TheIndian EXPRESS LATE CITY, 14 PAGES, KOLKATA `5.00/EX-KOLKATA `6.00 (`12 IN NORTH EAST STATES & ANDAMAN) ● MONDAY, NOVEMBER 19, 2018 ● WWW.INDIANEXPRESS.COM DAILY FROM: AHMEDABAD, CHANDIGARH, DELHI, JAIPUR, KOLKATA, LUCKNOW, MUMBAI, NAGPUR, PUNE, VADODARA JOURNALISM OF COURAGE RBI BOARD MEETING TODAY Maratha quota nod under new Socially & Educationally Backward Class SHUBHANGI KHAPRE MUMBAI, NOVEMBER 18 DAYS AFTER the State Backward Class Commission submitted its report which said that the Maratha community is socially, economically and educationally backward,theMaharashtragovernment on Sunday cleared reservation for Marathas under a new, independent category calledSociallyandEducationally Backward Class (SEBC). Speaking to reporters after a Cabinet meeting which ratified the decision on Sunday, Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis said: “We have taken the decision to give Maratha community reservation under the newly created, independent category, Socially and Educationally Backward Class... There is adequate provision in the Indian Constitution to extend reservation to a commu- Adequate provision in Constitution: CM Fadnavis nity, provided its social, educational and financial backwardness is established.” The decision to classify Marathas as a separate category is an attempt to avoid legal and constitutional hurdles as well as conflict between Marathas and OBCs. “Since Marathas will be considered as a separate category, there is no question of any community losing its share of quota in government education or jobs,” said Fadnavis. At present, the total reservation in Maharashtra is 52 per cent — 13 per cent for Scheduled Castes, 7 per cent for Scheduled Tribes, 19 per cent for Other CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Gender of justice Gender sensitisation of the judiciary and appointing more female judges is imperative THEIDEASPAGE 7 WEST BENGAL P4 ● PARTIES TO TAKE OUT MASSIVE RALLIES TO KICK OFF CAMPAIGNING ● DRI SEIZES 9 KG GOLD BISCUITS WORTH RS 3 CR, ARRESTS ONE BUSINESS AS USUAL BY UNNY Govt to push for governance reforms in RBI Centre wants consultative process in decisions to align policy framework GEORGE MATHEW MUMBAI, NOVEMBER 18 Security personnel at the Nirankari Bhavan in Adliwala village, on the outskirts of Amritsar, on Sunday. Rana Simranjit Singh Three killed, 21 injured in grenade attack on Nirankari gathering in Amritsar CM says role of ‘ISI-backed Khalistani/ Kashmiri terror groups’ can’t be ruled out preliminary investigations revealed that two men who had covered their faces — one had a beard—forcedtheirwayintothe Nirankari Bhavan by waving a pistol. They detained the sewadar, lobbed the grenade intotheprayerroom,andfledon a motorcycle. A small crater was formed by the impact of the explosion, and was being examined by the KAMALDEEP SINGH BRAR AMRITSAR, NOVEMBER 18 THREEPERSONSwerekilledand 21injuredinagrenadeattackon a Nirankari sect congregation at Adliwalavillage,ontheoutskirts of Amritsar, on Sunday afternoon. While police said it appeared to be a “terrorist act”, PunjabChief MinisterAmarinder Singh said the “possibility of involvement of ISI-backed Khalistani/ Kashmiri terror groups could not be ruled out”. In a statement, Singh said CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Relatives of a victim killed in the attack. Rana Simranjit Singh Cong threw Kesri on footpath to make way for Sonia: Modi DIPANKAR GHOSE RAIGARH, NOVEMBER 18 TWO DAYS after he challenged the Congress to appoint a party president from outside the Gandhi family for five years, Prime Minister Narendra Modi attacked the Opposition party again Sunday and claimed that Sitaram Kesri, whom he describedasa“Dalit”,wasremoved from the post by “locking him in a bathroom” and then “thrown onthefootpath”tomakewayfor Sonia Gandhi. Addressing a rally in Mahasamund, on the last day of campaigning for the second and final phase of the Chhattisgarh polls on November 20, Modi said: “Desh ko pata hai. Sitaram Kesri, Dalit, peedit, shoshit samaaj se aaye hue vyakti ko party ke adhyaksh padh se kaise hataya gaya. Kaise bathroom mein bandh kar diya gaya tha. Kaise darvaaze se hata karke, utha karke footpath par phenk diya gaya tha. Aur madam Soniaji ko bitha diya gaya tha. Yeh itihaas Hindustan bhali- CHHATTISGARH NOVEMBER 20 bhaantijaantahai...unkimajboori mein bana tha, usko bhi woh do saal jhel nahin paaye.” “(The nation knows. Sitaram Kesri, how someone from the Dalit, oppresed, marginalised community was removed as party president. How he was Pune police may question Digvijaya in DECISION Maoist probe 2018 ■ FOR MP FARMERS, CHANGE AFTER NOTE BAN MEANS BACK TO CASH ■ BJP BETS ON EX-IAS OFFICER IN KHARSIA PAGE 8 locked inside a bathroom. How he was removed from the door, picked up and thrown on the footpath. And madam Soniaji CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Rlys to build 3,000-km wall to guard tracks, keep away people AVISHEK G DASTIDAR 9 NEW DELHI, NOVEMBER 18 EXPLAINED What happens when states deny consent to CBI AFTER THE incident in Amritsar lastmonth,whenatrainmowed down 60 people who had gathered on the tracks to watch a Ravan effigy being burnt at a Dussehra celebration,theIndian Railways has decided to build 3,000 km of walls to fence its tracks and ward off trespassers in residential areas. Railway Minister Piyush Goyal is learnt to have taken the 60 people were mowed down in Amritsar last month decision days after the Amritsar mishap. The Railways has estimated that the project will cost about Rs 2,500 crore. At a height of 2.7 metres, the RCC (reinforced cement concrete) walls will come up along railway tracks which are flanked by residential areas, in suburban as well as non-suburban areas. “This will prevent trespassing as well as cattle straying into thetracksinareaswhicharevulnerable. The height is such that dumping waste on the track will CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 YAVATMAL, NOVEMBER 18 BHOJRAJ UIKE hands over a new white apron to his friend Nilesh Bagde, and both share a laugh. Theapronispartof athree-piece kit that Nilesh received this year from the government for use while spraying pesticide on his cotton crop at Taroda village in Kalamb tehsil of Yavatmal district. Behind the laughter is a story ofchange.Lastyearthistime,Uike TRACKING CHANGE» EVERY MONDAY For all Change stories, log on to www.indianexpress.com/change Witness Change? Write to us at email@example.com (26) and Bagde (24) were undergoing treatment for poisoning due to pesticide inhalation. Now, both are beneficiaries of an ambitious awareness drive on the use of pesticides in their fields. Ready for spraying in Taroda village, Yavatmal. Vivek Deshpande In July and August, officials say, at least 28,000 safety kits — masks, gloves and synthetic aprons—weredistributedfreeof costinYavatmalaspartofthisinitiative. And the results, they say, 10 WORLD 61-YEAR-OLD INDIAN-ORIGIN MANSHOTDEAD BYTEENAGERINUS PUNE, NOVEMBER 18 THE PUNE police are likely to question senior Congress leader Digvijaya Singh in connection with their investigation into the activities of the banned CPI(Maoist), which has already seen the arrest of some highprofileactivists.Singh’scellphone number was reportedly mentioned in one of the letters the Pune police claimed to have seizedfromthearrestedactivists. Intheletter,datedSeptember 25, 2017, one ‘Com Prakash’ purportedlytells one ‘Com Surendra’ that Congress leaders were “very much willing to Had assist” in their challenged effortsto“intengovt to sify nationwide arrest him protests using students”. The letter allegedly mentions a cellphone number that ‘Com Surendra’ can contact “inthisregard”.Thisisreportedly Singh’s cellphone number. According to Pune police, ‘Com Surendra’ is a reference to Surendra Gadling, a Nagpurbased lawyer who was arrested in June. ‘Com Prakash’ is one of the top CPI(Maoist) commanders, said police. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 FROM 22 DEATHS TO 0, HOW COTTON DISTRICT IN MAHARASHTRA BATTLED PESTICIDE POISONING VIVEK DESHPANDE PAGE 5 CHANDAN HAYGUNDE ● PAGE ONE ANCHOR What worked this year: Awareness drive, free kits and insect gone missing MORE REPORTS are showing. Last year, 22 deaths werereportedfromYavatmaldue to pesticide poisoning. This year, officialfiguresshow,theslatewas clean in the state’s “cotton district” where the crop is spread across 4.5 lakh hectares. The numbers mirror the pattern across the state’s cotton fields, including in Yavatmal, Akola, Buldana, Washim, Wardha and Amravati in Vidarbha: from 62 deaths due to pesticide poisoning across the state — 40 in Vidarbha alone — to two this year, including one each from Akola and Wardha districts. “It’s been a happy diwali this time,” says Uike. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 SRI LANKA PRESIDENT CALLS FOR TALKS TO END POWER STRUGGLE THE GOVERNMENT has sought a discussion on governance in the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) and an appropriate economic capital framework during the central bank’s board meeting scheduled Monday, sources told The Indian Express. Both sides, sources said, have covered considerable ground in addressing two issues: ensuring relief and more credit to small and medium firms, and easing restrictions on state-owned banks to boost lending. Governance in the central bank is part of the meeting’s agenda, sources said. The governmentisalsolookingforaconsultative process in decisionmaking to align the overall economic policy framework, given its differences with the central bank over many issues, sources said. 6 THE EDITORIAL PAGE This friction is good BY HASEEB A DRABU These differences led to the government invoking, for the first time, a provision in the RBI Act-Section 7 to start the formal process of consultation with the RBI Governor on issues such as easing the prompt corrective action (PCA) framework for PSU CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Why a ‘joint family’ story from the past is creating a buzz today P VAIDYANATHAN IYER NEW DELHI, NOVEMBER 18 THE GOVERNMENT is today seenasraidingthecentralbank’s reserves but 25 years ago, it had agreed to provide from its own Budget when the Reserve Bank of India was staring at the prospect of a loss for probably the first time in its history. This story of a “joint family approach”, being shared in a small circle of past directors of the RBI Central Board, holds muchrelevance inthecontextof the current debate on the optimal level of reserves the Reserve Bank must hold. In June 1994, while finalising its balance sheet, the RBI realised it was unable to provide for the exchange loss liability on account of a foreign currency deposit scheme offered by banks since 1975. “RBI’s balance sheet was going to be in the red. It could have been an embarrassing position,” said a source, who did not wish to be named. The scheme was called the Foreign Currency CONTINUED ON PAGE 2
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