DAILY FROM: AHMEDABAD, CHANDIGARH, DELHI, JAIPUR, KOLKATA, LUCKNOW, MUMBAI, NAGPUR, PUNE, VADODARA JOURNALISM OF COURAGE MONDAY, DECEMBER 24, 2018, PUNE, LATE CITY, 14 + 4 (NEWSLINE) PAGES `5.00 WWW.INDIANEXPRESS.COM SINCE 1932 AN EXPRESS INVESTIGATION - PART I DRAFT IT RULES Suicides in Navodaya schools: 49 in 5 yrs, half of them Dalit and tribal students MPSC Interview Guidence Tuesday 25 December 2018 At 10:00am Venue : Kesari Wada, Narayan Peth, Pune By: Ranjan Kolambe By: Ranjan Kolambe & Bhagirath Team PUNE 9970 298 197 7378 406 920 Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas face serious challenge: 11 students kill themselves in Class 11, 15 in Class 12 seven,weresuicidesbyhanging, and the bodies were discovered either by classmates or memNEW DELHI, DECEMBER 23 bers of the school staff. Known for producing the JAWAHAR NAVODAYA Vidyalayas (JNVs), the central best results in board examinagovernment’s pace-setting res- tions, the JNVs, which were idential schools for talented ru- startedin1985-86,havebecome a passport out of ral children, have had close OUR IGHT povertyforthouto 50 suicides sands of on campus in underprivileged TO NOW just five years, children. Since aninvestigation AN XPRESS RTI 2012, these by The Indian schools have APPLICATION Express has reconsistently vealed. Of the recorded a pass 49suicideswitnessedfrom2013 percentageof over99percentin to 2017, half were by Dalit and Class 10 and over 95 per cent in tribal students, and a majority of Class 12, which is far better than them were boys, records ob- private schools and CBSE’s tained by The Indian Express un- national average. der the Right To Information “TheNavodayaVidyalayasys(RTI) Act show. And all, except tem, which began as a unique 49 RITIKA CHOPRA Y E THE EDITORIAL PAGE TOTAL SUICIDES IN 5 YEARS FROM 2013 TO 2017 R K CASTE General* 24 Scheduled Caste 16 Scheduled Tribe ■ Of the 49 suicides, 42 students killed themselves by hanging GENDER experiment,istodayunparalleled intheannalsof schooleducation in India and elsewhere,” states the official website of the Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti (NVS),an autonomousorganisation under the HRD Ministry tasked with managing all 635 JNVs.Accordingtonorms,atleast 75 per cent of the seats in these schoolsaresetasideforruralchildren. Hence, a JNV is never sanctioned for a district with 100 per cent urban population. A Navodaya Vidyalaya starts from Class6andgoesuptoClass12.All admissions in Class 6 are done through a merit test. In fact, the popularity of JNVs is evident Boys 35* Girls 14 *71% of total suicides ■ Normal gender ratio in JNVs: 60% boys & 40% girls) Figures obtained up to December 31, 2017 CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 THE GENOCIDE LOOPHOLE WORLD BY UPENDRA BAXI PAGE 8 EXPRESS NETWORK PAK ARMY CHIEF BACKS IMRAN KHAN’S PEACE BID TRUMP TO REPLACE MATTIS 2 MONTHS EARLY P 7 WOMEN ON WAY TO SABARIMALA FORCED TO RETURN PAGE 3 NANA CHUDASAMA DIES AT 86 PAGE 5 SEEMA CHISHTI NEW DELHI, DECEMBER 23 IN WHAT raises questions over freedom of speech online, the government is proposing draft amendments to rules governing content, The Indian Express has learnt. The proposed amendments to rules under Section 79 of the Information Technology (IT) Act make it mandatory for online platforms to “proactively” deploytechnology,whichwould enable a ferreting of content seen as “unlawful”. They also require end-to-end encryption to be broken so that the origin of messages can be traced. In the draft of The Information Technology [Intermediaries Guidelines (Amendment) Rules] 2018, Rule 3(9)requires“intermediaries”,or onlineplatforms,to“deploytechnologybasedautomatedtoolsor appropriate mechanisms, with appropriate controls, for proactivelyidentifyingorremovingor disabling access to unlawful information or content”. The insertion of a new Rule 3(4) activates a pro-active NEW DELHI, DECEMBER 23 THE CENTRAL government spent Rs 239.05 crore on official foreign trips by the NDA Council of Ministers over the last four years, with the bill dipping each year, data obtained by The Indian Express under the RTI Act show. Responding to an RTI application, the Pay & Accounts Office, Cabinet Affairs, stated that Rs 225.30 crore was spent on official foreign trips by the Cabinet Ministers and Rs 13.75 crore on Ministers of State from April 1, 2014, till March 31, 2018. The Council of Ministers currently comprises 25 Cabinet Ministers and 45 Ministers of State, including 11 with independent charge. The RTI data (see box) show a sharp slide in the amount PAGE 1 ANCHOR BY UNNY monthlynotificationacrossintermediaries to warn users repeatedly. Rule 3(5), which will introducea“traceabilityrequirement”, willineffectrequireaplatformto breakend-to-endencryptionand introduce systems for retaining data and information specific to each bit of data, including WhatsApp messages. The five-page draft rules werediscussedFridaybyanofficialof theMinistryof Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) with others from the CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 BJP gives in to Bihar allies, JD(U) gets 17 seats, LJP six Party to field candidates from 17 seats; Paswan to be sent to Rajya Sabha TSUNAMI KILLS 222 IN INDONESIA A tsunami killed at least 222 people on the Indonesian islands of Java and Sumatra, following an underwater landslide believed to have been caused by the erupting Anak Krakatau volcano. AP REPORTS, PAGE 7 Bid to keep its allies happy, together NDA Ministers’ foreign trip bill Leadership statement dips each year over last 4 years twisted, says Gadkari SHYAMLAL YADAV BUSINESS AS USUAL 2019 LOK SABHA POLLS INSIDE KCR, PATNAIK MEET, HINT AT POSSIBLE TIE-UP PAGE 3 Wants online majors to deploy technology to break encryption 9 * (includes OBC) From the official website of Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti Govt moves to access & trace all ‘unlawful’ content online EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE RS 239 CRORE SPENT PUNE, DECEMBER 23 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 TOTAL CabinetMinisters 88.48 75.98 36.99 23.85 225.30 MinistersofState 2.40 4.53 3.03 3.79 13.75 Figures in Rs cr YOUR RIGHT TO KNOW E AN XPRESS RTI APPLICATION spent on these trips. That amount could even be marginally lesser, considering that the bill for 2014-2015 (Rs 90.88 crore) would also cover foreign trips undertaken by the previous UPA Council of Ministers before the NDA government took charge on May 27, 2014. The response did not include details or a break-up of expenditure. Incidentally, in a reply dated December 13 to the Rajya Sabha, MoS, External Affairs, V K Singh placed on record that a total of Rs 2,021.58 crore was spent on the Prime Minister’s 48 official trips abroad so far, including for aircraft maintenance, chartered flights and a secure hotline. The expenses for official foreign trips for the Prime Minister and Council of Ministers are covered by the Pay & Accounts Office, Cabinet Affairs, which comes under the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA). A DAY after he was quoted as saying that the “leadership” should own up to “defeats and failures”, Union Minister and BJP leader Nitin Gadkari on Sunday sought to dispel the impression that he was targeting the party’s top leadership in the wake of its defeat in the recent assembly elections. Gadkari, a former BJP president, said he was not in any “race”andtheBJPwouldcontest the Lok Sabha elections under the leadership of Prime Minister Narendra Modi. Speaking on the sidelines of a function in Pune on Sunday, he said his speech on Saturday, delivered in Marathi, had been “twisted” by the media and his comments were made in the context of banking successes Nitish Kumar, Ram Vilas Paswan, Chirag Paswan, Amit Shah and Bhupender Yadav in New Delhi on Sunday. Renuka Puri Nitin Gadkari in Pune on Sunday. Pavan Khengre and failures. Speaking at an event organised by the Pune District Urban Cooperative Banks Association Limited on Saturday, Gadkari had said: “It is obvious in the banking sector that banks achieve success and sometimes they face failure. Banks have to face both the situations. In our political field, when there is a failure, a committee is formed; but in case of success, nobody CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 LALMANI VERMA NEW DELHI, DECEMBER 23 SEALING THE seat-sharing arrangement for the 40 Lok Sabha seats in Bihar, BJP president Amit Shah announced on Sunday that his party and the JD(U) would contest 17 seats each, while the LJP would field candidates from the remaining six seats. Shah also said that LJP president Ram Vilas Paswan would be sent to the Rajya Sabha at the earliest opportunity. Shah made the announcement after a meeting with JD(U) leader Nitish Kumar and LJP president Ram Vilas Paswan at his residence in the morning. The meeting was also attended by Chirag Paswan and BhupenderYadav,whoistheBJP leader in charge of Bihar. “Afteralongdiscussion,ithas been decided that the BJP will contest 17 seats, JD(U) will contest 17 seats and LJP will contest six seats in Bihar. Also, Ram Vilas Paswan will go to Rajya Sabha as the NDA nominee in the next CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 MORE REPORTS AHEAD OF the Lok Sabha elections, the BJP has lost two allies — TDP and RLSP — while the Shiv Sena has also declared its intention to fight the polls alone. Losing the LJP too would have been bad optics, especially after the BJP’s recent defeat in three Hindi heartland states. Moreover, Ram Vilas Paswan is an important Dalit leader, and his exit would have sent a wrong signal. With the other prominent Dalit leader, Mayawati, firmly against the BJP, the ruling alliance needs a counterbalance. Conceding a Rajya Sabha seat to the LJP is not a big ask for this political optics. PAGE 3 For These Farmers In Bihar’s Jamui, Hope Is 27 Years Old A post-graduate returns home to help farmers battle rural distress by growing, packing and selling additional, organic vegetable crop SANTOSH SINGH PATNA, DECEMBER 23 TILL NEARLY two years ago, Suhawan Singh Rathore from Bihar had the world before him. HehadcompletedhisMastersin DevelopmentattheAzimPremji University in Bengaluru, and startedworkingasaninnovation officer at a private firm in Bhubaneswar. TRACKING CHANGE» EVERY MONDAY For all Change stories, log on to www.indianexpress.com/change Witness Change? Write to us at email@example.com But then, he had a change of heart. And now, he is back home inNaxal-hitJamui,helpingacol- lective of paddy farmers battle a cycle of debt and distress by plantingadditional,organicvegetable crop within a low budget. “I had always regretted not spending enough time at my village in Pathakchak, where I grew up listening to stories of threats from Maoists who were disrupting development projects. Going back to Jamui early last year was like a payback opportunityformetohelpmyown Suhawan Singh Rathore with farmers growing broccoli in Neem-Nawada village, Jamui. Express people,” says Rathore. The 27-year-old also helps farmers take their yield to sell in Patna, Ranchi and other towns. He is also working on plans with agroupof volunteersthatheput together,GreenSaverWelfare,to start their “own market locally called Apna Mandi”. Local officials and people’s representatives estimate that Rathore’s efforts have helped change the lives of around 2,000 farmers in the region. “He is a very good motivator. The high costs that come with conventional two-crop (paddy andwheat)farmingisthebiggest problem for farmers here, especiallybecausethelandisuneven witherraticrainfall,”saysAnand Vikram Singh, project director, Jamui Agriculture Technology Management Agency (ATMA), which operates under the state agriculture department. “I did not intend to wean the farmers from conventional farming but wanted them to take to integrated farming soon after the paddy is harvested. We are offering them seeds and saplingsforvegetablecultivation on the side. We have brinjal, tomato, turnip, broccoli, radish and carrot. The idea is if one crop fails, the farmer can compensate with other crops,” says Rathore. All of this has meant that farmerslikeNandlalSinghDangi, fromNeem-Nawadavillage,have moved from a life of despair to one of hope. “This year, apart from paddy, I grew five types of vegetablesandearnedRs60,000 fromsellingthat.Wearenoweagerlywaitingforourownorganic farming shops in Jamui, Patna and elsewhere. Suhawan has been engaging with local and CONTINUED ON PAGE 2
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