TheIndian EXPRESS LATE CITY, 20 PAGES, NEW DELHI, `6.00 (`8 PATNA & RAIPUR, `12 SRINAGAR) ● TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 4, 2018 ● WWW.INDIANEXPRESS.COM DAILY FROM: AHMEDABAD, CHANDIGARH, DELHI, JAIPUR, KOLKATA, LUCKNOW, MUMBAI, NAGPUR, PUNE, VADODARA JOURNALISM OF COURAGE In Rafale season, Govt rejects Russia’s request for Adanis as AK-rifle deal partner ARREST OF ACTIVISTS HC raps police: Why brief press when matter is in the courts? Only Indian Ordnance Factories can be partner for assault rifles: Govt AMITAV RANJAN NEW DELHI, SEPTEMBER 3 ALREADY UNDER Opposition fire over the Rafale fighter deal withFrance,thegovernmenthas turned down a Russian request to make the Adani Group its partner for the joint manufacture of Rs 3,000-crore worth of AK-103 assault rifles for the Indian Army. In April, the two governments had agreed that the Russian firm, Kalashnikov Concern, will only partner government-owned Indian Ordnance Factories. Sources said the Defence Ministry last month rejected the Russian proposal on grounds that the foreign vendor did not have the option to select the Indian company in joint manufacturing partner, including transfer of technology, in intergovernment agreements. “We have conveyed to the Russians that if they insist on Adani as their partner, they shouldcome throughthetender route,” sources said. To further its Make in India programme, the government hadbeenkeenonpromotingthe private sector in defence manufacturing, but the political controversyarounddischargeof offsets in the Rafale deal by Anil Ambani’s Reliance Defence has ledtogreatercaution onthepart of the government. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Hotline, Naval liaison, intel sharing: India-US 2+2 pacts on the table SHUBHAJIT ROY NEW DELHI, SEPTEMBER 3 A HOTLINE between Indian and USministersfordefenceandforeign affairs, an Indian Navy liaison officer at the US Naval Forces CentralCommand(NAVCENT)in Bahrainandasecurityagreement forintelligence-sharingonmovement of vessels in the Indian Oceanregionaresomeofthepossible key deliverables being discussed and likely to be agreed upon at the first Indo-US 2+2 dialogueonThursday,sourceshave told The Indian Express. USSecretaryof StateMichael RPompeoandDefenceSecretary JamesNMattiswillbeinIndiato hold talks with External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj and Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman on September 6 — the dialogue has been cancelled twice in the last 14 months. BUSINESS AS USUAL BY UNNY It is learnt that the Communications Compatibility and Security Agreement (COMCASA), if it is not signed by the two sides during the 2+2 dialogue, may get “in-principle approval”. COMCASA is meant to providealegalframeworkforthe transferof communicationsecurity equipment from the US to Indiathatwouldfacilitate“interoperability”betweentheirforces —andpotentiallywithothermilitariesthatuseUS-originsystems for secured data links. “The COMCASA needs Cabinet approval after the texts have been agreed upon, and if it is cleared by Wednesday, then it will be signed during the dialogue. But if that doesn’t happen, then there will at least be an in-principle approval mentioned in the official statement after the inaugural 2+2 dialogue,” a source said. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 No further briefing, says Bombay HC, lists matter for day after SC hearing EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE MUMBAI, SEPTEMBER 3 Reuters journalist Wa Lone as he is taken away from a Yangon court to prison Monday. He and colleague Kyaw Soe Oo were jailed for 7 years under the official secrets law for reporting on abuses against the Rohingya in Myanmar. Reuters REPORT, P12 ‘We stand by the two journalists but don’t blame the lady too much’ Global pressure on Aung San Suu Kyi, argue activists, plays into the hands of the Myanmarese military — but many feel she cannot duck responsibility INSIDE MYANMAR PART 1 AN EXPRESS SERIES NIRUPAMA SUBRAMANIAN YANGON, SEPTEMBER 3 IN A crowded cafe in the A K K Mall in downtown Yangon, squeezed on a table between strangers, a pro-democracy activist looks around warily and warns that talking about the Rohingya in a public place is not a good idea. He says it would be better to use the letter R (for Rohingya) and B (for Buddhists) while discussing the matter. In the office of his newly established People’s Party, Ko Ko Gyi, a leader of the anti-junta 1988studentuprising,andof the group that calls itself the 88 RITIKA CHOPRA NEW DELHI, SEPTEMBER 3 9 Why rupee fall remains a worry ECONOMY, Page 13 ● RUPEE CONTINUES DOWNWARD JOURNEY Generation after that uprising, who broke away from Aung San Suu Kyi’s National League for Democracy (NLD) over differences during the 2015 election, insists the term Rohingya is a fake identity for migrants from Bangladesh. In Mandalay, a monk out on an evening stroll on the U Bein teak bridge says monks and students fought for democracy and human rights in Myanmar but does not comment when asked about citizenship rights for the Rohingya. Ahead of Monday’s conviction and sentencing of Reuters AMU to Govt: Idea to Refrain from using word Dalit, stick to Scheduled drop ‘Muslim’ from Caste: I&B to media name preposterous Defends its V-C hiring process in response to UGC audit report EXPLAINED On the U Bein teak bridge at Mandalay. Neeraj Priyadarshi HITTING BACK at the government panel that suggested the word“Muslim”bedroppedfrom its name, Aligarh Muslim University (AMU), in its formal response to the University Grants Commission (UGC), has called the proposition “preposterous” for ignoring the institution’s long history and unique character. Criticising the committee for going beyond its mandate, AMU Registrar Javaid Akhter wrote to the government, “The name of the university gives us an idea about its history, purpose and character and preserving the same is our bounden Constitutional duty.” “The committee incorrectly draws the conclusion that by renaming AMU as Aligarh University would instil secular values. One must recall that in India the concept of secularism arises more from the discourse of justice and equality than from ananti-religiouspositionmostly practiced in the West,” he said in response to the 15 suggestions contained in the audit ordered by the government. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 SHALINI NAIR NEW DELHI, SEPTEMBER 3 THE MINISTRY of Information and Broadcasting has told the media to “refrain from using the nomenclature Dalit” and, instead, use only the Constitutional term, ‘Scheduled Caste’. Dalit rights groups have opposed the I&B ministry’s order, assertingthatthetermholdspolitical significance and a sense of identity. In March, the Union Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment issued similar orders to all state governments, stating that only the term ‘ScheduledCaste’shouldbeused in all official communication, adding that the term ‘Dalit’ does not find mention in the Constitution or any statute. In its order issued on August 7, the I&B ministry cited a June order by the Bombay HighCourt (Nagpur bench), directing the Union government “to consider the question of issuing such direction to the media and take suitable decision upon it within next six weeks”. The petitioner hadsaidthatfollowingthesocial justice ministry’s circular, the media too should be asked to stop using the word ‘Dalit’. “Itisaccordinglyadvisedthat media may refrain from using the nomenclature ‘Dalit’ while referring to members belonging to Scheduled Castes, in compliance with the directions of the Hon’bleBombayHighCourt,and the Constitutional term CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 ● PAGE ONE ANCHOR WHY TARGETING POLICEMEN HITS HOME: 1 OF 5 COPS WAS RECRUITED FROM SOUTH KASHMIR BASHAARAT MASOOD SRINAGAR, SEPTEMBER 3 THE RECENT killing of policemen and the abduction of Jammu and Kashmir Police personnel last week strike at the heart of the government-citizenry interface in the state. This alarming trend is particularly accentuated in south Kashmir, which has sent one in every five policepersonnelrecruitedbythe J&K Police in the last three years. Officialrecordsshowthatthe J&K Police recruited 9,381 policemen from 22 districts in the 10 THE EDITORIAL PAGE New target in the Valley By D S HOODA state, of which 1,647 were from the four districts of south Kashmir — Anantnag, Pulwama, Shopian and Kulgam. In addition,closeto2,000SpecialPolice Officers (SPOs) have been re- Army personnel conduct searches in Pulwama on Monday. PTI cruited from these districts in just the last two years. The J&K Police is the second largest government recruiter in the state, next only to the EducationDepartment,andcomprises 31,000 Special Police Officers (SPOs) in addition to the regularforcesofover90,000men. While south Kashmir has been the new battlefield of militants, it is also home to over 20,000 police families. Since the emergence of Hizbul Mujahideen commander Burhan Wani as the new face of militancy in 2015, more than CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 journalists Wa Lone and Kyaw Soe Oo, by a court in Yangon, several democracy activists and journalists in Myanmar said they stood in solidarity with their two colleagues who were being punished for just being journalists. But there is little meeting ground between the world and Myanmar on the issue of the Rohingya in the Rakhine state, theirpersecution,andtheirflight. NobelLaureateAungSanSuu Kyi has lost much of her global aura for appearing to defend the Myanmar military on the Rohingya issue and for not standing up for the democratic rights of the two journalists but democracy activists said the international onslaught against her was only empowering the military and extremist nationalist forces and endangering their democratic transition. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 PULLING UP the Maharashtra police for briefing the press on the arrest of five rights activists and lawyers in connection with a Pune meeting on the eve of the January 1 violence at Bhima Koregaon, the Bombay High CourtMondayquestionedinvestigation agencies for holding a press conference when the matter is sub judice and said no further briefing should be held. On August 29, the Supreme Court, whileobserving that“dissentisthesafetyvalveof democracy” and “if it is not allowed, the pressure cooker will burst”, issuednoticetotheMaharashtra government.Thebenchdirected that the five activists — Varavara Rao, Vernon Gonsalves, Arun Ferreira, Sudha Bharadwaj and Gautam Navlakha — arrested by Pune police be placed under house arrest until the matter is heard next on September 6. But two days later, on August 31, Maharashtra Additional Director General of Police (Law and Order) Parambir Singh held a press conference and released details of letters police claimed to have seized from five activists arrested earlier — Rona Wilson, Shoma Sen, Sudhir Dhawale, Surendra Gadling and Mahesh Raut — in connection with the same incident. The letters, police claimed, mentioned plans to allegedly purchasegrenadelaunchersand ammunitionworthRs8crorefor the banned Communist Party of CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Student arrested after TN BJP chief complains she said ‘fascist BJP govt’ ARUN JANARDHANAN CHENNAI, SEPTEMBER 3 A 28-YEAR-OLD woman studying in Canada was arrested Monday in Tuticorin and sent to judicial custody for 15 days after she shouted “fascist BJP government down, down” on board a flight in the presence of Tamil Nadu BJP president Tamilisai Soundararajan who filed a complaint. Lois Sofia, on her way home from Canada, was with her parents who joined her at Chennai for the IndiGo flight to Tuticorin. The incident took place after the TN BJP chief Tamilisai filed a police report flight landed at the Tuticorin airport. A senior police officer said Sofia was taken into custody after Tamilisai filed a complaint with the airport police. E Athisayakumar, a lawyer appearing for Sofia, said she had been arrested and sent to judicial custody for 15 days. She was CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 LUKMAAN IAS Lead with Edge ONLINE/OFFLINE GS FOUNDATION COMMENCE FROM 17 SEPTEMBER STARTS WITH GEOGRAPHY ALL INDIA MOCK TEST 2018 12 TO 17 SEPT. (TIME 10 AM-1 PM & 2- 5 PM JUST A FINAL TOUCH FOR THOSE WHO WANTS TO CRACK CSE MAINS 2018 * FEE RS. 3500 ONLY TEST SCHEDULE T.N. TESTS DATE TIME T-1 ESSAY 12 SEPT. 10 AM-1 PM T-2 GS PAPER- I 14 SEPT 10 AM-1 PM T-3 GS PAPER- II 14 SEPT 2 PM-5 PM T-4 GS PAPER- III 15 SEPT 10 AM-1 PM T-5 GS PAPER- IV 15 SEPT 2 PM-5 PM T-6 OPT. 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Indian Express Limited is an Indian news media publishing company. It publishes several widely circulated dailies, including The Indian Express and The Financial Express in English, the Loksatta in Marathi and the Jansatta in Hindi.