DAILY FROM: AHMEDABAD, CHANDIGARH, DELHI, JAIPUR, KOLKATA, LUCKNOW, MUMBAI, NAGPUR, PUNE, VADODARA JOURNALISM OF COURAGE `5.00, WWW.INDIANEXPRESS.COM SINCE 1932 983 OF 2,633 SUB-CASTES HAVE ZERO REPRESENTATION Jobs, admissions: 97% of Central OBC quota benefits go to just under 25% of its castes Need to sub-categorise as per population, says Commission, to ensure a more level playing field NEW DELHI, DECEMBER 6 UK wants access to Michel, CBI vets request ALMOST 97 PER CENT of all jobs and admissions reserved at the CentrallevelforOtherBackward Classes (OBCs) has gone to just under a quarter of all sub-castes classified as OBCs. As many as 983 OBC communites — 37 per cent of the total — have zero representation which means not a single job, not a single seat. And just 10 communities of OBCs have availed of as much as 24.95 per cent of jobs and admissions. Sources said the groups that areamongtheprimebeneficiaries includes Yadav, Kurmi, Jat (Jats of Rajasthan except those of Bharatpur and Dholpur district are in Central OBC list), Saini, Thevar, Ezhava and Vokkaliga. This skew in OBC benefits is the key finding in a consultation paper prepared by the Commission to Examine SubCategorisation of OBCs, The Indian Express has learnt. SHARE OF OBC RESERVATION Numberof OBC sub-castes Percentage ofbenefit availed 10 38 102 506 994 983 Total:2,633 24.95 25.04 25 22.32 2.68 0 100 The commission, appointed in October 2017 — its term was extended last week to May 31, 2019 — analysed data of 1.3 lakh Central jobs given under OBC quota over the last five years and OBCadmissionstoCentralhigher educationinstitutions,including universities, IITs, NITs, IIMs and AIIMS, over the last three years. Data also reveals that the shareofseveralstatesinOBCquotas is much higher than their shareinthepopulationofIndia— therearemanystateswithmuch lowershareinbenefitsthantheir share in the population. In effect, the inequity across states and Union Territories is almost as acute as across different castes andcommunitieswhenitcomes to OBC quota benefits. As many as 994 OBC subcastes have a total representation of only 2.68 per cent in recruitment and admissions, sources said. The Commission, headed by formerChief Justiceof DelhiHigh CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 RAHUL TRIPATHI & SHUBHAJIT ROY NEW DELHI, DECEMBER 6 Three poll states: Naamdars in BJP too, higher share in Cong A DAY after the British High Commission in New Delhi sought consular access to Christian Michel James, the alleged middleman in the AgustaWestland VVIP chopper deal, the CBI Thursday said the request had been received via the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) and was being legally examinedsinceMichelhadbeen brought to India through the extradition process from the UAE on court orders. A British national, Michel was sent to CBI custody for five days by a Delhi court Wednesdayaftertheagencysaid it needed to confront him with certaindocumentsandquestion him on the money trail in the case being probed for alleged irregularities. A senior official confirmed that the request had been MILIND GHATWAI, DEEP MUKHERJEE & DIPANKAR GHOSE BHOPAL, JAIPUR, RAIPUR, DECEMBER 6 MADHYA PRADESH, RAJASTHAN & CHHATTISGARH A KEY talking point in the election campaign for the five states — that ended Wednesday — was dynastiesinpoweroraspiringto power. While Prime Minister NarendraModiandBJPpresident Amit Shah underlined the Congress’s First Family for promoting dynastic rule, Congress presidentRahulGandhicriticised Telangana CM K Chandrashekar Raoforfavouringhisfamilywith government jobs. An analysis by The Indian Express of the three outgoing AssembliesinRajasthan,MPand Chhattisgarhshowsthatwhile CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 BUSINESS AS USUAL BY UNNY BEFORE THE VOTE Narendra Modi, Rahul Gandhi and Manmohan Singh at Parliament House on Thursday to pay tribute to Dr B R Ambedkar on his death anniversary. Anil Sharma Bulandshahr police: Will first probe carcass, then killing of Inspector AMIL BHATNAGAR NEW DELHI, DECEMBER 6 FOUR DAYS after a mob murdered a SHO in Bulandshahr following protests over allegations of cows being killed, Uttar Pradesh police have shifted the focus of their investigation from nabbing the accused in the policeman’s death to solving the case of alleged cow slaughter. Speaking to The Indian Express, Additional Superintendent of Police (Bulandshahr) Rayees Akhtar said: “Our main concern at this momentistofindoutwhokilled those cows. After all, it was the killing of the cows that led to the protest, which resulted in InspectorSubodhKumarSingh’s murder. Our belief is that once we solve that case, it will throw DECISION 2018 Inspector Subodh Kumar Singh’s family with Yogi Adityanath. Photo: CM Office light on how the murder occurred. The cow-killers are our top priority. The murder and rioting case is on the backburner for now.” So far, police have arrested four persons — Chaman, Devendra, Ashish Chauhan and Satish—fortheirallegedinvolve- mentinSingh’smurder.Butthey are yet to nab the main accused, YogeshrajSingh,aBajrangDalactivist who is on the run. Police have also arrested four persons in the cow-slaughter case — Sarfuddin, Sajid, Asif and Nanhe — under sections of the UP Prevention of Cow Slaughter Act 1955. Askedaboutthecow-slaughter probe, Akhtar said: “While wecannotnamespecificgroups, it is clear that most of the accused (in Singh’s killing) were active in cow-protection activities. There appears to be a pattern but we can only confirm oncethearrestsaremade.Atthis point of time, the cow carcasses are the main issue.” Meanwhile, a day after Yogeshraj posted a video on social media claiming his CONTINUEDONPAGE2 Here are the dynasts — on both sides In these 3 outgoing Assemblies, the BJP has more dynasts than the Congress in MP and Rajasthan but less than its main rival in Chhattisgarh MADHYAPRADESH-37 CONGRESS-8MLAs ASSEMBLYSTRENGTH:230 BRIJENDRA SINGH OLA, 65 BJP:165,DYNASTS20 CONGRESS:58,DYNASTS17 MLA Jhunjhunu Son of Sis Ram Ola, ex-MP, Congress ■ Contesting from Jhunjhunu BJP:20MLAs ARCHANA CHITNIS, 54 VISHVENDRA SINGH, 56 MLA Burhanpur, Cabinet Minister MLA Deeg-Kumher Daughter of late Brijmohan Mishra, former speaker, BJP Son of late Brijendra Singh, ex-MP (Independent) ■ Contesting from Burhanpur ■ Contesting from Deeg-Kumher MALINI GAUD, 58 RAMNARAYAN GURJAR, 71 MLA Indore. Mayor MLA from Nasirabad Wife of late Laxman Singh Gaud, former minister, BJP Cousin of late Govind Singh Gurjar, former Congress leader and ex-LG, Puducherry ■ Contesting from Indore ■ Contesting from Nasirabad GAYATRI RAJE PUAR, 53 MLA Dewas DARSHAN SINGH, 49 Wife of late Tukojirao Puar, former minister, BJP MLA Karauli Son of late Hans Ram Gurjar, ex-MLA, Congress ■ Contesting from Dewas ■ Contesting from Karauli JALAM SINGH PATEL, 55 MLA Narsinghpur, Minister of State VIVEK DHAKAR, 41 Younger brother of Prahlad Patel, BJP MP Damoh & former Union minister MLA Mandalgarh Son of Kanhaiyalal Dhakar who switched from BJP to Congress ■ Contesting from Narsinghpur ■ Contesting from Mandalgarh DEVENDRA VARMA, 42 MLA Khandwa RAMESHWAR LAL DUDI, 55 Son of late Kishorilal Varma, former minister, BJP MLA Nokha, Leader of Opposition Son of late Jetha Ram Dudi, a Congress leader ■ Contesting from Nokha ■ Contesting from Khandwa HEMANT KHANDELWAL, 54 MLA Betul BHANWAR SINGH, 44 Son of late Vijay Khandelwal, former BJP MP MLA Kolayat Son of Rughnath Singh, a Congress leader ■ Contesting from Kolayat ■ Contesting from Betul ASHOK ROHANI, 53 MLA Jabalpur (Cantt) PRADHYUMN SINGH, 81 Son of late Ishwardas Rohani, former speaker, BJP MLA Rajakhera His late father and late uncle were ex-MLAs, Congress ■ Not contesting, Congress has fielded his son Rohit Vohra from Rajakhera ■ Contesting from Jabalpur (Cantt) CHAUDHARY MUKESH SINGH CHATURVEDI, 49 MLA Mehgaon PAGE 8 the BJP has more number of dynasts than the Congress in Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan, theCongressleadsinChhattisgarh. However, when it comes to dynasts as a share of lawmakers, Congressleadsbyawidemargin. Will run bulldozer over contractor if roads found in bad shape: Gadkari EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 THE EDITORIAL PAGE FARM CRISIS: MAIN VICTIMS LANDLESS BY CHRISTOPHE JAFFRELOT PAGE 10 Senior execs can apply to be IIM director MUMBAI, DECEMBER 6 STATING THAT roads were a country’sassetsandtherewillbe no compromise on quality, Union Minister of Road Transport, Highways and Shipping Nitin Gadkari on Thursday warned that if he found roads in a bad shape, then he would run a bulldozer over the contractor concerned. “Hamneabtaklagbhag10lakh crore ke work order diye hain. Aur main ek baat garv ke saath kah saktahunkiabtakkisibhicontractor ko order maangne ke liye mere Delhi office mein nahi aana pada. Aur ye main bilkul abhiman ke saath kah sakta hun. Lekin ek baat aur bhi hai jise bolne ke liye mujhe sankochnahihai.Mainebadebade contractorskokahakiroadkharab hoga to bulldozer ke niche tumhe dalwadunga.Thesearethecountry’s assets and I’m not going to tolerate this. There should be no compromiseonroadquality(We haveissuedworkordersof about Rs10lakhcroreandsofarnocon- A dynastic MLA is one who has had a close family member related by blood or marriage in active politics. In the outgoing Madhya PradeshAssemblyof 230elected members, BJP has 165 lawmakers, of which 20 are dynasts. The Congress, with 58 members, has 17 dynasts. Although the BJP leads in absolute numbers, when it comes to dynasts as a shareof aparty’sMLAs,Congress tops with 29 per cent against BJP’s 12 per cent. Most of these dynast MLAs listed out are split on the benefits,withsomebelievingthatthe proven track record of their father or mother gives them a headstart and others complaining that the bar of expectation are higher for them. Nitin Gadkari pays tribute to Dr B R Ambedkar in Mumbai. Ganesh Shirsekar tractor has to come to my Delhi office to get the order. But one thingI’mnothesitanttosayisthat I have told many big contractors thatifIfindanyproblemwiththe quality of roads, then I will run a bulldozer over them. These are the country’s assets... There should be no compromise on road quality),” he said. Gadkari was speaking at the booklaunchof ‘IndiaInspires’by author and politician Tuhin A Sinha at Rangsharda auditorium in Bandra. The book is based on initiatives or projects started by Gadkari. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 RITIKA CHOPRA NEW DELHI, DECEMBER 6 FUTURE DIRECTORS of the prestigious Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs) may no longer need to have anything to do with academia — or even possess a PhD. According to rules notified under the IIM Act this week, executives, who have been in senior management roles for at least 15 years, will now be eligible to be appointed as directors. The premier business schools, in the past, have been headed by corporate executives, but such examples are few and far between. Ravi J Matthai, the first full-time director of IIM-Ahmedabad in 1965, and CONTINUEDONPAGE2 BACK SERIES: 3 YEARS AGO Key statistics office revised UPA growth up, Niti rejected it Niti Aayog said data problematic, says then Chief Statistician T C A Anant P VAIDYANATHAN IYER NEW DELHI, DECEMBER 6 IN WHAT adds a fresh twist to the controversy over the downward revision of UPA growth data, it is now learnt that almost three years ago, the Central Statistics Office (CSO), in the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, had finalised back series data for GDP following a change in the base year from 2004-05 to 2011-12. That exercise had led to an upward revision in growth rates for the UPA years but the Niti Aayog, then under Vice Chairman Arvind Panagariya, did not allow its release. While Panagariya could not be reached and did not respond to a text message and an e-mail, then Chief Statistician T C A Anantconfirmedthattherelease of data was withheld. “Niti Aayog had issues with a particularproxyweusedforcorporatesectorgrowthestimates,” Anant told The Indian Express. There will always be some degree of variation in growth data, Anant said, adding that perhaps NitiAayogshouldhavelookedat sectorwise data rather than ag- E EXPLAINED FRIDAY, DECEMBER 7, 2018, PUNE, LATE CITY, 18+4 (NEWSLINE) PAGES SHYAMLAL YADAV ● ● Questions on data integrity THE FACT that there is another set of data on GDP figures that Niti Aayog didn’t allow to be released raises institutional questions. Rejecting CSO data is the prerogative of the government. But what is important is the credibility of the statistical system since it is key to designing policy based on evidence. In a poll year, expect more politics over this economics. gregates (overall growth rates). Then Chairman of the National Statistical Commission (NSC) Pronab Sen who was CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Why didn’t you consult panel on Verma, SC asks Govt, reserves order ANANTHAKRISHNAN G NEW DELHI, DECEMBER 6 THE SUPREME Court Thursday reserved its order on petitions challenging the government’s decision to divest CBI Director AlokVermaof hischarge,observing that the problems between him and Special Director Rakesh Asthanawas“notsomethingthat happened overnight to require immediate action”. It reminded the government ithadtobe“fair”andaskedwhat was the difficulty in consulting the selection committee before moving against Verma — the CBI Director is chosen by a committee comprising the Prime Minister, Leader of Opposition and Chief Justice of India. Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi wondered why Parliament had not prescribed any “specific protection” for the CBI Director as it did for the CentralVigilanceCommissioner. The CJI told Solicitor General Tushar Mehta who appeared for the Central Vigilance Commission: “Situation which prompted the CVC to take action is not something that happened overnight, but as the Attorney General said yesterday, it has been going on since July. It has CBI Director Alok Verma been developing since three months... It’s not something that has happened overnight to require immediate action.” Mehta told the bench — it also comprised Justices S K Kaul and K M Joseph — that it was a “surprise situation” and that “CVC’s power for superintendence over the CBI would encompass such surprise situations and extraordinary situations needed extraordinary remedies”. The CJI began by asking Mehta if the only reason for laying down a fixed two-year tenure for the CBI Director is to ensure that an incumbent is not bypassed. “It’s the only reason speltout,”Mehtareplied.Atthis, the CJI said: “This is not the only reason, but could be one of the reasons.” He said that senior advocate Fali S Nariman, representing Verma, “may argue what then is the difficulty to go to the committee... If you want to do CONTINUEDONPAGE2 Snubbed In England, Pujara Makes His Point In Australia With A Fighting Ton PAGE 1 ANCHOR EXPRESSINAUSTRALIA SANDEEP G DECEMBER 6 CHETESHWAR PUJARA couldn’t stop laughing. He laughed through a host of television and radio interviews. At one point, he knelt down, sprinkled some wateronhisfacetoconcealthefa- tigue after batting through most of the hottest Adelaide day this December — and beamed again at the camera. Behind the smile, and the fatigue, was a set of numbers on an intriguing day of Test cricket: 123 from 246 balls that helped India recover from 41 for four to 250 for nine. Duringthemandatorymedia interaction later, he laughed the loudest when he was asked: “Shall I call you Steve?” That was the name from his days in Yorkshire,wheretheycouldn’tget their tongue around “Cheteshwar”. Cue the retort: “Not really, I would like to be called Pujara.” The cheeriness reflected the satisfactionof hisfirsthundredin Australia, on the first day of a Test series,histeaminashambles—a response to those who amplified his technical inadequacies overseas. He couldn’t have asked for a better setting to underscore his credentials, seldom doubted but often taken for granted. Like in England,wherehewasdiscarded to make way for a top-three of MuraliVijay-ShikharDhawan-KL Rahul,adecisionthatwasalways destined to backfire. It’sastrangepredicament—to be the most vulnerable batsman in a batting revamp, despite producing some of the most trenchant knocks in the last couple of years. He reiterated that value with a firefighting hundred in Southampton after being dropped for the first Test in the Englandtour.InAdelaide,itwasa Pujara on his way to a century, in Adelaide on Thursday. Reuters similareffortintenor,thoughthis would rank higher in terms of its tone-setting value, an epic that could echo throughout this Australia series. There was a level of personal gratification,too.Justafterthefirst Ranji match of the season, Pujara developed a severe pain in the neck,aconsequenceofhisupright stance. Then his father’s illness robbedhimofdaysofpreparation, andhehadtoskiptheIndia-Atour toNewZealandwheresomeofhis colleagues had gone in a bid to prepare for this series. However, until the moment hereachedhishundredThursday —scamperinglikeaturbocharged Duracell bunny for a couple — he hardly laughed, or even smiled. Especially when the landmark beckoned, as the shadows of the roof-shadescreptintotheground. On 89, he attempted the least Pujara-like stroke of this knock, a wildone-handedslashoutsideoffstump. The next two strokes — a hookedsixandapulledfour—didn’thissoothehisanxietyeither.He wasthenoff strikeandon99. His partner Mohammed Shami,meanwhile,noddedassurance but did not display any. The tailender missed a waft, and smiled gingerly at Pujara. Next ball, Shami threaded the gap, unintentionally, between slip and gully for a single. The ball after, Pujara bolted for that big run. It was that kind of a day. One that required labour than lazy elegance,gritthanguts,determination than daring. But by the time Pujara got a measure of the strip, threepartnershadwhistledback to the pavilion, with India one short of 20. Pujara himself was looking rusty, poking outside off-stump andlatetojudgelength.Butwhen thescentofthebattlekickedin,he cutouthisstrokesandfocusedon survival, like a man on a raft who had escaped a shipwreck. At one point,headmonishedhimselffor stabbing at a wide ball. Slowly,theAustralianbowlers surrendered their intensity. And when R Ashwin departed at 189 forseven,Pujarabegantounleash his strokes. “Batting with the lower order, there was no other option, but to go for quick runs,” he said later. With Ishant Sharma and Shami,headded61runs,bringing up another unsung aspect of his game, the ability to shepherd the lowerorder.Astheendneared,he punishedsomegooddeliveriestoo before a run-out brought an end tohisinnings,andtheday.Andthe name “Steve”, now a reminder of the gritty Australian legend Steve Waugh, sat comfortably on his shoulders.Butthen,hewouldstill insist:“CallmePujara.”
Indian Express Limited is an Indian news media publishing company. It publishes several widely circulated dailies, including The Indian Express and The Financial Express in English, the Loksatta in Marathi and the Jansatta in Hindi.