LATE CITY, 18 PAGES, AHMEDABAD, `4.00 ● THURSDAY, JULY 5, 2018 ● WWW.INDIANEXPRESS.COM TheIndian EXPRESS SC reins in Delhi L-G DAILY FROM: AHMEDABAD, CHANDIGARH, DELHI, JAIPUR, KOLKATA, LUCKNOW, MUMBAI, NAGPUR, PUNE, VADODARA 3 JOURNALISM OF COURAGE DELHI GOVT VS LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR POWER STRUGGLE GUJARAT BAVALIYA GETS THREE PORTFOLIOS ● Maruti Suzuki to Delhi Govt needs to keep L-G posted, his OK not needed expand Hansalpur plant, to hire another 4,000 P5 9 Message to AAP: Get along, no room for anarchy Elated AAP govt rushes transfer file, only to get a regret note ANANTHAKRISHNAN G & KAUNAIN SHERIFF M NEW DELHI, JULY 4 THE IDEAS PAGE Towards a people’s police The force needs to be freed from the stranglehold of the executive and given functional autonomy PASSPORT ROW Officer asked irrelevant questions on religion: probe Anas Siddiqui and Tanvi Seth EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE NEW DELHI, JULY 4 WEEKS AFTER an interfaith couple alleged harassment at the passport office in Lucknow, an internal probe by the government has found that the passport officer asked irrelevant questions regarding their religion. Sources said the Uttar Pradesh Police report that the couple don’t live at the address mentioned in their passport application was also “irrelevant”. On June 20, Mohammad Anas Siddiqui and Tanvi Seth, who have been married for 12 years, tweeted that they were humiliated by the passport officer, Vikas Mishra, when they visited the passport office in Lucknow. They alleged that they were targeted because of their interfaith marriage. The next day, the Regional Passport Office (RPO) transferred Mishra to Gorakhpur and issued passports to the couple. The couple had tagged External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj, who was trolled on Twitter after Mishra was transferred. The internal probe has found IN A landmark verdict Wednesday that came as a shot in the arm for the Arvind Kejriwal-led AAP government in its tussle with Lieutenant Governor Anil Baijal for control of Delhi, a five-judge Constitution Bench of the Supreme Court ruled that decisions of the elected government of Delhi do not require the concurrence of the Lt Governor who only needs to be informed. Calling for Constitutional pragmatism and underlining the clear separation of powers, the bench of Chief Justice of India Dipak Misra and Justices A K Sikri, A M Khanwilkar, D Y Chandrachud and Ashok Bhushan, in three separate yet concurring orders, made it clear that “the status of the Lieutenant Governor of Delhi is not that of a Governor of a State, rather he remains an Administrator, in a limited sense, working with the designation of Lieutenant Governor”. It also said that “at the same time, the Council of Ministers being headed by the Chief Minister should be guided by values and prudence accepting the Constitutional position that the NCT of Delhi is not a State”. “It has to be clearly stated that requiring prior concurrence of the Lieutenant Governor would absolutely negate the ideals of representative governance and democracy conceived for the NCT of Delhi by Article 239AA of the Constitution. Any view to the contrary would not be in consonance with the intention of the Parliament to treat Delhi government as a representative form of government... the Lieutenant Governor should not emerge as an adversary having a hostile attitude towards the Council of Ministers of Delhi, rather he should act as a facilitator,” the bench said. The judges ruled that “the scheme that has been conceptualised by the insertion of Articles 239AA and 239AB read with the DEHRADUN, JULY 4 IRAN SAYS N-DEAL WILL STAY IF GAINS ARE GUARANTEED BOYS TRAPPED IN THAILAND CAVE GET DIVING LESSONS NEW DELHI, JULY 4 Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal with Deputy Chief Minister Manish Sisodia in New Delhi on Wednesday. PTI L-G’S LIMITED POWERS ■ L-G bound by aid and advice of Council of Ministers ■ L-G has no independent decisionmaking power ■ Centre has control over land, police, law and order ■ NCT of Delhi cannot be accorded status of state ■ Status of Delhi L-G not that of a Governor of state 8 THE EDITORIAL PAGE L-G vs Govt: What now BY SHAILAJA CHANDRA Court spells out ‘moral’ message: Trust vital between Centre, states RAVISH TIWARI NEW DELHI, JULY 4 BUSINESS AS USUAL BY UNNY THE NARROW issue was the power struggle between the popularly elected Delhi government and the Lieutenant Governor appointed by the Centre but the Supreme Court substantially broadened its scope by sending a reminder of the need for political accommodation between the Centre and states. It did this via three concurring judgments that, together, invoked the principles of “Constitutional morality”, “collaborative federalism”, and “pragmatic federalism” to stress the need for an “element of trust” between high functionaries of the Central and state governments. The verdict finds particular resonance given today’s fractured politics where functionaries at the Centre and states are often locked in a fierce political contest. And when divisions are ARMED WITH the Supreme Court order that decisions of the Delhi government did not need the concurrence ofthe Lieutenant Governor, the AAP government Wednesday sent a file to Secretary (Services), empowering ChiefMinister Arvind Kejriwal to transfer and post senior officers. But within hours, a five-page note was sent to Deputy Chief Minister Manish Sisodia, who also holds the Services portfolio, expressing inability to carry out the order, sources said. The note, sources said, cited a Ministry of Home Affairs notification of May 2015, and made it clear that until there were clear directions overturning the notification, the Services department could do little. “The MHA notification is in the name of the President and unless it is specifically overturned or quashed, it stands,” a senior officer said, claiming that Services, for now, remained with the office of the Lt Governor. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 11 sharpening with political realignments in the run-up to general elections. “The element oftrust is an imperative between Constitutional functionaries so that Governments can work in accordance with Constitutional norms. It may be stated with definiteness that when such functionaries CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 EXPLAINED Between the court’s lines MORE REPORTS, P 6 All animals legal entities Won’t consider witnesses turning with rights and duties of hostile in Sohrabuddin trial: HC persons: Uttarakhand HC SAILEE DHAYALKAR KAVITA UPADHYAY 12 ANIRUDDHA GHOSAL CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 WORLD L-G must try to resolve with Govt before going to President UPHOLDING THE rights of the “entire animal kingdom”, the Uttarakhand High Court on Wednesday declared all animals, including avian and aquatic species, as “legal entities” with the “rights, duties and liabilities of a living person”. The division bench of Justices Rajiv Sharma and Lok Pal Singh also declared all Uttarakhand residents as the guardians of animals, with the duty to ensure their “welfare and protection”. “The entire animal kingdom, including avian and aquatic ones, are declared as legal entities having a distinct persona with corresponding rights, duties and liabilities of a living person. All the citizens throughout the state of Uttarakhand are hereby declared persons in loco parentis (in place of a parent) as the human face for the welfare/ protection of animals,” it said. The bench was hearing a PIL filed in 2014, where the petitioner, Narayan Dutt Bhatt, had sought the court’s directions to restrict the movement of horsecarts, or tongas, between India and Nepal through Banbasa, in Champawat district of Uttarakhand. The court “enlarged the scope of the petition in larger public interest to promote the protection and welfare of the animals”. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 MUMBAI, JULY 4 HEARING A plea challenging the discharge of IPS officers in the Sohrabuddin Sheikh encounter case, the Bombay High Court on Wednesday said it would not consider the fact that witnesses have turned hostile in the trial court. The High Court is hearing applications filed by Sohrabuddin’s brother Rubabuddin. As of Wednesday, of 129 witnesses, 77 have been declared hostile. Rubabuddin’s lawyer, Gautam Tiwari, was referring to the increasing number of prosecution witnesses turning hostile before the trial court in the alleged fake encounter case. On Wednesday, the High Till date, 77 witnesses have been declared hostile 3 MORE WITNESSES TURN HOSTILE ■ IN THE Tulsiram Prajapati alleged fake encounter case, three of the four witnesses examined on Wednesday were declared hostile. Two of the witnesses were allegedly present at the time of the inquest after Prajapati’s alleged encounter on December 28, 2006. Court began hearing the revision applications, including three filed by Rubabuddin that challenged the discharge of former Gujarat DIG D G Vanzara and IPS officers Dinesh M N and Rajkumar Pandiyan; and two filed by the CBI challenging the discharge of Rajasthan police constable Dalpat Singh Rathod and Gujarat police officer N K Amin. Rubabuddin’s lawyer began his arguments against the discharge granted to Pandiyan by the lower court on August 25, 2016. As Tiwari began his arguments by referring to the statement of a key witness who is a police driver, advocate Raja Thakare, who is representing Dinesh M N, told the court that the key witness has since turned hostile in the lower court. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Ministers Ravi Shankar Prasad, Rajnath Singh, Radha Mohan Singh, Harsimrat Kaur Badal announce the hike. Renuka Puri WILL COST Rs 15,000 CRORE Cabinet clears MSP increase, highest for paddy No Govt has given such a hike in independent India’s history: Rajnath EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE NEW DELHI, JULY 4 WITH THE 2019 general elections round the corner, the Cabinet Wednesday approved the highest absolute hike ever in the Minimum Support Price (MSP) for paddy, and a significant hike for other Kharif crops. The new MSP rates will ensure that farmers get at least 150 per cent of the cost of production for each crop estimated by the Commission for Agricultural Prices and Production (CACP), a promise made by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in his interaction with the farming community last week. Announcing the Cabinet’s “historic” decision, Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh said that the MSP for common grade paddy has been increased from Rs 1,550 per quintal to Rs 1,750 per quintal, an increase of nearly 13 per cent. The Indian Express had reported Wednesday that the government was set to implement the highest ever single-year raise 10 THE RURAL What the hike means in the fields ● AGRICULTURE STOCKS SOAR, PAGE 13 in MSP for paddy from this Kharif season to the tune of about Rs 200 per quintal. Paddy is the country’s main Kharif crop, and Singh said the government would ensure that the crop is bought at the MSP across the country. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Prodded by Beijing, AI joins others: Taiwan is now Chinese Taipei SHUBHAJIT ROY NEW DELHI, JULY 4 “TAIPEI, TAOYUAN International Airport, TPE, Chinese Taipei” — this is how the Air India website now refers to Taiwan, more than two months after a diktat by the Civil Aviation Authority of China. The move comes after several other airlines including Delta Airlines, Qantas, Singapore Airlines, Japan Airlines and Air Canada also changed the name to avoid any tussle. While Air India did not comment on the matter Wednesday, sources said that China had not raised the issue with the Ministry of External Affairs. On April 25, just two days before Prime Minister Narendra Modi met Chinese President Xi Jinping in Wuhan as part of reset of bilateral ties, the Civil Aviation Authority of China issued orders to Air India along with other international airlines flying into China to refer to Taiwan only as Chinese Taipei. The diktat had impacted many US airlines and the US State Department had told Business Insider that it had raised “strong concerns” with Chinese authorities in Beijing about the order. New Delhi has not officially responded to the order. “Regarding websites, we object to Beijing dictating how US firms, including airlines, organise their websites for ease of consumer use. Chinese companies’ websites operate freely and without political interference in the United States,” a State Department official had told Business Insider. The State Department also said it “will consider taking appropriate action if necessary in response to unfair Chinese actions.” India has always treaded warily when it comes to Chinese sensitivities on Taiwan. While Taiwan says it is a democratic, self-ruled country in East Asia, China does not agree. According to the “One China” policy, Beijing considers Taiwan a province of China. India accepts the One China policy, though it has not explicitly stated the fact in bilateral joint statements in recent years. Chinese insistence that it should be called “Chinese Taipei” is to prevent international CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 ● PAGE ONE ANCHOR TO EASE MANDATORY GUJARATI LEARNING, BOOKS TO RELY ON BAAL-GEET RITU SHARMA AHMEDABAD, JULY 4 AGE-OLD SONGS, rhymes and folk tales will form the backbone of the Gujarati language curriculum that will be taught to students of class I and II for nonGujarati medium schools as part of the Gujarat government’s decision to make Gujarati mandatory for all schools in the state. According to the officials of Gujarat Council of Educational Research and Training (GCERT), tasked with the framing of Gujarati language curriculum, they have devised a “scientific” methodology, wherein they have relied on old-age teaching mechanisms of the language to make learning Gujarati easier and interesting. Instead of targeting higher academic achievements that could lead to overburdening the child with a new subject and eventually leading to their disenchantment with the language, the focus of language pedagogy is on how to establish connect with the students, especially since non-Gujarati medium students are not well-versed in speaking and reading the language in the initial two years. The curriculum also aims at making these students read and speak Gujarati “even better than Gujarati-medium students”, and eventually “ease their mainstreaming” into Gujarati language, said experts involved in framing of the curriculum. “For this, the curriculum encompasses age-old songs and rhymes. As 80-90 per cent students in these schools are from Gujarat itself and only a very small percentage from other states, their parents and grandparents certainly know these baal geet (children songs). We have adopted a scientific pedagogy. We are not relying only on what is being taught and fol- C R Sasikumar lowed in schools these days. This will immensely help in creating a connect with the children through their previous generations,” said a team member from GCERT’s curriculum committee. With the focus on reading and listening only, the curriculum for class I and II will include only 12 out of 34 total consonants and two out of 13 vowels. The team, which has been working in close coordination with Gujarati language experts, aims that at the end of two years, a child would be able to read sentences with three to four alphabets with two vowels of “aa” and “e” and is able to understand simple instruc- tions and act according to it. “We have kept in mind that the Class I and II textbooks are equivalent to pre-school curriculum of some reputed preschools being run in Gujarati with a tried and tested methodology of teaching our mother tongue,” said a language expert closely associated with the framing of the curriculum. The two-year curriculum has been taken in a continuity, and has been divided into 14 units, with one theme for each unit. “We are also focusing on those whose mother tongue is Gujarati, but they have not opted for Gujarati. They are the ones who are expected to face difficulty in following the language or other subjects in higher classes. Rhymes and songs have been included to ease their mainstreaming into Gujarati medium,” said GCERT Director T S Joshi. In March this year, Education Minister Bhupendrasinh Chudasama had announced in the Assembly that Gujarati language will be mandatory in every school in the state till Class VIII, irrespective of the board they are affiliated to, including the CBSE, ICSE, IB, CISCE or IGCSE. He had said that the decision was taken by the government CONTINUED ON PAGE 2
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