LATE CITY, 20 PAGES, AHMEDABAD, `4.00 ● THURSDAY, JULY 26, 2018 ● WWW.INDIANEXPRESS.COM TheIndian EXPRESS DAILY FROM: AHMEDABAD, CHANDIGARH, DELHI, JAIPUR, KOLKATA, LUCKNOW, MUMBAI, NAGPUR, PUNE, VADODARA RESULTS EXPECTED EARLY TODAY BUSINESS AS USUAL BY UNNY Verdict Pak Army wanted: Imran Khan surges ahead 10 THE EDITORIAL PAGE Why Congress needs coalition BY SUHAS PALSHIKAR 12 WORLD POISON VICTIM THOUGHT IT WAS PERFUME, SAYS PARTNER Imran Khan after casting his vote at a polling station in Islamabad on Wednesday. AP MORE REPORTS, PAGE 12 Hours after polling began, IS bomber killed 31 outside polling station in Quetta SHUBHAJIT ROY NEW DELHI, JULY 25 COHEN RELEASES TAPE OF TRUMP DISCUSSING HUSH MONEY TO MODEL GOVT & POLITICS ● VVPAT DELIVERY DELAYED, BUT ON TRACK FOR LS POLLS: EC, P 6 TWENTY-SIX years after he won the cricket World Cup in 1992 as captain, Imran Khan, considered to be backed by his nation’s powerful army, widely referred to as “Laadla” (favourite son) — was racing ahead to become the next Prime Minister of Pakistan. In a historic turn of events, his Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) was leading in 102 parliamentary seats — way ahead of his rivals, PML(N) at 64 and PPP at 30, according to Geo News TV channel. In the directly contested 272 seats in Pakistan’s Parliament, 137 is the halfway mark for a simple majority. If he manages to pull through, a relatively new political party will be ahead of the two established political parties Pakistan Muslim League Nawaz (PML (N)), led by Nawaz Sharif’s brother and former Punjab Chief Minister Shahbaz Sharif, and Pakistan Peoples Party, led by Bilawal Bhutto Zardari. Late tonight, PTI’s Twitter handle tweeted; “Yesssss!!! #JeetayGaKaptaan”, in a reference to his captaincy of the cricket team. PML(N)’s defeat, after five years of power, means that Sharif’s politically risky move to come back to Pakistan and surrendering before the authorities after being charged with corruption allegations arising out of Panama Papers scandal, did not quite pay off. He, along with his daughter Maryam Nawaz and son-in-law Captain (retd) Safdar, are in Adyala jail. Politician Khan is an untested commodity across the border and India will be watching his moves very closely as IndoPakistan ties have been in deep freeze for over two years now. His outreach to religious fundamentalists has also made Delhi wary about his future moves. However, Pakistan’s election hardly saw any mention of India during the election campaign. Kashmir was mentioned a few times, including in his party manifesto using the predictable line of a solution as per UNSC resolution. For India, Sharif was Delhi’s best bet as he had been in favour of a better relationship but was seen to be hemmed in by Pakistan’s Army. Many Pakistanwatchers felt that he was removed in what was described to be a “judicial coup” for challenging Pakistan’s Army on foreign and security policy. As results are pouring in and Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) of former president Asif Ali Zardari CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Javadekar orders clean-up, tells UGC, V-Cs to weed out all predatory journals EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE NEW DELHI, JULY 25 Police fire a round to scatter protesters on the Sion-Panvel highway in Mumbai on Wednesday. Pradip Das After day of violence, Maratha groups call off statewide quota stir EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE MUMBAI, PUNE, JULY 25 MARATHA GROUPS seeking reservation in jobs and education called off a day-long bandh midway Wednesday following violence by those who had taken to the streets in different parts of Maharashtra. Buses and local trains were stoned in several parts of the state, including Mumbai and Thane, during the bandh. A Superintendent of Police and a Deputy Commissioner of Police were among several police personnel injured in stone-pelting. The Mumbai-Pune and Mumbai-Goa highways were blocked for hours by protesters. The Maratha Kranti Morcha blocked the Sion-Panvel highway near Kalamboli and brought traffic to a halt on both sides. A clash broke out between police and the protesters and it led to stone-pelting. The police then CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 THE GOVERNMENT has asked the University Grants Commission (UGC) to consider removing from its list all academic journals found to be substandard and predatory in an investigation published last week in The Indian Express on fake research paper shops in the 5 GUJARAT The Express investigation report on July 19 CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 WASHINGTON, JULY 25 ● 66 top cops transferred, P3 2015 Patidar protest: Hardik gets two years in jail in rioting case EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE VISNAGAR (MEHSANA), JULY 25 THREE YEARS after the Patidar quota agitation was launched in Gujarat, a sessions court in Visnagar on Wednesday convicted Patidar youth leader Hardik Patel and two others for rioting, arson and leading an unlawful assembly that vandalised the office of local BJP MLA in July 2015. Fourteen others were acquitted for want of evidence. The court of Additional Sessions Judge Vijay Agrawal sentenced the three — Hardik, his mentor Lalji Patel and local Patidar leader A K Patel who had organised the rally — to two years of simple imprisonment. The court also imposed a fine of Rs 50,000 on each of the three convicts. The three, however, were cleared of the charge of criminal conspiracy. The court, later, granted bail to all of them. Soon after the verdict was pronounced, Hardik hit out at the ruling BJP, saying the party’s “Hitlershahi” cannot prevent him from fighting for “truth, The fight is on, Hardik Patel said on Wednesday. Javed Raja SOME PENDING CASES AGAINST HIM ■ Two sedition cases filed in Ahmedabad and Surat for the 2015 quota stir violence ■ A 2015 case of fraud filed by a Patidar businessman in Mehsana ■ Booked along with 59 others for criminal trespass into the house of BJP corporator in Ramol, Ahmedabad ■ Booked for dacoity by then PAAS associate Narendra Patel USING A radar instrument on an orbiting spacecraft, scientists have spotted what they said on Wednesday appears to be a sizable salt-laden lake under ice on the southern polar plain of Mars, a body of water they called a possible habitat for microbial life. The reservoir they detected — roughly 12 miles (20 km) in diam- eter, shaped like a rounded triangle and located about a mile (1.5 km) beneath the ice surface — represents the first stable body of liquid water ever found on Mars. Whether anywhere other than Earth has harbored life is one of the supreme questions in science, and the new findings offer tantalising evidence, though no proof. Water is considered a fundamental ingredient for life. The researchers said it could take years to verify whether farmers, youth and poor”. “Samajik nyay aur samajik adhikar ke liye ladna agar gunaah hai toh main guneghaar hun. Satya aur adhikar ki ladai wala agar baghi hai toh main baghi hun. (If it is a sin to fight for social justice and rights, then I am a sinner. If those who fight for the truth and rights are rebels, then I am a rebel,” he said in a series of tweets. The 25-year-old Patidar quota leader said that he was not daunted by the sentence as he was already wearing the shroud of death. Asserting that he will continue to fight for the oppressed, he said that jails do not scare him and he will remain unstoppable. “I am not scared of jails. I should have stayed back home if it was my fight alone. But this is the fight of crores of poor people. My fate is to fight the oppressor and fight for rights. The more you suppress me, the more I will rise to pose a challenge,” Hardik, who is already facing a bunch of cases, including those of sedition, tweeted. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Dalit groups want Justice Goel out of NGT, bring SC/ST law: Paswan to Govt 9 EXPLAINED What is India’s S-400 missile system deal? SHALINI NAIR & LALMANI VERMA NEW DELHI, JULY 25 IN LINE with his remarks Monday that several Dalit MPs have “expressed concern” over the “wrong message” sent by the appointment of Justice (retd) A K Goel as National Green Tribunal (NGT) chairman since he is “the judge who ruled against” the SC/ST Act, Union Minister and LJP leader Ram Vilas Paswan has written to Home Minister Rajnath Singh, saying the All India Ambedkar Mahasabha (AIAM), a Dalit rights coalition, has sought removal of Justice Goel from the post. He said the AIAM has also asked the government to bring in a Bill in the ongoing session of Parliament to safeguard the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, and “take immediate action in the interest of Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Backward Classes”. Paswan’s son and Lok Sabha MP Chirag Paswan, in a separate letter to the Prime Minister, has reiterated these demands. “To prevent a repeat of the April 2 episode (when Dalits called a Paswan wrote to Rajnath, his son to Prime Minister nationwide protest), the government should immediately dismiss Justice A K Goel from the post of the NGT chairman,” he said. Several SC/ST organisations have called for protests on August 9. Justice Goel’s appointment to the NGT post, Chirag Paswan said, had sent out a message to SCs and STs that he was being “rewarded”. Justice Goel was one of two judges on a Supreme Court bench — the other being Justice U U Lalit — which on March 20 laid down stringent safeguards, including provisions for anticipatory bail and a “preliminary enquiry” before registration of a case under the Act. The judges noted that there had been “instances of abuse” of A NASA image of Mars: Radar on an orbiting spacecraft detected the lake India, US set to sign pact for secure military communications SUSHANT SINGH NEW DELHI, JULY 25 something is actually living in this body of water that resembles a subglacial lake on Earth, perhaps with a future mission drilling through the ice to sample the water below. “This is the place on Mars where you have something that most resembles a habitat, a place where life could subsist,” said planetary scientist Roberto Orosei of Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica in Italy, who led the INDIA AND the US are likely to sign the Communications Compatibility and Security Agreement (COMCASA), a bilateral pact between the two countries for secure military communications, during the inaugural ‘2+2’ meeting in New Delhi in the first week of September. Official sources told The Indian Express that the government had made up its mind to sign the agreement which had been pending for nearly 15 years now. The government, sources said, has told the Americans to send the final text of the agreement, so that the process of signing can be expedited in time for the ‘2+2’ meeting. After being postponed twice this year, the inaugural ‘2+2’ meeting is scheduled to be held in New Delhi on September 6. External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj and Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman will be attending the meeting, along with their American counterparts, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and Secretary of Defence James Mattis. The government considered concerns about intrusive American access to encrypted Indian military communication systems and sharing of that data with other countries. There is also a fear among defence services that a lot of Russian-origin and indigenous Indian military platforms may not be compatible with COMCASA. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 First stable liquid water body found on Mars, scientists say it will take years to verify life WILL DUNHAM RAJKOT CIVIC BODY DEMANDS `3,000 CR FROM FINANCE PANEL country. In a meeting Wednesday, Union HRD Minister Prakash Javadekar is learnt to have asked his officers to get all vicechancellors of central, state and deemed universities to review their recommendations made to the higher education regulator for inclusion of journals on its list. “If any substandard/ predatory journals are found to be in JOURNALISM OF COURAGE ● PAGE ONE ANCHOR IN MEHSANA, CASTE DIVIDE WIDENS IN 2 VILLAGE PONDS AFTER ONE IS FILLED UP PARIMAL DABHI JETALVASNA (MEHSANA), JULY 25 A FRESHWATER well and a pond used for washing laundry by Dalits in Jetalvasna village in Visnagar taluka of Mehsana district has been filled up with mud excavated from another large pond at the heart of the village leaving the community outraged. Following a complaint from the Dalits, district authorities have now ordered the pond be restored to its original condition. Dalits do not access the large pond fearing the dominant Patidars who use it. Patidars account for more than 50 per cent of the village population of 3,300. Dalits number just around 400, OBCs (Thakor and Prajapati) another 400, and others make up the rest. The large pond is about 1.5 km away from the pond and freshwater well in Rohit Vaas, the locality where Dalits live. Following multiple representations, D C Patel, Executive Engineer, Irrigation Department, Dharoi Canal Section, finally wrote to the village Sarpanch on July 11. The letter, a copy of which is with The Indian Express, said, “...in the current year, a pond of The Dalit pond at Rohit Vaas has been filled up with mud excavated from the new pond in Jetalvasna. Javed Raja your village has been deepened through Visnagar Agriculture Produce Market Committee (APMC). The earth of this deepening work has to be used for public purpose. However, you have filled up the well of the Rohits and a pond. Because of this, the Rohits have represented, the well and dhobi ghat have been destroyed.” Mud was excavated from the larger pond under an expansion project as part of the Gujarat government’s Sujalam Sufalam Jal Abhiyaan (SSJA). The monthlong project that ended May 30 was taken up to recharge water sources and deepen existing wa- ter bodies. A banyan tree cut under this project was also dumped in the pond spread over three bigha land falling under two revenue survey numbers in Rohit Vaas. The Executive Engineer’s letter to the Sarpanch further said: “... the work done by you is illegal and very serious. Therefore, as per the demand of the Rohits (Dalits), do the needful to restore the place to its originality and inform this office immediately,” it adds. This letter was sent to the sarpanch after the office of the District Development Officer, ordered the concerned authorities CONTINUED ON PAGE 2
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