LATE CITY, 2O PAGES, AHMEDABAD, `4.00 ● THURSDAY, AUGUST 30, 2018 ● WWW.INDIANEXPRESS.COM TheIndian EXPRESS DAILY FROM: AHMEDABAD, CHANDIGARH, DELHI, JAIPUR, KOLKATA, LUCKNOW, MUMBAI, NAGPUR, PUNE, VADODARA JOURNALISM OF COURAGE ARREST OF ACTIVISTS BY PUNE POLICE Supreme Quote: Dissent safety valve of democracy, pressure cooker will burst if not allowed Arrests undermine basics of democracy: Ex-CJI Lodha CJI-led bench asks Maharashtra to respond, activists under house arrest until Sept 6 At the wreath laying ceremony for the four policemen who were killed in Shopian on Wednesday. Shuaib Masoodi ANANTHAKRISHNAN G Again, J&K policemen targeted: Four shot dead after top Hizbul commander is killed BASHAARAT MASOOD SRINAGAR, AUGUST 29 HOURS AFTER a top Hizbul Mujahideen commander was gunned down by security forces at Anantnag in J&K, terrorists Wednesday ambushed and killed four policemen outside a vehicle workshop in Shopian. This marks the third high- profile attack on police personnel this year and comes just a week after an inspector and two constables were shot dead while on leave for Eid. The four policemen killed Wednesday were part of an officer’s security detail and were out getting a police vehicle repaired when they were fired upon. After the attack, the mili- tants took away three rifles of the slain policemen and escaped. Earlier in the day, security agencies said top Hizbul Mujahideen (HM) commander Altaf Ahmad Dar and an associate Umar Rashid were killed in an early morning operation in Anantnag’s Muniward village. “Altaf Ahmed Dar was currently operating as one of the most important terrorist commanders of proscribed terror outfit HM,” a police spokesman said. “He had a long history of criminal records since 2007.” Barely five hours after Dar was gunned down, militants attacked the police party. “Terrorists, in the afternoon, fired indiscriminately upon a police party at Arhama in district CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Journalist Rai’s assets seized, Govt can book him under Secrets Act too Some demonetisation facts: Over 99% of banned notes are back, cash at home at 7-yr high AMITAV RANJAN & DEEPTIMAN TIWARY ENS ECONOMIC BUREAU After note ban, cash share in savings is up MUMBAI, NEW DELHI, AUG 29 NEW DELHI, AUGUST 29 AS THE Enforcement Directorate (ED) Wednesday said it has attached properties worth over Upendra Rs 26.65 crore of Rai faces journalist extortion Upendra Rai in charges connection with a money laundering case, the Law Ministry has allowed the CBI — probing extortion charges against Rai — to book him under the Official Secrets Act. Rai is being probed by the CBI and ED for allegedly extorting money from businessmen on the pretext of helping them settle cases of the Income Tax Department and other agencies. During searches, agencies have CONTINUED ON PAGE 12 KAMDHENU UNIVERSITY A RED initiative appears in today’s edition of The Indian Express. This page is an initiative of the marketing solutions team of The Indian Express Group and contains content paid for by advertisers. This page should be read as an advertisement. GUJARAT PAGE 5 ● GARIB KALYAN MELA TRADE LIST SHORTENED OVER 21 MONTHS after Rs 500 and Rs 1,000 notes were withdrawn from circulation on November 8, 2016, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) on Wednesday said that nearly all of that money has returned to the banking system. The RBI has received Rs 15.31 lakh crore of Rs 500 and Rs 1,000 notes, or 99.3 per cent of the Rs 15.417 lakh crore worth of notes which were in circulation as on November 8, 2016, when the government announced demonetisation, the central bank said in its annual report for 201718 released on Wednesday. This means that just Rs 10,720 crore of Rs 500 and Rs 1,000 notes failed to come back to the RBI, as against expectations that over Rs 3 lakh crore of black money would not return to the banking system. The sudden withdrawal of ENS ECONOMIC BUREAU NEW DELHI, AUGUST 29 Demonetisation led to long queues outside banks. File notes in 2016 had created a liquidity shortage, with long queues outside banks and people undergoing immense hardship across the country. It had also roiled the economy, with demand falling, businesses facing a crisis, and GDP growth declining close to 1.5 per cent. Many small units were hit hard, with many reporting huge losses even after nine months. THE BIGGEST argument given by the government in favour of demonetisation was that it would make India a “less-cash” economy, but the RBI’s provisional data on gross financial savings for 2017-18 presents a different picture. The data shows that a year after demonetisation, the percentage of savings in currency spiked to 2.8 per cent of the gross national disposable income (GNDI) in 2017-18 — the highest in at least seven years. According to the RBI data, financial savings in currency stood at 1 per cent of the GNDI in FY ‘15 and 1.4 per cent in FY ‘16. In FY ‘17, the year of demonetisation, CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 MORE REPORTS PAGE 15 NEW DELHI, AUGUST 29 OBSERVING THAT“dissent is the safety valve of democracy... if it is not allowed, the pressure cooker will burst”, the Supreme Court Wednesday issued notice to the Maharashtra government and directed that five rights activists and lawyers arrested by Pune police be placed under house arrest until the matter is heard next on September 6. Probing an alleged Maoist link to a meeting of the Elgaar Parishad in Pune on the eve of the January 1 violence in Bhima Koregaon, Pune police Tuesday searched homes ofnine rights activists and lawyers and arrested five: Varavara Rao in Hyderabad; Vernon Gonsalves and Arun Ferreira in Mumbai; Sudha Bharadwaj in Faridabad; and, Gautam Navlakha in New Delhi. Rao, Gonsalves and Ferreira were taken to Pune while Navlakha and Bharadwaj were awaiting word from the high courts on petitions moved on their behalf. Hearing a separate petition moved by Romila Thapar, Devaki Jain, Prabhat Patnaik, Satish Deshpande and Maja Daruwala on behalf of the arrested activists, CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 SEEMA CHISHTI NEW DELHI, AUGUST 29 Police outside Gautam Navlakha’s home in New Delhi on Wednesday. Praveen Khanna contributed to the violence witnessed in areas in and around the city on the 200th anniversary of Battle of Koregaon FORMER JURISTS, including former Chief Justice of India R M Lodha, have come out strongly against the arrest of five civil rights activists and lawyers by police probing an alleged Maoist link to the Elgaar Parishad meeting in Pune a day ahead of the January 1 violence in Bhima Koregaon. Justice Lodha told The Indian Express that the government’s actions are “an attempt to suppress the dissenting voice”. He said the arrests were “an attack on freedom of speech... and an act to undermine the fundamentals of Constitutional democracy”. Justice P B Sawant, former judge of the Supreme Court and one of the organisers of the Elgaar Parishad meeting on December 31, 2017, said: “I don’t know why these persons have been arrested. The police are alleging they are connected to the Naxalite movement and are also organisers of the Elgaar conference on December 31 last year. Did they realise this after eight CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 RAO, FERREIRA, GONSALVES IN PUNE Police to court: Those held part of anti-fascist plot to overthrow govt CHANDAN HAYGUNDE PUNE, AUGUST 29 A DAY after its high-profile arrests, the Pune police Wednesday told a city court that activists Varavara Rao, Arun Ferreira and Vernon Gonsalves were “active members” of the banned Communist Party ofIndia (Maoists) and part of a conspiracy to set up an “Anti Fascist Front” to “overthrow” the democratic government ofthe country. The police did not say anything about their role in organising the December 31 Elgaar Parishad, a “cultural” event in Pune, that is supposed to have 10 THE EDITORIAL PAGE Steady erosion of civil rights BY PRASHANT BHUSHAN Policemen referred to my caste, asked why no sindoor: Varavara’s daughter SREENIVAS JANYALA HYDERABAD, AUGUST 29 “YOUR HUSBANDis a Dalit, so he does not follow any tradition. But you are a Brahmin, so why are you not wearing any jewellery or sindoor? Why are you not dressed like a traditional wife? Does the daughter have to be like the father too?’’ These were some of the questions a police officer asked K Pavana, wife of Professor K Satyanarayana, who heads the Department of Cultural Studies Varavara Rao’s son-in-law Prof K Satyanarayana at the English and Foreign Languages University (EFLU) in Hyderabad, while searching their house on the EFLU campus Tuesday. Pavana is the daughter of writer-activist Varavara Rao, one of five rights activists and lawyers arrested Tuesday by Pune police as part of a probe into an alleged Maoist link to a meeting of the Elgaar Parishad in Pune on the eve of the January 1 violence at Bhima Koregaon. Satyanarayana, whose house was searched by a team of Pune policemen and Telangana Special Intelligence Bureau, said it was a “traumatic and humiliating experience” as the CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 BUSINESS AS USUAL BY UNNY FULL COVERAGE PAGE 9 Johnson & Johnson admitted: Many young Jalpaiguri to Jakarta, Swapna patients were affected by faulty hip implants fights tooth and 12 nails to gold 13 KAUNAIN SHERIFF M NEW DELHI, AUGUST 29 TWO OUT ten patients, who reported adverse reactions to “faulty” hip implants manufactured by a subsidiary of Johnson & Johnson and underwent revision surgeries were under the age of forty; severe pain in the hip, inability to walk, destruction of bone and deposition of harmful metal debris of the implant inside body tissue, are the reasons behind the revision surgeries. These are among the key EXPLAINED How hip implants went wrong Security guards stand outside the office of Johnson & Johnson in Mumbai. Reuters findings in the medical device adverse reports of patients submitted by Johnson & Johnson to the Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation (CDSCO), CONTINUED ON PAGE 8 EXPRESSAT ASIAN GAMES SHIVANI NAIK Swapna Barman after winning the heptathlon gold on Wednesday. Reuters JAKARTA, AUGUST 29 SWAPNA BARMAN fought toothand-twelve-nails to win India’s first-ever Asian Games gold medal ways take extreme toll on an athlete’s body, more so for Swapna, who faces the perennial problem of having to run with ill-fitting shoes that always pinch the six toes on each of her feet. What the 21-year-old from Jalpaiguri was not prepared for at Jakarta was a tooth infection flaring up after a root canal treatment, leaving her with a pounding pain, which meant she had to stick a CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 in heptathlon on Wednesday. Seven gruelling events over three days for a medal will al- FULL COVERAGE PAGES 18, 19 ● PAGE ONE ANCHOR THIS MONSOON, SKEWED RAIN DISTRIBUTION LEAVES HALF OF GUJARAT DRY Met officials say Bay of Bengal branch of the south-west monsoon is yet to hit the state, cite absence of ‘intense systems’ over Arabian Sea for less rainfall in Saurashtra, Kutch and north June July 133.35 138.02 525.91 THE DEFICIT-SURPLUS DIVIDE 382.51 SO FAR this monsoon, Gujarat has recorded an average of 70.78 per cent rainfall, but still nearly halfofthe state — 16 ofthe 33 districts altogether — is reeling under deficit to large deficit rainfall. The rainfall distribution has been so skewed this year that the entire belt stretching from the Arabian Sea coast of Porbandar and Kutch in the west to Banaskantha and Sabarkantha in cent rainfall and Kheda is in normal range. In the east, except Dahod and Narmada with 26 and 29 per cent rainfall deficit, all other districts are in normal range. Notably, a majority the districts facing rainfall deficit are agricultural-intensive districts, thereby severely affecting the acreage and cultivation pattern in the state, this year. “Though every monsoon is unique and we cannot expect a homogeneous activity, but the fact that Gujarat has received a 126.30 AHMEDABAD, AUGUST 29 north has rainfall deficit, ranging from 25 per cent to high as 61 per cent in Patan. In stark contrast, the southern belt ofSaurashtra, comprising Junagadh, Amreli, Botad, Bhavnagar and Gir-Somnath, and south Gujarat, extending from Valsad to Bharuch, have recorded normal to excess rainfall. The disproportionate rainfall pattern is more distinct in central Gujarat where three districts — Gandhinagar, Ahmedabad and Vadodara — have received very less rainfall, while Anand has recorded excess of 23 per 67.65 RITU SHARMA August ■ Total rainfall: 588.18 in 2018 ■ Total rainfall: 785.56 in 2017 Rainfall figure in mm very skewed rainfall, this year cannot be denied. The rainfall (till August 29,2017) has mainly occurred in south districts and south-eastern parts of Saurashtra. Further, there is less hope that this will be recovered in the remaining monsoon days,” Jayanta Sarkar, Regional Director of India Meteorological Department (IMD), Ahmedabad, said. Since the beginning of monsoon, the disproportionate rainfall pattern has been a constant across the state and continues till date. For instance, the northern districts of only Banaskantha and Sabarkantha recorded rainfall on Tuesday, leaving other parts dry. Moreover, the rainfall pattern this year is almost opposite to that of the last monsoon. Last year, the average rainfall of the state by August-end stood at 96.98 per cent with north recording in excess, 135 per cent rainfall, triggering floods in Sabarkantha and Banaskantha. This year, the north districts have received only 40 per cent rainfall. Similarly, Saurashtra, which had received normal rainfall last year, has received only two-third of that amount. Among the possible reasons cited by experts for this skewed distribution are lack of intense systems, and the ones emanating from the Bay of Bengal have not been able to reach Gujarat. “This (south-west) monsoon, the systems that developed over Bay of Bengal did not reach the state but resulted in good rainfall over Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra. Also, there were no intense systems. Therefore, the north and Kutch districts have remained dry this year,” Sarkar added..
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