TheIndian EXPRESS LATE CITY, 18 PAGES, KOLKATA, `5.00/EX-KOLKATA `6.00 (`12 IN NORTH EAST STATES & ANDAMAN) ● WEDNESDAY, JULY 25, 2018 ● WWW.INDIANEXPRESS.COM DAILY FROM: AHMEDABAD, CHANDIGARH, DELHI, JAIPUR, KOLKATA, LUCKNOW, MUMBAI, NAGPUR, PUNE, VADODARA JOURNALISM OF COURAGE EC ORDERED 16.15 LAKH VVPATS FROM BEL & ECIL LAST YEAR VVPAT delivery way behind schedule, advancing Lok Sabha polls not so easy EC promised SC September deadline, only 22% units received until mid-June BUSINESS AS USUAL BY UNNY YOUR RIGHT TO KNOW RITIKA CHOPRA NEW DELHI, JULY 24 THEELECTIONCommission(EC) is struggling to meet the deadline it committed to Supreme Court for procuring 16 lakh voter-verifiable paper audit trail (VVPAT) machines for the Lok Sabha elections due next year, according to official records accessed by The Indian Express under the Right to Information (RTI) Act. On April 24, 2017, the EC filed E AN XPRESS RTI APPLICATION an affidavit in the Supreme Court, promising to introduce VVPATs in all polling stations for the2019generalelections.Italso committed that the two manufacturing PSUs — Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL) in Bengaluru and Electronics THE EC INVENTORY THE MACHINES ORDERED (QUANTITIES, SEPTEMBER 19, 2017) Ballot Unit* Control Unit* BEL ECIL TOTAL VVPATs 10,46,480 3,48,826 13,95,306 6,98,037 2,32,679 9,30,716 10,63,500 5,51,500 16,15,000 4,80,000 1,00,000 5,80,000 3,50,000 50,000 4,00,000 2,45,500 1,02,500 3,48,000 DELIVERED (AS ON JUNE 19, 2018) BEL ECIL TOTAL *One ballot unit and one control unit make one EVM Corporation of India Limited (ECIL) in Hyderabad — will delivertherequisitepapertrailmachines by September 2018. As on June 19 this year, almost 14 months after the EC placed orders for 16.15 lakh VVPATs with BEL and ECIL, the pollpanelhadreceived3.48lakh units (see box) — in other words, meeting only 22 per cent of the target three months before the deadline. This has a direct bearing on the debate and speculation over earlygeneralelections.Giventhe current shortfall in the VVPAT numbers, any move to advance Lok Sabha polls will have to deal CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 2016 vs 2015: 20% drop in farmer suicides but 10% spike in suicides of farm labour Maratha stir picks up, Fadnavis checks with quota panel Andhra Pradesh, Telangana show most improvement; farmer suicides surge in Punjab and Haryana THE SUICIDE COUNT, ALL INDIA DEEPTIMAN TIWARY NEW DELHI, JULY 24 FARMER SUICIDES in the country have declined but suicides among agricultural labourers have gone up. According to figures released bythegovernmentfor2016—the latestyearforwhichdataisavailable — farmer suicides in 2016 have come down to 6,351 from 8,007 in 2015 — a drop of 21%. Agricultural labour suicides, however, have gone up by about 10% — from 4,595 farm labour suicides in 2015 up to 5,019 in 2016. The government has begun collecting separate figures for suicides of farmers and farm labour since 2014. Earlier, it collected figures for suicides in the “farming sector” which included farmers and farm labour. 2014 2015 FARMER 5650 8007 6351 FARM LABOUR 6710 4595 5019 Source: National Crime Records Bureau Latest government figures, released in Parliament, show that states with high number of farmer suicides have also witnessed high number of farm labour suicides. However, with the exception of Telangana, all states which have witnessed a drop in farmer suicides have witnessed an increase in farm labour suicides. CertainstatessuchasGujarat stand out for the wide gap between farmer suicides and farm labour suicides. Recording double-digit farmer suicide figures, which have reduced by India’s missile system deal with Russia set to escape US sanction SHUBHAJIT ROY NEW DELHI, JULY 24 INDIA, ALONG with Indonesia and Vietnam, is likely to get a waiver from US sanctions against Russia, South Block sources told The Indian Express Tuesday. The US, sources said, has communicated this to the Indian government, thereby removingoneof thefrictionpoints in bilateral ties. A crucial S-400 air defence missilesystemsdealwithRussia wouldhaveinvitedUSsanctions. NewDelhihadmadeitclearthat it would go ahead with the deal which is in an “advanced stage”. On the waiver, a South Block source said: “This makes the at- A fire tender was torched near Aurangabad Tuesday. Express 2016 mosphere conducive for a productivediscussionwhenthe2+2 dialogue takes place between Defence and Foreign Ministers in September.” External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj and Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman will host US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and Defence Secretary James Mattis in New Delhi on September 6. Sources said that a US Congressional committee has proposed waivers for India from stringent sanctions under Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA). This is directed against those doing business with Russia’s defence industry. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 about 50% in 2016, the state records 378 labour suicides in 2016 as against just 244 in 2015. Similarly,inKarnataka,while farmer suicides have increased marginally, farm labour suicides have more than doubled between 2015 and 2016. Only Maharashtra has witnessed a marginal reduction in farm labour suicides but it pales in comparison to the reduction the state has witnessed in farmer suicides. Experts believe that this trend could be due to the fact SANDEEP ASHAR MUMBAI, JULY 24 TO RWANDA, FROM INDIA Prime Minister Narendra Modi donated 200 cows for Rwanda’s Girinka programme (a cow to every poor family) at Rweru Tuesday. Rwanda President Paul Kagame looks on. PIB PAGE 6 PAKISTAN VOTES TODAY THEEDITORIALPAGE EXPLAINED WORLD ARMY VS NAWAZ SHARIF BY MOHAMMAD TAQI WHY PAKISTAN ELECTION IS ALL ABOUT ITS ARMY VOTERS HEAD TO BOOTHS AMID CHARGES OF RIGGING PAGE 11 PAGE 15 PAGE 8 CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Choksi flees to Antigua, gets local passport EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE NEW DELHI, JULY 24 FUGITIVE JEWELLER and PNB scam accused Mehul Choksi has fled to Antigua and taken the Caribbean country’s citizenship, the Enforcement Directorate (ED) has been informed. The authorities in Antigua have communicated to the ED that Choksi arChoksi, rived in the Nirav on country this the run month and was given an Antiguan passport. The information has been sent in response to a ‘diffusion notice’ issued against CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 WITH THE Maratha community’s agitation for reservation in jobs and education picking up in Maharashtra and, in some parts, taking a violent turn, Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis called an emergency high-level meeting Tuesday to review the “progress” made by the Maharashtra State Backward Class Commission on the quota issue. In May 2017, the Fadnavis government had informed the Bombay High Court that it was referring the matter to the Commission headed by a retired judge. Sources privy to the discussions Tuesday said Fadnavis sought to know the progress made by the Commission on the reservation issue. The panel was saidtohaveconveyedtothegovernment that at least four more months would be needed to submit a report. Once the Commission submitsthereport,thestategovernment will have to go back to the Bombay High Court which had rejectedthereservationdemand twice in the past. In 2014, when the CongressNCPgovernmenthadfirstissued CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 FULL COVERAGE PAGE 4 Seized diary shows Maya to Cong: Poll pact only two hitlists, Lankesh if number of seats respectable was Number 2 on one LALMANI VERMA JOHNSON T A Gauri Lankesh was gunned down on Sept 5, 2017 BENGALURU, JULY 24 THENAMEof GauriLankeshwas No. 2 on one of two lists with a total of 34 names, who were marked in 2016 for murder in a diary recovered from a key suspect linked to a radical Hindutva group, the Special Investigation Team (SIT) of Karnataka Police has found. Lankesh was shot dead outside her house a year later, on September 5, 2017. All the other persons based inKarnatakanamedin the diary, including theatre legend Girish Karnad whose name was No. 1 on the Lankesh list, have been providedstatesecurity.Amajority of names from the two lists are from Karnataka and Maharashtra, sources told The Indian Express, adding that security agencies in other states have been alerted. The diary was among documentsfoundinthepossessionof Amol Kale, 37, a resident of Pune and a former convenor of the CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 FULL COVERAGE PAGE 4 NEW DELHI, JULY 24 TWO DAYS after underlining that her party was following the policy of forging alliances with different parties in different states only to remove the BJP from power, BSP chief Mayawati Tuesdayseta“respectable”seatsharing arrangement as a condition for pre-poll alliance with Congress in the upcoming assembly elections in Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Chhattisgarh. Targeting BJP-led governments at the Centre and in the states over the incidents of mob lynching, Mayawati also called for an “alliance government” at the Centre and said the country, in the current scenario, needs a ‘Majboor govt, not a majboot govt needed at Centre’ ‘majboor’ government instead of a ‘majboot’ government. “There should be an alliance governmentattheCentrewhich is always compelled to work in the interest of the public and the country and the government cannot behave like a dictator.” “For some Congress leaders who often give different reactions in the media regarding an alliance with the BSP for the assemblypollsinMadhyaPradesh, Rajasthan and Chhattisgarh, the party clarifies to them that the BSP will make an alliance with Congress to contest in these states only when our party is given a respectable number of seats in the alliance,” she said in a statement. Failing a “respectable” seatsharing arrangement, Mayawati indicated,theBSPwillcontestall seats independently. For now, she said, the BSP is preparing to contest all seats in these three states. In an organisational reshuffle last week, she had deputed more senior leaders for supervision of the preparations for the assembly elections. In her statement, Mayawati said her party will contest in alliance with “any party” only when her party will be given a respectable number of seats. Herstatementcomesatatime when some Congress leaders CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 ● PAGE ONE ANCHOR MARRIAGE TO JOBS, STUDY SAYS MORE WOMEN ON MOVE ACROSS COUNTRY SEEMA CHISHTI NEW DELHI, JULY 24 THE NUMBER and rate of women migrating within India areincreasing;ithasbeenonthe rise over the past three decades in rural and urban areas; at the same time, the ratio of adult male migrants to adult population has decreased. Theseareamongthefindings in a new paper, which indicates thatIndianwomenaretravelling more within the country — primarilyforeconomicreasonsand betteremployment—oftenalone and at a higher rate than men. The findings “undermine the thesis of massive migration to the existing urban centres lead- ingtotheirdemographicgrowth andof labourmarketintegration in the country” says a paper by Distinguished Fellow at the Research and Information System for Developing Countries, Prof Amitabh Kundu, titled Mobility in India, Recent Trends and Issues Concerning Database. The paper reflects many significant social and economic realitiesandtakesintoaccountthe 64th round of the National Sample Survey (NSS), the most recent for which migration data is available, as well as figures from the 2011 Census and the National Health and Family Survey IV. In 1993 (49th NSS round), female migration was 38.2% in THE UPTICK: PERCENTAGE OF MIGRANTS NSSRound(year) 64(July2007June2008) 55(July1999June2000) 49(JanuaryJune1993) 43(July1987June1988) 38(JanuaryDecember1983) RURAL Male Female 5.4 47.7 (6.5) (68.6) 6.9 42.6 (9.0) (64.5) 6.5 40.1 URBAN Male Female 25.9 45.6 (31.4) (57.9) 25.7 41.8 (32.0) (55.4) 23.9 38.2 7.4 39.8 26.8 39.6 7.2 35.1 27 36.6 Note: The figures in brackets are population in the 15-59 age group. Source: Mobility in India, Recent Trends and Issues Concerning Database urban areas — that is 38.2% of urban women were migrants. In 2008(64thNSSround),thiswent upto45.6%.Formen,itincreased from 23.9% to 25.9% over the same period. For men in the age group of 15-59 years, however, this percentage has come down, from 32% to 31%. (see table) The paper cites “evidence in the NSS to suggest that migration of women has gone up over the past three decades both in rural and urban areas. Marriage mobility of women is determined by socio-cultural factors thatchangeslowlyovertimeand hence the spurt in their migration rate must be attributed to economic factors.” “There are other macro-level indicators that also confirm the above proposition. National Health and Family Survey IV, for example, shows that the percentage of women aged 20-24 married before the age of 18 has gone down from 47 in 2005-06 to 27 only in 2015-16. Furthermore, women aged 1519 already mothers or pregnant at the time of the survey has become half from the alarming figure of 16 per cent in 2005-06,” the paper says. “It would, therefore, be no surprise if women work participation and their mobility for economicreasons show a happy rising trend. This conclusion can also be derived easily from the 2011 Census data on migration.” Speaking to The Indian Express, Kundu said, “Women migration for economic reasons has gone up as revealed through NSS data, which classifies migrants by reasons of mobility. The urban labour market is offering employment opportunitiestowomenthoughatthebottom of the economic ladder. A large percentage of them work asdomestichelpwhosedemand has gone up with the increase in work participation rate among middle and upper-class women.” “Also, single male migration driven by poverty and other push factors has gone down. Thereisanincreaseinfamilymigration at higher income and skill levels, which improves the gender ratio among the migrants,” said Kundu, who was a member of the National Statistical Commission from 2006 to 2008. Dr Pronab Sen, until recently, Chairman of the National Statistical Commission, said: “A lot of the migration has been for marriage. Earlier, women migrating in the same district would not be counted as migration, now, the migration also means women marrying across districts, which is an indicator of the skewed gender-ratio, especially in cities, so it shows up as more women migrants.” Economist, Prof Jayati Ghosh at Jawaharlal Nehru University who has also closely studied the phenomenon says: “There has been in the past three, certainly two decades, a leap in the number of single women travelling for work and migrating and taking up any odd job. I have seen in CONTINUED ON PAGE 2
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