TheIndian EXPRESS LATE CITY, 16 PAGES, JAIPUR, `5.00 ● THURSDAY, JULY 26, 2018 ● WWW.INDIANEXPRESS.COM DAILY FROM: AHMEDABAD, CHANDIGARH, DELHI, JAIPUR, KOLKATA, LUCKNOW, MUMBAI, NAGPUR, PUNE, VADODARA 8 RESULTS EXPECTED EARLY TODAY THE EDITORIAL PAGE Cong needs coalitions more BY SUHAS PALSHIKAR Verdict Pak Army wanted: Imran Khan surges ahead BY UNNY EXPLAINED What is India’s S-400 missile system deal? Imran Khan after casting his vote at a polling station in Islamabad on Wednesday. AP SAJJAD HUSSAIN ISLAMABAD, JULY 25 EXPRESS NETWORK ● HARDIK GETS 2 YEARS IN JAIL IN FIRST PATIDAR RIOTS CASE, P5 PAKISTAN’SFLAMBOYANTcricketer-politician Imran Khan’s Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) wasleadingin103seatswhileits main rival Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) was way behind with 59 seats in an election marred by a deadly suicide attack and allegations of manipulations by the powerful military. The Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP)of formerpresidentAsif Ali Zardari was leading in 34 seats, asignindicatingthathecouldbe a “kingmaker” in case of a hung parliament, according to media reports. Accordingtothelatesttrends available for 252 of the National Assembly’s 272seats,independents were leading in 18 seats. Polling was postponed in two constituencies following the death of candidates in terror attacks. PML-N spokesperson Marriyum Aurangzeb raised objections over the counting process and alleged that her party’s agents were being forced out from the polling stations in several constituencies. “The countingprocessisbeingcarried out behind closed doors and changesarebeingmade,”shealleged while talking to reporters. The Muttahida Majlis-eAmal(MMA)—anallianceof traditional religious parties such as Jamaat-e-Islami led by Qazi Hussain Ahmed, Jamiat Ulemae-Islam-FazlheadedbyMaulana FazlurRehman,JamiatUlema-ePakistan led by Maulana Shah Ahmad Noorani and Tehreek-eJafaria led by Allama Sajid Naqvi — was leading in 12 national assembly seats. Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM) was leading in 11 seats. Pakistan’sNationalAssembly comprises a total of 342 members, of which 272 are directly elected whereas the rest — 60 seatsreservedforwomenand10 for religious minorities — are selectedlaterthroughproportional representation among parties with more than five per cent of the vote. Apartycanonlyformthegov- MORE REPORTS, PAGE 7 ernment if it manages to clinch 172 seats in total. A single party will need at least 137 of the directly elected seats to be able to formthegovernmentonitsown. PML-N chief Shahbaz Sharif, who is hoping to become the nextprimeminister,wasleading in NA-249 (Karachi West-II), according to trends. PPP Chairman BilawalBhuttoZardariwasleading in NA-200 (Larkana I). According to the Election Commission, 3,459 candidates are in the race for 272 general seats of the National Assembly, while 8,396 candidates are running for 577 general seats of the four provincial assemblies — Punjab, Sindh, Balochistan and Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa. More CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Change your mindset, don’t obstruct inter-faith marriage: HC to officials SOFI AHSAN CHANDIGARH, JULY 25 Police fire one round to scatter protesters on the Sion-Panvel highway in Mumbai on Wednesday. Pradip Das After day of violence, Maratha groups call off statewide quota stir EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE MUMBAI, PUNE, JULY 25 MARATHA GROUPS seeking reservation in jobs and education called off a day-long bandh midway Wednesday following violencebythosewhohadtaken to the streets in different parts of Maharashtra. Buses and local trains were stoned in several parts of the state, including Mumbai and Thane, during the bandh. A 7 WORLD Dalit groups want Justice Goel out from NGT, bring SC/ST law: Paswan writes to Rajnath SHALINI NAIR & LALMANI VERMA NEW DELHI, JULY 25 IN LINE with his remarks Monday that several Dalit MPs have “expressed concern” over the“wrongmessage”sentbythe appointmentof Justice(retd)AK Goel as National Green Tribunal (NGT) chairman since he is “the judge who ruled against” the SC/STAct,UnionMinisterandLJP leader Ram Vilas Paswan has written to Home Minister Rajnath Singh, saying the All India Ambedkar Mahasabha (AIAM), a Dalit rights coalition, has sought removal of Justice Goel from the post. He said the AIAM has also asked the government to bring in a Bill in the ongoing session of Parliament to safeguard the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, and “take immediate action in the interest of BUSINESS AS USUAL 12 JOURNALISM OF COURAGE RULING ON an inter-faith marriage case of a Hindu-Muslim couple, the Punjab and Haryana High Court has said that officialdom must not be seen “raising eyebrows and laying snares and landmines” in such cases. The procedure for a court marriage, it has said, “must reflect the EXPRESS NETWORK ● VVPAT DELIVERY DELAYED, BUT ON TRACK FOR LS POLLS, SAYS POLL PANEL, P3 Superintendent of Police and a Deputy Commissioner of Police were among several police personnel injured in stone-pelting. The Mumbai-Pune and Mumbai-Goa highways were blocked for hours by protesters. The Maratha Kranti Morcha blocked the Sion-Panvel highwaynearKalamboliandbrought traffic to a halt on both sides. A clash broke out between police and the protesters and it led to stone-pelting. The police then ● MADRAS HIGH COURT SETS ASIDE ORDER DISCHARGING MARAN BROTHERS PAGE 5 CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 mindset of the changed times in a secular nation promoting inter-religion marriages”. In his July 20 order released Wednesday, Justice Rajiv Narain Raina,rulingonthepleaof acouple who had approached the High Court against court marriage rules framed by the Haryana government, said the Court Marriage Check List (CMCL), issued by the Haryana government, largely violates the couple’s right to privacy. The couple — one from Gurgaon, and the other from Faridabad — wanted to legalise their marriage under the Special Marriage Act without change of religion. “The provisions appear particularly offensive and excessive executive action beyond the purviewofthe(SpecialMarriage) Act,”thejudgestatedinhisorder. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Paswan wrote to Rajnath, his son to Prime Minister Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Backward Classes”. Paswan’s son and Lok Sabha MP Chirag Paswan, in a separate letter to the Prime Minister, has reiterated these demands. “To EXPRESS NETWORK ● CASTE DIVIDE WIDENS ACROSS VILLAGE PONDS IN MEHSANA, P2 Javadekar orders clean-up, tells UGC, V-Cs to weed out all predatory journals EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE NEW DELHI, JULY 25 THE GOVERNMENT has asked the University Grants Commission (UGC) to consider removing from its list all academic journals found to be substandard and predatory in an investigation published last week in The Indian Express on fake research paper shops in the country. In a meeting Wednesday, Union HRD Minister Prakash Javadekar is learnt to have asked his officers to get all vice-chancellors of central, state and deemed universities to review theirrecommendationsmadeto the higher education regulator forinclusionof journalsonitslist. “If any substandard/ predatory journals are found to be in the list recommended by the vice-chancellors, that would be held personally against the vicechancellorconcerned,”readsthe order issued Wednesday by Higher Education Secretary R Subramanyam. The Ministry has also asked UGC to hold a meeting with citation database Scopus, indexing service Web of Science and ICI master list to examine The Express investigation report on July 19 whether they have done due diligencebeforeincludingajournal in their lists. “They may be asked to redo the exercise if necessary and send a certificate to UGC before 31st August, 2018, that all the journals which are in their database are genuine peer-reviewed and are of required standards,” the order reads. In a series of investigative reports starting July 19, The Indian Express reported on how India hasemergedasoneofthebiggest markets for a business in which over 300 “predatory” publishers bring out journals that claim to be international and publish papers for a “charge” ranging from $30-$1,800 per piece. Some of the prominent publishers featured in the CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 First stable liquid water body found on Mars, scientists say it will take years to verify life WILL DUNHAM WASHINGTON, JULY 25 USING A radar instrument on an orbiting spacecraft, scientists have spotted what they said on Wednesday appears to be a sizable salt-laden lake under ice on thesouthernpolarplainof Mars, abodyof watertheycalledapossible habitat for microbial life. Thereservoirtheydetected— roughly12miles(20km)indiam- eter,shapedlikearoundedtriangle and located about a mile (1.5 km) beneath the ice surface — representsthefirststablebodyof liquid water ever found on Mars. Whether anywhere other than Earth has harbored life is one of the supreme questions in science,andthenewfindingsoffer tantalising evidence, though no proof. Water is considered a fundamental ingredient for life. The researchers said it could take years to verify whether A NASA image of Mars: Radar on an orbiting spacecraft detected the lake something is actually living in this body of water that resembles a subglacial lake on Earth, perhaps with a future mission drilling through the ice to sample the water below. “This is the place on Mars where you have something that mostresemblesahabitat,aplace where life could subsist,” said planetary scientist Roberto Orosei of Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica in Italy, who led the CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 prevent a repeat of the April 2 episode(whenDalitscalledanationwide protest), the government should immediately dismiss Justice A K Goel from the post of the NGT chairman,” he said. Several SC/ST organisations have called for protests on August 9. JusticeGoel’sappointmentto the NGT post, Chirag Paswan said, had sent out a message to SCs and STs that he was being “rewarded”. Justice Goel was one of two judges on a Supreme Court bench — the other being Justice U U Lalit — which on March 20 laid down stringent safeguards, including provisions for anticipatory bail and a “preliminary enquiry” before registration of a case under the Act. The judges noted that there had been “instances of abuse” of the Act by “vested interests” for political or personal reasons. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 India, US set to sign pact for secure military communications SUSHANT SINGH NEW DELHI, JULY 25 INDIA AND the US are likely to sign the Communications Compatibility and Security Agreement (COMCASA), a bilateral pact between the two countriesforsecuremilitarycommunications, during the inaugural ‘2+2’ meeting in New Delhi in first week of September. Official sources told The Indian Express that the government had made up its mind to sign the agreement which had beenpendingfornearly15years now. The government, sources said, has told the Americans to send the final text of the agreement,sothattheprocessof signing can be expedited in time for the ‘2+2’ meeting. After being postponed twice this year, the inaugural ‘2+2’ meeting is scheduled to be held in New Delhi on September 6. ExternalAffairsMinisterSushma Swaraj and Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman will be attending the meeting, along with their American counterparts, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and Secretary of Defence James Mattis. The government considered concerns about intrusive American access to encrypted Indian military communication systems and sharing of that data with other countries. There is also a fear among defence services that a lot of Russian-origin and indigenous Indian military platforms may not be compatible with COMCASA. “It is eventually a matter of trust. When we are importing so much military equipment from the US, do we really believe that they can’t monitor things that they want to? We have to build adequatechecksandbalancesin the India-specific agreement aboutthisaccesstoourcommunicationsystems.TheAmericans are equally concerned about the Russian S-400 system because theyfeelitcouldaccesstheirsystems in use with us. It is something we have to deal with as CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 ● PAGE ONE ANCHOR POISONVICTIM THOUGHTIT WASPERFUME, SAYSPARTNER COHEN RELEASES TAPE OF TRUMP DISCUSSING HUSH MONEY TO MODEL SAILING ROW LEADS TO INDIAN FACE-OFF AT ASIAN GAMES VENUE MIHIR VASAVDA NEW DELHI, JULY 25 ONESPOT,threecandidates,and the lure of an Asiad medal. With just 25 days to go for the Asian Games to start in Jakarta, some of India’s bestwomensailorsare stuckinthemiddleof aselection storm. The Yachting Federation of India (YAI) wants the country’s topthreepairstotraveltoJakarta a fortnight before next month’s Asian Games begin — not as a part of their preparation, but to engage in a battle with each other in a last-ditch attempt to determinetheteamforwomen’s 49er FX category. The YAI is acting on a July 19 order of the Delhi High Court, which stepped in to end the long-standing impasse following a petition filed by sailor VarshaGautham.The2014Asian Games bronze medallist alleged arbitrariness in the selection process, claiming that she and her crew member Sweta Shervegar deserved to be selected ahead of Ekta Yadav and Shaila Charis, the federation’s original choice. Then, in a late twist, Chennai’s Aishwarya Nedunchezhiyan, Varsha’s for- Varsha Gautham won bronze at 2014 Asian Games mer teammate, also staked her claim. To avoid further controversies, and also make the trials morecompetitive,thefederation decidedtoinviteherforthetrials as well. The trials are likely to be held in Jakarta from August 5 to 8 — the opening ceremony is on August 18. YAI secretary general Anil Anand said there was very little time to organise the trials in India since one team — Ekta and Shaila — is already in Jakarta, along with their boats. “So the logical option at this point is to hold a re-trial there and select the team for the Games,” Anand said. The dilemma began with a selection process that looked straightforwardatthebeginning but got murkier as months passed by. The YAI, in its general body meeting last December, decidedtoconductjustonetrial, ascloseaspossibletotheGames, with the winners getting selected for the Asian Games. The race was held in Chennai in April after the coach of the Indonesian team, which was preparing for the Asiad in the Southern city, declared that the conditions there were very similar to Jakarta. Ekta and Shaila won that trial rather comfortably, finishing ahead of Jaipur Aishwarya and Varsha. Sticking to the rules, the federation proposed Ekta and Shaila’s names fortheGames,pendingapproval fromthegovernmentandIndian Olympic Association. But last month, at the Asian SailingChampionshipinJakarta, where each side could field two teams, Varsha and Sweta came from behind to win the silver ahead of the Ekta-Shaila combination.Upontheirreturn,Varsha argued that she and her crew member should be considered for the Asian Games, since the AsianChampionshipmedalheld more significance. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2
Indian Express Limited is an Indian news media publishing company. It publishes several widely circulated dailies, including The Indian Express and The Financial Express in English, the Loksatta in Marathi and the Jansatta in Hindi.