DAILY FROM: AHMEDABAD, CHANDIGARH, DELHI, JAIPUR, KOLKATA, LUCKNOW, MUMBAI, NAGPUR, PUNE, VADODARA JOURNALISM OF COURAGE WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 2, 2019, AHMEDABAD, LATE CITY, 16 PAGES `4.00, WWW.INDIANEXPRESS.COM SINCE 1932 Trump signs law to step up India defence ties, call out China BUSINESS AS USUAL ‘BJP MANIFESTO TALKS OF SOLUTION’ PM on Ram temple: Let legal process end, Govt will make efforts Asia Reassurance Initiative Act cites China’s illegal construction in region Tells Congress to stop its lawyers from creating hurdles in Supreme Court in ‘interest of peace, security and amity’ BY UNNY EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE NEW DELHI, JANUARY 1 GUJARAT JAI HIND ROLL CALL: CONG TELLS GOVT TO IMPROVE EDUCATION FIVE OF A FAMILY ‘COMMIT SUICIDE’ PAGES 3 & 5 NHRC to govt: Respond in 6 weeks on JNV suicides JUST BEFORE ushering in the New Year on December 31, US President Donald Trump signed an Act designed to counter the encroaching influence and growing threat from China and to reinvigorate US leadership in the Indo-Pacific region. Calling for strengthening of diplomatic, economic, and security ties with India, the Asia Reassurance Initiative Act (ARIA) allocates a budget of $1.5 billion over a five-year period to enhance cooperation with America’s strategic regional allies in the region. The new law cites “China’s illegal construction and militarization of artificial features in the South China Sea and coercive economic practices”, and mandates actions for “countering China’s influence to undermine the international system”. The Act notes “the increased presence throughout Southeast Asia of the Islamic State and NEW DELHI, JANUARY 1 EXPRESSING “SERIOUS concern” over the findings of an investigation by The Indian Express on student suicides in Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas, the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) Tuesday issued notice to the school education secretary in the HRD Ministry seeking a response within six weeks. On December 24, 2018, The Indian Express reported that the central government’s residential schools for talented rural children witnessed 49 student suicides from 2013 to 2017, including that of 25 Dalit and tribal students. The investigation also revealed that there are no trained counsellors on campus, and that it’s largely left to “overburdened” teachers to look after the welfare of students. Taking suo motu cognizance of the findings, the NHRC, headed by former Chief Justice of India H L Dattu, directed the ministry to submit its response on three aspects: whether trained counsellors are available on campus; if there is dedicated staff to ensure students are not left alone in their rooms; and whether students have access to emergency assistance through CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 WORLD Act was introduced in April NEW YEAR EXCHANGE ■ The armies of India and China met at Nathu La in Sikkim on Tuesday and exchanged pleasantries on New Year’s Day. ■ India and Pakistan exchanged a list of their nuclear installations, details of civilian prisoners and fishermen lodged in each other’s jails. PAGE 7 THE WOMEN WALL THE KEY accused in the alleged Islamic State module busted by NIA last week, Mufti Suhail, has told interrogators that he was planning “jihadist activities” since 2009 due to what he called “persecution of Muslims in India” but did not have the wherewithal to carry out attacks, sources said. This is significant given that the Islamic State, although first set up as an Al Qaeda affiliate way back in 2006, hit interna- tional headlines only in 2014 when it seized territories in Syria and Iraq. The 29-year-old Islamic preacher, who was arrested by NIA last week from his home in Jaffrabad, Delhi, told interrogators that he had been hurt by events such as the Babri Masjid demolition and believed that Muslims were discriminated against in the country. He has pointed this out as one of the reasons why Muslims do not get jobs in the country, sources said. “Suhail is highly radicalised and justifies his actions. He said he had been motivated because Mufti Suhail most motivated: officers Muslims suffer injustice in the country. He was earlier attracted to Al Qaeda and Taliban but could never approach any of them. With Islamic State recruiting online, he found a handler who guided him through his latest adventure,” an investigator said. The officer said that Suhail appeared to be the most “moti- EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE G L Singhal was arrested in 2013. He is currently out on bail AHMEDABAD, JANUARY 1 THE BJP government in Gujarat on Tuesday promoted IPS officer G L Singhal, who is out on bail in the 2004 Ishrat Jahan encounter case, to the rank ofInspector General of Police (IGP). Singhal is one of the five IPS officers of Deputy Inspector General (DIG)-rank from the 2001 batch who have been promoted to the rank ofIGP. Vipul Aggarwal, who was recently discharged by the Bombay High Court in connection with the Sohrabuddin Shaikh alleged fake encounter case, has also been promoted to the rank of IGP. He is currently posted in Ahmedabad as additional commissioner of police PAGE 1 ANCHOR (administration). Aggarwal was reinstated in November 2014 after being granted bail in the alleged fake encounter of Sohrabuddin Shaikh, his wife, Kausar Bi, and his aide, Tulsiram Prajapati. All the 38 accused in the case were acquitted by the Bombay High Court last month. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 CONTROVERSIAL IAS OFFICER PROMOTED PAGE 3 OF THE 370 new civil services recruits trained at the Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration (LBNSAA) in Mussoorie, eight took the Civil Service Examination (CSE) in Hindi compared to 48 of 202 in 2013; five recruits studied at Hindi-medium universities; and 30 attended Hindi-medium schools. Data obtained by The Indian Express show that since 2013, there has been a sharp dip not only in students taking the CSE in Hindi — for services like the IAS, IPS and Indian Foreign Service — but also in recruits who studied in either Hindimedium universities or schools. According to the data, there is NEW DELHI, JANUARY 1 ‘Triple talaq ordinance was after SC judgment’ the judicial process was being slowed down by Congress lawyers who were creating “obstructions” in the Supreme Court. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 NOTE BAN TO URJIT PATEL: EXCERPTS PAGE 10 THE PRIME Minister’s first interview in a poll year comes after the Congress’s tri-state victory and its attempts to stitch a narrative — citing farm distress and jobs — that can forge a broader alliance. Playing down BJP’s defeat, Modi seeks to infuse confidence among party cadres rattled by the losses. His framing of the next election as Janata vs Gathbandhan (people vs alliance) is a bid to project it as a battle between his chemistry (that scripted his 2014 landslide) and the arithmetic of coalition in 2019. vated” in the group. “He alone was in touch with this online handler who guided him to carry out attacks in India. He, in turn, gathered friends and acquaintances who are in the age group of 20-30,” the officer said. Investigators pointed out that this was unlike some other IS-affiliated groups busted by NIA in the past few years. “Most of those arrested earlier had plans to go to Syria or Iraq. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 HOURS AFTER Prime Minister Narendra Modi told ANI Tuesday that the government would make “all efforts” on the Ram temple issue once the judicial process is over, the RSS welcomed his remarks and expressed hope that the government “fulfils the promise” in this tenure. In a statement, RSS sah sarkaryavah Dattatreya Hosabale said, “Even in the 2014 Election Manifesto prepared under the leadership of Shri Narendra Modi, the BJP promised to explore all possibilities within the framework of the Constitution to facilitate the construction of the Ram Temple in Ayodhya. The people of Bharat reposed complete confidence and gave BJP the full mandate. The people of Bharat expect this government to fulfil the same promise during this tenure.” He said: “We feel that the statement by Prime Minister is a positive step in the direction of temple construction. The Prime Minister reiterating the resolve to construct a grand Sri Ram Temple in Ayodhya in his interview is in CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 THE EDITORIAL PAGE NRC: PEOPLE NO COUNTRY WANTS At Bhima Koregaon, a search for answers without the anger BY HARSH MANDER & ABDUL KALAM AZAD PAGE 8 RELATED REPORT PAGE 7 Ishrat encounter case: In new civil service recruits, dip Gujarat govt promotes in those taking exams in Hindi accused cop to IGP rank SHYAMLAL YADAV HINDI-MEDIUM RECRUITS DOWN TOO NEW DELHI, JANUARY 1 LALMANI VERMA Bid to enthuse cadre: Chemistry over arithmetic A section of the ‘women’s wall’ in Thrissur, Kerala, Tuesday. Lakhs of people formed a 620 km-long wall from Kasaragod to Thiruvananthapuram as part of a state-backed initiative to uphold gender equality. Express PAGE 7 Planning strikes since 2009, angry over bias: Key accused in IS plot 2013 Total students 268 2014 284 2015 350 2016 377 2017 369 Jaystambh in Bhima Koregaon, Monday night. Nirmal Harindran 2018 370 CIVIL SERVICES MEDIUM Hindi 34 6 Others 10 6 15 6 13 14 15 4 8 5 PERNE PHATA (PUNE), JANUARY 1 UNIVERSITY MEDIUM Hindi 22 Others 8 14 1 13 3 7 2 5 2 25 12 33 12 24 7 30 12 THEY CAME from across the country, boys from a hip-hop crew wearing low-slung jeans and their hair in dramatic cuts, colours and braids; first-timer senior citizens camping around a bonfire; a barefoot Bhante, or Buddhist monk, who walked 48 days to get here; flag-waving activists. In the minutes leading up to midnight at the Jaystambh memorialising the battle of Bhima Koregaon, it was a sombre Dalit chant, not sloganeering, that stirred the gathering. On the 7 0 PRE-UNIVERSITY MEDIUM Hindi 48 22 Others 18 4 also a steady increase in students preferring English. An analysis of the profiles of recruits who took the foundation course available on the LBNSAA website shows the decrease: while students took the CSE in Hindi accounted for nearly 17% in 2013, it stood at 2.11% in 2014, KAVITHA IYER 4.28% in 2015, 3.45% in 2016, 4.06% in 2017. And of the 2018 recruits who finished the 15-week foundation course last month, 2.16% took the CSE in Hindi. The sharp fall stems from reforms implemented in the CSE when the UPA government CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 201st anniversary to mark the victory of a British regiment including Mahar soldiers over a Peshwa army, the nearly 5,000 people who spent the night of December 31 around the memorial spoke of their search for solutions to caste stigma that see beyond aggression. On January 1, 2019, a year after one person was killed and several injured in clashes and rioting, over three lakh people visited the memorial under a heavy security cover. Laxmi Wamanrao Kamble, 68, of Hingoli district was among the 300 who joined Bhante Gyan Jyoti from the Ramdegi Buddhist temple in Chandrapur on a CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 ‘Bade bade paper mein apun ka chhota chhota photo chhapta hai’ SHUBHRA GUPTA NEW DELHI, JANUARY 1 KHALEDA PARTY’S MPs-ELECT WON’T TAKE OATH, REJECT ‘FARCICAL’ RESULT AFGHANISTAN’S NEIGHBOURS FEAR REFUGEE CRISIS IF US WITHDRAWS TROOPS PAGE 11 THREE DAYSbefore the Supreme Court fixes a date for hearing of appeals challenging the Allahabad High Court order in the Ram Janmabhoomi-Babri Masjid title suit, Prime Minister Narendra Modi, responding to a question on bringing an ordinance for the construction of a Ram temple at the disputed site, said “the matter is before the judiciary, let it be completed” and “once it comes from the judiciary, wherever the responsibility of a government begins, we are ready to make all efforts”. In an interview to news agency ANI telecast Tuesday, the Prime Minister suggested that INTERROGATION BY NIA NEW DELHI, JANUARY 1 EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE NEW DELHI, JANUARY 1 CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 DEEPTIMAN TIWARY The Indian Express report on December 24 EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE Remarks step in direction of building temple: RSS THE YEAR, 1977. The speaker of that iconic dialogue, Anthony Gonsalves. The film, Amar Akbar Anthony. The director, the king of masala, Manmohan Desai. And the dialogue writer, the one and only Kader Khan. Those lines, and practically every other classic cluster from this bachpan-mein-bichade-bhai blockbuster, made us laugh louder than we had in a long time. We held our bellies. We guffawed. And we returned, just to hear those lines again. And again. By then, Amitabh Bachchan had cemented his reputation as the hero who could fight off 20 people in a godown, wiping blood off his chin, glowering that famous glower. He had also done a bunch of brooding, intense parts in melodramas. The only film before Amar Akbar Anthony in which Bachchan’s funny bone was visible was in Hrishikesh Mukherjee’s Chupke Chupke. What Amar Akbar Anthony did was to give him the chance to cross over to the comic side, and own it. With it, he became the ‘complete star’ and went on to demolish every other pretender to the Number One slot. It could well be that Bachchan got so big because he was at the intersection of a certain time and place in Hindi cinema, but there’s no doubt that a lot of it had to do with the genius of Kader Khan. Khan died in Toronto, Canada on Monday after a prolonged illness. He was 81. Only those who have experienced and loved the masala cinema of 70s and 80s Bollywood KADER KHAN 1 9 3 7-2 0 1 8 will understand the real significance of that moniker ‘dialogue writer’. Khan was the man who made those movies what they were. He spanned 40 years plus in Hindi cinema, coming up with the best lines for Rajesh Khanna, Bachchan and Govinda, and helped create some of their most memorable characters. As an actor who lasted all the way until the mid-2000s, he was no slouch. But the sheer number of acting credits he amassed in one forgettable film after another made you feel that he was just switching sets. He could be as light on his feet as the star he shared maximum screen time with, Govinda. He also played the villain in a few films but was mostly stuck to broad comic roles, his success depending on him being one of those performers who breathed life into the most ridiculous situations and characters just because they went at it with everything they got. But what he really did best was nail the cadence and rhythm of the character he was writing for, and that’s what made those dialogues so perfect, and so apt. He brought his knowledge of the world and a certain kind of erudition to the table when he sat down to write: his dialogues never felt grafted on, they felt organic. Like who else but Anthony Bhai, the tapori who could be street-smart and sassy, could say these hilarious lines: “Aisa to aadmi life mein do heech time bhaagta hai... Olympic ka race ho ya phir police ka case ho.” It’s safe to say Amitabh Bachchan wouldn’t have been Amitabh Bachchan, the all-round star, who could fight and dance CONTINUED ON PAGE 2
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