DAILY FROM: AHMEDABAD, CHANDIGARH, DELHI, JAIPUR, KOLKATA, LUCKNOW, MUMBAI, NAGPUR, PUNE, VADODARA JOURNALISM OF COURAGE MONDAY, DECEMBER 31, 2018, AHMEDABAD, LATE CITY, 18 PAGES `4.00, WWW.INDIANEXPRESS.COM SINCE 1932 Banks lost Rs 41,167 cr to fraud in 2017-18: RBI GEORGE MATHEW MUMBAI, DECEMBER 30 POLICE COMMEMORATION A RED initiative appears in today’s edition of The Indian Express. This page is an initiative of the marketing solutions team of The Indian Express Group and contains content paid for by advertisers. This page should be read as an advertisement. GUJARAT RATHWAS TO SHUN POLL ACTIVITIES FOR TRIBAL STATUS PAGE 4 CBI asks social media firms to use intrusive photo tech to track suspects SUSHANT SINGH NEW DELHI, DECEMBER 30 RAISING QUESTIONS over surveillance powers and privacy rights, the CBI has asked social media platforms to run Microsoft-owned PhotoDNA for investigation into regular criminal cases, in violation of international norms stipulating that this specialised software is “exclusively used to identify child exploitation images”. PhotoDNA is currently at the centre of a debate in Europe, where the EU’s European Privacy Regulation is moving to effectively ban social media companies from using this software to proactively scan billions of images for child abuse. Companies such as Twitter, Microsoft, YouTube and Facebook do not allow use of this software to be used, even exclusively for blocking extremist content or terrorist messaging. However, a notice issued this month to social media platforms by the CBI under Section 91 of CrPC, accompanied by some photographs, states: “For the purpose of investigation, you are requested to conduct PhotoDNA in respect of photographs FRAUDSTERS HAVE looted Rs 41,167.7 crore from the banking system in 2017-18, a sharp jump of 72 per cent from Rs 23,933 crore the previous year, despite “stringent monitoring and vigilance”, according to data released by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI). There were 5,917 instances of bank fraud in 2017-18 as against 5,076 cases the previous year, show the data released Friday (see box, page 2). The instances offraud have been rising over the last four years — by four times from Rs 10,170 crore in 2013-14. In 2017-18, however, frauds related to off-balance sheet operations, foreign exchange transactions, deposit accounts and cyberactivity took centrestage. Banks reported more cyber frauds during the year, losing Rs 109.6 crore in 2,059 cases in 2017-18 as against Rs 42.3 crore with 1,372 cases the previous year. Large-value frauds involving Rs 50 crore and above constituted about 80 per cent of all the frauds reported this year. Significantly, 93 per cent of fraud cases worth more than Rs 1 lakh occurred in PSU banks while private banks accounted for six per cent. The increasing number of frauds has contributed to the ballooning bad loans, which were at Rs 10,39,700 crore as of March 2018. The jump in 2017-18 was primarily due to the over Rs 13,000crore Punjab National Bank (PNB) case, involving fugitive businessmen Nirav Modi and Mehul Choksi. “In terms of amount, frauds in the banking CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 At a counting centre in Dhaka on Sunday. Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina got 2.29 lakh votes, her BNP rival got just 123. Complete results were expected on Monday morning. Reuters 18 KILLED IN POLL VIOLENCE WITH SAVARKAR Prime Minister Narendra Modi pays homage to V D Savarkar at Cellular Jail in Port Blair, Sunday. PTI 2-1 up in Australia Test series, Team India’s new year party gets going two days early EXPRESSIN AUSTRALIA SANDIP G MELBOURNE, DECEMBER 30 WHEN THE decisive blow arrived — Ishant Sharma getting Nathan Lyon to top-edge a catch — the entire Indian team swarmed into a huddle to the Cheteshwar Pujara, Virat Kohli and Ajinkya Rahane celebrate after winning the third Test in Melbourne on Sunday. Reuters BY UNNY WORLD Realtor: Abducted, assaulted in jail on don Atiq’s order MANISH SAHU LUCKNOW, DECEMBER 30 A REAL-ESTATE businessman, Mohit Jaiswal, has alleged that he was abducted from Lucknow and driven to the Deoria jail, almost 300 km away, on December 26 where gangster Atiq Ahmed, his son Umar, and their associates assaulted him, forced him to sign over property worth Rs 48 crore to two of their associates, and took his SUV. Police arrested two of Ahmed’s associates, Ghulam Moindeen and Irfan, Saturday from Gomti Nagar in Lucknow and recovered the SUV from their possession based on an FIR by Jaiswal. The state government has directed Deoria jail authorities to probe the incident. Ahmed, a historysheeter with at least 70 cases against him, including the murder of BSP MLA Raju Pal in 2005 in Atiq Ahmed is lodged in Deoria jail. Archive Allahabad, has been lodged in Deoria district jail since March last year after being transferred from Allahabad’s Naini jail. He has been incarcerated since February 2017 after being booked for allegedly assaulting faculty members of an agriculture institute in Allahabad in 2016. In his FIR, Jaiswal has named Ahmed, his son Umar, Atiq’s associates Farooque, Zaki Ahmed, Jafar Ullah, Ghulam Sarvar and SHUBHAJIT ROY DHAKA, DECEMBER 30 BANGLADESH’S RULING coalition led by Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina was set for a decisive victory over the Opposition alliance Sunday night, hours after the counting of votes began. Seven hours into the counting, Hasina looked set to return with a landslide for an unprecedented third consecutive term. Earlier in the evening, the Opposition had rejected the What’s in it for India? FOR NEW Delhi, a victory for the Awami League will be good news, since it has made significant investments in relations with Bangladesh over the last 10 years. India’s relationship with the BNPJamaat alliance government during 2001-06 was not positive. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 THE EDITORIAL PAGE THE IDEAS PAGE AGE OF POLICY INSECURITY ARMY MUST LEAD, CULTURALLY BY SUMIT GANGULY PAGE 8 BY SUSHANT SINGH PAGE 9 CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 ‘Putting past behind’, Zadaphia gears up for poll assignment in UP AVANEESH MISHRA LEENA MISRA Pioneer of New Wave Cinema GHAZIPUR, DECEMBER 30 THE VILLAGE of Chakfareed in Uttar Pradesh’s Ghazipur district is all but deserted. Every other door has been knocked down, all the men have fled and the women and children left behind rush into their homes when a stranger walks into the village. The village is less than 1 km from where head constable Suresh Pratap Vats was killed Saturday when a mob attacked a police vehicle with stones after he tried to end a traffic jam caused by protesters belonging to the Nishad Party. Hours after Vats died, the police raided Chakfareed village. The UP Police said Sunday PAGE 1 ANCHOR INSIDE AHMEDABAD, DECEMBER 30 SHUBHRA GUPTA NEW DELHI, DECEMBER 30 At Chakfareed village in Ghazipur. Avaneesh Mishra that 11 people were arrested, taking the total number of arrests to 20. Locals said the CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 IN 1969 came a film called Bhuvan Shome. It was directed by Mrinal Sen, who had till then made films only in Bengali. The film’s budget was shoestring (below Rs 2 lakh, Sen was known to gleefully recount). It featured a dour, stout sarkari babu played by Utpal Dutt, fat cigar clenched between teeth, eyes hidden by dark glasses, who arrives in a tiny Rajasthan town in search of name and game. Bhuvan Shome was a breakthrough. It was the film which started the parallel movement in FULL COVERAGE PAGE 10 Hindi cinema. It brought to our notice the genius of cinematographer K K Mahajan, the baritone of Amitabh Bachchan (he was persuaded, for a pittance, to provide a voiceover), and the startlingly original style of Sen, as we were introduced to Shome babu and his ajeeb-o-gareebways, and how a pretty village belle and her full-throated laughter unlocked something in this man, and set him free. Sen had made a handful of films in Bengali before this. But it was Bhuvan Shome which fetched him the National Award for Best Film and Director, and led him on to his series of CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 GORDHAN ZADAPHIA, who was Gujarat Minister of State for Home in 2002 when the state witnessed the worst communal riots, wants to “put the past behind” as he gears up for his new political assignment as the BJP man in-charge of the party’s electioneering in Uttar Pradesh for the next Lok Sabha elections, due in few months. Speaking to The Indian Express, Zadaphia, who had returned to the BJP just ahead of the 2014 Lok Sabha elections after spending nearly a decade out of the party, said that the new assignment reflects the party leadership’s trust in him. “It is their My job is to get success for BJP INTERVIEW PAGE 3 (party leadership) trust in me. Nothing else...My job is that of a party worker, and achieve success for the party.” Zadaphia, a Leuva Patel, said the decision to appoint him poll CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Why a Telangana village gathered to garland its water taps HYDERABAD, DECEMBER 30 PAGE 15 10-12 unidentified people on charges including attempt to murder at the Krishna Nagar police station in Lucknow, said police. Circle Officer, Krishna Nagar, Lal Pratap Singh said that two police gunners have been deployed for Jaiswal’s security. Jaiswal could not be reached for comment. According to the police, Jaiswal has alleged that around two years ago, Ahmed, through his associates, threatened him EXPRESSIN DHAKA MRINAL SEN Day after constable’s 1923-2018 killing in Ghazipur, 20 arrests, men flee village Last Of Ghatak-Ray-Sen Trio, SREENIVAS JANYALA TALIBAN REJECT KABUL’S OFFER OF PEACE TALKS IN FIRST REACTION TO CHILD DEATHS AT BORDER, TRUMP BLAMES DEMOCRATS backdrop of thunderous applause under a slaty sky. Mohammad Shami, who was stationed the farthest, ran across half the massive Melbourne Cricket Ground to join the celebrations. Even those on the bench and the support staff were leaping and hugging each other near the boundary ropes. Amidst all the joyous chaos, Cheteshwar Pujara and Jasprit Bumrah, the chief protagonists of the 137-run victory over Australia in the third Test that CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 BUSINESS AS USUAL REPORTS, P 7 Hasina alliance set to sweep Bangla election; farce, says Opp IN THE first week of December, residents of the Gothikoya tribal village in Bhadradri Kothagudem district, around 600 km southwest of Hyderabad, gathered for an unusual celebration — to garland the new drinking water taps in front of their huts. Days later, four new taps came up in Nagasala village of Mahbubnagar district, a couple of hours by road from the state TRACKING CHANGE» WATER ON TAP EVERY MONDAY `43,000 cr For all Change stories, log on to www.indianexpress.com/change Witness Change? Write to us at firstname.lastname@example.org capital, where residents had to earlier trek for nearly a kilometre to access clean water. Launched in August 2016, Mission Bhagiratha, Telangana’s ambitious project to supply drinking water to every house- total budget for Mission Bhagiratha 23,968 villages to be covered by March 31, 2019 55,62,269 Officials inspect a new drinking water tap at a tribal hamlet in Bhadradri Kothagudem district, Telangana. Express households to receive drinking water hold outside municipal corporation limits, is nearing its March 31, 2019 deadline. And government officials say 1,00,200 km of the 1,04,749-km network of pipelines — around two-and-a-half times the Earth’s circumference — has been laid. On the ground, meanwhile, the change is visible. “Earlier, we had to walk at least a km to fetch drinking water, and had to leave in the morning to fetch it. It was difficult to get our children ready for school and prepare food. After these taps were fixed, that is not a worry anymore. We have been told that taps would soon be fixed just outside or inside our homes,’’ says Mamidal Renuka from Nagasala in Mahbubnagar. “We used to fetch water from an agricultural well, a stream nearby, or a community tap in the neighbouring village. The water was unclean and frequently caused diarrhoea, especially among our children. Now, we drink directly from our tap,’’ says Madavi Sanjiv from Gothikoya village. State officials say they have CONTINUED ON PAGE 2
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