LATE CITY, 18 PAGES, AHMEDABAD, `4.00 ● THURSDAY, JUNE 7, 2018 ● WWW.INDIANEXPRESS.COM TheIndian EXPRESS JOURNALISM OF COURAGE DAILY FROM: AHMEDABAD, CHANDIGARH, DELHI, JAIPUR, KOLKATA, LUCKNOW, MUMBAI, NAGPUR, PUNE, VADODARA FIRST HIKE SINCE THE NDA GOVT TOOK CHARGE BUSINESS AS USUAL BY UNNY RBI hikes key rate, loans to cost more Repo rate up 25 basis points to 6.25 per cent, monetary policy committee keeps the stance neutral GEORGE MATHEW & KHUSHBOO NARAYAN MUMBAI, JUNE 6 GUJARAT ● DALIT YOUTH MURDER PROBE TRANSFERRED TO CID-CRIME, P 3 EFFECTING THE first hike since the NDA government came to power at the Centre in May 2014, the RBI Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) Wednesday raised the key policy rate, the repo rate, by 25 basis points to 6.25 per cent. This is expected to result in higher lending rates on housing, auto and other personal loans. While all six members of the MPC voted in favour of the decision to increase the repo rate, the committee kept the policy stance neutral. The MPC, which met for three days this time as against two days during earlier policy reviews, cited a “major upside risk to the baseline inflation path with a sharp increase in crude oil prices and inflation expectation of households besides the impact of a revision on kharif crops which is expected soon”. The RBI may also have taken into account the fact that many WHAT HAPPENS NEXT BANKS MAY hike deposit and lending rates HOME, AUTO, personal loans to go up BANKS’ BORROWINGS from RBI will become costlier Governor Urjit Patel in Mumbai Wednesday. Prashant Nadkar INFLATIONARY PRESSURES to be brought down MORE REPORTS P10, 13 other central banks in emerging markets have raised rates in the face of rising inflation and weakening of their currencies with rising interest rates in the US and elsewhere, a strong US dollar and outflows. What could have also prompted the rate action is an imminent increase in interest rates in the US with the world’s most powerful central bank, the Federal Reserve, set to meet next week to consider another rate hike. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 New militant recruits not driven by ideology, most attended govt schools: J&K police PUNE, JAIPUR, JUNE 6 SIX MONTHSafter caste violence over the bicentennial celebration of the Battle of Bhima Koregaon near Pune, police arrested five persons, including a Nagpur University professor and a former Prime Minister’s Rural Development Fellow, calling them “top urban Maoist operatives” who participated in or were behind a meeting where the speeches made were alleged incitement to violence. Police said provisions of the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act were being invoked in the case. Those arrested by Pune police from different locations are Elgaar Parishad organiser Sudhir Dhawale, leader of Mumbaibased Republican Panthers Jati Antachi Chalwal (RP); Delhibased activist Rona Wilson of NEW DELHI, JUNE 6 “THE NEW age militant comes from a middle-class family with all the ingredients of a normal Kashmiri family. He has Hanafiya inclination and not Salafi (or Wahabi), has been educated in government schools and not Madrasas. This militant is not a child from a broken family. His age is between 15 and 25 years, is unmarried, has no substantial criminal antecedents and has behaviour as normal as a guy next door. There is hardly any early indication of him being drifted towards armed militancy.” This is how a 74-page confidential report — based on a detailed study conducted by the J&K Police’s Criminal Investigation Department (CID) - has profiled local youths in the Valley who have become militants. Titled “Radicalisation and Terrorism in J&K - A Study”, the CID says that the aim of the study was “to gauge the existence and extent of radicalisation in the youth of Kashmir”. The report is based on an elaborate study of “156 local youths of the Valley who have joined militancy be- ● J&K SEX SCANDAL: DIG, DSP AMONG 5 IMPRISONED FOR TEN YRS, PAGE 7 tween 2010 and 2015”. The report says that its findings are based on the CID’s “extensive intelligence database along with detailed interviews of family members, friends, neighbours, acquaintances” conducted by a group of field officers. The report has also debunked the traditional understanding of Kashmir’s militancy and sought a rethink. “One noticeable outcome of this study is that this wave of fresh recruitments is not based or driven by ideology as the surge is only seen in South Kashmir and there too in identifiable areas. If it would have been ideology CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Reached understanding with Cong, will fight ’19 together: Hemant Soren DEEPTIMAN TIWARY JMM working president Hemant Soren NEW DELHI, JUNE 6 THE BJP may face a stiff challenge in Jharkhand in the 2019 Lok Sabha election as the Jharkhand Mukti Morcha (JMM) and the Congress, along with other regional parties in the state, are likely to form a pre-poll alliance. Former Chief Minister and JMM working president Hemant Soren on Wednesday confirmed to The Indian Express that his party had reached an understanding with the Congress for a pre-poll alliance and things would be finalised soon after discussions on seat-sharing. He also said he was in favour of Opposition parties coming together to defeat the BJP at the national level and believed that this alliance would have to rally around Congress. V Bhagaiah of the RSS greets former President Pranab Mukherjee in Nagpur on Wednesday. Express Pranab to address RSS today, his daughter sends reminder: Speech will be forgotten, visual will stay ABHINAV RAJPUT NEW DELHI, JUNE 6 ON THE day former President Pranab Mukherjee landed in Nagpur and was received by RSS Sahsarakaryavaha V Bhagaiah, his daughter Sharmistha Mukherjee Wednesday took to Twitter to remind him that “by going to Nagpur, you are giving BJP/RSS full handle to plant false stories...”. Mukherjee will be chief guest at an RSS event Thursday. Her remarks on Twitter were in response to reports that she might leave the Congress and contest elections from West Bengal on a BJP ticket. ABP News had first run the report citing BJP sources. Sharmistha, who is president of the Delhi Congress women’s wing, took to Twitter to deny the report. In her first tweet, she said: “In the mountains enjoying a beautiful sunset and suddenly this news that I’m supposedly joining BJP hits like a torpedo! Can’t there be some peace and sanity in this world? I joined politics because I believe in Congress. Would rather leave politics than leave Congress.” CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Soon after, came two more tweets addressed to her father, who has the Twitter handle @CitiznMukherjee. In the first, she wrote: “Hope @CitiznMukherjee realises from today’s incident, how BJP’s dirty tricks department operates. Even RSS wouldn’t believe that you are going to endorse its views in your speech. But the speech will be forgotten, visuals will remain and those will be circulated with fake statements.” Then, she wrote: “By going to Nagpur, you are giving BJP and RSS full handle to plant false stories, spread false rumours as today and making it somewhat believable. And this is just the beginning!” The former President is set to address a programme of the RSS as a chief guest on Thursday, a decision that has been questioned by some in the Congress, including M Veerappa Moily, who feel the move will give credence to the Sangh’s ideology. When contacted, Delhi Congress chief Ajay Maken told The Indian Express, “She has categorically denied it (reports of joining the BJP). This sums up everything.” CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 8 THE EDITORIAL PAGE Hopeful after SC/ST quota ruling, no ordinance on atrocity law: Govt Interim order will set at rest all allegations, says Gehlot NEW DELHI, JUNE 6 A DAY after the Supreme Court ruled that the government “is not debarred from making promotions in accordance with law” till it decides petitions before it, the government said this will not only ensure quotas in promotion for its SC/ST employees but also allow all such employees, whose promotions had been reversed in recent years, to be reinstated to the posts. Thaawarchand Gehlot, Union Minister for Social Justice & Empowerment, said following consultations with the Ministry 10 EXPLAINED What the law says on SC/ST promotion of Law and Department of Personnel Training on the implications of the Supreme Court ruling, it is clear that “promotion mein reservation ka raasta khul gaya hai”. “Even though this is just an interim order, and the matter will be decided by a larger Constitutional Bench, we will immediately implement it so that reservation can be made applicable to promotions also. Also, ifany of the promotions granted to SC/ST employees post 1997 were reversed, then they too will get the benefit of this order,” he said, adding that they will have to be reinstated to their erstwhile posts. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 11 WORLD FB GAVE DATA ACCESS TO CHINESE FIRMS FLAGGED BY US IRAN’S URANIUM ENRICHMENT PLANS ARE CLOSE TO THE ‘RED LINE’, SAYS FRANCE Committee for Release of Political Prisoners (CRPP); Nagpur lawyer Surendra Gadling of Indian Association of People’s Lawyers (IAPL); Nagpur University professor Shoma Sen; and Mahesh Raut, a former Prime Minister’s Rural Development (PMRD) Fellow. Police said the Elgaar Parishad, held at Shaniwarwada in Pune on December 31, allegedly led to violence in Koregaon Bhima on January 1 over the celebration of the Battle of Bhima Koregaon — for the Dalits, this battle is a matter of pride because a largely Mahar contingent of the British East India Company defeated the Peshwa army of the Maratha Confederacy. Pune’s Joint Commissioner of Police Ravindra Kadam said funds from the banned CPI (Maoist) CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 ANOTHER REPORT PAGE 7 Karnataka leftovers BY S Y QURAISHI FCRA: Home Ministry relaxes penalties for violating Act, NGOs will now face fines RAHUL TRIPATHI NEW DELHI, JUNE 6 SHALINI NAIR Buoyed by the party’s success in the recent Assembly bypolls in Jharkhand, where the JMM won Silli and Gomia seats with support from the Congress, the Left and other parties, Soren is firming a prepoll deal with Congress and other parties such as the RJD, the BSP, the Left and Jharkhand Vikas Morcha (JVM). “We have reached (JMM and Congress) an understanding that we will fight the 2019 general elections together. We are yet to discuss the contours of this alliance, including seat-sharing,” Koregaon Bhima: Dalit rights activists among five held for alleged Maoist links CHANDAN HAYGUNDE & DEEP MUKHERJEE EXPRESS NETWORK MUZAMIL JALEEL Professor Shoma Sen at her home in Nagpur before her arrest on Wednesday. Monica Chaturvedi AFTER A crackdown on NGOs for alleged violations of the Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act, when more than 18,000 NGOs had licenses cancelled or ceased to exist, the Home Ministry has relaxed penalties for contraventions under the Act. Following an order Tuesday, offences under the Act can be compounded and NGOs will now face fines depending on the violations, which earlier could have meant suspension or cancellation of licences. Sources in the Home Ministry said the new rules will not be applicable restrospectively. Several top NGOs including those of social activist Teesta Setalvad, senior lawyer and former ASG Indira Jaising, Greenpeace, Compassion International and Ford Foundation were under the scanner for alleged violations of the FCRA Act. NGOs being investigated were charged for receiving foreign donations in one account and utilising funds from another account, spending it on purposes other than for what it was received, or not disclosing the manner in which funds were utilised, said officials. In an order on June 5, the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) said that “for offence punishable under Section 37 for transferring any foreign contribution to any other person in contravention of Section 7 of the Act, a penalty of Rs 1 lakh or 10 per cent of such transferred foreign contribution, whichever is higher,” will have to be paid. Similarly, for offences punishable under “Section 37 read with Section 17 of the Act for receiving foreign contributions in any account other than specified account, a fine of Rs 1 lakh or 5 per cent of the foreign contribution received in such account, CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 ● PAGE ONE ANCHOR POLICE GUARD 62 MEN WHO HOLD KEYS TO SHIMLA WATER RATIONS ASHWANI SHARMA SHIMLA, JUNE 6 FOUR POLICEMEN guarding him, two labourers at his command, and Junior Engineer (JE) Rakesh Thakur to monitor his work - in his 22 years of service, Hari Ram, 51, says he has never felt this important. Ram is a keyman, one of 62 on the rolls of the Shimla Municpal Corporation. The city’s keymen, a concept as old as the water network designed by the British in the 1870s, have for decades been turning on the valves that control Shimla’s wa- ter distribution network. Now, with the city reeling under an unprecedented water crisis, these are men who, as the High Court said on June 1, “hold the key”. During the court hearing, when some lawyers accused keymen of favouring hoteliers and VIPs, saying they ensured more water to these areas while depriving water to ordinary citizens, the court said, “It is an open secret that the keyman is the key as far as the distribution of water to the... consumer is concerned. He is the first and the last person between the water available for distribution and the consumer. If he performs his duty honestly, prudently and skillfully, he can ensure equal distribution of water to all, but if a keyman happens to abuse his position, then the results can be disastrous. “The court is 101 per cent right. Keyman sabse pehle aate hain (The keyman comes first). Unlike towns in plains, which can be supplied from a single feeder, in hilly areas such as Shimla, every locality requires a system where supplies can be manually opened and shut depending on gravity,” says Ram, as he walks up the steel stairs of the water tank at Kelston, a posh residential locality in Shimla. Hari Ram at work, flanked by policemen and supervised by nodal officer Rakesh Thakur in Shimla. Pradeep Kumar It’s 5 am and most residents are still asleep, which is just as well. “These days, people are very, very angry. Who wouldn’t be without water. But like the court said, we have to act in all fairness,” says Ram, who earns about Rs 33,000 a month. In Chotta Shimla, Sanjauli and other areas of the city, residents, frustrated with low supplies, recently attacked keymen and engineers. “People turned violent, started hurling abuses and tried to hold the JE and keyman hostage in these areas,” says one of the constables escorting Ram. The High Court, which has been holding daily hearings on the water crisis, responded by ordering security to all keymen. “It is full,” says Ram, peering into the tank, which can hold 12lakh litres and which supplies to about two dozen localities in the city. As part of an emergency water rationing measure, the city’s corporation limits have been divided into three zones, with water released to each of these zones in turns. Thus, most localities in the city have been getting water once in three days. On Tuesday, it’s the turn of the city’s Zone 2 to be supplied with water and Ram had worked overtime till 11 pm the previous night to ensure the tank was filled to its optimal level. This tank had run dry in May, when Kelston, like several other areas in Shimla, had no water supply for almost seven to eight days, with tankers to meet their needs. Around 5.30 am, Ram and his team walk up to the valve which supplies to Tarabari locality. In his hand are his keys — two metal rods weighing about 7 kg each. His black backpack holds an emergency hand-held waterquality testing kit and some basic tools. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2
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