LATE CITY, 20 PAGES, AHMEDABAD, `4.00 ● FRIDAY, JULY 6, 2018 ● WWW.INDIANEXPRESS.COM TheIndian EXPRESS DAILY FROM: AHMEDABAD, CHANDIGARH, DELHI, JAIPUR, KOLKATA, LUCKNOW, MUMBAI, NAGPUR, PUNE, VADODARA JOURNALISM OF COURAGE EPFO data Govt cited to show job surge is now down AANCHAL MAGAZINE NEW DELHI, JULY 5 BUSINESS AS USUAL BY UNNY RESCUE ON MANSAROVAR TRAIL Indian pilgrims being evacuated from Simikot to Surkhet and Nepalganj, as Nepal authorities step up efforts to rescue those stranded there due to heavy rain while returning from the Kailash Mansarovar pilgrimage. PTI MURDEROUS MOB AN EXPRESS INVESTIGATION — PART 1 9 states, 27 killings, one year: And a pattern to the lynchings The Indian Express investigates the circumstances of each death related to child-lifting rumours to find a common plot: helpless police, migrant victims 10 THE EDITORIAL PAGE Trolling Sushma unacceptable BY RAM MADHAV EXPRESS NETWORK MAPPING THE DEATH & RUMOUR TRAIL: MAHARASHTRA, JHARKHAND 0N TOP Rashmi Rajput in Dhule, Abhishek Saha in Guwahati, Sweety Kumari in Kolkata, Sreenivas Janyala in Hyderabad, Johnson T A in Bengaluru, Arun Janardhanan in Chennai & Dipankar Ghose in Raipur BEING AN outsider, moving after sunset, taking an unfamiliar road, stopping to ask for directions, even offering a chocolate to a child on the way. This is what led to the killing of 27 people in 15 cases of lynchings by frenzied mobs blinded by viral rumours of child-kidnappers on the prowl across nine states — from Assam to Tamil Nadu — in the last one year. While the sudden burst of murderous rage may be spontaneous, an investigation by The Indian Express of the circumstances around each incident reveals distinct patterns — the demographics of the mob, its nature of mobilisation, the profile of accused, the way rumours spread, the response of police and the legal process. One key finding of the investigation is this: proximity or distance of police from the scene of the crime doesn’t make a difference. In the 27 killings, the nearest station was 2-20 km from the spot — on an average, within 10 km. Yet, police were unable to reach in time. In the handful of cases that they did, they were heavily outnumbered. Clearly, the rumour and the mob moves faster than the police. And rumour wins over fact — always. No previous case of kidnapping was recorded — or even suspected — in any of these lynching spots in the three months leading up to the attacks. Significantly, in all these cases, The Indian Express found, the victims were not known to the accused and were merely passing through. The latest black spot in the spate of killings — the lynching MAHARASHTRA 2 killed (June 8 , 2018) Chandgaon village, Aurangabad Rural WEST BENGAL 1 killed (June 13, 2018) 1 killed (June 23, 2018) Bulbulchandi-Dubapara Mathuri, EastMidnapore village, Malda 1 killed (June 11, 2018) Goregaon town, Gondia 1 killed (June 15, 2018) Chawani, Aurangabad City 5 killed (July 1, 2018) Rainpada, Dhule CHHATTISGARH 1 killed (June 22, 2018) Mendrakala village, Surguja ASSAM I N D I A KARNATAKA TELANGANA 1 killed (May 23, 2018) Cottonpet, Bengaluru 2 killed (June 8, 2018) Panjuri Kachari village, Karbi Anglong 1 killed (May 23, 2018) Jiyapalli village, Nalgonda TRIPURA TAMIL NADU JHARKHAND 1 killed (May 9, 2018) Athimoor village, Tiruvannamalai 3 killed (May 18, 2017) Nagadih village, East Singhbhum 4 killed (May 19, 2017) Shobhapur village, Seraikela-Kharsawan of five in Maharashtra’s Dhule on July 1 — prompted the central government to write to WhatsApp, which responded that it has introduced a series of measures, including labels on forwarded messages. “But in the end, it’s down to the local police. How effective is their local intelligence in alerting them about tensions on the ground or an impending attack, how quickly they respond, how prepared they are in terms of arms and the number of personnel, what is the impact of their awareness measures. All these count, and have counted in the number of possible lynchings that have been prevented across the country due to timely intervention but have gone unreported,” a senior government official told The Indian Express. In some cases, however, none of this worked. In Jharkhand, the victims were dragged out of a police jeep. And in Tripura, they sought refuge inside a police camp, which was stormed. The Indian Express interviewed scores of senior police officers, accessed records in nine states to track the lynchings and came across a scar that cut across the country from the south to the west and up to the east: JHARKHAND 7 KILLED MAY 18, 2017 Location: Nagadih village, East Singhbhum. Victims: Brothers Vikas Verma (25) and Gautam Verma (27),and their friend Gangesh Gupta (26). The Vermas had started a business of digging pits for toilets in rural areas, and were on their way back to Jugsalai in Jamshedpur around 8.30 pm on May 18 when they were lynched by a mob of 1,000. (June 28, 2018) 1 killed,Sidhai Mohanpur, West Tripura 1 killed, Kalachhara, South Tripura 1 killed, Lakshmibil village, Sipahijala CENTRE ADVISORY TO STATES , UTs New Delhi: The Centre has asked the states and Union Territories to check incidents of mob lynching fuelled by rumours of childlifting on social media. The home ministry has urged the states and UTs to “keep a watch for early detection of rumours of child-lifting and initiate effective measures to counter them”. REPORT PAGE 7 TOMORROW:WHO ARE THE ACCUSED — MEANING OF THE MOB CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 ● PAGE ONE ANCHOR CITING NARADA, CHANAKYA, AMBEDKAR , LAW PANEL WANTS BETTING UNDER LAW SRIRAM VEERA MUMBAI, JULY 5 NARADA, CHANAKYA and B R Ambedkar have been brought together, along with a host of Vedic priests and sages, in the Law Commission’s potentially landscape-changing recommendation to legalise betting in India. The report, titled “Legal Framework: Gambling and Sports Betting including Cricket in India”, leaves the final call to Parliament and the state legislatures, and recommends various ways to regulate the betting market. The commission concludes that such a move will generate immense revenue which can be used for “social welfare”, to curb underworld influence, and restrict black money and money laundering. The commission suggests linking Aadhaar/PAN card to betting for both operators and participants, cash-less digital transactions to help monitor cash flow, limitations on the amount an individual can bet, and makes a distinction between “proper betting” for higher stakes and “small gambling” for people with low income. To ensure that the “vulnera- Recommendation is significant for cricket ble sections are protected”, the report recommends that minors and people below the poverty line, those who get subsidies or do not fall within the purview of the Income Tax Act or the GST Act, should be debarred from participating. It also recommends that match-fixing and sports fraud should be made criminal offences with severe punishments. However, one member of the commission, S Sivakumar, has filed a separate opinion ofdissent, stating that the report isn’t comprehensive enough and doesn’t quite address the social ills that such a legalisation can trigger. The report was triggered by the Supreme Court which, while considering the Lodha Committee report on cricket, CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Mallya’s properties can be searched, assets seized: UK court PAGE 7 THE EMPLOYEES’ Provident Fund Organisation’s (EPFO’s) enrolment numbers, which formed the basis for an ‘independent’ study released earlier this year that the government cited as an indicator of buoyancy in formal job creation in the economy, has now been sharply whittled down for each of the six months where data was released subsequently. The downward revision in net enrolment numbers that range from 6 per cent to 21 per cent for each of the months between September 2017 and March 2018 has baffled those within the government, with the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI) writing to the EPFO, seeking reasons for the downward revisions. Cumulatively, for SeptemberMarch 2017-18, the total net enrolment has been reduced by 12.58 per cent or 4.95 lakh to 34.40 lakh as against 39.35 lakh estimated earlier, fresh data released on June 25 showed. While initial indicators point to duplications having been weeded out of the EPFO enrolment data and the numbers have been linked with Aadhaar, two government officials admitted that ideally such sharp revision should not have happened. “MoSPI has written to the EPFO asking for the reason but there CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 First bullet train tender goes out, for a bridge AVISHEK G DASTIDAR NEW DELHI, JULY 5 THE NATIONAL High Speed Rail Corporation Limited (NHSRCL) has floated its first tender for India’s first bullet train project, even as it seeks to overcome local resistance to land acquisition in Gujarat and Maharashtra. The tender is for building a bridge in Navsari district of Gujarat, where NHSRCL officials have been engaging residents to resolve issues related to land acquisition. This will be the first of the 60-odd bridges on the 508-km high-speed corridor. With this, NHSRCL officials said, a gradual end to the dead- lock over the land acquisition process in the two states is in sight. Sources said there are encouraging signs from Palghar in Maharashtra, where the NHSRCL has been battling resistance from farmers supported by MNS and local Shiv Sena units. Last month, Sena mouthpiece Saamana published an advertorial highlighting the benefits of the project and compensation packages, indicating that a breakthrough was likely. In Palghar, the NHSRCL has been able to rope in women of 73 villages where land is to be acquired. These women have been entrusted with the task of facilitating communication between the village heads and NHSRCL CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 J&K cop abducted by militants EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE SRINAGAR, JULY 5 A CONSTABLE of the Jammu and Kashmir Police, Javaid Ahmad Dar, was abducted by suspected militants on Thursday evening. Dar, a resident of Kachdoora village in South Kashmir’s Shopian district, is reported to have been abducted from outside his house. While security forces have launched an operation to trace him, Shopian SSP could not be contacted. The incident occurred on a day when Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh reviewed the security situation in the state at a high-level meeting attended by Governor N N Vohra, National Security Advisor Ajit Doval, Union Home Secretary Rajiv Gauba and top civil and police officials in Srinagar. “Development and good governance remained elusive for the common people of Jammu and Kashmir. We are committed to take all possible measures that will bring accountability, transparency and good governance in the system,” Singh later tweeted. “With renewed focus on good governance and development, the Centre is looking forward to kindle new aspirations and hopes among the people of the state,” he said. He added that the dream of a developed and prosperous J&K will be realised when “there is peace and normalcy in the state”. — WITH PTI ECONOMY P 13 ● RELIANCE FIBRE BROADBAND FOR 1,100 CITIES
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