TheIndian EXPRESS LATE CITY, 20 PAGES, MUMBAI, `5.00 ● TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 4, 2018 ● WWW.INDIANEXPRESS.COM ● REG.NO. MCS/067/2018 - 20 RNI REGN. NO. 1543/57 DAILY FROM: AHMEDABAD, CHANDIGARH, DELHI, JAIPUR, KOLKATA, LUCKNOW, MUMBAI, NAGPUR, PUNE, VADODARA JOURNALISM OF COURAGE In Rafale season, Govt rejects Russia’s request for Adanis as AK-rifle deal partner ARREST OF ACTIVISTS HC raps police: Why brief press when matter is in the courts? Only Indian Ordnance Factories can be partner for assault rifles: Govt AMITAV RANJAN NEW DELHI, SEPTEMBER 3 ALREADY UNDER Opposition fire over the Rafale fighter deal withFrance,thegovernmenthas turned down a Russian request to make the Adani Group its partner for the joint manufacture of Rs 3,000-crore worth of AK-103 assault rifles for the Indian Army. In April, the two governments had agreed that the Russian firm, Kalashnikov Concern, will only partner government-owned Indian Ordnance Factories. Sources said the Defence Ministry last month rejected the Russian proposal on grounds that the foreign vendor did not have the option to select the Indian company in joint manufacturing partner, including transfer of technology, in intergovernment agreements. “We have conveyed to the Russians that if they insist on Adani as their partner, they shouldcome throughthetender route,” sources said. To further its Make in India programme, the government hadbeenkeenonpromotingthe private sector in defence manufacturing, but the political controversyarounddischargeof offsets in the Rafale deal by Anil Ambani’s Reliance Defence has ledtogreatercaution onthepart of the government. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Hotline, Naval liaison, intel sharing: India-US 2+2 pacts on the table SHUBHAJIT ROY NEW DELHI, SEPTEMBER 3 A HOTLINE between Indian and USministersfordefenceandforeign affairs, an Indian Navy liaison officer at the US Naval Forces CentralCommand(NAVCENT)in Bahrainandasecurityagreement forintelligence-sharingonmovement of vessels in the Indian Oceanregionaresomeofthepossible key deliverables being discussed and likely to be agreed upon at the first Indo-US 2+2 dialogueonThursday,sourceshave told The Indian Express. USSecretaryof StateMichael RPompeoandDefenceSecretary JamesNMattiswillbeinIndiato hold talks with External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj and Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman on September 6 — the dialogue has been cancelled twice in the last 14 months. BUSINESS AS USUAL BY UNNY It is learnt that the Communications Compatibility and Security Agreement (COMCASA), if it is not signed by the two sides during the 2+2 dialogue, may get “in-principle approval”. COMCASA is meant to providealegalframeworkforthe transferof communicationsecurity equipment from the US to Indiathatwouldfacilitate“interoperability”betweentheirforces —andpotentiallywithothermilitariesthatuseUS-originsystems for secured data links. “The COMCASA needs Cabinet approval after the texts have been agreed upon, and if it is cleared by Wednesday, then it will be signed during the dialogue. But if that doesn’t happen, then there will at least be an in-principle approval mentioned in the official statement after the inaugural 2+2 dialogue,” a source said. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 No further briefing, says Bombay HC, lists matter for day after SC hearing EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE MUMBAI, SEPTEMBER 3 Reuters journalist Wa Lone as he is taken away from a Yangon court to prison Monday. He and colleague Kyaw Soe Oo were jailed for 7 years under the official secrets law for reporting on abuses against the Rohingya in Myanmar. Reuters REPORT, P12 ‘We stand by the two journalists but don’t blame the lady too much’ Global pressure on Aung San Suu Kyi, argue activists, plays into the hands of the Myanmarese military — but many feel she cannot duck responsibility INSIDE MYANMAR PART 1 AN EXPRESS SERIES NIRUPAMA SUBRAMANIAN YANGON, SEPTEMBER 3 IN A crowded cafe in the A K K Mall in downtown Yangon, squeezed on a table between strangers, a pro-democracy activist looks around warily and warns that talking about the Rohingya in a public place is not a good idea. He says it would be better to use the letter R (for Rohingya) and B (for Buddhists) while discussing the matter. In the office of his newly established People’s Party, Ko Ko Gyi, a leader of the anti-junta 1988studentuprising,andof the group that calls itself the 88 On the U Bein teak bridge at Mandalay. Neeraj Priyadarshi Generation after that uprising, who broke away from Aung San Suu Kyi’s National League for Democracy (NLD) over differences during the 2015 election, insists the term Rohingya is a fake identity for migrants from Bangladesh. In Mandalay, a monk out on SHALINI NAIR Defends its V-C hiring process in response to UGC audit report RITIKA CHOPRA NEW DELHI, SEPTEMBER 3 EXPLAINED Why rupee fall remains a worry ECONOMY, Page 13 ● RUPEE CONTINUES DOWNWARD JOURNEY CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 HITTING BACK at the government panel that suggested the word“Muslim”bedroppedfrom its name, Aligarh Muslim University (AMU), in its formal response to the University Grants Commission (UGC), has called the proposition “preposterous” for ignoring the institution’s long history and unique character. Criticising the committee for going beyond its mandate, AMU Registrar Javaid Akhter wrote to the government, “The name of the university gives us an idea about its history, purpose and character and preserving the same is our bounden Constitutional duty.” “The committee incorrectly draws the conclusion that by renaming AMU as Aligarh University would instil secular values. One must recall that in India the concept of secularism arises more from the discourse of justice and equality than from ananti-religiouspositionmostly practiced in the West,” he said in response to the 15 suggestions contained in the audit ordered by the government. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 THE MINISTRY of Information and Broadcasting has told the media to “refrain from using the nomenclature Dalit” and, instead, use only the Constitutional term, ‘Scheduled Caste’. Dalit rights groups have opposed the I&B ministry’s order, assertingthatthetermholdspolitical significance and a sense of identity. In March, the Union Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment issued similar orders to all state governments, stating that only the term ‘ScheduledCaste’shouldbeused in all official communication, adding that the term ‘Dalit’ does not find mention in the Constitution or any statute. In its order issued on August 7, the I&B ministry cited a June order by the Bombay High Court (Nagpur bench), directing the Union government “to consider the question of issuing such direction to the media and take suitable decision upon it within next six weeks”. The petitioner hadsaidthatfollowingthesocial justice ministry’s circular, the media too should be asked to stop using the word ‘Dalit’. ARUN JANARDHANAN CHENNAI, SEPTEMBER 3 A 28-YEAR-OLD woman studying in Canada was arrested Monday in Tuticorin and sent to judicial custody for 15 days after she shouted “fascist BJP government down, down” on board a flight in the presence of Tamil Nadu BJP president Tamilisai Soundararajan who filed a complaint. Lois Sofia, on her way home from Canada, was with her parents who joined her at Chennai for the IndiGo flight to Tuticorin. The incident took place after the “Itisaccordinglyadvisedthat media may refrain from using the nomenclature ‘Dalit’ while referring to members belonging to Scheduled Castes, in compliance with the directions of the Hon’bleBombayHighCourt,and the Constitutional term ‘Scheduled Caste’ in English and its appropriate translation in other national languages should alone be used for all official CONTINUEDONPAGE2 Raj Bhavan’s plan to turn self-reliant in power trips VISHWAS WAGHMODE MUMBAI, SEPTEMBER 3 MAHARASHTRAGOVERNORCh VidyasagarRao’s ambitious plan to turn the three Raj Bhavans in Mumbai, Pune and Nagpur into thecountry’sfirst“green”gubernatorial residences has run into trouble with the state government. Formorethanayearnow,the stateenergydepartmentandthe RajBhavanhavebeenembroiled in a dispute over the purchase price and utilisation of power generatedbyasolarpowerplant installed inside the premises of the Raj Bhavan in Pune. According to documents accessed by The Indian Express un- der the Right to Information Act, the Raj Bhavan initiated a the plan for a 1-megawatt solar powerplantinitsPunepremises in December 2014. Actual work commenced in November 2016 and the plant was inaugurated on November 5, 2017 by the Governor and Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis. But in the absence of a Power CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Student arrested after TN BJP chief complains she said ‘fascist BJP govt’ AMU to Govt: Idea to Refrain from using word Dalit, stick to SC: I&B to media drop ‘Muslim’ from name preposterous NEW DELHI, SEPTEMBER 3 9 an evening stroll on the U Bein teak bridge says monks and students fought for democracy and human rights in Myanmar but does not comment when asked about citizenship rights for the Rohingya. Ahead of Monday’s conviction and sentencing of Reuters journalists Wa Lone and Kyaw Soe Oo, by a court in Yangon, several democracy activists and journalists in Myanmar said they stood in solidarity with their two colleagues who were being punished for just being journalists. But there is little meeting ground between the world and Myanmar on the issue of the Rohingya in the Rakhine state, theirpersecution,andtheirflight. NobelLaureateAungSanSuu Kyi has lost much of her global aura for appearing to defend the Myanmar military on the Rohingya issue and for not standing up for the democratic rights of the two journalists but democracy activists said the international onslaught against her was only empowering the military and extremist nationalist forces and endangering their democratic transition. PULLING UP the Maharashtra police for briefing the press on the arrest of five rights activists and lawyers in connection with a Pune meeting on the eve of the January 1 violence at Bhima Koregaon, the Bombay High CourtMondayquestionedinvestigation agencies for holding a press conference when the matter is sub judice and said no further briefing should be held. On August 29, the Supreme Court, whileobserving that“dissentisthesafetyvalveof democracy” and “if it is not allowed, the pressure cooker will burst”, issuednoticetotheMaharashtra government.Thebenchdirected that the five activists — Varavara Rao, Vernon Gonsalves, Arun Ferreira, Sudha Bharadwaj and Gautam Navlakha — arrested by Pune police be placed under house arrest until the matter is heard next on September 6. But two days later, on August 31, Maharashtra Additional Director General of Police (Law and Order) Parambir Singh held a press conference and released details of letters police claimed to have seized from five activists arrested earlier — Rona Wilson, Shoma Sen, Sudhir Dhawale, Surendra Gadling and Mahesh Raut — in connection with the same incident. The letters, police claimed, mentioned plans to allegedly purchasegrenadelaunchersand ammunitionworthRs8crorefor the banned Communist Party of Purchase Agreement and with the plant not yet registered with the Maharashtra Energy Development Authority (MEDA), the plant is permitted tooperateatlowerthaninstalled capacity, with the electricity generatedtherebeingevacuated to an MSEDCL sub-station since November 2017, and not used CONTINUEDONPAGE8 TN BJP chief Tamilisai filed a police report flight landed at the Tuticorin airport. A senior police officer said Sofia was taken into custody after Tamilisai filed a complaint with the airport police. E Athisayakumar, a lawyer appearing for Sofia, said she had been arrested and sent to judicial custody for 15 days. She was CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Youth dies while climbing Dahi Handi pyramid EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE MUMBAI, SEPTEMBER 3 ONEGOVINDAdiedand149sustainedinjuriesonMondaywhile celebrating the Dahi Handi festivalinMumbai.Of them,atleast 79 remain in hospital for treatment of fractures and blunt trauma injuries. The deceased, Dharavi resident Kush Avinash Khandare (26), was a part of the first tier of the human pyramid. Police said around 3 pm, he became unconscious and fell, hitting his head. KhandarewasrushedtoSion hospital, where he was declared brought dead. “The family is in shock. We don’t know what happened," said Khandare’s twin brother CONTINUEDONPAGE2 ● PAGE ONE ANCHOR WHY TARGETING POLICEMEN HITS HOME: 1 OF 5 COPS RECRUITED FROM SOUTH KASHMIR BASHAARAT MASOOD SRINAGAR, SEPTEMBER 3 THE RECENT killing of policemen and the abduction of Jammu and Kashmir Police personnel last week strike at the heart of the government-citizenry interface in the state. This alarming trend is particularly accentuated in south Kashmir, which has sent one in every five policepersonnelrecruitedbythe J&K Police in the last three years. Officialrecordsshowthatthe J&K Police recruited 9,381 policemen from 22 districts in the state, of which 1,647 were from the four districts of south Kashmir — Anantnag, Pulwama, Shopian and Kulgam. In addition,closeto2,000SpecialPolice Officers (SPOs) have been recruited from these districts in just the last two years. The J&K Police is the second largest government recruiter in the state, next only to the EducationDepartment,andcomprises 31,000 Special Police Officers (SPOs) in addition to the regularforcesofover90,000men. While south Kashmir has been the new battlefield of militants, it is also home to over 20,000 police families. Since the emergence of Hizbul Mujahideen commander Burhan Wani as the new face of militancy in 2015, more than 300 youths have joined militant 10 THE EDITORIAL PAGE New target in the Valley By D S HOODA ranks. Thenumberof policemenrecruited from these four districts has also surged five-fold. According to official records, 758policemen(118inthearmed wing of J&K Police, 312 in the Executive Police and 328 in the Indian ReservePolice battalions) Army personnel conduct searches in Pulwama on Monday. PTI have been recruited from Anantnag district since 2015. In Pulwama, 403 policemen have been recruited - 63 in the armed wing,166intheexecutivepolice, and 174 in IRP. And in Shopian, the hotbed of militancy, 187 policemen were recruited - 29 in the armed wing,77and891,respectively,in the executive police and IRP. In Kulgam, where the families of three policemen were abducted last Thursday, 299 youths joined the police force (46 in the armed wing,123inexecutivepoliceand 130 in IRP). After the massive protests following the killing of Burhan Wani in 2016, the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) approved theappointment of 10,000 SPOs in the state. Of these, over 1,800 came from the four districts of south Kashmir. The attack on the family of policemen is likely to impact fresh recruitment in the police. “In a state where employment is a huge issue, the police are one of the biggest recruiters,” a senior police officer said. “But since the families are now involved, I thinkmanyfamilieswilldiscourage their wards from joining the police force.” JammuandKashmirDirector General of Police (DGP) SP Vaid, however, does not agree. He said: “It has not affected the police recruitments in the past, why should it now?”
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