DAILY FROM: AHMEDABAD, CHANDIGARH, DELHI, JAIPUR, KOLKATA, LUCKNOW, MUMBAI, NAGPUR, PUNE, VADODARA JOURNALISM OF COURAGE WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 2, 2019, KOLKATA, LATE CITY, 16 PAGES `5.00/EX-KOLKATA `6.00 (`12 IN NORTH EAST STATES & ANDAMAN) WWW.INDIANEXPRESS.COM SINCE 1932 Trump signs law to step up India defence ties, call out China WEST BENGAL ‘BJP MANIFESTO TALKS OF SOLUTION’ PM on Ram temple: Let legal process end, Govt will make efforts Asia Reassurance Initiative Act cites China’s illegal construction in region Tells Congress to stop its lawyers from creating hurdles in Supreme Court in ‘interest of peace, security and amity’ EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE NEW DELHI, JANUARY 1 FILMMAKER MRINAL SEN CREMATED PAGE 5 BUSINESS AS USUAL BY UNNY NHRC to govt: Respond in 6 weeks on JNV suicides JUST BEFORE ushering in the New Year on December 31, US President Donald Trump signed an Act designed to counter the encroaching influence and growing threat from China and to reinvigorate US leadership in the Indo-Pacific region. Calling for strengthening of diplomatic,economic,andsecurity ties with India, the Asia ReassuranceInitiativeAct(ARIA) allocates a budget of $1.5 billion over a five-year period to enhance cooperation with America’s strategic regional allies in the region. The new law cites “China’s illegal construction and militarization of artificial features in theSouthChinaSeaandcoercive economic practices”, and mandates actions for “countering China’s influence to undermine the international system”. The Act notes “the increased presence throughout Southeast Asia of the Islamic State and NEW DELHI, JANUARY 1 EXPRESSING“SERIOUSconcern” overthefindingsof aninvestigationbyThe Indian Express onstudent suicides in Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas, the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) Tuesday issued notice to the school education secretary in the HRD Ministry seeking a response within six weeks. On December 24, 2018, The Indian Express reported that the centralgovernment’sresidential schools for talented rural children witnessed 49 student suicides from 2013 to 2017, including that of 25 Dalit and tribal students. The investigation also revealed that there are no trained counsellors on campus, and that it’slargelyleftto“overburdened” teacherstolookafterthewelfare of students. Taking suo motu cognizance of the findings, the NHRC, headed by former Chief Justice of India H L Dattu, directed the ministry to submit its response on three aspects: whether trained counsellors are available on campus; if there is dedicated staff to ensure students are not left alone in their rooms; and whether students have access to emergency assistance through CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 WORLD Act was introduced in April NEW YEAR EXCHANGE ■ The armies of India and China met at Nathu La in Sikkim on Tuesday and exchanged pleasantries on New Year’s Day. ■ India and Pakistan exchanged a list of their nuclear installations, details of civilian prisoners and fishermen lodged in each other’s jails. PAGE3 THE WOMEN WALL THE KEY accused in the alleged Islamic State module busted by NIA last week, Mufti Suhail, has told interrogators that he was planning “jihadist activities” since2009duetowhathecalled “persecution of Muslims in India” but did not have the wherewithaltocarryoutattacks, sources said. This is significant given that the Islamic State, although first set up as an Al Qaeda affiliate way back in 2006, hit interna- tional headlines only in 2014 whenitseizedterritoriesinSyria and Iraq. The 29-year-old Islamic preacher, who was arrested by NIA last week from his home in Jaffrabad, Delhi, told interrogators that he had been hurt by events such as the Babri Masjid demolition and believed that Muslims were discriminated against in the country. He has pointed this out as one of the reasons why Muslims do not get jobs in the country, sources said. “Suhail is highly radicalised and justifies his actions. He said he had been motivated because Mufti Suhail most motivated: officers Muslims suffer injustice in the country.Hewasearlierattracted toAlQaedaandTalibanbutcould never approach any of them. WithIslamicStaterecruitingonline, he found a handler who guidedhimthroughhislatestadventure,” an investigator said. The officer said that Suhail appeared to be the most “moti- vated” in the group. “He alone was in touch with this online handlerwhoguidedhimtocarry out attacks in India. He, in turn, gathered friends and acquaintances who are in the age group of 20-30,” the officer said. Investigators pointed out that this was unlike some other IS-affiliated groups busted by NIA in the past few years. “Most of those arrested earlier had plans to go to Syria or Iraq. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 MAHENDER SINGH MANRAL NEW DELHI, JANUARY 1 A 45-YEAR-OLD woman architect was shot in the head, allegedly by a former JD(U) MLA from Bihar, at a New Year’s party at a farmhouse in south Delhi Monday night, police said. The woman, identified as Archana Gupta, was shot around midnight and is said to be in “critical condition” at a private hospital in Vasant Kunj. Police said the former twotime MLA, Raju Kumar Singh, is “absconding” along with his driver. Singh, who switched to the BJP in 2015, is an influential real-estate businessman hailing from Muzaffarpur. He faces five PAGE 1 ANCHOR The farmhouse in south Delhi. Mahender Singh Manral casesinBihar (seepage3),including two under the Arms Act and another of attempt to murder. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 ANOTHER REPORT PAGE 3 OFTHE370newcivilservicesrecruits trained at the Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration (LBNSAA) in Mussoorie, eight took the Civil Service Examination (CSE) in Hindi compared to 48 of 202 in 2013; five recruits studied at Hindi-medium universities; and 30 attended Hindi-medium schools. Data obtained by The Indian Express show that since 2013, there has been a sharp dip not only in students taking the CSE in Hindi — for services like the IAS, IPS and Indian Foreign Service — but also in recruits who studied in either Hindimedium universities or schools. According to the data, there is ‘Triple talaq ordinance was after SC judgment’ the judicial process was being slowed down by Congress lawyers who were creating “obstructions”intheSupremeCourt. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 NOTE BAN TO URJIT PATEL: EXCERPTS PAGE 7 THE EDITORIAL PAGE NRC: PEOPLE NO COUNTRY WANTS HOURS AFTER Prime Minister NarendraModitoldANITuesday that the government would make “all efforts” on the Ram temple issue once the judicial process is over, the RSS welcomed his remarks and expressed hope that the government “fulfils the promise” in this tenure. In a statement, RSS sah sarkaryavahDattatreyaHosabale said, “Even in the 2014 Election Manifesto prepared under the leadership of Shri Narendra Modi, the BJP promised to explore all possibilities within the frameworkof theConstitutionto facilitate the construction of the Ram Temple in Ayodhya. The people of Bharat reposed completeconfidenceandgaveBJPthe full mandate. The people of Bharat expect this government tofulfilthesamepromiseduring this tenure.” He said: “We feel that the statement by Prime Minister is a positive step in the direction of temple construction. The Prime Ministerreiteratingtheresolveto constructagrandSriRamTemple in Ayodhya in his interview is in CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 At Bhima Koregaon, a search for answers without the anger BY HARSH MANDER & ABDUL KALAM AZAD PAGE 8 RELATED REPORT PAGE 3 2013 Total students 268 NEW DELHI, JANUARY 1 THE PRIME Minister’s first interview in a poll year comes after the Congress’s tri-state victory and its attempts to stitch a narrative — citing farm distress and jobs — that can forge a broader alliance. Playing down BJP’s defeat, Modi seeks to infuse confidence among party cadres rattled by the losses. His framing of the next election as Janata vs Gathbandhan (people vs alliance) is a bid to project it as a battle between his chemistry (that scripted his 2014 landslide) and the arithmetic of coalition in 2019. Woman shot in head at In new civil service recruits, dip New Year party, police in those taking exams in Hindi look for Bihar ex-MLA SHYAMLAL YADAV HINDI-MEDIUM RECRUITS DOWN TOO NEW DELHI, JANUARY 1 LALMANI VERMA Bid to enthuse cadre: Chemistry over arithmetic A section of the ‘women’s wall’ in Thrissur, Kerala, Tuesday. Lakhs of people formed a 620 km-long wall from Kasaragod to Thiruvananthapuram as part of a state-backed initiative to uphold gender equality. Express PAGE3 Planning strikes since 2009, angry over bias: Key accused in IS plot 2014 284 2015 350 2016 377 2017 369 CIVIL SERVICES MEDIUM Hindi 34 6 Others 10 6 15 6 13 14 15 4 8 5 UNIVERSITY MEDIUM Hindi 22 Others 8 14 1 13 3 7 2 5 2 25 12 33 12 24 7 30 12 7 0 PRE-UNIVERSITY MEDIUM Hindi 48 22 Others 18 4 alsoasteadyincreaseinstudents preferring English. An analysis of the profiles of recruitswhotookthefoundation course available on the LBNSAA website shows the decrease: while students took the CSE in Hindiaccountedfornearly17%in 2013, it stood at 2.11% in 2014, Jaystambh in Bhima Koregaon, Monday night. Nirmal Harindran 2018 370 4.28% in 2015, 3.45% in 2016, 4.06%in2017.Andof the2018recruits who finished the 15-week foundation course last month, 2.16% took the CSE in Hindi. The sharp fall stems from reforms implemented in the CSE when the UPA government CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 KAVITHA IYER PERNE PHATA (PUNE), JANUARY 1 THEY CAME from across the country, boys from a hip-hop crew wearing low-slung jeans and their hair in dramatic cuts, colours and braids; first-timer senior citizens camping around a bonfire; a barefoot Bhante, or Buddhist monk, who walked 48 days to get here; flag-waving activists. In the minutes leading up to midnight at the Jaystambh memorialising the battle of Bhima Koregaon, it was a sombreDalitchant,notsloganeering, thatstirredthegathering.Onthe 201st anniversary to mark the victory of a British regiment including Mahar soldiers over a Peshwa army, the nearly 5,000 people who spent the night of December31aroundthememorial spoke of their search for solutions to caste stigma that see beyond aggression. On January 1, 2019, a year after one person was killed and several injured in clashes and rioting, over three lakh people visited the memorial under a heavy security cover. Laxmi Wamanrao Kamble, 68,of Hingolidistrictwasamong the300whojoinedBhanteGyan JyotifromtheRamdegiBuddhist temple in Chandrapur on a CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 ‘Bade bade paper mein apun ka chhota chhota photo chhapta hai’ SHUBHRA GUPTA NEW DELHI, JANUARY 1 KHALEDA PARTY’S MPs-ELECT WON’T TAKE OATH, REJECT ‘FARCICAL’ RESULT AFGHANISTAN’S NEIGHBOURS FEAR REFUGEE CRISIS IF US WITHDRAWS TROOPS PAGE 13 THREEDAYSbeforetheSupreme Court fixes a date for hearing of appeals challenging the Allahabad High Court order in the Ram Janmabhoomi-Babri Masjid title suit, Prime Minister Narendra Modi, responding to a question on bringing an ordinance for the construction of a Ram temple at the disputed site, said “the matter is before the judiciary, let it be completed” and “once it comes from the judiciary, wherever the responsibility of a government begins, we are ready to make all efforts”. In an interview to news agencyANItelecastTuesday,the Prime Minister suggested that INTERROGATION BY NIA NEW DELHI, JANUARY 1 EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE NEW DELHI, JANUARY 1 CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 DEEPTIMAN TIWARY The Indian Express report on December 24 EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE Remarks step in direction of building temple: RSS THE YEAR, 1977. The speaker of that iconic dialogue, Anthony Gonsalves. The film, Amar Akbar Anthony.Thedirector,thekingof masala, Manmohan Desai. And the dialogue writer, the one and only Kader Khan. Those lines, and practically every other classic cluster from this bachpan-mein-bichade-bhai blockbuster, made us laugh louderthanwehadinalongtime. Weheldourbellies.Weguffawed. And we returned, just to hear those lines again. And again. By then, Amitabh Bachchan had cemented his reputation as the hero who could fight off 20 people in a godown, wiping bloodoff hischin,gloweringthat famousglower.Hehadalsodone a bunch of brooding, intense parts in melodramas. The only film before Amar Akbar Anthony in which Bachchan’s funny bone was visible was in Hrishikesh Mukherjee’s Chupke Chupke. What Amar Akbar Anthony did was to give him the chance to cross over to the comic side, and own it. With it, he became the ‘complete star’ and went on to demolish every other pretender to the Number One slot. It could well be that Bachchan got so big because he was at the intersection of a certain time and place in Hindi cinema, but there’s no doubt that a lot of it had to do with the genius of Kader Khan. KhandiedinToronto,Canada on Monday after a prolonged illness. He was 81. Only those who have experienced and loved the masala cinema of 70s and 80s Bollywood KADER KHAN 1 9 3 7-2 0 1 8 will understand the real significance of that moniker ‘dialogue writer’. Khan was the man who made those movies what they were. He spanned 40 years plus inHindicinema,comingupwith the best lines for Rajesh Khanna, Bachchan and Govinda, and helpedcreatesomeof theirmost memorable characters. As an actor who lasted all the wayuntilthemid-2000s,hewas no slouch. But the sheer number of acting credits he amassed in oneforgettablefilmafteranother made you feel that he was just switching sets. He could be as light on his feet as the star he shared maximum screen time with,Govinda.Healsoplayedthe villain in a few films but was mostlystucktobroadcomicroles, hissuccessdependingonhimbeingoneof thoseperformerswho breathedlifeintothemostridiculoussituationsandcharactersjust because they went at it with everything they got. But what he really did best wasnailthecadenceandrhythm of the character he was writing for, and that’s what made those dialogues so perfect, and so apt. Hebroughthisknowledgeof the world and a certain kind of erudition to the table when he sat down to write: his dialogues neverfeltgraftedon,theyfeltorganic. Like who else but Anthony Bhai, the tapori who could be street-smartandsassy,couldsay these hilarious lines: “Aisa to aadmi life mein do heech time bhaagta hai... Olympic ka race ho ya phir police ka case ho.” CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 RELATED REPORTS PAGE 11
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