TheIndian EXPRESS LATE CITY, 16 + 4 (NEWSLINE) PAGES, PUNE, `5.00 ● WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 3, 2018 ● WWW.INDIANEXPRESS.COM DAILY FROM: AHMEDABAD, CHANDIGARH, DELHI, JAIPUR, KOLKATA, LUCKNOW, MUMBAI, NAGPUR, PUNE, VADODARA JOURNALISM OF COURAGE RUSSIAN DEFENCE SYSTEM S-400 missile deal to be signed during Putin’s India visit this week: Moscow New Delhi awaits President Trump’s certification of US waiver on purchase from Russia This is the first official confirmationfromtheRussiangovernment on the signing of the dealwithIndia.PutinandPrime Minister Narendra Modi will meet for bilateral talks on October 5. The S-400 deal has been caught in diplomatic crossfire between US and Russia, with Washington threatening Delhi SHUBHAJIT ROY NEW DELHI, OCTOBER 2 INSIDE PAGE 4 ● OWAISI, AMBEDKAR SHARE STAGE, INDICATE TIE-UP FOR 2019 ELECTIONS AHEADOFVladimirPutin’stwoday visit to India starting Thursday, his top foreign policy aide Yury Ushakov Tuesday said that the Russian President will oversee the signing of the S-400 air defence systems deal. The S-400 missile system and other partners with sanctions if their defence deals with Russia go through. In Moscow, Ushakov told reporters that the “President is leaving for India on October 4” and would oversee the signing of the agreement. “The value of the contract will be more than USD 5 billion,” news agencies quoted him saying. LEAD TO POWER SHORTAGE 8 THE EDITORIAL PAGE EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE NEW DELHI, OCTOBER 2 IL&FS: In bad company BY SHAJI VIKRAMAN Boy injured in Kolkata blast dies as parents do 3-hr round of hospitals RAVIK BHATTACHARYA KOLKATA, OCTOBER 2 IT TOOK more than three hours after a blast rocked a congested suburb in north Kolkata for sixyear-old Bibhas Ghosh and his mother Sita, both seriously injured, to be admitted to a hospital. By then, it was too late for Bibhas, who died just three days short of his seventh birthday, while Sita was battling for life. Nine other people were injured in the “crude socket bombexplosion”thattookplace around 9 am Tuesday outside a residentialbuildingatKajiparain the Nagerbazar area, police said. Sita, who works as a domestic help in the building, is among three with serious injuries. Police are still investigating the cause of the blast but TMC leader and South Dumdum municipality chairman Panchu Roy, whose office is located in the building, has claimed that he wasthetarget.Roy,however,did not specify why he was targeted or by whom. All that, however, was of little consequence to Bibhas’s father and Sita’s husband, Janmejoy Ghosh, who told The Indian Express that his son may CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 WORLD CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Swachh Bharat is world’s biggest social movement, will help India meet UN goals: PM ● COAL CRISIS MAY 11 In New Delhi, government sources told The Indian Express that the deal is “under discussion” and its signing during Putin’s visit is “quite likely”. On Monday, Russian news agency TASS reported that Presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov had confirmed that the theme of military technical Police use water cannons against protesting farmers at the UP-Delhi border in Ghaziabad. Gajendra Yadav REPORT:PAGE6 Loan waiver fails to increase crop loan uptake PARTHASARATHIBISWAS PUNE,OCTOBER2 MORE THAN a year ago, Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis had announced the Rs 34,000-crore croploanwaiver,aschemehehad envisaged would lead to a subsequentincreaseinorganisedlendingforthefarmsectorinthestate. However,almost14monthssince theenactmentofthescheme,the credit crisis in the farm sector shows no sign of abetting as crop loan disbursal by the banks remain abysmally low. By the end of this August, of the Rs 43,873.80 crore disbursal target given to banks, only Rs 20,828.65crore,ie47percent,has beenlentoutinthestate.Records showthatseniorofficialsofthecooperationdepartmenthavegone on record to criticise banks for theirfailuretoincreasethebaseof loanee farmers. Atthestartofthecroppingcycle,farmersavailofloansfromthe bankstofinancetheirexpenditure in terms of buying of seeds, fertilisersetc.Farmersaregivensuch loans at 6 per cent interest and timelyrepaymententailsthemto interest subvention by both the stateandcentralgovernment,reducing the effective interest rate tojust1percent.Accesstoinstitutionalcredit,multiplestudieshave shown,iscrucialforthefarmsector as otherwise farmers have to turn towards private money lenders, who charge 10-12 per cent interest on the capital. SRINAGAR, OCTOBER 2 THE FIRST phase of local body elections in J&K starts October 8 but there’s no campaigning, no door-to-door canvassing, no poll rally in the Valley. Even the names of candidates who have filed nomination papers or their political affiliations are not being disclosed. Officials cite “security reasons” for the veil of secrecy over theconductof the“faceless”poll process, especially in the troubledsouthof theValley.Theysay disclosure of candidate details J&K LOCAL BODY POLLS STARTING OCTOBER 8 will make them vulnerable to threats, even endanger lives. So far, 851 candidates have filednominationpapersforseats in 598 wards and 40 municipal BY UNNY CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 No names, no faces, no campaign: Secrecy drapes Valley local polls BASHAARAT MASOOD BUSINESS AS USUAL bodies in the Valley. Across J&K, 1145 seats are up for grabs in 79 municipal bodies and a total of 3005 candidates are in the fray. The PDP and National Conference, two big parties in the state, are boycotting the polls while the BJP, Congress and Sajad Lone’s Peoples Conference are in the fray. In the Valley, there will probably be no contest for 60 per cent of the seats. Of the 598 wards in the Valley, not a single nomination paperhasbeenfiledin172wards and there is only one candidate in190wards,ensuringthereisno voting. Of the 40 municipal 10 EXPLAINED MARKINGTHEstartof year-long celebrations in the run-up to the 150th birth anniversary of MahatmaGandhiin2019,Prime MinisterNarendraModiTuesday said that his government’s flagship Swachh Bharat Mission has had the biggest domino effect in the world. During the freedom struggle, he said, the Mahatma had said that given a choice betweenswatantrataandswachhata (independence and cleanliness), swachhta should be given priority. Addressing the concluding session of an international sanitation convention — held during the Swachhta Hi Seva campaign, it was attended by sanitation ministers and leaders in WASH (water, sanitation and hygiene) from across the world — Modi said: “Gandhi spent his life in pursuit of independence. But even he gave priority to cleanliness over independence.” In order to help the world attain total sanitation coverage, the Prime Minister said, four Ps are important — political leadership,publicfunding,partnership and people’s participation. “Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is proving to have the world’s biggest domino effect,” he said. On the gains made by the mission, he said prior to 2014, rural sanitation coverage was CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 J&K local body polls: Cost, delays EXPRESS NETWORK ● IN ANANTNAG, CANDIDATE LIST LEAKED, PAGE 5 CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Prime Minister Narendra Modi pays homage to Mahatma Gandhi on Gandhi Jayanti at Rajghat, Tuesday. Tashi Tobgyal Outside Yerawada jail: ‘I was a maid, a slave... this is far more respectable’ ANJALI MARAR PUNE, OCTOBER 2 A FEW minutes into her afternoon break, Sangeeta Dhandore is on her toes again as a van loadedwith500bricksarrivesat herdoorstepinthenarrowalleyways of Pune’s Shantinagar. Her neatlyorganisedhome,withone room on the ground floor, is getting a bedroom next to the kitchen, which is the only structure on the first floor. “My two sonskeepthehouseinorder,”she says, while giving directions to a workercarryingthebricksinside. CONTINUED ON PAGE 6 MAHATMA SWACHH BHARAT PART VIII The Indian Express reporters fan out across the country to mark milestones in the Mahatma’s journey. To bring stories of the footsoldiers of Swachh Bharat, whose job it is to wipe, mop and dust where the Mahatma once walked. IL&FS mess got deeper but its top risk committee never met in last two years GEORGE MATHEW MUMBAI, OCTOBER 2 THE RISK Management Committee of Infrastructure Leasing and Financial Services (IL&FS), whose job it was to redflag problems — from credit risk to capital adequacy — to the board, never met even once in the financial year 2017-18 even as the company’s financial position deteriorated and it moved towards defaulting on its debt obligations. “No meeting of the Risk Management Committee was held during the period under review,” IL&FS said in its Annual Report for the year ended March 2018. It didn’t meet during the year 2016-17 as well. This is despite the fact that the IL&FS group owes over Rs 91,000 crore to banks, mutual funds, finance companies and insurance companies. The risk committee is constituted by the CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 ● PAGE ONE ANCHOR PAKCUTSCPEC INVESTMENTIN RLYSBY$2BN HOW WET IS THE GROUND AFTER RAIN? FOR FIRST TIME, INDIA GETS SOIL MOISTURE MAP SOWMIYA ASHOK NEW DELHI, OCTOBER 2 WHITE HOUSE TELLS FBI IT CAN TALK TO ANYONE ABOUT KAVANAUGH WITH THE rabi season around the corner, a countrywide forecast prepared at the end of the monsoonseasonsuggestsdeficit soil moisture conditions are likely in Gujarat, Bihar, Jharkhand, Tamil Nadu and southern Andhra Pradesh. This forecast, following a jointexercisebyIITGandhinagar and the India Meteorological Department (IMD), for the first time, provides a country-wide soil moisture forecast at seven and 30-day lead times. The analysis also indicates that soil moisture conditions in western Uttar Pradesh, Bundelkhand, and Chhattisgarh are likely to be normal or surplus at the start of the rabi sowing season. Soil moisture is crucial for agriculture since it directly affects crop growth and how much irrigation is required for the area. A team led by Vimal Mishra, associate professor at IIT Gandhinagar, uses the ‘Variable Infiltration Capacity’ model to provide the soil moisture prediction. The product, termed ‘Experimental Forecasts Land Surface Products’, is available on the IMD website and has been developed using the hydrological model that takes into consideration soil, vegetation, land use and land cover among other parameters. Forecasting of soil moisture holds significance for the rabi season. As per official data, the total area sown under rabi crops is around 625 lakh hectares of which wheat takes up 300 lakh hectares. Timely soil moisture forecasts will help target interventions, in terms of seed varieties for better planning in agriculture. “India has been working on its own high-resolution soil database that is essential for soil parameters used in the modelling. However, the database is not available for the entire country currently. Once available, we will replace it with that information,” Mishra told The Indian Express. At present, the IIT Gandhinagar team is using the IMD’s grid-level observations and forecast products of rainfall and temperature. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 PROJECTION FOR OCT 25 -3.0 Deficit -1.3 -0.5 0.5 Normal 1.3 3.0 Surplus Levels lower than -0.5 suggest deficit soil moisture content (shown as yellow/ orange/red). Above 0.5 suggests surplus (green to blue) and between 0.5 and -0.5 or white is normal. IITGandhinagar/IMD
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