TheIndian EXPRESS LATE CITY, 26 PAGES, MUMBAI, `5.00 ● FRIDAY, JULY 6, 2018 ● WWW.INDIANEXPRESS.COM ● REG.NO. MCS/067/2018 - 20 RNI REGN. NO. 1543/57 DAILY FROM: AHMEDABAD, CHANDIGARH, DELHI, JAIPUR, KOLKATA, LUCKNOW, MUMBAI, NAGPUR, PUNE, VADODARA JOURNALISM OF COURAGE EPFO data Govt cited to show job surge is now down AANCHAL MAGAZINE NEW DELHI, JULY 5 BUSINESS AS USUAL BY UNNY RESCUE ON MANSAROVAR TRAIL Indian pilgrims being evacuated from Simikot to Surkhet and Nepalganj, as Nepal authorities step up efforts to rescue those stranded there due to heavy rain while returning from the Kailash Mansarovar pilgrimage, on Wednesday. PTI MURDEROUS MOB AN EXPRESS INVESTIGATION — PART 1 9 states, 27 killings, one year: And a pattern to the lynchings The Indian Express investigates the circumstances of each death related to child-lifting rumours to find a common plot: helpless police, migrant victims Rashmi Rajput in Dhule, Abhishek Saha in Guwahati, Sweety Kumari in Kolkata, Sreenivas Janyala in Hyderabad, Johnson T A in Bengaluru, Arun Janardhanan in Chennai & Dipankar Ghose in Raipur BEINGANoutsider,movingafter sunset, taking an unfamiliar road, stopping to ask for directions, even offering a chocolate to a child on the way. This is what led to the killing of 27 peoplein 15 casesof lynchingsbyfrenziedmobsblindedby viral rumours of child-kidnappers on the prowl across nine states — from Assam to Tamil Nadu — in the last one year. While the sudden burst of murderous rage may be spontaneous, an investigation by The Indian Express of the circumstances around eachincidentreveals distinct patterns — the demographics of the mob, its nature of mobilisation, the profile of accused, the way rumours spread, the response of police and the legal process. One key finding of the investigation is this: proximity or distance of police from the scene of the crime doesn’t make a difference. In the 27 killings, the neareststationwas2-20kmfromthe spot — on an average, within 10 km. Yet, police were unable to reach in time. In the handful of cases that they did, they were heavily outnumbered. Clearly, the rumour and the mob moves faster than the police. And rumour wins over fact — always. No previous case of kidnapping was recorded — or evensuspected—inanyof these lynching spots in the three monthsleadinguptotheattacks. Significantly, in all these cases, The Indian Express found, the victims were not known to the accused and were merely passing through. The latest black spot in the spate of killings — the lynching MAPPING THE DEATH & RUMOUR TRAIL: MAHARASHTRA, JHARKHAND 0N TOP MAHARASHTRA 2killed (June8,2018) Chandgaonvillage, AurangabadRural WEST BENGAL 1killed (June13,2018) 1killed (June23,2018) Bulbulchandi-Dubapara Mathuri,EastMidnapore village,Malda 1killed (June11,2018) Goregaontown,Gondia 1killed (June15,2018) Chawani,AurangabadCity 5killed (July1,2018) Rainpada,Dhule CHHATTISGARH 1killed (June22,2018) Mendrakalavillage, Surguja ASSAM I N D I A KARNATAKA 1killed (May23,2018) Cottonpet,Bengaluru 2killed (June8,2018) PanjuriKacharivillage, KarbiAnglong TELANGANA 1killed (May23,2018) Jiyapallivillage,Nalgonda TRIPURA TAMIL NADU JHARKHAND 1killed (May9,2018) Athimoorvillage, Tiruvannamalai 3killed (May18,2017) Nagadihvillage, EastSinghbhum 4killed (May19,2017) Shobhapurvillage, Seraikela-Kharsawan of fiveinMaharashtra’sDhuleon July 1 — prompted the central government to write to WhatsApp, which responded that it has introduced a series of measures, including labels on forwarded messages. “But in the end, it’s down to the local police. How effective is theirlocalintelligenceinalerting them about tensions on the ground or an impending attack, how quickly they respond, how prepared they are in terms of armsandthenumberof personnel, what is the impact of their awareness measures. All these count, and have counted in the number of possible lynchings that have been prevented across the country due to timely intervention but have gone unreported,”aseniorgovernmentofficial told The Indian Express. Insomecases,however,none of this worked. InJharkhand, the victims were dragged out of a police jeep. And in Tripura, they sought refuge inside a police camp, which was stormed. The Indian Express interviewedscoresof seniorpoliceofficers, accessed records in nine states to track the lynchings and cameacrossascarthatcutacross the country from the south to the west and up to the east: JHARKHAND 7 KILLED MAY 18, 2017 Location: Nagadih village, East Singhbhum. Victims: Brothers Vikas Verma (25) and Gautam Verma (27),and their friend Gangesh Gupta (26). The Vermas had started a businessof digging pits fortoiletsinruralareas,andwere on their way back to Jugsalai in Jamshedpur around 8.30 pm on May18whentheywerelynched by a mob of 1,000. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 (June28,2018) 1killed,SidhaiMohanpur, WestTripura 1killed,Kalachhara, SouthTripura 1killed,Lakshmibilvillage, Sipahijala CENTRE ADVISORY TO STATES, UTs New Delhi: The Centre has asked the states and Union Territories to check incidents of mob lynching fuelledbyrumoursof childlifting on social media. The home ministry has urged the states and UTs to “keep a watch for early detection of rumours of child-lifting and initiate effective measures to counter them”. REPORT PAGE 16 TOMORROW:WHO ARETHEACCUSED— MEANINGOFTHEMOB ● PAGE ONE ANCHOR CITING NARADA, CHANAKYA, AMBEDKAR , LAW PANEL WANTS BETTING UNDER LAW SRIRAM VEERA MUMBAI, JULY 5 NARADA, CHANAKYA and B R Ambedkar have been brought together, along with a host of Vedic priests and sages, in the Law Commission’s potentially landscape-changing recommendation to legalise betting in India. The report, titled “Legal Framework: Gambling and Sports Betting including Cricket in India”, leaves the final call to Parliament and the state legislatures, and recommends various ways to regulate the betting market. The commission concludesthatsuchamovewillgenerate immense revenue which can be used for “social welfare”, to curb underworld influence, and restrict black money and money laundering. The commission suggests linkingAadhaar/PANcardtobetting for both operators and participants, cash-less digital transactions to help monitor cash flow, limitations on the amount anindividualcanbet,andmakes a distinction between “proper betting” for higher stakes and “small gambling” for people with low income. To ensure that the “vulnera- Recommendation is significant for cricket ble sections are protected”, the report recommendsthatminors and people below the poverty line, those who get subsidies or do not fall within the purview of the Income Tax Act or the GST Act, should be debarred from participating. It also recommends that match-fixing and sports fraud should be made criminal offenceswithseverepunishments. However,onememberof the commission, S Sivakumar, has filedaseparateopinionofdissent, stating that the report isn’t comprehensive enough and doesn’t quite address the social ills that such a legalisation can trigger. The report was triggered by theSupremeCourt which, while considering the Lodha Committee report on cricket, CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 14 THE EDITORIAL PAGE Trolling Sushma unacceptable BY RAM MADHAV EXPRESS NETWORK Mallya’s properties can be searched, assets seized: UK court PAGE 16 THE EMPLOYEES’ Provident Fund Organisation’s (EPFO’s) enrolment numbers, which formed the basis for an ‘independent’ study released earlier this year that the government citedasanindicatorof buoyancy in formal job creation in the economy, has now been sharply whittleddownforeachof thesix months where data was released subsequently. The downward revision in net enrolment numbers that range from 6 per cent to 21 per cent for each of the months between September 2017 and March 2018 has baffled those withinthegovernment,withthe Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI) writing to the EPFO, seeking reasons for the downward revisions. Cumulatively,forSeptemberMarch 2017-18, the total net enrolment has been reduced by 12.58 per cent or 4.95 lakh to 34.40 lakh as against 39.35 lakh estimated earlier, fresh data released on June 25 showed. While initial indicators point to duplications having been weeded out of the EPFO enrolment data and the numbers have been linked with Aadhaar, two government officials admitted that ideally such sharp revision should not have happened. “MoSPI has written to the EPFO asking for the reason but there CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 First bullet train tender goes out, for a bridge AVISHEK G DASTIDAR NEW DELHI, JULY 5 THE NATIONAL High Speed Rail Corporation Limited (NHSRCL) has floated its first tender for India’s first bullet train project, even as it seeks to overcome local resistance to land acquisition in Gujarat and Maharashtra. The tender is for building a bridge in Navsari district of Gujarat, where NHSRCL officials have been engaging residents to resolve issues related to land acquisition. This will be the first of the 60-odd bridges on the 508km high-speed corridor. With this, NHSRCL officials said, a gradual end to the deadlock over the land acquisition process in the two states is in sight. Sources said there are encouraging signs from Palghar in Maharashtra,wheretheNHSRCL has been battling resistance fromfarmerssupportedbyMNS and local Shiv Sena units. Last month, Sena mouthpiece Saamana published an advertorial highlighting the benefits of the project and compensationpackages,indicating that a breakthrough was likely. In Palghar, the NHSRCL has been able to rope in women of 73villageswherelandistobeacquired. These women have been entrusted with the task of facilitating communication between the village heads and NHSRCL CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 CM orders judicial probe into Kharghar land deal SHUBHANGIKHAPRE NAGPUR,JULY5 CHIEF MINISTER Devendra Fadnavis on Thursday ordered a judicial probe into the Kharghar land deal, in which plots were allottedtotheKoynapowerproject affected persons (PAP). The land in Navi Mumbai was re-sold to private builders inviting charges of corruption against the state government. Besides, 200 land deals in Raigad district made during the Congress-NCP regime in the past 15 years, in which plots were allottedtoKoynaPAPsandlatersold to private builders, would also be probed, Fadnavis said in the state Assembly.Headdedthatthegovernment will prepare a policy on land allotted to PAPs. Earlier this week, the Congress,whileallegingthatgovernment land in Navi Mumbai, worthRs1,767crore,wasgivento a private builder for just Rs 3.60 crore,hadclaimedthetransaction hadthe “blessings” of Fadnavis. It hadsaidthattheFadnavis-ledurban development department hadhelpedtheprivatebuilder“illegally acquire” 24 acres of notifiedlandatKharghar,inthename of compensating a group of familiesdisplacedbytheKoynapower project. The Koyna hydroelectric CONTINUEDONPAGE2 MORE REPORTS PAGE 7 MAHARASHTRA P 7 ● HC ORDERS SALARY CUT FOR TOP OFFICIALS
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