TheIndian EXPRESS LATE CITY, 18 PAGES, MUMBAI, `5.00 ● MONDAY, JUNE 18, 2018 ● WWW.INDIANEXPRESS.COM ● REG.NO. MCS/067/2018 - 20 RNI REGN. NO. 1543/57 DAILY FROM: AHMEDABAD, CHANDIGARH, DELHI, JAIPUR, KOLKATA, LUCKNOW, MUMBAI, NAGPUR, PUNE, VADODARA JOURNALISM OF COURAGE OPERATIONS WERE SUSPENDED FOR RAMZAN Forces showed restraint, terrorists didn’t... J&K ceasefire over: Govt ‘Forces are being directed to take all necessary actions to stop terrorists’ THE CITY RAHUL TRIPATHI & SUSHANT SINGH NEW DELHI, JUNE 17 ● ‘ENSURING FOOD HYGIENE IS A BIG CHALLENGE’, PAGE 4 A DAY after Eid, Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh Sunday announced the withdrawal of suspension of security operations in J&K, which was in place during the month of Ramzan, and blamed “violence and killings” by “terrorists” for the decision. Singh said in a series of posts onhisofficialTwitterhandlethat the government’s decision on May 17 to halt security operationswasaimedatprovidingthe “peace loving people of J&K” with a “conducive atmosphere to observe Ramzan”. “It was expected that everyone will cooperate in ensuring the success of this initiative. While the Security Forces have displayed exemplary restraint during this period, the terrorists have continued with their attacks,onciviliansandSFs,resulting in deaths and injuries,” he posted. “The Security Forces are being directed to take all necessary actions as earlier to prevent terrorists from launching attacks and indulging in violence and killings... The Government will continue with its endeavour to create an environment free of terror and violence in Jammu and Kashmir,” Singh wrote. “It is important that all those CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 BUSINESS AS USUAL BY UNNY In Valley, PDP blames militants, NC says it’s a setback for peace BASHAARAT MASOOD SRINAGAR, JUNE 17 DRIVE OUT CRIMINALS WHO HAVE ENTERED KASHMIR: FATHER OF SLAIN SOLDIER PAGE 6 SEPARATIST ORGANISATIONS in J&K were tightlipped Sunday over the Centre’s decision to not extend the suspension of security operations after Ramzan, while mainstream Opposition parties in the Valley described the decision as a setback to the peace process. ThePDPblamedmilitantsfor rejectingtheinitiative and doing “everythingtoprovokethesecurity forces”, while its ruling partner BJP said the move did not workbecause“Pakistanandmilitants want to spill blood”. The Valley, meanwhile, remained peaceful and there were no reports of any “cordon and search” operations by security forces. The separatists, who had termed the Centre’s decision on May 17 to suspend operations as a “cruel joke”, are likely to respond after three of their top leaders, Syed Ali Shah Geelani, Mirwaiz Umar Farooq and Yasin Malik, meet to discuss the issue. “Its (suspension of operations) failure is the failure of CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Asked PM to intervene, resolve ‘constitutional crisis’ in Delhi, say four CMs after NITI Aayog meeting ● WILL PROTEST AS NEW DELHI, JUNE 17 CHIEF MINISTERS of four states took up their Delhi counterpart Arvind Kejriwal’s continuing dharna at Raj Niwas with Prime Minister Narendra Modi on the sidelines of the meeting of the NITI Aayog Governing Council Sunday. Mamata Banerjee of West Bengal, N Chandrababu Naidu of Andhra Pradesh, H D Kumaraswamy of Karnataka, and Pinarayi Vijayan of Kerala sought Modi’s intervention in endingthe“constitutionalcrisis” in Delhi. Kejriwal and three of his ministers have been sitting in at the office of Delhi’s lieutenant governor for the past week to press their demand that the L-G should get the capital’s striking government officials back to work. Kejriwal did not attend Sunday’s NITI Aayog meeting. “I along with the Hon’ble CMs of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Kerala have requested Hon’ble PM today to resolve the problems of Delhi governmentimmediately,”Banerjee tweeted after the meeting with Modi. Talking to reporters LONG AS NEEDED, SAYS KEJRIWAL ● HUNDREDS HIT THE STREETS, BLOCK ROADS later,shesaidthatasituationlike the one in Delhi “cannot have a place in a democracy”. Asked how the PM had responded, Banerjee said he had not said anything, but Home Minister Rajnath Singh had said, “We will see.” Banerjee, Naidu, KumaraswamyandPinarayihad met Kejriwal’s wife at their residenceSaturdayevening,andhad describedtheimpasseasathreat to the country’s federal structure. With the four chief ministers — and Kejriwal — all belonging to different political parties, the crisis in Delhi appears to be turning into an issue for the ‘federal front’ as the 2019 Lok Sabha elections approach. Interestingly,seniorCongress CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 ENS ECONOMIC BUREAU NEW DELHI, JUNE 17 Prime Minister Narendra Modi with Karnataka CM H D Kumaraswamy, West Bengal CM Mamata Banerjee, Andhra CM Chandrababu Naidu and Kerala CM Pinarayi Vijayan during the Governing Council meeting of NITI Aayog in New Delhi, Sunday, PTI Mexico pull off first major surprise of World Cup, stun defending champion Germany 11 WORLD Challenge is for growth rate to reach double digits, says PM INSIDE Page 6 ABANTIKA GHOSH & ANIRUDDHA GHOSAL TRUMPCHEERSAS POSTSTAFFPLANTO GOONSTRIKE TALIBAN REJECT TRUCE EXTENSION, RAISE FEARS AS THEY ROAM CITIES ANDREW DAS MOSCOW, JUNE 17 HIRVING LOZANO’S first-half goal and sturdy second-half defence gave Mexico a 1-0 victory over Germany Sunday, providingthefirstmajor surprise of the 2018 World Cup. It was hard to recall a bigger result for Mexico, whichhashostedtheWorldCup twice but has never advanced past the quarterfinals. Germany, the defending World Cup champion, has won the tournament four times, and was expected to seriously chal- lenge for a fifth crown in Russia. But the Germans seemed flummoxed by the Mexicans’ speed and directness in the first half, and they couldn’t find a reply to Lozano’s goal. The largely pro-Mexican crowd willed their team to victory in the final 20 minutes, when they gave up the initiative but never surrendered. Germanyseemedoutof sorts for most of the game, put off by Mexico’s initiative, its willingness to attack in numbers and, perhaps most important, by its speed. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Hirving Lozano celebrates his goal with Jesus Gallardo in Mexico’s 1-0 win over Germany in Moscow, Sunday. Reuters HAVING ACHIEVED a growth of 7.7 per cent in the fourth quarter of 2017-18, India now has a challenge to take economic growth rate to double digits, Prime Minister Narendra Modi said Sunday, adding that many more steps need to be taken for that. Modi was speaking at the NITI Aayog’s fourth Governing Council meeting, which was attended by chief ministers of 23 states and the Lt Governor of Andaman and Nicobar Islands. “ThePrimeMinistersaidthat schemes such as Mudra Yojana, Jan Dhan Yojana and Stand Up India, are helping in greater financialinclusion.Heemphasised the need for tackling economic imbalances on priority. He said that all aspects and parameters of human development need to CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 7 EXPLAINED What fuelled the fire in Shillong ED to move court against Mallya in first case under new fugitives law Assets in India and abroad liable for confiscation, can be sold to creditors KHUSHBOO NARAYAN MUMBAI, JUNE 17 THEENFORCEMENTDirectorate (ED) will move a special court this week for “immediate confiscation” of attached assets valued at over Rs 12,400 crore of Kingfisher Airlines owner Vijay Mallyaundertherecentlypromulgated Fugitive Economic Offenders Ordinance. Thisisthefirstcaseunderthe new ordinance where the agency will approach the court to seek an official declaration to categorise Mallya as a “fugitive” based on its prosecution complaint — charge sheet — filed under the Prevention of Money Laundering Act (PMLA). In the loan default case of the defunct airline, sources told The Indian Express that the current worth of attached assets is higher than the amount, including interest, that Mallya is said to owe a consortium of 17 banks — around Rs 10,000 crore. If the court declares Mallya a fugitive under the new ordinance, his assets in India and abroad will be liable for confiscationandcanalsobesoldtosatisfycreditors’claims,evenbefore the trial begins. Once ED moves the court, Mallya, who is currently fighting extradition in UK, will be given six weeks to present himself at “a specified place at a specified time”. If he fails to do so, he will 8 THEEDITORIAL PAGE ED to file additional complaint soon bedeclareda“fugitiveeconomic offender”. Sources said the agency will submit a supplementary prosecution complaint in the case soon. In its first prosecution complaint filed last year, the ED accused Kingfisher Airlines and Mallyaof havingroutedoverseas over Rs 417 crore of Rs 900 crore itsecuredasloanfromIDBIBank foraircraftrentalleasingandoperational expenses. According to the ED complaint, Kingfisher Airlines “participated in criminal activities”, whichledtothe“generationand acquisition” of Rs 900 crore, and was “involved with the concealment, possession, acquisition and use of the proceeds of (the) crime”. It claimed that Mallya was an “active participant in the generation of proceeds of crime and the activity of money laundering” under PMLA. The agency in its complaint also said that Mallya hid assets of aboutRs1,760crorethrougha dozen shell companies abroad. Some of the assets of Mallya attached by ED under PMLA include a farm house in Mandwa in Alibaug, multiple flats in CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 India’s Dutch disease? BY NEELKANTH MISHRA US team of experts in Delhi to discuss key military agreement SUSHANT SINGH NEW DELHI, JUNE 17 AS PART of preparations for the 2+2 dialogue between the foreign and defence ministers of India and the US in Washington nextmonth,ateamof specialists from the Pentagon will be meeting their counterparts on the Indian side in Delhi from Monday to negotiate the text of a “foundational” military communications agreement. Official sources told The Indian Express that the US team, which will include lawyers, and policy and technical experts, is scheduledtomeettheIndianexperts from Monday to Wednesday. They said that the US officials will try and address Indian observations on the draft Communications Compatibility and Security Agreement (COMCASA) submitted earlier. The resumption of talks on COMCASA signals a breakthrough in the Indian stance. After signing a military logistics agreement with the US in 2016, the Indian government was not keen on signing the two other “foundational” agreements — COMCASA and Basic Exchange and Cooperation Agreement for Geo-spatialCooperation(BECA). COMCASA essentially provides a legal framework for the transferof communicationsecurity equipment from the US to Indiathatwouldfacilitate“interoperability”betweenIndian and US forces — and potentially with other militaries that use US-originsystemsforsecuredatalinks. ItwascalledtheCommunication and Information on Security Memorandum of Agreement (CISMOA) before the name was changed to reflect its India-specific nature. Official sources said they did not expect the finalisation of the COMCASA text or its signing during the inaugural 2+2 dialogue. But an intention to sign the COMCASA in the near future could figure in the joint statement to be issued by both CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 ● PAGE ONE ANCHOR DATA HUNGER GROWING, 4-FOLD SPIKE IN WIFI USAGE AT 370 RLY STATIONS TRACKING PATNA, GORAKHPUR, JHANSI... CHANGE» KARISHMA MEHROTRA NEW DELHI, JUNE 17 AT LEAST 75 lakh users consumed more than 7,100 terabytes (TB) of data in April alone at 370 railway stations offering WiFiservices—theequivalentof almost 23 lakh high definition (HD) movies streamed online or about5,000daysworthof audio. Data consumption also saw a four-fold jump over the last year:ComparedtoApril2018,60 lakh people in 110 stations consumed 1,600 TB in March 2017. And, the usage pattern suggested high consumption and moreusersinseveralnon-metro EVERY MONDAY For all Change stories, log on to www.indianexpress.com/change Witness Change? Write to us at firstname.lastname@example.org cities: Almost 10,000 users in Pune, Allahabad, Vijayawada, and Visakhapatnam consumed, on average, over 2 TB of data. Thefigureswerecompiledby RailTel and Google, which teamed up in 2016 to hook 400 stations to public WiFi and completed the project about a week ago (see box). “[The project] val- idates our belief that there is this huge data hunger in India,” said K Suri of Google’s Next Billion Users Initiative. According to Prasanto Roy, vice president of NASSCOM, Internet in India is penetrating into the next 300 million users, whoconsumelesstextandmore video because they are largely non-English speaking and have lower literacy levels. “Theywatchstreamingvideo off WhatsApp-shared links, YouTube. They listen to audio. They do video chats. Some of them were earlier, perhaps, watching videos on mobiles via shared or rented SD cards; now, they are downloading videos on Patterns mapped by Google and RailTel ■ Top six non-metro stations that used most data: Patna, Secunderabad, Allahabad, Gorakhpur, Ahmedabad, Vijayawada. ■ Average of 10,000 WiFi users every day per station in Vijayawada, Lucknow, Visakhapatnam, Jhansi, Allahabad, Pune and Varanasi. ■ Vijayawada, Allahabad saw 1.4 lakh WiFi users in April. ■ Monthly sessions in Gorakhpur up over 11 per cent since start of year; in Lucknow, up 19 per cent. ■Nearly 80 lakh monthly users access Internet for about 40 mins a day, using around 350 MB per session — 36% first-time WiFi users. either free WiFi or cheap usage plans. So their average demand for and consumption of data is higher than the first 300 million,” he said. While metros accounted for an increase of more than 60 per cent in mobile subscriptions between 2011 and 2017, the rest of thecountrysawaroughly85per cent increase, according to the CellularOperatorsAssociationof India (COAI). “The data hunger in India is driven,toagreatextent,byvideo streaming which contributes as much as 70-75% of mobile data traffic,”saidRajanSMathews,director general, COAI. At this rate, the association estimates, India will consume 14 exabytes (or 1 million TB) of data per month in five years, compared to 1.3 exabytes last year. Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) numbers show that an average mobile subscriber consumed almost 2,000 MB or 2 GB data per month. And with fixed WiFi networks, usage shot up to 8.5 GB per month, according to Nokia. A TRAI report in April estimated that WiFi will drive about 60 per cent of Internet traffic in 2021. Both RailTel and Google said their initiative was just the beginning of more connectivity projects. “The reality is that when we conceptualised the entire thing, it was unbelievable to have WiFi broadband in one of the toughest places in India — railway stations,” Google’s Suri said. The project ran into initial engineering difficulties with electrical interference and heritage preservation of century-old stations. In 2016, RailTel began linking optic fibre cable that follows the railway tracks to the roofs of train stations, as Google — often with the help of third-party implementors — began designing and deploying station access points. Suri said the service shows advertisements during the login CONTINUED ON PAGE 2
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