eye THE SUNDAY EXPRESS MAGAZINE KOLKATA,LATECITY JULY22,2018 16+6(EYE)PAGES,`5.00 (EX KOLKATA `7, `12 IN NORTH EAST STATES & ANDAMAN) DAILY FROM: AHMEDABAD, CHANDIGARH, DELHI, JAIPUR, KOLKATA, LUCKNOW, MUMBAI, NAGPUR, PUNE, VADODARA SUNDAY STORY PAGE 11 BIG PICTURE WWW.INDIANEXPRESS.COM PAGES 8-9 Bully pulpit? For all her life, Hima Das has faced challenges by running. She has run in rage and joy, after brawls and victories. The story of the athlete from Assam A toy train story As Kerala Church fights sex scandals and land scam charges, exploring what has brought it here and the debate on within The UNESCO rap has added to Darjeeling Himalayan Rail problems. What it takes to keep this heritage running Middle class focus in GST rate cuts GST meet approves cuts for white goods; sanitary napkins, rakhi exempt; says all states wanted it AANCHAL MAGAZINE NEW DELHI, JULY 21 THE GOODS and Services Tax (GST) Council in its 28th meeting Saturday approved rate reductions for 88 consumer-centric items such as cosmetics, refrigerators,washingmachines, andsmallscreentelevisions,and cleared the widely demanded exemption on sanitary napkins. The tax was also cut to zero for marble and stone idols, rakhis, and sal leaves. The Councilannouncedquarterlyre- ‘Talibani Hindus’ head BJP, will not cross 150 in LS: Mamata turn-filingandmonthlytaxpayments for businesses with annual turnover of up to Rs 5 crore as against the current threshold of Rs 1.5 crore, a move that is expected to benefit 93 per cent of registered GST taxpayers. “Today’s decisions of the GST Council were guided by simplification, rationalisation... Every state wanted that the rates on these items be lowered for benefit of middle-income households... It has also been decided that the GST Council will rise above revenue consideration and focus more on job creation and economic growth,” Finance Minister Piyush Goyal said after chairing the GST Council meeting, his first after taking charge of this portfolio. Fast-moving consumer goods, which were badly hit after demonetisation, could gain from the cut in rates, which could have an impact ahead of Assembly elections in three heartland states and the general election subsequently. The good monsoon has inspired forecasts of a steady pick-up in rural and urban demand, and the GST rate CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 CHEAPER 28% TO 18%: Paint/varnish, refrigerator, washing machine, lithium-ion battery, vacuum cleaner, food grinder/mixer, water heater, hair dryer, TV up to 68 cm 28% TO 12%: Fuel cell vehicle (compensation cess to be removed, too) 18% TO 12%: Handbag/pouch/purse, wooden painting/photo frame, zip and slide fastener 12% TO 5%: Handloom dari, knitted topi up to Rs 1,000, handmade carpet CUT TO ZERO: Sanitary napkin, sal leaf, phool jhadu, rakhi DAY AFTER NO-TRUST VOTE Lynching in Alwar now, Union minister sees a ‘plot’ given ‘the PM’s popularity’ Two travelling with cows attacked on suspicion of being smugglers; 2 held HAMZA KHAN ALWAR, JULY 21 INTHEthirdsuchincidentinjust over a year in Alwar district, one man was lynched by villagers on suspicion of cow smuggling on Friday night, while another managed to escape. The victim, Rakbar alias Akbar,wastransportingcowson foot along with an associate, Aslam Khan, when they were allegedly stopped by villagers in Lalawandi, under Alwar’s Ramgarh police jurisdiction. IG, Jaipur Range, Hemant Priyadarshi said two persons have been arrested while search is on for other accused. Police said they were yet to establish if the two cows were being smuggled. The animals have been taken to a gaushala. RakbarandAslam,belonging to Kolgaon village in Haryana’s FerozepurJhirka,rearedcowsfor a living, like most people of their village. Aslam, who is in his early 20s,managedtoreturntohisvillage, about 20 km from the spot, on Saturday morning. Till Saturday evening, Rakbar’s family members hadn’t buried his body. Kolgaon villagerssatwithitontheroadconnecting Ferozepur to Alwar. Demanding “assurance” of action from the Rajasthan Police, Akbar’s wife with their children. Hamza Khan Meo community leader Sher Mohammad said, “Police have named only two in the FIR, but therewereothers.Also,thepostmortem was completed within anhourandwearen’tconvinced of its accuracy. He had seven children and the family hasn’t CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Raje will lead BJP in Rajasthan Assembly poll, announces Shah RAVIK BHATTACHARYA AND SANTANU CHOWDHURY KOLKATA, JULY 21 ADAYaftertheOpposition’smotion of no-confidence was defeated in the Lok Sabha, Trinamool Congress chief Mamata Banerjee claimed the government had no numbers outside Parliament, and that the BJPwouldbeoustedfrompower next year. She announced a mega “federal front” rally in Kolkata on January 19, to which all opposition leaders would be invited. Within hours, the BJP announced a counter rally at the same venue on January 23, to be addressed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. Mamata blamed the hatred that the BJP was allegedly promotingforthespateof lynchings in the country over the past few months. She described the leadership of the BJP as “Talibani Hindus”, and attacked Modi directly, saying he had the “blood of riots on his hands”, and thought of himself as “a bigger dictator than Hitler and Mussolini”. “Yesterday, the BJP managed to defeat the no-confidence motionby325votesto126.Theygot the numbers inside the House, but those were 2014 numbers. In 2019, they will be ousted,” Mamata told her party’s annual Martyrs’ Day rally. “They got the AIADMK’s support, but had Jayalalithaa been alive, the BJP would never have got those votes. They lost their oldest ally, Shiv Sena. The BJP is fast losing numbers and allies. They won the no-confidence motion with help from some acquaintances (porichito).” The 18-member Shiv Sena, whichsharespowerwiththeBJP in both New Delhi and Mumbai, boycottedthevoteonFriday.The Trinamool organises a Shahid CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 The Girl Who Chases Time DEEP MUKHERJEE JAIPUR, JULY 21 Mamata Banerjee addressing TMC’s 25th ‘Martyrs’ Day’, in Kolkata Saturday. Subham Dutta Dal+dal is dal-dal, mocks PM, says Rahul ‘piled on to me’ MAULSHREE SETH LUCKNOW, JULY 21 ADAYafterwinningtheno-confidence motion in Parliament, Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Saturday mocked the Opposition’s attempts at unity, saying the various “dals (fronts)” were nothing but “dal-dal (quicksand)”. He also referred to Congress president Rahul Gandhi embracing him in the House on Friday, saying “woh gale padh gaye (piled on to me)”. Addressing a ‘Kisan Kalyan Rally’ in Shahjahanpur near Lucknow during his third visit to Uttar Pradesh in a month’s time, Modi specifically referred to the LALMANI VERMA NEW DELHI, JULY 21 PM Modi, CM Adityanath with BJP leaders at ‘Kisan Kalyan’ rally in Shahjahanpur on Saturday. PTI coming together of the Samajwadi Party and BSP in the state, saying the unity of the “cycle” and “haathi (elephant)” was “sabse bara dhokha (biggest betrayal)” of the people. The PM also called the no- trust motion brought against him a denial by the Opposition of the huge mandate given to his government by the people. “Theydon’thavetrustinthegovernment formed by you with a CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 I was a CM back in 1995, Modi came along only in 2002: Naidu DEEPTIMAN TIWARY NEW DELHI, JULY 21 Naidu at a press conference in Delhi Saturday. Tashi Tobgyal Looking for tie-ups to keep BJP out: Mayawati NARENDRA MODI is blaming the Congress for the situation in Andhra Pradesh following the bifurcation, but he has forgotten hisownpromises,Chief Minister N Chandrababu Naidu said Saturday.AftertheTDP’sreplyto thePrimeMinister’sspeechduring the no-confidence motion was cut short in Lok Sabha, Naidu flew into Delhi Saturday to explain his party’s position. Modi wants to humiliate the CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 BSP CHIEF Mayawati said on Saturday that her party was following the policy of forging alliances with different parties in different states only to remove the BJP from power, and said the effectivenessof thisstrategyhad been seen in the recent Karnataka elections. Atameetingwithpartyleaders from across the country held inDelhi,MayawatisaidtheBSP’s alliance with the INLD in Haryana, and its growing base, had left the BJP worried. Mayawati’s remarks came a day after the no-trust motion against the Modi government in Parliament, which was seen as an attempt by the Opposition to showcase its unity. There has been talk of the Congress and BSPtyingupinMadhyaPradesh, Chhattisgarh and Rajasthan for the coming Assembly polls. The BSP is also likely to fight the Lok Sabha elections in alliance with the SP in Uttar Pradesh, where CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 BJP PRESIDENT Amit Shah Saturday said that the party will fight theupcomingAssemblyelections inRajasthanundertheleadership ofChiefMinisterVasundharaRaje, and predicted her return with a thumping majority. Shah made the announcement in the course of an address to party members on the concluding day of the BJP state working committee meeting in Jaipur. The meeting, which be- Raje with Shah in Jaipur Saturday. Rohit Jain Paras gan Friday, saw the participation of all important BJP leaders from the state. The term of the Rajasthan Punjab’s latest: race to put up ‘drugs-free’ boards in villages SAURABH KAPOOR TARN TARAN, JULY 21 OUTSIDE THREE border villages in Khemkaran in Punjab’s Tarn Taran district, newly minted ‘drugs-free’ signboards are coming up as the latest weapon in Capt Amarinder Singh government’s sputtering war on drugs. Fifteen more villages are awaiting completion of paperwork to getsignboardsthatdeclarethem “nasha-mukt pind”. The first three signboards came up at Mastgarh, Manawa and Kalanjar Uttar villages on July 14 amidst much fanfare. Khemkaran MLA Sukhpal Singh Bhullar and IG, Border Range, S P S Parmar attended special eventsorganisedtomarktheoccasion. Assembly ends in January next year. Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh, too, will go to polls later this year. Shah said the BJP would form governments in thesetwostatesaswell,andthat Narendra Modi would continue to be Prime Minister after the Lok Sabha elections in 2019. The BJP president also addressed a large gathering of the party’s social media volunteer team, where he asked them to taketheparty’smessagetoevery district, mandal and booth through social media. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 12 WORLD ISI PRESSING JUDGES TO GIVE FAVOURABLE VERDICTS: PAK HC JUDGE CHINAWAGING‘QUIETKIND OFCOLDWAR’AGAINSTUS: CIA Some of the boards waiting to be put up. Saurabh Kapoor In its rush to prove that its response is not dwarfed by the drug epidemic, the Congress government had last month issued orders to district authoritiestodeclarevillages/wardsunder their jurisdiction free from drugs. The tag guarantees panchayats Rs 5 lakh as incentive for purchasing sports equipment. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 INSIDE ● J&K: CONSTABLE ABDUCTED, KILLED P 5 ● RAIN DEFICIT IN 40% DISTS P 5 ● MEA NOTE FOR JOURNALISTS P 2 ● WRITER FORCED TO PULL OUT P 2 Behind factory, at stream’s end, spotting cave that now marks a geological age ABHISHEK SAHA MAWMLUH (MEGHALAYA), JULY 21 A 7.2-km-long cave, almost hiddenbehindanimposingcement factory, and a trek of 10-odd minutes from the nearest motorable road, part of it wading through a stream, just attained a permanent spot in the study of Earth’s geological history. But even at Mawmluh, a small village tucked away in the East Khasi Hills district of Meghalaya, unless you ask around, it’s not easy to find the cave.Unlikeitspopularcounterpart Mawsmai cave — located around 7 km away and open to visitors — the Mawmluh cave cannot be entered without expert guidance. The International Union of Geological Sciences recently announced the division of the last 11,700 years on the geological time scale into three parts: the LowerHoloceneorGreenlandian Age, the Middle Holocene or NorthgrippianAge,andtheUpper Holocene or Meghalayan Age. The Meghalayan Age started 4,200 years ago, when agricultural societies around the world experienced a mega-drought. Thetimeperiodof thebeginning of the Meghalayan Age is defined at a specific level in a sta- The 7.2-km cave in Mawmluh village, Meghalaya. Abhishek Saha lagmitespecimencollectedfrom the Mawmluh cave. Meghalaya has an extensive network of caves, attributed by scientists to the significant limestone bedrock omnipresent in the region. The Mawmluh specimen provided the best record of the climate at that time to the researchers. Lying adjacent to the tourist hot-spot of Cherrapunjee, the Mawmluh village of 230-odd families is more known for the Mawmluh-Cherra Cements Limited (MCCL) cement factory. The first such factory in the Northeast, established in the 1960s, its towering structure dominates the village’s landscape. The man who helped the geological scientists zero in on the little-known Mawmluh cave was Brian Karpran Daly. The 71year-old is unanimously acknowledged as the foremost cave enthusiast and explorer in Meghalaya, credited with discovering, exploring and map- ping 1,700-odd caves in the state. Daly, who first explored the Mawmluh cave in the early 1990s, says its existence has beenknownsincetheBritishperiod. “Mawmluh is a cave of international standards. It is a big cave,andithasgotabitof everything — it has got water flowing into it, it has a pool, it has got numerous passages, it has beautiful formations inside. If people want to explore a cave, I generally take them to this one. It has got almost everything that the other caves have.” In 1990, Daly had founded the Meghalaya Adventurers Association (MAA), a group of caving enthusiasts, and won the Tenzing Norgay National Adventure Award for Land Adventurein2002.Heisalsothe chairperson of the Shillong Cooperative Urban Bank. When the researchers behind the geological study first came in 2003 to get stalagmite specimens, Daly says, he took them to Mawmluh too. Askedhowtheyzeroedinon the cave, scientist Dr Max Berkelhammer,anassistantprofessorattheUniversityof Illinois, Chicago, who worked on the specimen, said on email, “The choicetoworkinthisregionwas because of these two reasons — firstly, the presence of so many cave systems and secondly, the fact that this region is a critical indicator of the overall strength of the Indian monsoon. Therefore, studying the history of the monsoon from this region shedslightontheoverallhistory of the monsoon.” Dr Berkelhammer said the specimen from Mawmluh, along with a handful of others from Meghalaya, “provided a historyof themonsoonthroughout the Holocene period”. “This history enabled us to recognise anddocumenttheextraordinary changes in the monsoon system about 4,000 years ago.” According to Daly, any CONTINUED ON PAGE 2
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