TheIndian EXPRESS LATE CITY, 20+4 (NEWSLINE) PAGES, PUNE, `5.00 ● WEDNESDAY, JULY 11, 2018 ● WWW.INDIANEXPRESS.COM DAILY FROM: AHMEDABAD, CHANDIGARH, DELHI, JAIPUR, KOLKATA, LUCKNOW, MUMBAI, NAGPUR, PUNE, VADODARA JOURNALISM OF COURAGE OPERATIVE FLOWN TO AFGHANISTAN WHERE HE IS IN CUSTODY Indian intelligence infiltrated IS ring to track, arrest Afghan suicide bomber sent to hit Delhi Afghan national got admitted to engg college, rented a flat in Lajpat Nagar, Indian ‘plant’ gave him dummy explosives RITU SARIN NEW DELHI, JULY 10 IN AN audacious counterintelligence operation, unprecedented in its scale and scope, Indian security agencies infiltrated an Islamic State ring to thwart a bid by an IS Afghan suicidebombertostrikeNewDelhi. The operation included the Indian “plant” supplying the IS operative with explosives — without triggers — and even arranging for his accommoda- tion in the capital. The arrest by Indian agencies happened in New Delhi around September 2017 but it’s only now that top diplomatic and intelligence sources have confirmed details to The Indian Express. TheISoperative,wholivedin New Delhi in the guise of an engineering student, was flown to Afghanistan days after he was arrested and is, at present, understoodtobeincustodyatakey US military base in Afghanistan. In fact, so “high value” is this UNPRECEDENTED COUNTER-INTELLIGENCE OPERATION ■ IS operative joined engineering college, rented flat in Lajpat Nagar ■ Visited Delhi airport, malls, markets as possible attack sites ■ Nabbed after IS ring was infiltrated, vigil by multi-agency group ■ Said he was one of 12 tasked to trigger blasts in different countries ■ Flown to Afghanistan, provided leads that led to killing of Taliban men US forces in Afghanistan have used the IS man’s confessions to hit the Taliban Afghan bomber that his confessionsandinterrogationsareseen as one of the possible reasons behind the string of successes achieved recently by US forces against the Taliban in Afghanistan, sources said. Sources have told The Indian Express that an 18-month-long surveillance operation in Afghanistan, Dubai and New Delhi yielded intelligence that a group of 12 IS operatives were being sent after training in Pakistan to carry out bomb CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Sec 377 is Victorian era morality, strike it down: petitions in SC Pact signed, Indian marine exports eye South Korea market For now, will deal only with validity of law, correctness of 2013 order: Bench ANANTHAKRISHNAN G NEW DELHI, JULY 10 BUSINESS AS USUAL BY UNNY A FIVE-JUDGE Constitution Bench of the Supreme Court, which Tuesday started hearing a clutch of petitions challenging Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code,wastoldthatthelawcriminalising same sex relations between consenting adults was a product of Victorian era morality and deserved to be struck down as “unconstitutional”. During the course of the hearing, Chief Justice of India Dipak Misra observed “you only have to impress on us that if Section 377 was to be enacted today, it would be struck down forviolatingfundamentalrights” while his colleague Justice D Y Chandrachud, at another point, remarked that one’s choice of “partnerwouldincludesamesex 12 partner too”. The bench, also comprising Justices R F Nariman, A M Khanwilkar and Indu Malhotra, made it clear that it would not venture into the issue of marriage relating to the LGBTQ (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender andqueer)communityorinheritance in live-in relationships. The judges said they would only deal with the question of the validity of Section 377, and examine the correctness of the SupremeCourt’s2013judgment that had overturned the Delhi High Court order decriminalising gay sex. “The question here is whether Section 377 is ultra vires or not. Let us get out of this maze. We cannot now give an advance ruling on questions like inheritance to live-in partners, whether they can marry, etc. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Is China meritocratic? THEEDITORIAL PAGE BY ASHUTOSH VARSHNEY Spike in militant recruitment after end of Valley ceasefire: J&K data SUSHANT SINGH WHATMULTI-AGENCY CENTREFOUND THERE HAS been a spike in the recruitment of local youths by militant groups in Kashmir followingtheendof theRamzan ceasefire. According to data compiled by J&K’s Multi-Agency Centre(MAC),themonthof June saw 27 youths from the Valley — mainly from the districts of Shopian, Pulwama, Anantnag and Kulgam in South Kashmir — joining militancy. “The increase in the number of local youths picking the gun last month came after June 16, which was Eid, when the ceasefireendedandthesecurityforces decided to undertake opera- Month 2017 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Total 09 05 09 08 16 17 06 03 12 10 16 17 128 NEW DELHI, JULY 10 2018 (TillJune) 03 03 07 28 14 27 — — — — — — 82 tions,” said a Srinagar-based security official. Afteranall-timehighof 28in April,militantrecruitmentinthe Valley had dropped to 14 in May. The data (till June-end) shows that 82 local youths have joinedmilitancysincethebeginning of the year, raising fears in the security establishment that this could be the worst year ever in terms of local recruitment of militants in the Valley. In 2017, 128 local youths were reported tohavejoinedmilitancy,upfrom 84 in 2016, 83 in 2015 and 63 in 2014. Of the 82 who joined militancy this year, 38 joined the Hizbul Mujahideen, 18 joined the Lashkar-e-Taiba and 19 joined the Jaish-e-Mohammad. According to security CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Prime Minister Narendra Modi with South Korean President Moon Jae-in in New Delhi, Tuesday. Renuka Puri SHUBHAJIT ROY NEW DELHI, JULY 10 THAI CAVE RESCUE OVER , ALL SAFE A helicopter carrying one of the 12 boys rescued from the flooded cave in Chiang Rai, Thailand Tuesday. After 18 days, the boys and their football coach emerged safely. AP PAGE 14 Heavy rainfall maroons Mumbai, boats pull out train passengers NEHA KULKARNI & GARGI VERMA MUMBAI, JULY 10 BARELY 50 km from the heart of the financial capital and located along the route of the proposed Rs 1.08 lakh crore MumbaiAhmedabad Bullet Train, the satellite townships of Vasai, Nallasopara and Virar were almost marooned with the rail connection to Mumbai snapped and most roads waterlogged. Lakhsofresidentswereeither stranded or remained houseboundwithlocalitiesintheregion receiving an average of over 600 Rescuse work in progress at Nallasopara. Express mm of rain since the weekend. Nearly 1,500 passengers on stalled long distance trains and nearly 400 residents of low-lying salt pan lands in Manikpur had to be rescued by boat-borne teams of the National Disaster Response Force (NDRF). Also, power supply in Vasai, Nallasopara, Achole, Virar and Navghar was disconnected since 7.30 am — a substation in the area was waterlogged. Amid mounting panic in the huts dotting the Manikpur and Mithaghar salt pans, the NDRF began an operation to rescue the nearly 400 residents whose CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 OPENING UP the possibility of export of marine products to South Korea, India on Tuesday signedajointstatementonEarly HarvestPackageof theUpgraded Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (CEPA), following a bilateral meeting between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and South Korean President Moon Jae-in. The joint statement said that while resolving to work towards promoting mutual prosperity, the two countries “agreed to expand bilateral trade, including through the early conclusion of ongoingnegotiationstoupgrade the ROK-India Comprehensive CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 NEET in Tamil: HC orders 196 grace marks and a new list, stays counselling sessions ARUN JANARDHANAN CHENNAI, JULY 10 Waterlogged railway track between Virar and Nallasopara on Tuesday. Ganesh Tendulkar Economic Partnership Agreement. In this regard, we welcomed the finalisation of the elements of an Early Harvest Packagethatwouldleadtowards an upgraded CEPA”. The statement urged the business community from both countriestoleverageopportunitiesarisingfromcomplementarities between the two economies, to enhance investment, promote joint ventures, and work towards the goal of raising bilateral trade to $50 billion by 2030. Currently, bilateral trade stands at $20 billion. Praising Moon for his “tireless efforts” towards denuclearisation of the Korean peninsula, Modi also made an oblique reference to Pakistan’s links with THE MADURAI bench of the Madras High Court on Tuesday ordered the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) to grant 196 grace marks — four markseachfor49questions—to all students who appeared for the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) in Tamil this year. Directing the Board to bring out a fresh list of qualified candidates within two weeks, the court said the ongoing counselling sessions should be “kept in abeyance” till then. Thedivisionbenchof Justices C T Selvam and A M Basheer Ahamed passed the order on a PIL filed by T K Rangarajan, CPI(M) MP, who sought full marks for all the 49 questions, saying key words had been wrongly translated in the Tamil question paper. The NEET-2018 paper, for admission to medical and dental colleges, had 180 questions with total 720 marks. Citing media reports, the petitioner had said that about 24,000 students appeared for the exam in Tamil. “The Board should revise the list of qualified candidates and publish the same afresh within a period of two weeks from today.Itshallthenbeopentothe authorities concerned to go about counselling the eligible candidates,” said the court. “As a CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 ● PAGE ONE ANCHOR CLOUD OVER CHINA-US TRADE HAS A SILVER LINING FOR SOYABEAN FARMERS HARISH DAMODARAN NEW DELHI, JULY 10 IN TIMES of farm distress, a little bit of luck can make a big difference.Forsoyabeangrowers,particularly in Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan,whichgotopollslater this year, that luck could come fromthetradetensionsbetween the US and China. China is the world’s largest importerof soyabean.In2016-17 (October-September), it bought 93.49 million tonnes (mt) of this oilseed — the major suppliers being the US (36.84 mt), Brazil (45.34 mt) and Argentina (6.67 mt). ButwithChinaclampinga25 per cent duty on US soyabean with effect from July 6 — as part of retaliatory measures against the President Donald Trump’s tariffsonsome$34billionworth of Chinesegoods—anewopportunity has opened up for India. It comes even as the Centre has hiked the minimum support price (MSP) for this year’s soyabean crop to Rs 3,399 per quintal, from Rs 3,050 for 2017-18. India exported oilseeds — in theformof de-oiledcakeormeal — to China last in 2010-11. That year, it shipped out around 0.4 mt of rapeseed meal and another 0.3 mt of soyabean meal. But from January 2012, China Trade war opens a window of opportunity for soyabean growers in poll-bound Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan. File suspended all imports, when someIndianrapeseedmealconsignments were allegedly found contaminated with malachite green, a chemical dye. The source of it was supposedly the ink used to mark jute bags carrying the produce. From this July, however, China removed all tariffs on soyabeanandmeal—earlierat3per cent and 5 per cent — imported from five APTA (Asia-Pacific Trade Agreement) countries: India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, South Korea and Laos. All of them, barring India, are insignificant suppliers. “They seem inclined to resume purchases from us. What remains to be seen is whether theywillalsoeasenon-tariff barriers relating to quarantine restrictions. We have requested the Commerce Ministry to seek clarifications on the phytosani- tary certificates required by AQSIQ (General Administration of Quality Supervision, InspectionandQuarantineof the People’s Republic of China) against about 12 pests and diseases. That should hopefully not be an issue since we only export processed meal and not grain,” said B V Mehta, executive director, Solvent Extractors’ Association of India. The US may well respond to theChineseimportcurbsbyselling more soyabean to Brazil and Argentina, which are also big consumers (meal is an ingredient for animal feeds). These countries may, in turn, export a large share of their produce to China. But even after factoring in these possibilities, “they (Chinese) will still have to explore alternative supply sources”, said Mehta. Davish Jain, chairman of the Indore-based Soyabean Processors Association of India (SOPA), estimated that India can “potentially export 2 mt of soyabean meal and another 1-2 mt of rapeseed meal to China”. This should be good news for farmers in MP, Maharashtra and Rajasthan, which account for 58.45 million hectares (mh), 35.84 mh and 10.80 mh out of the country’s normal (five-year average) area of 112.51 mh sown under soyabean. Oilseed is now trading in Indore’s Gautampura market at Rs 3,500 per quintal, which is above the Rs 2,850 levels a year ago and also the current MSP of Rs 3,399. Last year, soyabean prices ruledRs400-500perquintalbelow the MSP of Rs 3,050 through much of the main marketing season from October to December. It resulted in the MP government unveiling the Bhavantar Bhugtan Yojana scheme, under which farmers were paid the difference between the MSP and the average “modal” or most-quoted rate in mandisforthequantitiessoldby them. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2
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