TheIndian EXPRESS LATE CITY, 16 PAGES, KOLKATA `5.00/EX-KOLKATA `6.00 (`12 IN NORTH EAST STATES & ANDAMAN) ● WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 3, 2018 ● WWW.INDIANEXPRESS.COM DAILY FROM: AHMEDABAD, CHANDIGARH, DELHI, JAIPUR, KOLKATA, LUCKNOW, MUMBAI, NAGPUR, PUNE, VADODARA JOURNALISM OF COURAGE RUSSIAN DEFENCE SYSTEM S-400 missile deal to be signed during Putin’s India visit this week: Moscow New Delhi awaits President Trump’s certification of US waiver on purchase from Russia SHUBHAJIT ROY NEW DELHI, OCTOBER 2 8 AHEADOFVladimirPutin’stwoday visit to India starting Thursday, his top foreign policy aide Yury Ushakov Tuesday said that the Russian President will oversee the signing of the S-400 air defence systems deal. This is the first official confir- THE EDITORIAL PAGE mationfromtheRussiangovernment on the signing of the deal with India. Putin and Prime Minister Narendra Modi will meet for bilateral talks on October 5. The S-400 deal has been caught in diplomatic crossfire between US and Russia, with Washington threatening Delhi and other partners with sanctions if their defence deals with The S-400 missile system Russia go through. In Moscow, Ushakov told reporters that the “President is leaving for India on October 4” and would oversee the signing of the agreement. “The value of the contract will be more than USD 5 billion,” news agencies quoted him saying. In New Delhi, government sources told The Indian Express that the deal is “under discus- IL&FS: In bad company BUSINESS AS USUAL BY UNNY SWEETYKUMARI KOLKATA,OCTOBER2 REPORT ON PAGE 7 PoliceusewatercannonsagainstprotestingfarmersattheUP-Delhiborder,Tuesday. Gajendra Yadav ‘Swachh Bharat is world’s biggest social movement, will help India meet UN goals’ EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE GEORGE MATHEW MUMBAI, OCTOBER 2 THE RISK Management Committee of Infrastructure Leasing and Financial Services (IL&FS), whose job it was to red-flag problems — from credit risk to capital adequacy — to the board, never met even once in the financial year 201718 even as the company’s financial position deteriorated and it moved towards defaulting on its debt obligations. “No meeting of the Risk Management Committee was held during the period under review,” IL&FS said in its Annual Report for the year ended March 2018. It didn’t meet during the year 2016-17 as well. This is despite the fact that the IL&FS group owes over Rs 91,000 crore to banks, mutual funds, finance companies and insurance companies. The risk committee is constituted by the board of a company to oversee the risk arising from fund deployment, borrowings and asset-liability mismatches. CONTINUEDONPAGE2 13 WORLD CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 6-year-old boy killed, 9 injured in Kolkata blast BY SHAJI VIKRAMAN IL&FS mess got deeper but its top risk committee never met in last two years sion” and its signing during Putin’s visit is “quite likely”. On Monday, Russian news agency TASS reported that Presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov had confirmed that the theme of military technical cooperation will be on the agenda. “Putin is going to India on an official visit. A package of agreements is to be signed. It is true NEW DELHI, OCTOBER 2 MARKINGTHEstartof year-long celebrations in the run-up to the 150th birth anniversary of MahatmaGandhiin2019,Prime MinisterNarendraModiTuesday said that his government’s flagship Swachh Bharat Mission has had the biggest domino effect in the world. During the freedom struggle, he said, the Mahatma had said that given a choice betweenswatantrataandswachhata (independence and cleanliness), swachhta should be given priority. Addressing the concluding session of an international sanitation convention — held during the Swachhta Hi Seva campaign, it was attended by sanitation ministers and leaders in WASH (water, sanitation and hygiene) from across the world — Modi said: “Gandhi spent his life in pursuit of independence. But even he gave priority to cleanliness over independence.” In order to help the world attain total sanitation coverage, the Prime Minister said, four Ps are important — political leadership,publicfunding,partnership and people’s participation. “Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is proving to have the world’s biggest domino effect,” he said. On the gains made by the mission, he said prior to 2014, rural sanitation coverage was 38 per cent and, in the last four years, it had increased to 94 per cent. “Five lakh villages and 25 states have got the Open Defecation Free tag. Four years ago, 60 per cent of open defecationintheworldwasinIndia,today it has fallen to less than 20 per cent. In these four years, not only have we constructed toilets butover90percentof thetoilets are being used regularly,” he said, attributing the success to behavioural changes brought in by the campaign. Referring to the 17 SustainableDevelopmentGoals, one of which is freedom from open defecation, Modi said that India will achieve the United Nations General Assembly’s SDGs ahead of its 2030 deadline. Present at the session where the Prime Minister spoke were UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres, External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj, Housing and Urban Affairs MinisterHardeepSinghPuriand Water and Sanitation Minister CONTINUEDONPAGE2 Prime Minister Narendra Modi pays homage to Mahatma Gandhi on Gandhi Jayanti at Rajghat, Tuesday. Tashi Tobgyal OUTSIDE YERAWADA JAIL ‘I was a maid, a slave... this is far more respectable’ ANJALIMARAR PUNE,OCTOBER2 AFEWminutesintoherafternoon break, Sangeeta Dhandore is on hertoesagainasavanloadedwith 500bricksarrivesatherdoorstep inthenarrowalleywaysofPune’s Shantinagar.Herneatlyorganised home, with one room on the groundfloor,isgettingabedroom next to the kitchen, which is the only structure on the first floor. “My two sons keep the house in order,” she says, while giving directions to a worker carrying the bricks inside. For Sangeeta, cleanliness is a full-time job these days. A contractualworkersince2011,sheis partof an8,000-strongteamunder the Pune Municipal CONTINUEDONPAGE6 A BLAST rocked a congested suburb in north Kolkata on Tuesday, leaving a six-year-old boy dead. Bibhas Ghosh died around threehoursaftertheblastatSSKM Hospital, just three days short of his seventh birthday, while his mother Sita was battling for life. Eight other people were injured in the “crude socket bomb explosion”thattookplacearound 9 am outside a residential building,infrontofashop atKajiparain Nagerbazar area, police said. Barrackpore Police Commissioner Rajesh Kumar Singh said a suo motu FIR has been registered. A forensic team and bomb squadexaminedthesitesandcollected samples. Police are still investigating the cause of the blast but TMC leader and South Dumdummunicipalitychairman Panchu Roy, whose office is locatedinthebuilding,hasclaimed that he was the target. Roy, however, did not specify why he was targeted or by whom. Localresidentssaidthebombs werekeptinsideajutebagunder a fruit stall on the ground floor of thebuilding.“Ithoughtitwasagas cylinderblastandrusheddownto seepeoplelyingontheroadwith blood all over, and the boy badly injured.Hismother,too,waslying inpoolofblood,”AkarshanGan,a resident of the building, said. Oftheninepeopleadmittedto the state-run R G Kar Medical College Hospital and SSKM Hospital, three are critical. AtRGKarHospital,Mograhat residentAjitHaldar,afruitvendor, is undergoing treatment for criticalinjuries.Theblasttookplacein frontofhisshoponthepavement. His relative Jhuma Haldar said, "Wecametoknowabouttheincident through the news and then police informed the family." Subhram Dey, a resident of Green Park in Lake Town, sustainedinjurieswhilehewaspassing by. He had to be shifted to the BhangorInstituteofNeurologyafter his condition deteriorated. Bombsuqadatsite. Subham Dutta ANOTHER STORY ON PG 4 My son could have been saved, says father who ran from one hospital to another RAVIK BHATTACHARYA & SWEETY MISHRA KOLKATA, OCTOBER 2 "HE WAS gasping for breath when we reached SSKM Hospital. Ten minutes after admission, the doctors declared him dead." Janmejoy Ghosh spent three hours running from one hospitaltoanotherwithhis6-year-old son Bibhas and wife Sita -- who weregrievouslyinjuredinalowintensity blast at Kolkata's Nagerbazar -- Tuesday morning. While the blast occurred at around 9 am, Bibhas and Sita were finally admitted to SSKM Hospital at 12.30 pm, where the Class II student passed away as his mother battled for life. Bibhas's family originally hailedfromfromKulpi,South24 Parganas. His father works in a sweet shop in Dumdum's Motijheel area, while hismother worksasadomestichelp.Forthe past few years, they had been staying in a rented house in Arjunpur. Bibhas studied in K K Bibhas Ghosh Hindi Academy School in Nagerbazar. Since Tuesday was a holiday for Bibhas on account of Gandhi Jayanti, Sita had decided to take him to work. They were walking towards the building where she worked when the blast took place. Police sources said they were closest to the jute bag full of explosives placed next to the pavement. Janmejoy and local residents who accompanied the family in an ambulance said they rushed to a private nursing home nearby, a private hospital 14 km CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 ● PAGE ONE ANCHOR PAKCUTSCPEC INVESTMENTIN RLYSBY$2BN HOW WET IS THE GROUND AFTER RAIN? FOR FIRST TIME, INDIA GETS SOIL MOISTURE MAP SOWMIYA ASHOK NEW DELHI, OCTOBER 2 WHITE HOUSE TELLS FBI IT CAN TALK TO ANYONE ABOUT KAVANAUGH WITH THE rabi season around the corner, a countrywide forecast prepared at the end of the monsoonseasonsuggestsdeficit soil moisture conditions are likely in Gujarat, Bihar, Jharkhand, Tamil Nadu and southern Andhra Pradesh. This forecast, following a jointexercisebyIITGandhinagar and the India Meteorological Department (IMD), for the first time, provides a country-wide soil moisture forecast at seven and 30-day lead times. The analysis also indicates that soil moisture conditions in western Uttar Pradesh, Bundelkhand, and Chhattisgarh are likely to be normal or surplus at the start of the rabi sowing season. Soil moisture is crucial for agriculture since it directly affects crop growth and how much irrigation is required for the area. A team led by Vimal Mishra, associate professor at IIT Gandhinagar, uses the ‘Variable Infiltration Capacity’ model to provide the soil moisture prediction. The product, termed ‘Experimental Forecasts Land Surface Products’, is available on the IMD website and has been developed using the hydrological model that takes into consideration soil, vegetation, land use and land cover among other parameters. Forecasting of soil moisture holds significance for the rabi season. As per official data, the total area sown under rabi crops is around 625 lakh hectares of which wheat takes up 300 lakh hectares. Timely soil moisture forecasts will help target interventions, in terms of seed varieties for better planning in agriculture. “India has been working on its own high-resolution soil database that is essential for soil parameters used in the modelling. However, the database is not available for the entire country currently. Once available, we will replace it with that information,” Mishra told The Indian Express. At present, the IIT Gandhinagar team is using the IMD’s grid-level observations and forecast products of rainfall and temperature. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 PROJECTION FOR OCT 25 -3.0 Deficit -1.3 -0.5 0.5 Normal 1.3 3.0 Surplus Levels lower than -0.5 suggest deficit soil moisture content (shown as yellow/ orange/red). Above 0.5 suggests surplus (green to blue) and between 0.5 and -0.5 or white is normal. IITGandhinagar/IMD
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