DAILY FROM: AHMEDABAD, CHANDIGARH, DELHI, JAIPUR, KOLKATA, LUCKNOW, MUMBAI, NAGPUR, PUNE, VADODARA JOURNALISM OF COURAGE FRIDAY, DECEMBER 7, 2018, AHMEDABAD, LATE CITY, 20 PAGES `4.00, WWW.INDIANEXPRESS.COM SINCE 1932 983 OF 2,633 SUB-CASTES HAVE ZERO REPRESENTATION BACK SERIES: 3 YEARS AGO Jobs, admissions: 97% of Central OBC quota benefits go to just under 25% of its castes Key statistics office revised UPA growth up, Niti rejected it SHYAMLAL YADAV NEW DELHI, DECEMBER 6 BUSINESS AS USUAL BY UNNY ALMOST 97 PER CENT of all jobs and admissions reserved at the Central level for Other Backward Classes (OBCs) has gone to just under a quarter of all sub-castes classified as OBCs. As many as 983 OBC communites — 37 per cent of the total — have zero representation which means not a single job, not a single seat. And just 10 communities of OBCs have availed of as much as 24.95 per cent of jobs and admissions. Sources said the groups that are among the prime beneficiaries includes Yadav, Kurmi, Jat (Jats of Rajasthan except those of Bharatpur and Dholpur district are in Central OBC list), Saini, Thevar, Ezhava and Vokkaliga. This skew in OBC benefits is the key finding in a consultation paper prepared by the Commission to Examine SubCategorisation of OBCs, The Indian Express has learnt. SHARE OF OBC RESERVATION Number of OBC sub-castes Percentage of benefit availed 10 38 102 506 994 983 Total: 2,633 24.95 25.04 25 22.32 2.68 0 100 The commission, appointed in October 2017 — its term was extended last week to May 31, 2019 — analysed data of 1.3 lakh Central jobs given under OBC quota over the last five years and OBC admissions to Central higher education institutions, including universities, IITs, NITs, IIMs and AIIMS, over the last three years. Data also reveals that the share ofseveral states in OBC quotas is much higher than their share in the population ofIndia — there are many states with much lower share in benefits than their share in the population. In effect, the inequity across states and Union Territories is almost as acute as across different castes and communities when it comes to OBC quota benefits. As many as 994 OBC subcastes have a total representation of only 2.68 per cent in recruitment and admissions, sources said. The Commission, headed by former Chief Justice of Delhi High CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Niti Aayog said data problematic, says then Chief Statistician T C A Anant P VAIDYANATHAN IYER NEW DELHI, DECEMBER 6 IN WHAT adds a fresh twist to the controversy over the downward revision of UPA growth data, it is now learnt that almost three years ago, the Central Statistics Office (CSO), in the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, had finalised back series data for GDP following a change in the base year from 2004-05 to 2011-12. That exercise had led to an upward revision in growth rates for the UPA years but the Niti Aayog, then under Vice Chairman Arvind Panagariya, did not allow its release. While Panagariya could not be reached and did not respond to a text message and an e-mail, then Chief Statistician T C A Anant confirmed that the release of data was withheld. “Niti Aayog had issues with a particular proxy we used for corporate sector growth estimates,” Anant told The Indian Express. There will always be some degree of variation in growth data, Anant said, adding that perhaps Niti Aayog should have looked at sectorwise data rather than ag- CVC, GOVT DEFEND ACTION GOVT & POLITICS Why didn’t you consult panel on Verma, SC asks Govt; reserves order ANANTHAKRISHNAN G NEW DELHI, DECEMBER 6 BJP MP SAVITRIBAI PHULE QUITS PARTY, SAYS IT IS PLAYING ‘DIVISIVE POLITICS’ PAGE 6 Senior execs can now apply to be IIM director RITIKA CHOPRA NEW DELHI, DECEMBER 6 FUTURE DIRECTORS of the prestigious Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs) may no longer need to have anything to do with academia — or even possess a PhD. According to rules notified under the IIM Act this week, executives, who have been in senior management roles for at least 15 years, will now be eligible to be appointed as directors. The premier business schools, in the past, have been headed by corporate executives, but such examples are few and far between. Ravi J Matthai, the first full-time director of IIM-Ahmedabad in 1965, and Subir Chowdhury, who headed IIM-Calcutta in the 1990s, are two such examples. “The examples of executives heading IIMs are mostly from the early days when the institutes were young and talent pool was limited,” said an IIM director who did not wish to be identified. Before the IIM Act kicked in this January, there were no fixed CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 THE EDITORIAL PAGE FARM CRISIS: MAIN VICTIMS LANDLESS BY CHRISTOPHE JAFFRELOT PAGE 10 PAGE 1 ANCHOR THE SUPREME Court Thursday reserved its order on petitions challenging the government’s decision to divest CBI Director Alok Verma of his charge, observing that the problems between him and Special Director Rakesh Asthana was “not something that happened overnight to require immediate action”. It reminded the government it had to be “fair” and asked what was the difficulty in consulting the selection committee before moving against Verma — the CBI Director is chosen by a committee comprising the Prime Minister, Leader of Opposition and Chief Justice of India. Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi wondered why Parliament had not prescribed any “specific protection” for the CBI Director as it did for the GUJARAT CBI Director Alok Verma Central Vigilance Commissioner. The CJI told Solicitor General Tushar Mehta who appeared for the Central Vigilance Commission: “Situation which prompted the CVC to take action is not something that happened overnight, but as the Attorney General said yesterday, it has been going on since July. It has been developing since three months... It’s not something that has happened overnight to require immediate action.” Mehta told the bench — it also comprised Justices S K Kaul and K M Joseph — that it was a “surprise situation” and that “CVC’s power for superintendence over E EXPLAINED Need to sub-categorise as per population, says Commission, to ensure a more level playing field ● Questions on data integrity THE FACT that there is another set of data on GDP figures that Niti Aayog didn’t allow to be released raises institutional questions. Rejecting CSO data is the prerogative of the government. But what is important is the credibility of the statistical system since it is key to designing policy based on evidence. In a poll year, expect more politics over this economics. gregates (overall growth rates). Then Chairman of the National Statistical Commission (NSC) Pronab Sen who was CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 EXPLAINED Inspector Subodh Kumar Singh’s family with Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath in Lucknow on Thursday. Photo: CM Office SOLAR FARM SCHEME FACES ‘RISK OF WITHERING AWAY’ SIMPLY PUT PAGE 3 PAGE 12 WHAT FACEBOOK EMAILS SHOW BEFORE THE VOTE Narendra Modi, Rahul Gandhi and Manmohan Singh at Parliament House on Thursday to pay tribute to Dr B R Ambedkar on his death anniversary. Anil Sharma In three poll states: Naamdars in BJP too, higher share in Congress DECISION 2018 MILIND GHATWAI, DEEP MUKHERJEE & DIPANKAR GHOSE BHOPAL, JAIPUR, RAIPUR, DECEMBER 6 A KEY talking point in the election campaign for the five states — that ended Wednesday — was dynasties in power or aspiring to power. While Prime Minister Narendra Modi and BJP president Amit Shah underlined the Congress’s First Family for promoting dynastic rule, Congress president Rahul Gandhi criticised Telangana CM K Chandrashekar Rao for favouring his family with government jobs. An analysis by The Indian Express of the three outgoing PAGE 9 Assemblies in Rajasthan, MP and Chhattisgarh shows that while the BJP has more number of dynasts than the Congress in Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan, the Congress leads in Chhattisgarh. However, when it comes to dynasts as a share of lawmakers, Congress leads by a wide margin. A dynastic MLA is one who has had a close family member related by blood or marriage in active politics. In the outgoing Madhya Pradesh Assembly of 230 elected members, BJP has 165 lawmakers, of which 20 are dynasts. The Congress, with 58 members, has 17 dynasts. Although the BJP leads in absolute numbers, when it comes to dynasts as a share of a party’s MLAs, Congress tops with 29 per cent against BJP’s 12 per cent. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 UK wants access to Michel, CBI seeks legal opinion RAHUL TRIPATHI & SHUBHAJIT ROY NEW DELHI, DECEMBER 6 A DAY after the British High Commission in New Delhi sought consular access to Christian Michel James, the alleged middleman in the AgustaWestland VVIP chopper deal, the CBI Thursday said the request had been received via the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) and was being legally examined since Michel had been brought to India through the extradition process from the UAE on court orders. A British national, Michel was sent to CBI custody for five days by a Delhi court Wednesday after the agency said Christian Michel was extradited from the UAE on Tuesday night. Praveen Khanna it needed to confront him with certain documents and question him on the money trail in the case being probed for alleged irregularities. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 ANOTHER REPORT PAGE 7 Bulandshahr police: Will first probe carcass, then killing of Inspector AMIL BHATNAGAR NEW DELHI, DECEMBER 6 FOUR DAYS after a mob murdered a SHO in Bulandshahr following protests over allegations of cows being killed, Uttar Pradesh police have shifted the focus of their investigation from nabbing the accused in the policeman’s death to solving the case of alleged cow slaughter. Speaking to The Indian Express, Additional Superintendent of Police (Bulandshahr) Rayees Akhtar said: “Our main concern at this moment is to find out who killed those cows. After all, it was the killing of the cows that led to the protest, which resulted in Inspector Subodh Kumar Singh’s murder. Our belief is that once we solve that case, it will throwlight on how the murder occurred. The cow-killers are our top priority. The murder and ri- oting case is on the backburner for now.” So far, police have arrested four persons — Chaman, Devendra, Ashish Chauhan and Satish — for their alleged involvement in Singh’s murder. But they are yet to nab the main accused, Yogeshraj Singh, a Bajrang Dal activist who is on the run. Police have also arrested four persons in the cow-slaughter case — Sarfuddin, Sajid, Asif and Nanhe — under sections of the UP Prevention of Cow Slaughter Act 1955. Asked about the cow-slaughter probe, Akhtar said: “While we cannot name specific groups, it is clear that most of the accused (in Singh’s killing) were active in cow-protection activities. There appears to be a pattern but we can only confirm once the arrests are made. At this point of time, the cow carcasses are the main issue.” CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Pujara Makes His Point In Australia With A Fighting Ton EXPRESSIN AUSTRALIA SANDEEP G ADELAIDE, DECEMBER 6 CHETESHWAR PUJARA couldn’t stop laughing. He laughed through a host of television and radio interviews. At one point, he knelt down, sprinkled some water on his face to conceal the fatigue after batting through most of the hottest Adelaide day this December — and beamed again at the camera. Behind the smile, and the fatigue, was a set of numbers on an intriguing day of Test cricket: 123 from 246 balls that helped India recover from 41 for four to 250 for nine. During the mandatory media interaction later, he laughed the loudest when he was asked: “Shall I call you Steve?” That was the name from his days in Yorkshire, where they couldn’t get their tongue around “Cheteshwar”. Cue the retort: “Not really, I would like to be called Pujara.” The cheeriness reflected the satisfaction of his first hundred in Australia, on the first day of a Test series, his team in a shambles— a response to those who amplified his technical inadequacies overseas. He couldn’t have asked for a better setting to underscore his credentials, seldom doubted but often taken for granted. Like in England, where he was discarded to make way for a top-three of Pujara on his way to a century, in Adelaide on Thursday. Reuters Murali Vijay-Shikhar Dhawan-KL Rahul, a decision that was always destined to backfire. It’s a strange predicament — to be the most vulnerable batsman in a batting revamp, despite producing some of the most trenchant knocks in the last couple of years. He reiterated that value with a firefighting hundred in Southampton after being dropped for the first Test in the England tour. In Adelaide, it was a similar effort in tenor, though this would rank higher in terms of its tone-setting value, an epic that could echo throughout this Australia series. There was a level of personal gratification, too. Just after the first Ranji match of the season, Pujara developed a severe pain in the neck, a consequence of his upright stance. Then his father’s illness robbed him of days of preparation, and he had to skip the India-A tour to New Zealand where some of his colleagues had gone in a bid to prepare for this series. However, until the moment he reached his hundred Thursday — scampering like a turbocharged Duracell bunny for a couple — he hardly laughed, or even smiled. Especially when the landmark beckoned, as the shadows of the roof-shades crept into the ground. On 89, he attempted the least Pujara-like stroke of this knock, a wild one-handed slash outside off-stump. The next two strokes — a hooked six and a pulled four — didn’t his soothe his anxiety either. He was then off strike and on 99. His partner Mohammed Shami, meanwhile, nodded assurance but did not display any. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2
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