TheIndian EXPRESS LATE CITY, 26 PAGES, NEW DELHI, `6.00 (`8 PATNA & RAIPUR, `12 SRINAGAR) ● THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 6, 2018 ● WWW.INDIANEXPRESS.COM DAILY FROM: AHMEDABAD, CHANDIGARH, DELHI, JAIPUR, KOLKATA, LUCKNOW, MUMBAI, NAGPUR, PUNE, VADODARA JOURNALISM OF COURAGE Govt knew of Johnson & Johnson faulty hip implants, took almost 2 years to ban Delay significant: Firm told Indian regulators that they couldn’t trace more than 3,000 patients KAUNAIN SHERIFF M NEW DELHI, SEPTEMBER 5 GOVT & POLITICS ● INDIA-US TO HOLD 2+2 DIALOGUE TODAY PAGE 6 GLOBALLY, JOHNSON & Johnson recalled its faulty hip implant on August24,2010butittookIndian regulators almost two years to ban its import and cancel its licence, official records obtained by The Indian Express reveal. This despite the fact that the regulator, Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation, whichcomesundertheMinistry of Health and Family Welfare, wasinformedof theglobalrecall in 2010 itself. The delay in cancelling the licence assumes significance as thefirmtoldtheexpertcommittee — appointed by the Union HealthMinistryinFebruary2017 — that it cannot trace as many as 3,600 patients who underwent thesurgeriesinvolvingthefaulty implant. The device, ASR XL Acetabular Hip System and ASR Drug Controller General’s note issued on April 11, 2012 Hipresurfacingsystem,wasfirst introduced in India in 2006 and its licence was renewed in 2010 before the global recall. But warning bells had begun to ring as early as 2009 itself when Australian regulators redflagged the high rate of revision surgeries and withdrew the product that year itself. In India, however, there have been at least 4,700 surgeries since 2006 and as per Johnson & Johnson’s own admission, there were 121 “serious adverse events” between January 2014 and June 2017. Documentsrevealthatitwas only on April 11, 2012, that the CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 ‘RBI DOING WHAT IS NEEDED’ CHAR DHAM TO ARUNACHAL HYDEL Rupee hits new low, Jaitley calls for calm: Reason global Green tribunal chief to re-hear 18 cases already reserved JAY MAZOOMDAAR NEW DELHI, SEPTEMBER 5 IN AN unusual move, at least 18 key cases already heard and reserved for judgment by different benches of the National Green Tribunal (NGT) will now be re-heard by the bench of NGT chairpersonAdarshKumarGoel. These cases include petitions challenging the environmental clearance to the Rs 11,700-crore Char Dham highway project in Uttarakhand and selection of experts for a committee formed to resolve conflicting recommendations on the 2,000-MW Lower Subansiri hydel project on the Arunachal PradeshAssam border. Also on the list: relocation of the Inland Container Depot, Tughlakabad, for causing significantairpollutioninDelhi;illegal constructions on floodplain and riverbed of the Yamuna and 14 NGT chief Goel: unusual decision controlling groundwater exploitation in Punjab. Re-hearingacaseisnotcommon. As per practice, after a benchreservesjudgment,itmay seek further hearing if circumstances call for it or refer it to another bench for re-hearing only in the event of unavailabilityof amemberof thebenchdue to death, recusal or retirement. On August 31, different NGT benches released 17 cases from “being reserved” and “listed to be reheard” in Court No 1, the chairperson’s bench. “After hearing, the judgment wasreserved,however,ithasnot been pronounced within a CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Dalit, beyond caste THEEDITORIAL PAGE BY SURAJ YENGDE Activists held not for dissent, proof of their Maoist link: Cops to SC ANANTHAKRISHNAN G NEW DELHI, SEPTEMBER 5 STATING THAT the arrest of five rights activists and lawyers in connection with a meeting on the eve of the January 1 violence at Bhima Koregaon was not about curbing dissent or “difference in ideology”, the Maharashtra government Wednesday told the Supreme Court there was “cogent evidence” to showthat thearrested persons were “active members” of the banned CPI (Maoist) who “were in the process of creating large scale violence, destruction of property resulting in chaos”. The five activists — Varavara Rao, Vernon Gonsalves, Arun Ferreira, Sudha Bharadwaj and Gautam Navlakha — were arrested by Pune police on August 28 and a day later, the 16 WORLD Slams Cong on Rafale: Final price 9% cheaper, no scope for private player CAPITAL PROTEST ENS ECONOMIC BUREAU Farmers, workers from across the country rally in New Delhi on Wednesday. Praveen Khanna FULL COVERAGE, PAGE 5 India’s elite should take responsibility to reduce rising inequality: Narayana Murthy SHAJI VIKRAMAN BENGALURU, SEPTEMBER 5 INDIA’S RICH, powerful and the elite need to take responsibility and demonstrate that rising inequality in the country can be reduced to ensure peace and harmony in the society or risk violence, the founder of one of India’stopsoftwareservicesfirm, N R Narayana Murthy, has said. Given that the Gini coefficient— which measures income distribution among countries — has been rising, a fact which has beenflaggedbytheInternational Monetary Fund and economists BUSINESS AS USUAL Supreme Court directed that they be placed under house arrest until the matter is heard on September 6. Maharashtra government was issued notice on a petition filed on behalf of the arrested activists by historian Romila Thapar, economists Prabhat Patnaik and Devaki Jain, sociologist Satish Deshpande and rights lawyer Maja Daruwala. While issuing notice, Justice D Y Chandrachud, one of three judges on the bench headed by CJI Dipak Misra, had said: “There are wider issues raised by them (petitioners). Concern raised is that you are quelling dissent. Democracy is not safe if you quell dissent and that is what they are worried about.” Responding to the notice, Pune Assistant Commissioner of Police Shivaji Panditrao, in an BY UNNY such as Thomas Piketty, it is importantfortherich,thepowerful and the elite which includes politicians and the media to recognise this andworktowards reducing the Gini coefficient. “When does violence pervade a society?Whenpeoplelosehope. And who is responsible for hope? It is the rich, the powerful and the elite who can enhance hope. Therefore, it is their responsibility to keep hope alive. The day, the rich, the powerful and the elite do not take responsibilityforthis andforensuring peace, you will have violence,” he said in an interview to The Indian Express. Leaders of capitalism too in thecountryneedtoexerciseselfrestraint in granting benefits to themselves or their friends. “If this does not happen, you won’t have peace and harmony in a society. In some cases it has not happened. My hope is that good sense will prevail.” The International Monetary Fund, the World Economic Forum and others had flagged rising inequality in economies such as India and China. The IMF CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 ‘Otherwise people will lose hope, you will have violence’ Alleged payoffs to allow gutkha sale: CBI raids TN Health Minister, DGP DEEPTIMAN TIWARY 3 THECITY ● Jail manual stuck in govt, bureaucracy tussle CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 PAGE 17 ONTHEdaytherupeehitarecord lowof71.97againstthedollarbefore recovering mildly, Union FinanceMinisterArunJaitleysaid there was no need to panic since thefallinthecurrencywasdriven by global factors and the Reserve BankofIndiawasdoingwhatever wasnecessaryforcurrencymanagement. “If you look at the domestic economicsituationandtheglobal situation, there are virtually no domestic reasons which are attributabletothis.Thereasonsare global.Wemustbearinmindthat in the last few months, the dollar has strengthened against almost every currency. And therefore, most global currencies have weakened vis-a-vis the dollar,” Jaitley told reporters after a Cabinet meeting Wednesday. The rupee plummeted againsttheUSdollaronconcerns of contagion from other emerging markets, hitting a fresh low of 71.97 before inching up to Arun Jaitley in New Delhi on Wednesday. PTI close at 71.76 a dollar, down 0.27 per cent from Tuesday’s close. The fall Wednesday marked the sixth consecutive session with the rupee settling lower against the greenback. “I am quite confident that this upheaval which is going on qua the dollar... eventually, the inherent strength of the Indian economy has to play a very importantrole.Andthisfluctuation will calm down... I am sure that currency management in these areasdonebytheReserveBank... they are certainly doing whatever is necessary for this CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 CM ordered audit, PWD cleared Kolkata bridge that collapsed RAVIK BHATTACHARYA KOLKATA, SEPTEMBER 5 NEW DELHI, SEPTEMBER 5 THE RESIDENTIAL premises of Tamil Nadu Health Minister C Vijayabaskar, Director General of Police T K Rajendran, former Chennai Police Commissioner SGeorgeandformerstateminister B V Ramana were among the 35 locations raided by the CBI on Wednesday in connection with the alleged gutkha scam. Top ministers, police officers and revenue officials are alleged to have taken bribes to allow the manufacture and sale of gutkha, whichwasbannedinthestatein 2013. INTERVIEW NEW DELHI, SEPTEMBER 5 Outside DGP T K Rajendran’s house in Chennai. PTI “The simultaneous searches being conducted at 35 locations began at 7 am and will continue till late in the evening. Apart from ministers and police officers, the premises of some CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 TWO MONTHS before a portion of the Majherhat bridge in Kolkata collapsed, leaving two persons dead and 25 others injured, a West Bengal Public Works Department audit of bridges and flyovers — ordered by the Chief Minister’s Office (CMO)—failedto identify weaknesses or faults in the 54-yearold bridge. A month after the directive was issued, the PWD issued instructions to carry out beautification and patchwork for the Majherhat bridge. Sources in the state secretariat said the PWD Rescue workers at the Majherhat bridge in Kolkata. Partha Paul had even given the bridge a fitness certificate after conducting a routine check. A day after the collapse, efforts to rescue three missing construction workers at the adjacentMetrosite,arestilloneven as the state government Wednesday said a high-level CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 ● PAGE ONE ANCHOR WOODWARD BOOK:TRUMP WANTEDASSAD KILLED LOVE & LAW: NAVTEJ JOHAR OF NAVTEJ JOHAR VS UNION OF INDIA SHALINI NAIR NEW DELHI, SEPTEMBER 5 RUSSIA STRIKES REBEL-HELD IDLIB 13 We are products of psychological and emotional dysfunction, says Johar; SC verdict on Section 377 today could start changing that IT WAS in 1994 that journalist Sunil Mehra met Bharatnatyam dancer Navtej Johar for a profile he was working on. Coming back to the newsroom, Sunil declared that he could not write the story with the journalistic objectivity required of him. That story remained untold but the two moved in together within six months. More than two decades later, as the lead petitioners in the case against IPC Section 377 in the Supreme Court, Navtej (56) and Sunil (60) are hoping to leave behind a legacy that would allow LGBTQI youth in India to script their stories without fear of persecution. The verdict in the landmark case is expected on Thursday. Given that a year ago, the court ruled that privacy is a fundamental right, activists and experts hope that will be the guiding light of the verdict on Thursday. ForMehraandJohar,theiroptimism stems from their shared belief that Indians by nature are not homophobic. “Two men walking hand in hand or even hugging, likewise for women, is quite acceptable in India unlike in the West. There has always been a discreet acceptance of homosexualityhere.Thelawhas to keep pace with the times and it is an issue whose time has come,” said Mehra, now a documentaryfilmmaker,wholivesin EXPLAINED The 377 battle: Such a long journey Johar: ‘Reconciled to not being counted.’Anshuman Sen Delhi’sGreenParkwhereheruns a yoga and dance studio with his partner. Navtej, a Sangeet Natak Akademi awardee, clarifies in an email interview, “This is not to say that we haven’t had our share of snide remarks and sneers. And this is also not to undermine the emotional, psychological,andphysicalviolence that many of our friends have been subject to. We have learnt to normalise our marginalisation.Butthatdoesnotmeanthat it is not deeply violating of our basic human dignity.” The trigger for the writ petition against IPC Section 377 that criminalises same-sex relationships,popularlyknownasNavtej Johar vs the Union of India case, was the SC ruling of 2013 that dismissed the issue as concerns of a “minuscule fraction of the country’s population”. Mehra admits that at their age, they had no ambition to be theposterboysof gayrights.“But we had to make a point that this is not just a matter of omission of law, there is a human cost involved. We exist,” said Mehra. Following discussions with advocates Menaka Guruswamy and Arundhati Katju, the two alongwiththeirfriends—restaurateur Ritu Dalmia (43), hotelier and historian Aman Nath (65), and business executive Ayesha Kapur (41) — decided to be the human faces of the battle. A legal battle that until now was pursued entirely through CONTINUED ON PAGE 2
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