TheIndian EXPRESS LATE CITY, 18 PAGES, KOLKATA `5.00/EX-KOLKATA `6.00 (`12 IN NORTH EAST STATES & ANDAMAN) ● THURSDAY, JUNE 7, 2018 ● WWW.INDIANEXPRESS.COM DAILY FROM: AHMEDABAD, CHANDIGARH, DELHI, JAIPUR, KOLKATA, LUCKNOW, MUMBAI, NAGPUR, PUNE, VADODARA JOURNALISM OF COURAGE FIRST HIKE SINCE THE NDA GOVT TOOK CHARGE RBI hikes key rate, loans to cost more Repo rate up 25 basis points to 6.25 per cent, monetary policy committee keeps the stance neutral GEORGE MATHEW & KHUSHBOO NARAYAN MUMBAI, JUNE 6 EFFECTING THE first hike since the NDA government came to powerattheCentreinMay2014, the RBI Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) Wednesday raisedthekeypolicyrate,therepo rate,by25basispointsto6.25per cent. This is expected to result in higher lending rates on housing, auto and other personal loans. While all six members of the MPC voted in favour of the decisiontoincreasethereporate,the committee kept the policy stance neutral. The MPC, which met for BUSINESS AS USUAL BY UNNY three days this time as against twodaysduringearlierpolicyreviews, cited a “major upside risk to the baseline inflation path withasharpincreaseincrudeoil prices and inflation expectation of households besides the impact of a revision on kharif crops which is expected soon”. The RBI may also have taken into account the fact that many other central banks in emerging markets have raised rates in the faceof risinginflationandweakening of their currencies with risinginterestratesintheUSand elsewhere,astrongUSdollarand outflows. What could have also prompted the rate action is an imminent increase in interest NEW DELHI, JUNE 6 FCRA: Govt eases penalties for violating law, NGOs can now pay fines RAHUL TRIPATHI NEW DELHI, JUNE 6 AFTERAcrackdownonNGOsfor alleged violations of the Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act, when more than 18,000 NGOs had licenses cancelled or ceased to exist, the Home Ministry has relaxed penalties for contraventions under the Act. Following an order Tuesday, offences under the Act can be compounded and NGOs will now face fines depending on the violations, which earlier could have meant suspension or cancellation of licences. Sources in the Home Ministry said the new rules will not be applicable restrospectively. Several top NGOs including those of social activist Teesta Setalvad, senior lawyer and former ASG Indira Jaising, Greenpeace, Compassion International and Ford Foundation were under the scanner for alleged violations of CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 BANKS MAY hike deposit and lending rates HOME, AUTO, personal loans to go up BANKS’ BORROWINGS from RBI will become costlier Governor Urjit Patel in Mumbai Wednesday. Prashant Nadkar rates in the US with the world’s most powerful central bank, the FederalReserve,settomeetnext week to consider another rate INFLATIONARY PRESSURES to be brought down FULL COVERAGE P 10, 11 hike. The RBI last raised its policy rate — the rate at which it lends funds to banks — by 25 basis points to 8 per cent in January 2014. Since then, the central bankhasadoptedwhatisknown asanaccommodativestanceand reduced the repo rate by 200 basis points to 6 per cent in the last four years, leading to a secular fall in interest rates. With the RBI repo rate increase, banks are likely to pass on the burden to consumers, which means that education, home, auto and other loans could get costlier. Earlier this week, some banks, including the State Bank of India (SBI), Punjab National Bank (PNB), HDFC and ICICI Bank, increased their benchmark lending rates or MCLR by up to 10 basis points per cent, making loans costlier for consumers. SBI chairman Rajnish Kumar saiditwasgoodthattheratehike has been done with. He does not anticipate further rate hikes this year unless global oil prices rise. “This is the time that they could have done the rate hike,” he told The Indian Express. Unveiling the bi-monthly monetary policy, RBI Governor Urjit Patel said, “underlying the MPC decision was the fact that headline inflation has been sharper than anticipated, and has remained above the 4 per cent target for six consecutive months”. The RBI had kept rates on CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 New militant recruits not driven by ideology, most attended govt schools: J&K police MUZAMIL JALEEL TRANSFORMING UTTAR PRADESH WHAT HAPPENS NEXT “THE NEW age militant comes from a middle-class family with all the ingredients of a normal Kashmirifamily.HehasHanafiya inclination and not Salafi (or Wahabi), has been educated in government schools and not Madrasas. This militant is not a child from a broken family. His age is between 15 and 25 years, is unmarried, has no substantial criminalantecedentsandhasbehaviour as normal as a guy next door.Thereishardlyanyearlyindication of him being drifted towards armed militancy.” This is how a 74-page confidential report — based on a detailedstudyconductedbytheJ&K Police’s Criminal Investigation Department (CID) - has profiled local youths in the Valley who have become militants. Titled “Radicalisation and Terrorism in J&K - A Study”, the CIDsaysthattheaimof thestudy was “to gauge the existence and extent of radicalisation in the youth of Kashmir”. The report is based on an elaborate study of “156 local youths of the Valley who have joined militancy between 2010 and 2015”. The report says that its findings are based on the CID’s “extensive intelligence database alongwithdetailedinterviewsof family members, friends, neighbours,acquaintances”conducted by a group of field officers. The report has also debunked the traditional understanding of Kashmir’s militancy and sought a rethink. “One noticeable outcome of this study is that this wave of fresh recruitments is not based or driven by ideologyasthesurgeisonlyseen in South Kashmir and there too in identifiable areas. If it would have been ideology driven, then pan-Kashmir footprints would have been seen,’’ says the report. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 CBI books 5 NDA faculty members charged with submitting false papers SUSHANT KULKARNI PUNE, JUNE 6 THE CENTRAL Bureau of Investigation (CBI) has booked five senior faculty members of the National Defence Academy (NDA), including the principal, on charges of submitting false certificates and documents for selection and appointments to various positions at the academy. The CBI on Wednesday conducted searches on the NDA premises and houses of the faculty members who have been booked. ThecaseregisteredbytheCBI also mentions the involvement of unidentified officials from the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC), which facilitates the recruitment of the faculty members, and Headquarters, Integrated DefenceStaff (HQIDS)inrecruit- The NDA in Pune mentsbasedonfalsedocuments and exaggerated claims of experience between 2007 and 2013. The HQ IDS is tasked by the Ministry of Defence to verify the documents of persons selected by the UPSC. The CBI FIR names NDA principal Om Prakash Shukla, Political Science Professor Jagmohan Meher, Associate Professor of Chemistry Vanita Puri, Associate Professor of Mathematics Rajeev Bansal, CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Professor Shoma Sen at her home in Nagpur before her arrest on Wednesday. Monica Chaturvedi KOREGAON BHIMA Dalit rights activists among 5 held for alleged Maoist links CHANDAN HAYGUNDE & DEEP MUKHERJEE PUNE, JAIPUR, JUNE 6 SIXMONTHSaftercasteviolence overthebicentennialcelebration of the Battle of Bhima Koregaon near Pune, police arrested five persons, including a Nagpur University professor and a former Prime Minister’s Rural Development Fellow, calling them “top urban Maoist operatives” who participated in or were behind a meeting where the speeches made were alleged incitement to violence. Police said provisions of the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act were being invoked in the case. Those arrested by Pune police from different locations are ElgaarParishadorganiserSudhir Dhawale, leader of Mumbaibased Republican Panthers Jati Antachi Chalwal (RP); Delhibased activist Rona Wilson of Committee for Release of Political Prisoners (CRPP); NagpurlawyerSurendraGadling of Indian Association of People’s Lawyers (IAPL); Nagpur UniversityprofessorShomaSen; and Mahesh Raut, a former Prime Minister’s Rural Development (PMRD) Fellow. Police said the Elgaar Parishad, held at Shaniwarwada in Pune on December 31, allegedly led to violence in Koregaon Bhima on January 1 over the celebrationof theBattle of Bhima Koregaon — for the Dalits, this battle is a matter of pride because a largely Mahar contingent of the British East India Company defeated the Peshwa army of the Maratha Confederacy. Pune’sJointCommissionerof Police Ravindra Kadam said funds from the banned CPI (Maoist) were supplied to those involvedinorganisingtheElgaar CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 J&K sex scandal: BSF DIG, police DSP among five imprisoned for ten years JAGPREET SINGH SANDHU CHANDIGARH, JUNE 6 A CBI court Wednesday sentenced to 10 years imprisonment five men including former BSF DIG K C Padhi and former J&K Police DSP Mohammad Ashraf Mirconvictedinthe2006 Jammu and Kashmir sex abuse scandal case. Rejecting the plea for leniency, the court said that the rapeof aminorbyseniorofficers could not be condoned as “pub- Former BSF DIG K C Padhi at district court in Chandigarh on Wednesday. Sahil Walia lic kept faith on them as protectors”. All five were taken into custodyandsenttotheBurailjail in Chandigarh. Padhi and Mir were fined of Rs 1 lakh each, while the others - Shabbir Ahmad Laway, Shabbir Ahmad Langoo and Masood Ahmad-werefinedof Rs50,000 each. They were sentenced to imprisonment under Section 376 (rape) of the Ranbir Penal Code by Additional District and Sessions Judge Gagan Geet Kaur. All five were held guilty on May 30 and were produced in court Wednesday when the court, while pronouncing the quantum of sentence, observed: “...The court does not see any CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Bhagaiah of the RSS greets Mukherjee in Nagpur Wednesday Pranab to address RSS today, his daughter sends reminder: Speech will be forgotten, visual will stay ABHINAV RAJPUT NEW DELHI, JUNE 6 ON THE day former President Pranab Mukherjee landed in Nagpur and was received by RSS Sahsarakaryavaha V Bhagaiah, his daughter Sharmistha Mukherjee Wednesday took to Twitter to remind him that “by going to Nagpur, you are giving BJP/RSS full handle to plant false stories...”.Mukherjeewillbechief guest at an RSS event Thursday. HerremarksonTwitterwere in response to reports that she might leave the Congress and contest elections from West Bengal on a BJP ticket. ABP News had first run the report citing BJP sources. Sharmistha,whoispresident of the Delhi Congress women’s wing, tooktoTwitter to denythe report. In her first tweet, she said:“Inthemountainsenjoying a beautiful sunset and suddenly this news that I’m supposedly joining BJP hits like a torpedo! Can’t there be some peace and sanity in this world? I joined politics because I believe in 8 THEEDITORIAL PAGE Congress. Would rather leave politics than leave Congress.” Soon after, came two more tweets addressed to her father, who has the Twitter handle @CitiznMukherjee. In the first, she wrote: “Hope @CitiznMukherjee realises from today’s incident, how BJP’s dirty tricks department operates. Even RSS wouldn’t believe that you are going to endorse its views in your speech. But the speech will be forgotten, visuals willremainandthosewillbecirculated with fake statements.” Then,shewrote:“Bygoingto Nagpur, you are giving BJP and RSS full handle to plant false stories, spread false rumours as todayandmakingitsomewhatbelievable. And this is just the beginning!” The former President is set to address a programme of the RSS as a chief guest on Thursday, a decision that has been questioned by some in the Congress, including M Veerappa Moily, who feel the move will give credence to the Sangh’s ideology. When contacted, Delhi CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Questions after Karnataka BY S Y QURAISHI Hopeful after SC/ST quota ruling, no ordinance on atrocity law, says Govt SHALINI NAIR NEW DELHI, JUNE 6 A DAY after the Supreme Court ruled that the government “is not debarred from making promotionsinaccordancewithlaw” till it decides petitions before it, thegovernmentsaidthiswillnot onlyensurequotasinpromotion for its SC/ST employees but also allowallsuchemployees,whose promotions had been reversed in recent years, to be reinstated to the posts. ThaawarchandGehlot,Union Minister for Social Justice & Empowerment, said following consultations with the Ministry of Law and Department of Personnel Training on the implications of the Supreme Court ruling, it is clear that “promotion mein reservation ka raasta khul gaya hai”. “Eventhoughthisisjustaninterim order, and the matter will be decided by a larger ConstitutionalBench,wewillimmediately implement it so that reservationcanbemadeapplicabletopromotionsalso.Also,ifany Interim order will set at rest all allegations, says Gehlot 10 EXPLAINED What the law says on SC/ST promotion of the promotions granted to SC/STemployeespost1997were reversed, then they too will get the benefit of this order,” he said, adding that they will have to be reinstatedtotheirerstwhileposts. He said the ruling will set at rest all allegations, especially in the wake of the order on the Scheduled Castes and Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 ● PAGE ONE ANCHOR POLICE GUARD 62 MEN WHO HAVE KEYS TO SHIMLA WATER RATIONS ASHWANI SHARMA SHIMLA, JUNE 6 FOUR POLICEMEN guarding him, two labourers at his command, and Junior Engineer (JE) Rakesh Thakur to monitor his work - in his 22 years of service, Hari Ram, 51, says he has never felt this important. Ram is a keyman, one of 62 on the rolls of the Shimla MunicpalCorporation.Thecity’s keymen, a concept as old as the water network designed by the British in the 1870s, have for decades been turning on the valves that control Shimla’s wa- ter distribution network. Now, withthecityreelingunderanunprecedented water crisis, these are men who, as the High Court said on June 1, “hold the key”. During the court hearing, when some lawyers accused keymen of favouring hoteliers and VIPs, saying they ensured more water to these areas while depriving water to ordinary citizens, the court said, “It is an open secret that the keyman is the key as far as the distribution of water to the... consumer is concerned.Heisthefirstandthe last person between the water availablefordistributionandthe consumer. If he performs his duty honestly, prudently and skillfully, he can ensure equal distribution of water to all, but if a keyman happens to abuse his position, then the results can be disastrous. “The court is 101 per cent right. Keyman sabse pehle aate hain (The keyman comes first). Unlike towns in plains, which can be supplied from a single feeder, in hilly areas such as Shimla, every locality requires a system where supplies can be manually opened and shut depending on gravity,” says Ram, as he walks up the steel stairs of the water tank at Kelston, a posh residential locality in Shimla. Hari Ram at work, flanked by policemen and supervised by nodal officer Rakesh Thakur in Shimla. Pradeep Kumar It’s 5 am and most residents are still asleep, which is just as well. “These days, people are very, very angry. Who wouldn’t be without water. But like the court said, we have to act in all fairness,” says Ram, who earns about Rs 33,000 a month. In Chotta Shimla, Sanjauli and other areas of the city, residents, frustrated with low supplies, recently attacked keymen and engineers. “People turned violent, started hurling abuses and tried to hold the JE and keymanhostageintheseareas,”says one of the constables escorting Ram. The High Court, which has been holding daily hearings on the water crisis, responded by ordering security to all keymen. “It is full,” says Ram, peering intothetank,whichcanhold12lakh litres and which supplies to about two dozen localities in the city. As part of an emergency water rationing measure, the city’s corporation limits have been divided into three zones, with water released to each of these zones in turns. Thus, most localitiesinthecityhavebeengetting water once in three days. On Tuesday, it’s the turn of the city’s Zone 2 to be supplied withwaterandRamhadworked overtime till 11 pm the previous night to ensure the tank was filled to its optimal level. This tank had run dry in May, when Kelston, like several other areas in Shimla, had no water supply for almost seven to eight days, withtankerstomeettheirneeds. Around5.30am,Ramandhis team walk up to the valve which supplies to Tarabari locality. In his hand are his keys — two metal rods weighing about 7 kg each. His black backpack holds an emergency hand-held waterquality testing kit and some basic tools. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2
Indian Express Limited is an Indian news media publishing company. It publishes several widely circulated dailies, including The Indian Express and The Financial Express in English, the Loksatta in Marathi and the Jansatta in Hindi.