TheIndian EXPRESS LATE CITY, 16 PAGES, KOLKATA `5.00/EX-KOLKATA `6.00 (`12 IN NORTH EAST STATES & ANDAMAN) ● TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 4, 2018 ● WWW.INDIANEXPRESS.COM DAILY FROM: AHMEDABAD, CHANDIGARH, DELHI, JAIPUR, KOLKATA, LUCKNOW, MUMBAI, NAGPUR, PUNE, VADODARA JOURNALISM OF COURAGE In Rafale season, Govt rejects Russia request for Adanis as AK rifle deal partner ARREST OF ACTIVISTS HC raps police: Why brief press when matter is in the courts Only Indian Ordnance Factories can be partner for assault rifles: Govt AMITAV RANJAN NEW DELHI, SEPTEMBER 3 ALREADY UNDER Opposition fire over the Rafale fighter deal with France, India has turned down a Russian request to make the Adani Group its partner for the joint manufacture of Rs 3,000-crore worth of AK-103 assault rifles for the Indian Army. In April, the two governments had agreed that the Russian firm, Kalashnikov Concern, will only partner government-owned Indian Ordnance Factories. Sources said the Defence Ministry last month rejected the Russian proposal on grounds that the foreign vendor did not have the option to select the Indian company in joint manufacturing partner, including transfer of technology, in intergovernment agreements. “We have conveyed to the Russians that if they insist on Adani as their partner, they shouldcome throughthetender route,” sources said. To further its Make in India programme, the government had been keen on promoting private sector in defence manufacturing, but the political controversyarounddischargeof offsets in the Rafale deal by Anil Ambani’s Reliance Defence has led to greater caution on part of the government. Reliance, sources said, was CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Hotline, Naval liaison, intel sharing: India-US 2+2 pacts on the table SHUBHAJIT ROY NEW DELHI, SEPTEMBER 3 A HOTLINE between Indian and USministersfordefenceandforeign affairs, an Indian Navy liaison officer at the US Naval Forces CentralCommand(NAVCENT)in Bahrainandasecurityagreement forintelligence-sharingonmovement of vessels in the Indian Oceanregionaresomeofthepossible key deliverables being discussed and likely to be agreed upon at the first Indo-US 2+2 dialogueonThursday,sourceshave told The Indian Express. USSecretaryof StateMichael RPompeoandDefenceSecretary JamesNMattiswillbeinIndiato hold talks with External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj and Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman on September 6 — the dialogue has been cancelled twice in the last 14 months. BUSINESS AS USUAL BY UNNY It is learnt that the Communications Compatibility and Security Agreement (COMCASA), if it is not signed by the two sides during the 2+2 dialogue, may get “in-principle approval”. COMCASA is meant to providealegalframeworkforthe transferof communicationsecurity equipment from the US to Indiathatwouldfacilitate“interoperability”betweentheirforces —andpotentiallywithothermilitariesthatuseUS-originsystems for secured data links. “The COMCASA needs Cabinet approval after the texts have been agreed upon, and if it is cleared by Wednesday, then it would be signed during the dialogue. But if that doesn’t happen, then there will at least be an in-principle approval mentioned in the official statement after the inaugural 2+2 dialogue,” a source said. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 NEW DELHI, SEPTEMBER 3 EXPLAINED Why rupee fall remains a worry 13 WORLD Reuters journalist Wa Lone as he is taken away from a Yangon court to prison Monday. He and colleague Kyaw Soe Oo were jailed for 7 years under the official secrets law for reporting on abuses against the Rohingya in Myanmar. Reuters REPORT, PAGE 6 ‘We stand by the two journalists but don’t blame the lady too much’ International pressure on Aung San Suu Kyi, argue independent voices and activists, plays into the hands of the Myanmarese military but not all agree INSIDE MYANMAR PART 1 AN EXPRESS SERIES NIRUPAMA SUBRAMANIAN YANGON, SEPTEMBER 3 IN A crowded cafe in the A K K Mall in downtown Yangon, squeezed on a table between strangers, a pro-democracy activist looks around warily and warns that talking about the Rohingya in a public place is not a good idea. He says it would be better to use the letter R (for Rohingya) and B(for Buddhists) while discussing the matter. In the office of his newly established People’s Party, Ko Ko Gyi, a leader of the anti-junta 1988studentuprising,andof the group that calls itself the 88 At the Shwedagon Pagoda in Yangon. Neeraj Priyadarshi Generation after that uprising, who broke away from Aung San Suu Kyi’s National League for Democracy (NLD) over differences during the 2015 election, insists the term Rohingya is a fake identity for migrants from Bangladesh. In Mandalay, a monk out on an evening stroll on the U Bein teak bridge says monks and students fought for democracy and human rights in Myanmar but does not comment when asked about citizenship rights for the Rohingya. A week before Monday’s conviction and sentencing of Reuters journalists Wa Lone and Kyaw Soe Oo, by a court in Yangon, several democracy activists and journalists in Myanmar said they stood in solidaritywiththeirtwocolleagues who were being punished for just being journalists. But there is little meeting ground between the world and Myanmar on the issue of the Rohingyas in the Rakhine state, theirpersecution,andtheirflight. NobelLaureateAungSanSuu Kyi has lost much of her global aura for appearing to defend the Myanmar military on the Rohingya issue and for not standing up for the democratic rights of the two journalists but democracy activists said the international onslaught against her was only empowering the military and extremist nationalist forces and endangering their democratic transition. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Maharashtra AddI DGP (L&O) Parambir Singh and officers at a press conference August 31 on the arrest of activists. File EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE MUMBAI, SEPTEMBER 3 PULLING UP the Maharashtra police for briefing the press on the arrest of five rights activists and lawyers in connection with a Pune meeting on the eve of the January 1 violence at Bhima Koregaon, the Bombay High CourtMondayquestionedinvestigation agencies for holding a press conference when the matter is sub judice and said no further briefing should be held. On August 29, the Supreme Court, whileobserving that“dissentisthesafetyvalveof democracy”and “if it is not allowed, the pressure cooker will burst”, issued notice to the Maharashtra government.Thebenchdirected that the five activists — Varavara Rao, Vernon Gonsalves, Arun Ferreira, Sudha Bharadwaj and Gautam Navlakha — arrested by Pune police be placed under house arrest until the matter is heard next on September 6. But two days later, on August 31, Maharashtra Additional Director General of Police (Law and Order) Parambir Singh held a press conference and released details of letters police claimed to have seized from five activists arrested earlier — Rona Wilson, Shoma Sen, Sudhir Dhawale, Surendra Gadling and Mahesh Raut — in connection with the same incident. The letters, police claimed, mentionedplanstoallegedlypurchasegrenadelaunchersandammunitionworthRs8croreforthe bannedCommunistPartyofIndia (Maoist). Police claimed that the communications,whichincluded “thousands” of letters, were found in hard disks seized from the home of Wilson in Delhi. Police also claimed that they required custody of the activists to confront them with the letters. Singh addressed the press conference with Shivaji Bodkhe, Joint Commissioner of Police, Pune and the investigating officer, Shivaji Pawar. On Monday, while hearing a petition by Satish Gaikwad, a rightsactivistand anallegedvictim of the Bhima Koregaon violence, Justice Mridula J Bhatkar said, “Why are investigating agencies holding a press conference when the matter is sub judice and under investigation?”. Justice Bhatkar told government pleader Deepak Thakre to CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Don’t use the word AMU writes to Govt: Idea to drop Student in jail after TN BJP Dalit, stick to Scheduled ‘Muslim’ from name preposterous chief complains about ‘fascist govt down’ slogan Defends its V-C hiring process in response to UGC report Caste: I&B to media SHALINI NAIR 7 No further briefing, says Bombay HC, lists matter for day after SC hearing THE MINISTRY of Information and Broadcasting has told the media to “refrain from using the nomenclatureDalit”and,instead, useonlytheConstitutionalterm, ‘Scheduled Caste’. Dalit rights groups have opposed the I&B ministry’s order, assertingthatthetermholdspolitical significance and a sense of identity. In March, the Union Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment issued similar orders to all state governments, stating that only the term ‘ScheduledCaste’shouldbeused in all official communication, adding that the term ‘Dalit’ does not find mention in the Constitution or any statute. In its order issued on August 7, the I&B ministry cited a June order by the Bombay High Court (Nagpur bench), directing the Union government “to consider the question of issuing such direction to the media and take suitable decision upon it within next six weeks.” The petitioner hadsaidthatfollowingthesocial justice ministry’s circular, the media too should be asked to stop using the word ‘Dalit’. “Itisaccordinglyadvisedthat media may refrain from using the nomenclature ‘Dalit’ while referring to members belonging to Scheduled Castes, in compliance with the directions of the Hon’bleBombayHighCourt,and the Constitutional term ‘Scheduled Caste’ in English and its appropriate translation in other national languages should alone be used for all official transaction,” the I&B order said. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 RITIKA CHOPRA NEW DELHI, SEPTEMBER 3 HITTING BACK at the government panel that suggested the word“Muslim”bedroppedfrom its name, Aligarh Muslim University (AMU), in its formal response to the University Grants Commission (UGC), has called the proposition “preposterous” for ignoring the institution’s long history and unique character. Criticising the committee for going beyond its mandate, AMU Registrar Javaid Akhter wrote to the government, “The name of the university gives us an idea about its history, purpose and character and preserving the same is our bounden Constitutional duty.” “The committee incorrectly draws the conclusion that by re- ARUN JANARDHANAN AMU’S RESPONSE 1. COMMITTEE: Aligarh’s past zamindari culture and present obscurantist attitude do not make for excellence in thinking AMU: Outlandish, AMU ranked No. 10 nationally by HRD 2. COMMITTEE: Too many departments; Sunni Theology and Shia Theology should merge AMU: In era of specialistion, merger does not augur well. AMU Act naming AMU as Aligarh University would instill secular values. One must recall that in India the concept of secularism CHENNAI, SEPTEMBER 3 empowers the university to instruct in Muslim theology and religion 3. COMMITTEE: AMU should become coeducational and not have separate colleges for men and women AMU: Oblivious of both Constitutional vision of women’s education and long struggle for female education at Aligarh and cultural context in which the movement was launched arises more from the discourse of justice and equality than from ananti-religiouspositionmostly CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 A 28-YEAR-OLD woman studying in Canada was arrested Monday in Tuticorin and sent to judicial custody for 15 days after she shouted “fascist BJP government down, down” on board a flight in the presence of Tamil Nadu BJP president Tamilisai Soundararajan who filed a complaint. Lois Sofia, on her way home from Canada, was with her parents who joined her at Chennai for the IndiGo flight to Tuticorin. The incident took place after the flight landed at the Tuticorin airport. A senior police officer said Sofia was taken into custody after Tamilisai filed a complaint with the airport police. E Athisayakumar, a lawyer appearing for Sofia, said she had been arrested and sent to judicial custody for 15 days. She was later taken to hospital following complaints of stomach ache. Earlier, a police officer in Tuticorin said the case was being handled by the All Women Police Station at Tuticorin based on a complaint from Tamilisai. “There are IPC Sections 505 (statements conducing to public mischief), 290 (public nuisance) andSection75of theTamilNadu City Police Act,” the officer said. Sofia’s father Dr A A Sami, a retired government doctor, said theincidenttookplacewhenthe flight landed at Tuticorin. “My wife Madhuri and I received our daughter at Chennai airport and we were flying from Chennai. After we landed at Tuticorin, she (Sofia) saw the BJP leader and said ‘fascist BJP government down, down’. She didn’t utter a word other than that. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 ● PAGE ONE ANCHOR $300MILLION NOTAIDBUT WHATAMERICA OWESUS:PAK XI GRANTS AFRICA ANOTHER $60 BILLION IN ASSISTANCE WHY TARGETING COPS HITS HOME: 1 OF 5 JOINED FROM SOUTH KASHMIR BASHAARAT MASOOD SRINAGAR, SEPTEMBER 3 THE RECENT killing of policemen and the abduction of J&K Policepersonnel lastweekstrike at the heart of the governmentcitizenry interface in the state. This alarming trend is particularly accentuated in south Kashmir, which has sent one in every five police personnel recruited by the J&K Police in the last three years. Officialrecordsshowthatthe J&K Police recruited 9,381 policemen from 22 districts in the state, of which 1,647 were from the four districts of South Kashmir — Anantnag, Pulwama, Shopian and Kulgam. In addition,closeto2,000SpecialPolice Officers have been recruited from these districts in just the last two years. The J&K Police is the second largest government recruiter in the state, next only to the Education Department, and comprises 31,000 SPOs in addition to the regular forces of over 90,000 men. While south Kashmir has been the new battlefield of militants, it is also home to over 20,000 police families. Since the emergence of Hizbul 8 THE EDITORIAL PAGE New target in the Valley By D S HOODA Mujahideen commander Burhan Wani as the new face of militancy in 2015, over 300 youths have joined militant ranks.Thenumberof policemen recruited from these four dis- Army personnel conduct searches in Pulwama on Monday. PTI tricts has also surged five-fold. According to official records, 758 policemen have been recruited from Anantnag district since 2015. In Pulwama, 403 policemen have been recruited. And in Shopian, the hotbed of militancy, 187 policemen were recruited. In Kulgam, where the families of three policemen were abducted last Thursday, 299 youths joined the police force. After the massive protests following the killing of Burhan Wani in 2016, the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) approved the appointment of 10,000 SPOs in the state. Of these, over 1,800 came from the four districts of south Kashmir. The attack on the family of policemen is likely to impact fresh recruitment in the police. “In a state where employment is a huge issue, the police are one of the biggest recruiters,” a senior police officer said. “But since the families are now involved, I thinkmanyfamilieswilldiscourage their wards from joining the police force.” JammuandKashmirDirector General of Police (DGP) SP Vaid, however, does not agree. He said: “It has not affected the police recruitments in the past, why should it now?”
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