DAILY FROM: AHMEDABAD, CHANDIGARH, DELHI, JAIPUR, KOLKATA, LUCKNOW, MUMBAI, NAGPUR, PUNE, VADODARA JOURNALISM OF COURAGE MONDAY, DECEMBER 31, 2018, LUCKNOW, LATE CITY, 14 PAGES `5.00 WWW.INDIANEXPRESS.COM SINCE 1932 Banks lost Rs 41,167 cr to fraud in 2017-18: RBI GEORGE MATHEW MUMBAI, DECEMBER 30 UTTAR PRADESH ‘COPS CARRYING OUT ENCOUNTERS TO AVOID TRANSFER’ DAYS AFTER CATTLE WERE LOCKED IN MATHURA SCHOOL, 4 FOUND DEAD PG 3 EXPRESS NETWORK CHAMPION OF SOCIAL JUSTICE, JUSTICE MADANLOKUR RETIRES PG 9 CBI asks social media firms to use intrusive photo tech to track suspects SUSHANT SINGH NEW DELHI, DECEMBER 30 RAISING QUESTIONS over surveillance powers and privacy rights, the CBI has asked social media platforms to run Microsoft-owned PhotoDNA for investigation into regular criminal cases, in violation of internationalnormsstipulatingthatthis specialised software is “exclusively used to identify child exploitation images”. PhotoDNA is currently at the centre of a debate in Europe, wheretheEU’sEuropeanPrivacy Regulation is moving to effectively ban social media companies from using this software to proactively scan billions of images for child abuse. Companies such as Twitter, Microsoft, YouTubeandFacebookdonotallow use of this software to be used, even exclusively for blockingextremistcontentorterrorist messaging. However, a notice issued this monthtosocialmediaplatforms by the CBI under Section 91 of CrPC, accompanied by some photographs, states: “For the purposeof investigation,youare requested to conduct PhotoDNA in respect of photographs CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 BUSINESS AS USUAL BY UNNY WORLD FRAUDSTERS HAVE looted Rs 41,167.7 crore from the banking system in 2017-18, a sharp jump of 72 per cent from Rs 23,933 crore the previous year, despite “stringent monitoring and vigilance”, according to data released by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI). Therewere5,917instancesof bank fraud in 2017-18 as against 5,076 cases the previous year, showthedatareleasedFriday(see box,page2).Theinstancesoffraud havebeenrisingoverthelastfour years — by four times from Rs 10,170 crore in 2013-14. In 2017-18, however, frauds relatedtooff-balancesheetoperations,foreignexchangetransactions,depositaccountsandcyberactivity took centrestage. Banks reported more cyber frauds duringtheyear,losingRs109.6crore in 2,059 cases in 2017-18 as against Rs 42.3 crore with 1,372 cases the previous year. Large-value frauds involving Rs50croreandaboveconstituted about80percentof allthefrauds reported this year. Significantly, 93 per cent of fraud cases worth more than Rs 1 lakh occurred in PSU banks while private banks accounted for six per cent. The increasing number of fraudshascontributedtotheballooningbadloans,whichwereat Rs 10,39,700 crore as of March 2018. Thejumpin2017-18wasprimarilyduetotheoverRs13,000crore Punjab National Bank (PNB) case, involving fugitive businessmen Nirav Modi and Mehul Choksi. “In terms of amount, frauds in the banking CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 MANISH SAHU LUCKNOW, DECEMBER 30 A REAL-ESTATE businessman, Mohit Jaiswal, has alleged that he was abducted from Lucknow and driven to the Deoria jail, almost 300 km away, on December 26 where gangster Atiq Ahmed, his son Umar, and their associates assaulted him, forced him to sign over property worth Rs 48 crore to two of their WITH SAVARKAR Prime Minister Narendra Modi pays homage to V D Savarkar at Cellular Jail in Port Blair, Sunday. PTI REPORTS, P 8 2-1 up in Australia Test series, Team India’s new year party gets going two days early EXPRESSINAUSTRALIA SANDIP G MELBOURNE, DECEMBER 30 WHEN THE decisive blow arrived — Ishant Sharma getting Nathan Lyon to top-edge a catch — the entire Indian team swarmed into a huddle to the Cheteshwar Pujara, Virat Kohli and Ajinkya Rahane celebrate after winning the third Test in Melbourne on Sunday. Reuters backdrop of thunderous applause under a slaty sky. Mohammad Shami, who was stationed the farthest, ran across half the massive Melbourne Cricket Ground to join the celebrations. Even those on the bench and the support staff were leaping and hugging each other near the boundary ropes. Amidst all the joyous chaos, Cheteshwar Pujara and Jasprit Bumrah, the chief protagonists of the 137-run victory over Australia in the third Test that CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 associates, and took his SUV. Police arrested two of Ahmed’s associates, Ghulam Moindeen and Irfan, Saturday from Gomti Nagar in Lucknow and recovered the SUV from their possession based on an FIR byJaiswal.Thestategovernment has directed Deoria jail authorities to probe the incident. Ahmed, a historysheeter with at least 70 cases against him,includingthemurderof BSP MLA Raju Pal in 2005 in Atiq Ahmed is lodged in Deoria jail. Archive Allahabad, has been lodged in Deoria district jail since March last year after being transferred from Allahabad’s Naini jail. He has been incarcerated since February 2017 after being booked for allegedly assaulting faculty members of an agriculture institute in Allahabad in 2016. In his FIR, Jaiswal has named Ahmed, his son Umar, Atiq’s associates Farooque, Zaki Ahmed, Jafar Ullah, Ghulam Sarvar and 10-12unidentifiedpeopleoncharges including attempt to murder at the Krishna Nagar police station in Lucknow, said police. Circle Officer, Krishna Nagar, LalPratapSinghsaidthattwopolicegunnershavebeendeployed for Jaiswal’s security. Jaiswal couldnotbereachedforcomment. According to the police, Jaiswal has alleged that around two years ago, Ahmed, through his associates, threatened him CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Hasina alliance set to sweep Bangla election; farce, says Opp EXPRESSINDHAKA SHUBHAJIT ROY DHAKA, DECEMBER 30 BANGLADESH’S RULING coalition led by Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina was set for a decisive victory over the Opposition alliance Sunday night, hours after the counting of votes began. Seven hours into the counting, Hasina looked set to return with a landslide for an unprecedented third consecutive term. Earlier in the evening, the Opposition had rejected the CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 What’s in it for India? FOR NEW Delhi, a victory for the Awami League will be good news, since it has made significant investments in relations with Bangladesh over the last 10 years. India’s relationship with the BNPJamaat alliance government during 2001-06 was not positive. THE EDITORIAL PAGE THE IDEAS PAGE AGE OF POLICY INSECURITY ARMY MUST LEAD, CULTURALLY BY SUMIT GANGULY PAGE 6 BY SUSHANT SINGH PAGE 7 MRINAL SEN Day after constable’s 1923-2018 killing in Ghazipur, 20 arrests, men flee village Last Of Ghatak-Ray-Sen Trio, Polls ahead, Govt works to fix pensions and floor wages in informal sector AVANEESH MISHRA AMITAV RANJAN Pioneer of New Wave Cinema GHAZIPUR, DECEMBER 30 THE VILLAGE of Chakfareed in UttarPradesh’sGhazipurdistrict is all but deserted. Every other doorhasbeenknockeddown,all the men have fled and the women and children left behind rush into their homes when a stranger walks into the village. The village is less than 1 km from where head constable Suresh Pratap Vats was killed Saturday when a mob attacked a police vehicle with stones after he tried to end a traffic jam caused by protesters belonging to the Nishad Party. Hours after Vats died, the police raided Chakfareed village. The UP Police said Sunday PAGE 1 ANCHOR SHUBHRA GUPTA NEW DELHI, DECEMBER 30 At Chakfareed village in Ghazipur. Avaneesh Mishra that 11 people were arrested, taking the total number of arrests to 20. Locals said the CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 IN 1969 came a film called BhuvanShome.Itwasdirectedby Mrinal Sen, who had till then made films only in Bengali. The film’s budget was shoestring (belowRs2lakh,Senwasknown to gleefully recount). It featured a dour, stout sarkari babu played by Utpal Dutt, fat cigar clenched between teeth, eyes hidden by darkglasses,whoarrivesinatiny Rajasthan town in search of name and game. Bhuvan Shome was a breakthrough. It was the film which startedtheparallelmovementin FULL COVERAGE PAGE 9 Hindi cinema. It brought to our notice the genius of cinematographerKKMahajan,thebaritone of Amitabh Bachchan (he was persuaded, for a pittance, to provide a voiceover), and the startlinglyoriginalstyleof Sen,aswe were introduced to Shome babu andhisajeeb-o-gareebways,and howaprettyvillagebelleandher full-throated laughter unlocked something in this man, and set him free. Sen had made a handful of films in Bengali before this. But it was Bhuvan Shome which fetched him the National Award for Best Film and Director, and led him on to his series of CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 NEW DELHI, DECEMBER 30 AHEAD OF the Lok Sabha elections, the government is contemplating a mix of guaranteed minimum wages and assured monthly pensions for over 48 crore workers in the unorganised sector. It is also working on funding anenhancedminimummonthly pension of Rs 3,000 for the 6 crore workers in the organised sector — up from the current promise of Rs 1,000 per month, sources said. The sources said the Labour Ministry has sent a revised The Code on Wages Bill for the Cabinet’s assent on introducing a mandatory minimum wage — which,theysaid,couldperhapsbe Rs 9,900 per month — for informalsectorworkerssuchasmaids, drivers, sweepers, guards, etc. “The proposal was to come up on December 26 but was deferred following a last-minute review by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. It may now comeupforapprovalonJanuary 2,” the sources said. “Earlier, there was a major rush from the PrimeMinister’sOfficetoensure that the Bill be introduced in the current session of Parliament.” The Code, which was first introducedinParliamentinAugust 2017, proposed that minimum wages be made a legal right for all workers. Its quantum was to be decided by a Committee, and once announced, “No state CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Why a Telangana village gathered to garland its water taps HYDERABAD, DECEMBER 30 PAGE 10 18 KILLED IN POLL VIOLENCE Realtor: Abducted, assaulted in jail on don Atiq’s order SREENIVAS JANYALA TALIBAN REJECT KABUL’S OFFER OF PEACE TALKS IN FIRST REACTION TO CHILD DEATHS AT BORDER, TRUMP BLAMES DEMOCRATS At a counting centre in Dhaka on Sunday. Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina got 2.29 lakh votes, her BNP rival got just 123. Complete results were expected on Monday morning. Reuters IN THE first week of December, residents of the Gothikoya tribal village in Bhadradri Kothagudem district, around 600 km southwest of Hyderabad, gathered for an unusual celebration — to garland the new drinking water taps in front of their huts. Days later, four new taps came up in Nagasala village of Mahbubnagar district, a couple of hours by road from the state TRACKING CHANGE» WATER ON TAP EVERY MONDAY `43,000 cr For all Change stories, log on to www.indianexpress.com/change Witness Change? Write to us at firstname.lastname@example.org capital, where residents had to earlier trek for nearly a kilometre to access clean water. Launched in August 2016, Mission Bhagiratha, Telangana’s ambitious project to supply drinking water to every house- total budget for Mission Bhagiratha 23,968 villages to be covered by March 31, 2019 55,62,269 Officials inspect a new drinking water tap at a tribal hamlet in Bhadradri Kothagudem district, Telangana. Express households to receive drinking water hold outside municipal corporation limits, is nearing its March 31, 2019 deadline. And government officials say 1,00,200 km of the 1,04,749-km network of pipelines — around two-and-a-half timestheEarth’s circumference — has been laid. On the ground, meanwhile, the change is visible. “Earlier, we had to walk at least a km to fetch drinking water,andhadtoleaveinthemorning to fetch it. It was difficult to get our children ready for school and prepare food. After these taps were fixed, that is not a worry anymore. We have been told that taps would soon be fixed just outside or inside our homes,’’ says Mamidal Renuka from Nagasala in Mahbubnagar. “Weusedtofetchwaterfrom an agricultural well, a stream nearby, or a community tap in the neighbouring village. The water was unclean and frequently caused diarrhoea, especially among our children. Now, we drink directly from our tap,’’ says Madavi Sanjiv from Gothikoya village. State officials say they have CONTINUED ON PAGE 2
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