful sunset and suddenly this news that I’m supposedly joining BJP hits like a torpedo! Can’t there be some peace and sanity in this world? I joined politics because I believe in Congress. Would rather leave politics than leave Congress.” Soon after, came two more tweets addressed to her father, who has the Twitter handle @CitiznMukherjee. In the first, she wrote: “Hope @CitiznMukherjee realises from today’s incident, how BJP’s dirty tricks department operates. Even RSS wouldn’t believe that you are going to endorse its views in your speech. But the speech will be forgotten, visuals will remain and those will be circulated with fake statements.” CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 ● PAGE ONE ANCHOR POLICE GUARD 62 MEN WHO HAVE KEYS TO SHIMLA WATER RATIONS ASHWANI SHARMA SHIMLA, JUNE 6 FOUR POLICEMEN guarding him, two labourers at his command, and Junior Engineer (JE) Rakesh Thakur to monitor his work - in his 22 years of service, Hari Ram, 51, says he has never felt this important. Ram is a keyman, one of 62 on the rolls of the Shimla MunicpalCorporation.Thecity’s keymen, a concept as old as the water network designed by the British in the 1870s, have for decades been turning on the valves that control Shimla’s wa- ter distribution network. Now, withthecityreelingunderanunprecedented water crisis, these are men who, as the High Court said on June 1, “hold the key”. During the court hearing, when some lawyers accused keymen of favouring hoteliers and VIPs, saying they ensured more water to these areas while depriving water to ordinary citizens, the court said, “It is an open secret that the keyman is the key as far as the distribution of water to the... consumer is concerned.Heisthefirstandthe last person between the water availablefordistributionandthe consumer. If he performs his duty honestly, prudently and skillfully, he can ensure equal distribution of water to all, but if a keyman happens to abuse his position, then the results can be disastrous. “The court is 101 per cent right. Keyman sabse pehle aate hain (The keyman comes first). Unlike towns in plains, which can be supplied from a single feeder, in hilly areas such as Shimla, every locality requires a system where supplies can be manually opened and shut depending on gravity,” says Ram, as he walks up the steel stairs of the water tank at Kelston, a posh residential locality in Shimla. Hari Ram at work, flanked by policemen and supervised by nodal officer Rakesh Thakur in Shimla. Pradeep Kumar It’s 5 am and most residents are still asleep, which is just as well. “These days, people are very, very angry. Who wouldn’t be without water. But like the court said, we have to act in all fairness,” says Ram, who earns about Rs 33,000 a month. In Chotta Shimla, Sanjauli and other areas of the city, residents, frustrated with low supplies, recently attacked keymen and engineers. “People turned violent, started hurling abuses and tried to hold the JE and keymanhostageintheseareas,”says one of the constables escorting Ram. The High Court, which has been holding daily hearings on the water crisis, responded by ordering security to all keymen. “It is full,” says Ram, peering intothetank,whichcanhold12lakh litres and which supplies to about two dozen localities in the city. As part of an emergency water rationing measure, the city’s corporation limits have been divided into three zones, with water released to each of these zones in turns. Thus, most localitiesinthecityhavebeengetting water once in three days. On Tuesday, it’s the turn of the city’s Zone 2 to be supplied withwaterandRamhadworked overtime till 11 pm the previous night to ensure the tank was filled to its optimal level. This tank had run dry in May, when Kelston, like several other areas in Shimla, had no water supply for almost seven to eight days, withtankerstomeettheirneeds. Around5.30am,Ramandhis team walk up to the valve which supplies to Tarabari locality. In his hand are his keys — two metal rods weighing about 7 kg each. His black backpack holds an emergency hand-held waterquality testing kit and some basic tools. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2
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