TheIndian EXPRESS LATE CITY, 16 + 4 (NEWSLINE) + 12 PAGES, PUNE, `5.00 ● SATURDAY, JULY 28, 2018 ● WWW.INDIANEXPRESS.COM DAILY FROM: AHMEDABAD, CHANDIGARH, DELHI, JAIPUR, KOLKATA, LUCKNOW, MUMBAI, NAGPUR, PUNE, VADODARA JOURNALISM OF COURAGE SRIKRISHNA COMMITTEE SUBMITS DRAFT FOR NEW BILL Aadhaar to Web: Govt gets roadmap for new law to protect citizen’s data PRANAV MUKUL NEW DELHI, JULY 27 SAYING THAT citizens must come at the top, the Srikrishna Committee Friday submitted thedraftof adataprotectionBill containing sweeping recommendations, including amendments to at least 50 laws such asAadhaarandRTI,settingupa regulator and imposing strict terms for storage. The draft comes after a year of deliberations by the panel headed by former Supreme Court judge, Justice B N Srikrishna, and at a time when a Constitution Bench of the apex court has reserved its judgment on a clutch of petitions challenging the validity of the Aadhaar unique ID system. The draft sets the stage for a Data Protection Act, which the government will begin working on while keeping the commit- Do not delay appointments, raise age of retirement to 70: SC judge ANANTHAKRISHNAN G NEW DELHI, JULY 27 SUPREME COURT judge Justice Kurian Joseph Friday urged the government not to delay appointment of judges of the apex court and High Courts, and raise the retirement age of judges to 70. “One request to the government: government must avoid delay in making appointments,” Justice Joseph told a ‘Conference on National Initiative to Reduce Pendency and Delay in Judicial System’. He said “once the High Court Collegium sends names to the government, there should notbe(delayof)morethanthree months” and in the case of the Supreme Court, it should not be delayed beyond two weeks. This, he said, will “go a long way in so far as optimum utilisation of resources is concerned”. Justice Madan B Lokur, however,praisedthegovernmentfor the meticulous work it undertakes while processing names recommended for appointment as High Court judges. He said the judiciary should introspect whether it does such detailed vetting. He said it was his view that this may be “one of the reasons for this ping-pong that’s going on, recommendations going back and forth... do we have that kind of scrutiny”. The remarks come at a time when the Supreme Court and government are in a standoff over the elevation of Uttarakhand High Court Chief CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 7 WORLD BY UNNY PTI ■ Aadhaar Act changes for better data protection ■ Mandatory local storage of personal data ■ RTI Act changes for transparency, privacy ■ Setting up Data Protection Authority tee’s recommendations as a basis, Union Minister of Law & Justice and Electronics & Information Technology Ravi Shankar Prasad said. Pointing out that the report will go through the process of inter-ministerial consultations as well as Cabinet and parliamentary approval, Prasad said: “It is a monumental law and we would like to have widest parliamentary consultation...We CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 KARISHMA MEHROTRA NEW DELHI, JULY 27 THEREISaninherenttensionbetween the growth of India’s digital economy and the protection of personal data, says the Justice Srikrishna committee report on data protection. At the heart of this tension is the quantity of data that entities — companies like Facebook, Google, Amazon and even the government—collectfromusers and the reasons for which they do so. Theseentities,drivenbytheir demandformoreandmoredata, COURSE BA BSc MA MSc RITIKA CHOPRA NEW DELHI, JULY 27 Modi with Russia’s Putin and Turkey’s Erdogan at the venue of the BRICS meeting in Johannesburg, Friday. AP We have provided top-level design for bilateral ties, Xi tells Modi WITH AN eye on a divided leadership in the West — as was evidentintherecentG-7summit— the BRICS leaders have committedwithunprecedentedemphasis to the principles of “democracy”and“multilateralism”inthe Johannesburg declaration. Democracy is mentioned half-a-dozen times in the declaration, which, Indian government interlocutors feel, is noteworthy, since at least two member-countries in the grouping are socialist and nondemocratic countries. In the Xiamen declaration, democracy was mentioned thrice, mostly in the context of a democratic global order. Multilateralism was mentioned 23 times in the Johannesburg declaration, as against seven times in the Xiamen declaration last year. This assumes significance in the wake of the US, under President Donald Trump, acting unilaterally on several occasions — from the IsraelPalestine issue to Iran, and withdrawing from multilateral pacts like JCPOA and TPP. It has also withdrawn from UNESCO and UN Human Rights Council. Indianinterlocutorssaidthat the seeping of democratic order, and the consequent democratisation of the BRICS order, has been an Indian imprint on the Johannesburgdeclaration,which is different from previous BRICS declarations.Theemphasisoninclusivityhasalsoincreasedinthe Johannesburgdeclaration,as“inclusive”wasmentioned19times, as compared to 9 times in the Xiamen declaration. “These are the most important takeaways from the Indian point of view, that we have been abletoputdemocracyandinclusiveness in the lexicon in a more pronouncedmanner,”oneof the Indian interlocutors told The Indian Express. Sources said that the Chinese lexicon of a prosperous, shared future and win-win cooperation from previous SCO summits has now given way to a more Indian and South African lingo — of a representative world order approach. TheBRICSleadershiphasalso givenamessageof solidarityand geopolitical maturity, officials privytothenegotiationstoldThe Indian Express, as against the rancour and divisive tone in the G-7 summit. Sources said that Prime Minister Narendra Modi discussed the above issues with ChinesePresidentXiJinpingand RussianPresidentVladimirPutin. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 FOR THE first time, there are as many women as there are men in undergraduate science programmes and their dominance at the masters level is at the highest ever. These are among the findings of the All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE) unveiled Friday by HRD Minister Prakash Javadekar. All-party meet today to discuss Maratha quota SHUBHANGI KHAPRE MUMBAI, JULY 27 CHIEF MINISTER Devendra Fadnavis has called an all-party meeting on Saturday to discuss reservation demanded by the Marathas in jobs and educational institutes. This comes after an agitation by the community members sparked violence in parts of Maharashtra. "The purpose of the meeting istogettheleadersof Opposition onboardtofindanamicableway out of the problem. Also, probableformulastodefusetheunrest will be discussed," said a source in the government. The meeting will take place at the Vidhan Bhavan in Mumbai. MORE REPORTS PAGE 6, NEWSLINE KHARIF PLANTING LAGS DESPITE INCREASE IN MSP, NORMAL MONSOON NEW DELHI, JULY 27 THE GOVERNMENT may have substantially hiked minimum support prices (MSP) of crops being grown in the current kharif season. That, along with most parts of India receiving goodrain untilnow,should have considerably boosted plantings by farmers this time. However, the Agriculture Ministry’s sowing data shows the total reported acreage under kharif crops, as on Friday, at CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 FULL COVERAGE PAGE 11 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 115 118 118 121 124 95 93 93 94 100 147 154 165 169 173 138 147 157 167 171 ● PAGE ONE ANCHOR HARISH DAMODARAN often determine the purpose of the data much after it has been collected. Also, individual users behind their anonymised data may be able to get re-identified. That’s why the committee has identified two pillars as key to the protection of an individual’s autonomy: “Data minimisation”(theentityshouldcollect onlythatmuchdataasisneeded) and “purpose specification” (it shoulddisclosethepurposewhy data is being collected). WOMEN PER 100 MEN IN PROGRAMMES NEW DELHI, JULY 27 BUSINESS AS USUAL Justice B N Srikrishna with Union IT Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad in Delhi, Friday. Panel frames tension; Digital growth versus personal privacy HRD: As many women in BSc as men; women dominate MSc as well SHUBHAJIT ROY IMRAN INCHES CLOSER TO FORM GOVT AS PAK OPPN PARTIES DEMAND RE-ELECTION SET UP DATA PROTECTION AUTHORITY 737.96 lakh hectares (lh). This is below not only the 797.69 lh for thesame period of 2017, but also the corresponding coverage of 762.06lhand748.96lhrecorded in the preceding two years. The main cause of lagging plantings does not seem to be themonsoon.According toIndia Meteorological Department, the country received an areaweighted rainfall of 403.2 mm during the current southwest monsoon season (JuneSeptember) until Friday. This was only 2.9 per cent lower than the long period average of 415.3 mm for this period, well within the “normal” deviation. Moreover,therainhas beennormal-to-excess in 79 per cent of the country’s area. The only major crop likely to havebeenimpactedbythemonsoon is paddy. Paddy acreage is down nearly 28 lh compared to what it was at this time last year. This entire decline is practically accounted for by four states — Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand and Assam — that have registereddeficientmonsoonrainfall. But it’s not just the paddy area thathas fallen.Of the 14 no- tified kharif crops for which MSPs are fixed, farmers have reducedplantingsinasmanyas11. Thatincludesragi,nigerseed, bajra and sunflower, despite their MSPs being raised by between 31 per cent and 52.5 per cent. The only crops that have seen higher acreages this time are soyabean, moong and jowar, although the extent of it is not commensuratewiththeMSPincreases granted even in their case (see accompanying table). One reason for the MSPs not having the desired impact could be the delayed announcement. Farmers usually make sowing decisions before the onset of the monsoon, which gives them adequate time to plan and arrange for the seeds of the particular crop and variety/hybrid. For the kharif season, the MSPs should ideally be announced by early-June, whereas the Union Cabinet’s “historic decision” — to fix these at 1.5 times the estimated paidout cultivation cost of crops plus the imputed value of unpaid family labour — came only on July 4. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Pure science courses at the undergraduatelevel,tillfiveyears ago, had 95 female students for every 100 men but according to thelatestAISHEedition,lastyear, therewere100womenforevery 100 male students in the Bachelor of Science or B.Sc. programmes (see box). In absolute numbers, in 2017-18, B.Sc. had 48.19 lakh students enrolled, of which 50.7 per cent were men and 49.3 per cent women. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 BJP president Amit Shah in New Delhi. Neeraj Priyadarshi Modi-led BJP is going to improve its performance in 2019: Amit Shah GIRISH KUBER NEW DELHI, JULY 27 “WITHTHEwide-rangingdevelopment agenda we have, Narendra Modi-led BJP will improve its performance in 2019,” says BJP president Amit Shah with his usual candour and confidence, brushing aside all criticism including that of polarisation and “change in the air”. “Polarisation on religious lines for political gains shall not beontheBJP’sagenda.Therewill be no attempt whatsoever from usthatwillcommunalisethepolitical atmosphere,” Shah said, adding:“It’sthemedia,thananyoneelse,thatisobsessedwithit”. In an exclusive interview to The Indian Express Group (detailed transcript to be published tomorrow in The Sunday Express), Shah spoke on key issues affecting the overall political atmosphere and particularly the BJP, including on vigilantism and lynching. He was dismissive of the talk of “change in political climate”. Having visited each constituency in the country, Shah believes “there is an even more stronger wave in favour of 8 THEEDITORIAL PAGE BJP leaders are not at all involved in any incidents (of polarisation). It’s the media that’s creating such impression. There will be no polarisation if media doesn’t rake it up’’ the BJP”. Accordingto him:“Door door tak kahin challenge khada hua nahidikhta(Nochallengercanbe seen even at a distance).” “TheBJP’ssupporterbasehas touched 11 crore. Meaning that many we have actually enrolled. The figure will go up even further, andtheyarespreadallover. These are all obviously our voters. We will easily sail through even with more than half of themexercisingtheirfranchise,” Shah said. He rubbished the idea of a Mahagathbandhan, a grand alliance of all parties opposing the BJP. “In which state can they pose challenge to us?” he asked. Voters of almost all states have discredited these parties, he said. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Enlistment of private capital By PRATAP BHANU MEHTA
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