LATE CITY, 20 PAGES, AHMEDABAD, `4.00 ● THURSDAY, AUGUST 2, 2018 ● WWW.INDIANEXPRESS.COM TheIndian EXPRESS DAILY FROM: AHMEDABAD, CHANDIGARH, DELHI, JAIPUR, KOLKATA, LUCKNOW, MUMBAI, NAGPUR, PUNE, VADODARA Citing cases of ‘nepotism’, Govt pushes its MoP proposals KAUNAIN SHERIFF M NEW DELHI, AUGUST 1 RAISING SPECIFIC objections to names recommended for elevation by the collegiums of the high courts of Kerala and Allahabad, the government has slipped in some of the key criteria it wants included in the revised Memorandum of Procedure. Citing the proximity of some candidates to sitting judges and judicial officers, it has suggested the need for a wider pool of names, a stringent scrutiny mechanism, and the need for a dedicated secretariat. The government and the Supreme Court collegium are yet to find common ground in drafting the revised MoP. After striking down the National Judicial Appointments Commission Act in October 2015, the Supreme Court had directed the Centre to finalise the existing MoP in consultation with the SC collegium, taking into account issues such as secretariat, transparency and CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 13 WORLD IMRAN INVITES KAPIL, GAVASKAR, AAMIR KHAN FOR SWEARING-IN ZIMBABWE’S RULING PARTY WINS MAJORITY, OPP QUESTIONS POLL JOURNALISM OF COURAGE INTERVIEW: PRATEEK HAJELA, NRC STATE COORDINATOR AFTER DALIT PROTESTS 40 lakh not in register cannot be called illegal, says Assam official behind NRC Govt set to undo ‘dilution’ of SC/ST law by apex court ‘Whether person is illegal or not can be decided only by judicial scrutiny’ KARISHMA MEHROTRA & RAVISH TIWARI NEW DELHI, AUGUST 1 A DAY after BJP president Amit Shah said the NRC would weed out “ghuspethiye” (infiltrators) in Assam, the Supreme Court-appointed coordinator for the exercise termed such descriptions as “too premature” and said that all the 40,07,707 people left out of the “complete draft” cannot be clubbed under that description, or as illegal migrants, merely on the basis of the register. “No, we can’t say all these 40 lakh are ghuspethiye,” Prateek Hajela, the NRC coordinator, told The Indian Express in an interview. Hajela was responding to a question on whether those whose names were missing in the final draft could be called infiltrators or illegal migrants. The man at the centre of the NRC exercise said that only a “judicial scrutiny” can establish whether a person can be called an illegal migrant or not. “These people will get another chance to prove their credentials. Then we will come out with a final NRC. The NRC process will be over then. Even after that, whether a person is an illegal migrant or not is something that can be decided only by judicial scrutiny and that is through a certain set of codes, which has been established in Assam... called the Foreigners Tribunal,” Hajela said. Acknowledging that “there could be errors” in finalising the draft NRC, as it is a “manual process”, the coordinator said people will have the opportunity to “object to any entry”. “They (those in the draft) have been able to establish their credentials before us during MOINUL HOQUE, 47 OSMAN GANI, 51 Govt school teacher, Udalguri. He is out, siblings, parents too Head Constable, CISF, Guwahati. Two sons in, he and his wife out INAMUL HOQUE , 29 Prateek Hajela in New Delhi on Wednesday. Ravish Tiwari SHALINI NAIR Sepoy, Barpeta. His parents, 4 siblings are in, he is out FULL INTERVIEW BUSINESS AS USUAL MUSABIRUL HOQUE, 29 Govt school teacher, Udalguri. Moinul’s brother, not in draft SADULLAH AHMED, 48 Gazetted officer, Guwahati. Wife in, he and 2 sons out SHAH ALAM BHUYAN, 50 ASI, Assam Police, Guwahati. 4 children and wife in, he is out NRC field officer not in NRC draft, also out CISF constable, Armyman ABHISHEK SAHA 12 GUWAHATI, AUGUST 1 EXPLAINED Questions of citizenship NRC raises rounds of verification that we have carried out. But again, somebody might object to any entry, which he or she thinks is not correct,” Hajela said, while responding to a query on CONTINUED ON PAGE THREE YEARS ago, Moinul Hoque was deployed by the government as a Field Level Officer to help compile and verify names for the National Register of Citizens (NRC) in Assam. Today, the 47-year-old government school teacher from Udalguri district finds himself among the 40 lakh people whose names are missing from the “complete draft”. On Wednesday, a day after the draft was released, The Indian Express reported on the fear and uncertainty gripping 40,07,707 OUT OF NRC THE UNCOUNTED WHAT NEXT-II 10 THE EDITORIAL PAGE The missing BY SANJIB BARUAH the state in the wake of this exercise to weed out illegal migrants from Bangladesh — families split, siblings out, children’s names missing. Hoque was among the over 55,000 government officials and contract workers drafted by the state to complete the NRC updation process. And yet, he says, he is among the uncounted. “I will ask senior officials what the problem is, and I am sure we can find a way out. We are genuine Indians,” he says. Hoque is not the only one on the government’s rolls who are missing from the NRC draft. There’s an Armyman, a CISF NEW DELHI, AUGUST 1 ROADS RUN THROUGH JAY MAZOOMDAAR NEW DELHI, AUGUST 1 IF THE Ministry of Road Transport and Highways has its way, the nine-year-long ban on night traffic through NH-212 that cuts through the Bandipur tiger reserve in Karnataka may end soon. In a letter to the Karnataka Chief Secretary on July 21, two days before the matter was due in the Supreme Court, MoRTH secretary Y S Malik wrote that he “requested for a short adjournment of 15 days” and asked the state to send its consent “immediately” for widening and opening the road with no restrictions but with mitigation measures such as animal passageways. The next hearing is on August 8. Following the road kills of 215 mammals, birds and snakes between 2004 and 2007 in Bandipur, the Karnataka High Court in 2009 banned night traffic on two national highways — SH-88 Mysore Gonikoppa KARNATAKA Bandipur Tiger Reserve NH-212 Kattikkulam KERALA Kalpetta TAMIL NADU ONE INevery four items has seen a cut in tax rates over the thirteen months since the rollout of the Goods and Services Tax (GST), triggering concern among revenue department officials over its impact on overall government finances. Officials assert that while the MOVING TO placate angry Dalit and Adivasi outfits which have called a Bharat bandh on August 9 over the alleged dilution of the SC/ST law, the Union Cabinet Wednesday approved an amendment to The Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act which, official sources said, would “nullify” the March 20 Supreme Court order and “remove any room for interpretation” by the courts. No formal announcement on the amendment was made by Law Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad who cited the ongoing session of Parliament. He merely said: “The Narendra Modi government cares about the development of our Dalit and Adivasi brothers and will strive in that direction. We have done that before, and will do so going ahead.” Government sources said the amendment has been approved. “The government and Parliament New Delhi: A Constitution Bench of the Supreme Court will examine whether its 2006 decision in the M Nagaraj & Others vs Union Of India & Others on reservation for SC/ST in promotions needs to be revisited. REPORT, PAGE 6 have full power to undo any Supreme Court judgment. On that basis, we are undoing the wrong,” sources said. This is contrary to the earlier stand of the government that it will wait for the decision on the review petition in the Supreme Court and then decide a course of action. Sources said the SC/ST Act would be amended “so as to CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 End night traffic ban in To simplify process, 1 in 4 items has seen tiger reserve, want to GST rate cut but revenue worries mount widen roads: Centre AANCHAL MAGAZINE writes to Karnataka cut in rates — done over four rounds — is expected to result in procedural simplification, the prospect of meeting the average monthly collection of Rs 1 lakh crore in this fiscal is being seen as an uphill task, with the resultant cascading impact on the budget math for the full year. The Reserve Bank of India (RBI), in its third bi-monthly monetary policy statement on Wednesday, also flagged the risk PROMOTION QUOTA: SC TO EXAMINE OWN ORDER OF 2006 NEW DELHI, AUGUST 1 PAGE 8 BY UNNY Amendment cleared to ringfence law from judicial interpretation of fiscal slippage at both the Centre and state levels, saying it could have “adverse implications for market volatility, crowd out private investment and impact the outlook for inflation”. Finance Minister Piyush Goyal, however, countered these apprehensions Wednesday, saying that higher compliance and increased market demand will ensure that there won’t be “any revenue shortfall”. A senior revenue department official said: “Rate cuts are expected to further simplify GST, boost compliance but these have been more of a political call. If seen from revenue perspective, it will become tough to meet collection targets as we inch closer to the end of this financial year.” The rate cuts on over 350 items out of total 1,211 items in the five broad categories of zero, CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Union Ministers Ravi Shankar Prasad and Piyush Goyal in New Delhi on Wednesday. Praveen Jain NARODA GAM 2002 CASE Discard Amit Shah’s statement defending Kodnani, SIT tells court Gundlupet NH-67 National highways passing through core of Bandipur tiger reserve Alternate road 3 GUJARAT 2nd time in two months, RBI increases interest rate, cautions on fiscal front ENS ECONOMIC BUREAU MUMBAI, AUGUST 1 NH-67 and NH-212, linking Karnataka with Tamil Nadu and Kerala respectively. The highways cut through the tiger reserve, which is home to over 100 tigers and 1,800 elephants. An alternate road, longer by 30 km, was developed to divert the NH212 traffic. While Tamil Nadu never contested the decision and went CONG DEMANDS SIT PROBE INTO ‘GROUNDNUT SCAM’ ● HENNA ROW: SCHOOL APOLOGISES, P5 CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 THE MONETARY Policy Committee or MPC of the Reserve Bank of India Wednesday raised its key policy rate — the repo rate — by 25 basis points for the second time in two months to contain inflation in a year leading up to general elections. Indicating that the RBI is taking a long-term view on inflation “while supporting growth” and RBI Governor Urjit Patel in Mumbai. Pradip Das retaining its “neutral stance”, the central bank, in its third bimonthly monetary policy of the current fiscal, raised the repo or the rate at which it lends to other banks, by 0.25 per cent to 6.5 per cent which is expected to lead to higher interest rates on housing, auto and other personal loans. The rate hike in June was the first time the benchmark lending rate was raised in over four years. This is now the first time since October 2013 that the central bank has raised the repo rate at CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 SATISH JHA AHMEDABAD, AUGUST 1 IN THE trial of the Naroda Gam massacre case of the 2002 postGodhra riots, the Supreme Court appointed-Special Investigation Team (SIT) on Wednesday argued before a special court that the deposition of BJP president Amit Shah “should be discarded” as it was done merely to “support” key accused former BJP minister Maya Kodnani. Special Public Prosecutor Gaurang Vyas, while reading out the statement recorded by Shah in the court in September 2017, said that “Amit Shah recorded the statement 15 years after the incident which is not relevant now. It was done only to support He had been called for deposition Maya Kodnani as both were MLAs back then.” Vyas argued that “Amit Shah’s presence at Sola Civil hospital is also doubtful as despite being an MLA (back in 2002) nobody, even the accused like Babu Bajrangi, Jaideep Patel ever mentioned his presence.” Sola civil hospital is the place where the bodies of karsewaks had been brought from Godhra. In her defence, Maya Kodnani has said that she was at CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 ● PAGE ONE ANCHOR FOR JHABUA KIDS, SCHOOL CHALEIN HUM IS A TREK TO GUJARAT AISHWARYA MOHANTY DAHOD, AUGUST 1 EVERY MORNING five-year-old Ankita Damor and her eightyear-old brother Kalpesh leave their home at Demara village in Jhabua district of Madhya Pradesh for school. Negotiating puddles on the five-km dirt track, they reach their school, surrounded by lush green corn farms, in Gujarat’s Dahod district, 45 minutes later. Ankita and Kalpesh are among the 145 students from the neighbouring Madhya Pradesh who trek, most of them barefoot, to Ravadi Kheda Madhyamik Shala in Gujarat for studying. For residents of Demara, Guwali and Patra villages in MP’s tribal district of Jhabua, this Gujarati-medium school in the neighbouring state is the nearest one across the border. Ankita and Kalpesh are not the only ones in their family to have crossed the border to study. Their father, Mahesh Damor, and uncle had also studied from the same school. “I studied in the same school from Class I to VII, and so did my brother,” says 30- year-old Mahesh, who works as a construction labourer. “There is a government school a few metres away from our home at Demara village, but the teachers there do not teach. They begin school at 11 am and send students home by 2 pm, without even completing the scheduled classes. So, for a better future of my children, I decided to enroll them at the same school from where I had studied,” says Mahesh, whose work takes him to different cities in Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh. As a result, his children stay with their grandparents. MADHYA PRADESH Dahod GUJARAT Children from Demara, Guwali and Patra villages in MP trek for nearly 5 km to reach Ravadi Kheda in Gujarat. Bhupendra Rana Jhabua Every morning as students from MP villages leave for the school at Ravadi Kheda, they converge at a crossroad, less than a kilometre away from the school where a milestone informs that Meghnagar tehsil in Jhabua district is 26 km away. From the the children from Demara, Patra and Guwali villages continue their walk to the school together. Asked why they do not study in a school in their villages, the students from MP say in Gujarati, “Teacher tyan sari rite bhanavta nathi(the teacher there doesn’t teach well)”. “I get along better with students here. I can speak Gujarati. Back home, students from Guwali school talk in their native adivasi language and Hindi. At times, it’s difficult to communicate,” says Class VI student Ajay Meda. Interestingly, despite schools at all the three MP villages, par- ents prefer to send their children to Ravadi Kheda Madhyamik Shala. “I never felt the need to join the school back home. I am also excited about the new school building, new books and boards... We were told by our parents and seniors that education is better here,” says 12-year-old Payal Singhadia of Guwali village who has been studying at the school since she was in Class 1. The Madhya Pradesh government-run school at Demara village has only 34 students between Class VI and VIII, one-sixth CONTINUED ON PAGE 2
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