TheIndian EXPRESS LATE CITY, 24 PAGES, NEW DELHI, `6.00 (`8 PATNA & RAIPUR, `12 SRINAGAR) ● WEDNESDAY, JULY 11, 2018 ● WWW.INDIANEXPRESS.COM DAILY FROM: AHMEDABAD, CHANDIGARH, DELHI, JAIPUR, KOLKATA, LUCKNOW, MUMBAI, NAGPUR, PUNE, VADODARA JOURNALISM OF COURAGE OPERATIVE FLOWN TO AFGHANISTAN WHERE HE IS IN CUSTODY Indian intelligence infiltrated IS ring to track, arrest Afghan suicide bomber sent to hit Delhi Afghan national got admitted to engg college, rented a flat in Lajpat Nagar, Indian ‘plant’ gave him dummy explosives RITU SARIN NEW DELHI, JULY 10 IN AN audacious counterintelligence operation, unprecedented in its scale and scope, Indian security agencies infiltrated an Islamic State ring to thwart a bid by an IS Afghan suicidebombertostrikeNewDelhi. The operation included the Indian “plant” supplying the IS operative with explosives — without triggers — and even arranging for his accommoda- tion in the capital. The arrest by Indian agencies happened in New Delhi around September 2017 but it’s only now that top diplomatic and intelligence sources have confirmed details to The Indian Express. The ISoperative,wholivedin New Delhi in the guise of an engineering student, was flown to Afghanistan days after he was arrested and is, at present, understoodtobeincustodyatakey US military base in Afghanistan. In fact, so “high value” is this UNPRECEDENTED COUNTER-INTELLIGENCE OPERATION ■ IS operative joined engineering college, rented flat in Lajpat Nagar ■ Visited Delhi airport, malls, markets as possible attack sites ■ Nabbed after IS ring was infiltrated, vigil by multi-agency group ■ Said he was one of 12 tasked to trigger blasts in different countries ■ Flown to Afghanistan, provided leads that led to killing of Taliban men US forces in Afghanistan have used the IS man’s confessions to hit the Taliban Afghan bomber that his confessionsandinterrogationsareseen as one of the possible reasons behind the string of successes achieved recently by US forces against the Taliban in Afghanistan, sources said. Sources have told The Indian Express that an 18-month-long surveillance operation in Afghanistan, Dubai and New Delhi yielded intelligence that a group of 12 IS operatives were being sent after training in Pakistan to carry out bomb CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Sec 377 is Victorian era morality, strike it down: petitions in SC Pact signed, Indian marine exports eye South Korea market For now, will deal only with validity of law, correctness of 2013 order: Bench ANANTHAKRISHNAN G NEW DELHI, JULY 10 BUSINESS AS USUAL BY UNNY A FIVE-JUDGE Constitution Bench of the Supreme Court, whichTuesdaystarted hearing a clutch of petitions challenging Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code,wastoldthatthelawcriminalising same sex relations between consenting adults was a product of Victorian era morality and deserved to be struck down as “unconstitutional”. During the course of the hearing, Chief Justice of India Dipak Misra observed “you only have to impress on us that if Section 377 was to be enacted today, it would be struck down forviolatingfundamentalrights” while his colleague Justice D Y Chandrachud, at another point, remarked that one’s choice of “partnerwouldincludesamesex 12 partner too”. The bench, also comprising Justices R F Nariman, A M Khanwilkar and Indu Malhotra, made it clear that it would not venture into the issue of marriage relating to the LGBTQ (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender andqueer)communityorinheritance in live-in relationships. The judges said they would only deal with the question of the validity of Section 377, and examine the correctness of the SupremeCourt’s2013judgment that had overturned the Delhi High Court order decriminalising gay sex. “The question here is whether Section 377 is ultra vires or not. Let us get out of this maze. We cannot now give an advance ruling on questions like inheritance to live-in partners, whether they can marry, etc. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Is China meritocratic? THEEDITORIAL PAGE BY ASHUTOSH VARSHNEY Spike in militant recruitment after end of Valley ceasefire: J&K data WHATMULTI-AGENCY CENTREFOUND SUSHANT SINGH NEW DELHI, JULY 10 Month 2017 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Total THERE HAS been a spike in the recruitment of local youths by militant groups in Kashmir followingthe end of theRamzan ceasefire. According to data compiled byJ&K’s Multi-Agency Centre(MAC),themonthof June saw 27 youths from the Valley — mainly from the districts of Shopian, Pulwama, Anantnag and Kulgam in South Kashmir — joining militancy. “The increase in the number of local youths picking the gun last month came after June 16, 09 05 09 08 16 17 06 03 12 10 16 17 128 2018 (TillJune) 03 03 07 28 14 27 — — — — — — 82 which was Eid, when the ceasefireendedandthesecurityforces decided to undertake operations,” said a Srinagar-based security official. Afteranall-timehighof 28in April,militantrecruitmentinthe Valley had dropped to 14 in May. The data (till June-end) shows that 82 local youths have joinedmilitancysincethebeginning of the year, raising fears in the security establishment that this could be the worst year ever in terms of local recruitment of militants in the Valley. In 2017, 128 local youths were reported tohavejoinedmilitancy,upfrom CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Prime Minister Narendra Modi with South Korean President Moon Jae-in in New Delhi, Tuesday. Renuka Puri SHUBHAJIT ROY NEW DELHI, JULY 10 THAI CAVE RESCUE OVER , ALL SAFE A helicopter carrying one of the 12 boys rescued from the flooded cave in Chiang Rai, Thailand Tuesday. After 18 days, the boys and their football coach emerged safely. AP PAGE 14 NEET in Tamil: HC orders 196 grace marks and a new list, stays counselling sessions ARUN JANARDHANAN CHENNAI, JULY 10 THE MADURAI bench of the Madras High Court on Tuesday ordered the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) to grant 196 grace marks — four markseachfor49questions—to all students who appeared for the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) in Tamil this year. Directing the Board to bring out a fresh list of qualified candidates within two weeks, the court said the ongoing counselling sessions should be “kept in abeyance” till then. Thedivisionbenchof Justices C T Selvam and A M Basheer Ahamed passed the order on a PIL filed by T K Rangarajan, CPI(M) MP, who sought full marks for all the 49 questions, saying key words had been wrongly translated in the Tamil question paper. The NEET-2018 paper, for admission to medical and dental colleges, had 180 questions with total 720 marks. Citing media reports, the petitioner had said that about 24,000 students appeared for the exam in Tamil. “The Board should revise the list of qualified candidates and publish the same afresh within a period of two weeks from today.Itshallthenbeopentothe authorities concerned to go about counselling the eligible candidates,” said the court. “As a necessarycorollaryto theabove, the list of qualified candidates shall be kept in abeyance as would the counselling sessions, pendingpublishingdetailsof the qualified candidates afresh in keeping with the order of the court,” it said. In his petition, Rangarajan had said the Tamil translation of 49 questions was either wrong or ambiguous. Citing errors, he said ‘cheetah’ had been translated as ‘seetha’, and technical terms like ‘multiple alleles’ and ‘ureters’ had also been misinterpreted, causing confusion among students. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 ● PAGE ONE ANCHOR CLOUD OVER CHINA-US TRADE HAS A SILVER LINING FOR SOYABEAN FARMERS IN INDIA HARISH DAMODARAN NEW DELHI, JULY 10 IN TIMES of farm distress, a little bit of luck can make a big difference.Forsoyabeangrowers,particularly in Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan,whichgotopollslater this year, that luck could come fromthetradetensionsbetween the US and China. China is the world’s largest importerof soyabean.In2016-17 (October-September), it bought 93.49 million tonnes (mt) of this oilseed — the major suppliers being the US (36.84 mt), Brazil (45.34 mt) and Argentina (6.67 mt). ButwithChinaclampinga25 per cent duty on US soyabean with effect from July 6 — as part of retaliatory measures against the President Donald Trump’s tariffsonsome$34billionworth of Chinesegoods—anewopportunity has opened up for India. It comes even as the Centre has hiked the minimum support price (MSP) for this year’s soyabean crop to Rs 3,399 per quintal, from Rs 3,050 for 2017-18. India exported oilseeds — in theformof de-oiledcakeormeal — to China last in 2010-11. That year, it shipped out around 0.4 mt of rapeseed meal and another 0.3 mt of soyabean meal. But from January 2012, China Trade war opens a window of opportunity for soyabean growers in poll-bound Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan. File suspended all imports, when someIndianrapeseedmealconsignments were allegedly found contaminated with malachite green, a chemical dye. The source of it was supposedly the ink used to mark jute bags carrying the produce. From this July, however, China removed all tariffs on soyabeanandmeal—earlierat3per cent and 5 per cent — imported from five APTA (Asia-Pacific Trade Agreement) countries: India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, South Korea and Laos. All of them, barring India, are insignificant suppliers. “They seem inclined to resume purchases from us. What remains to be seen is whether theywillalsoeasenon-tariff barriers relating to quarantine restrictions. We have requested the Commerce Ministry to seek CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 14 WORLD SHARIF, MARYAM PUT ON PAKISTAN’S EXIT CONTROL LIST OPENING UP the possibility of export of marine products to South Korea, India on Tuesday signedajointstatementonEarly HarvestPackageof theUpgraded Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (CEPA), following a bilateral meeting between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and South Korean President Moon Jae-in. The joint statement said that while resolving to work towards promoting mutual prosperity, the two countries “agreed to expand bilateral trade, including through the early conclusion of ongoingnegotiationstoupgrade the ROK-India Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement. In this regard, we welcomed the finalisation of the elements of an Early Harvest Packagethatwouldleadtowards an upgraded CEPA”. The statement urged the business community from both countriestoleverageopportunitiesarisingfromcomplementarities between the two economies, to enhance investment, promote joint ventures, and work towards the goal of raising bilateral trade to $50 billion by 2030. Currently, bilateral trade stands at $20 billion. Praising Moon for his “tireless efforts”towards denuclearisation of the Korean peninsula, Modi also made an oblique reference to Pakistan’s links with CONTINUED ON PAGE 2
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